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AMENDING SECTION 327 (H) OF THE NATIONALITY ACT

OF 1940

FEBRUARY 20, 1945.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Mason, from the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization,

submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 392]

The Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 392) to amend section 327 (h) of the Nationality Act of 1940, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with amendment and recommend that the bill, as amended,

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do pass.

The amendment is as follows:

On page 1, line 7, a typographical error is corrected by making the word "offices" read "officers".

1

PURPOSE OF THE BILL

Under existing law the Attorney General is authorized to permit welfare organizations to operate a photographic studio without profit on Government property solely for the benefit of persons seeking naturalization: Alì this bill does is extend the principle to include persons seeking to comply with the requirements of the immigration laws as well as the naturalization laws.

GENERAL INFORMATION

There are many applications and forms required of persons seeking to comply with the provisions of the immigration and naturalization laws. Many of these documents require photographs. Existing law authorizes welfare organizations to operate, without profit, photographic studios on Government property without paying rent in such cases as the work is accomplished solely for persons seeking to comply

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with the naturalization laws. There is no reason why the same prin . ciple should not apply to persons seeking to comply with the provi sions of the immigration laws. Not only is it of great assistance

to the persons involved, but it is also of assistance to the Immigration and Naturalization Service when a person can complete his entire transaction on one call at an Immigration and Naturalization Service office. The letter of the Attorney General, dated January 20, 1945, to

the chairman of the committee, sets forth in detail the need of this posed legislation. It reads as follows:

JANUARY 20, 1945. Hon. SAMUEL DICKSTEIN, Chairman, Committee on Immigration and Naturalization,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is in response to your request for my views relative to a bill (H. R. 392) to amend section 327 (h) of the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1151; 8 U. S. C. 727 (h)).

The existing law provides that upon the recommendation of the Attorney General, the officers in charge may provide, without payment of rent, quarters in any building occupied by the Immigration and Naturalization Service, photographic studio operated by welfare organizations solely for the benefit of aliens seeking naturalization. Ť he proposed amendment would extend

the law in order that the facilities of such studio may also be used by persons who required to furnish photographs under other provisions of the immigration and naturalization laws.

The original provision for photographic studios was necessitated by the presente of numerous private photographic establishments in the immediate vicinity

of the New York naturalization office. Some were located in the same building as the Service, and one was even on the same floor. Persons having

business with the Service frequently

encountered solicitors for these establishments, some of whom made a practice of attempting to advise the public how to comply with the them quirements of immigration and naturalization laws. The establishment of the present photographic service tended to eliminate these evils and, in addition, tea sulted in better photographs.

There is a typographical error on line 7 of the bill, in that the word "offices!! should “. 4981, 78th Cong.)

Other than that, the bill is identical with legislation (H. R. November 24, 1944 (H. Rept. No. 1925, 78th Cong., 2d sess.).

I recommend the enactment of the bill.

I have been advised by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget that there is no objection to the submission of this report. Sincerely yours,

Francis BIDDLE, Attorney General. A similar bill (H. R. 4981) was favorably reported by the committee in the Seventy-eighth Congress.

The committee is of the opinion that the legislation is highly desirable and, therefore, recommend that the bill, as amended. do pass.

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CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

In compliance with paragraph 2a of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by this bill are shown as follows (existing law in which no change is made is printed

in roman; omitted matter is printed within black brackets; the new matter is printed in italics):

TITLE I, SUBCHAPTER III, SECTION 327, SUBSECTION (h), OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER

14, 1940 (54 Stat. 1151; 8 U. S. C. 727 (h)) (h) The officers in charge of property owned or leased by the Government are authorized, upon the recommendation of the Attorney General, to provide quarters, without payment of rent, in any building occupied by the Service, for a photographic studio, operated by welfare organizations without profit and solely for the benefit of [aliens] persons seeking (naturalization] to comply with requirements under the immigration and nationality laws. Such studio shall be under the supervision of the Commissioner.

:

PRESERVING THE RESIDENCE FOR NATURALIZATION PURPOSES OF CERTAIN ALIENS WHO SERVE IN THE MILITARY OR NAVAL FORCES OF ONE OF THE ALLIED COUNTRIES DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR, OR OTHERWISE ASSIST IN THE ALLIED WAR EFFORT

FEBRUARY 20, 1945.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. LESINSKI, from the Committee on Immigration and Naturaliza

tion, submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 513)

The Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 513) to amend the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1137) and to amend subdivision (d) of section 10 of the act approved May 26, 1924 (43 Stat. 158–159; 8 U.S. C. 210 (a)-210 (f)), so as (1) to strengthen the national defense, and (2) to permit aliens who have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence to go abroad during the Second World War to participate in the Allied war effort without losing their residence in the United States for naturalization purposes and without being required to pay fees for each extension to immigration return permits, having considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.

PURPOSE OF THE BILL

The purpose of the bill is to amend the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1137), so as to permit aliens who have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence to leave the United States for the purpose of engaging in the Allied war effort without losing residence in the United States for naturalization purposes. It is also designed to amend section 10 of the Immigration Act of May 26, 1924 (43 Stat. 158), so as to waive the requirement of a $3 fee for each 6 months' extension of the immigration return permits which these aliens secure before they leave the United States. The whole purpose of the bill is in the interest of winning the war and to reward in a small way the aliens who will partake of the benefits of this legislation;

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