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Potomac River and Thirtieth Street NW., to the intersection of Connecticut and Cathedral Avenues NW., Washington, D. C., for the consideration of the following prices: all in strict accordance with the advertisement for bids, the instructions to bidders, the accepted proposal, the general conditions, the detailed specifications, addenda Nos. 1, 2, and 3, hereunto attached, and drawings Nos. 1 to 38, inclusive, which are hereby made part and parcel of this contract to the same extent as if incorporated herein in full.' (Italic supplied.)

"This is immediately followed by the prices referred to, and item 20-A reads:





For furnishing and installing 2 backwater gates with appurtenances in west side

diversion sewer, the lump sum of..


"The accepted proposal referred to in the above article 1 of the written contract and which is thereby made a part of the entire contract is the proposal as submitted by the contractor and without any change thereon and item 20A thereof is as follows:



mate quantities

Items and unit prices bid




Lump Furnishing and installing 2 backwater gates with appurtenances

sum. in west side diversion sewer, at $500 lump sum.

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"In summary: The original submission stated that the error in the bid was not noticed until after the award had been made, whereas, in reality, it was noted and brought to the attention of the District officials involved in the recommendation of award at the time bids were opened. Secondly, $500 was considered to be the price bid as a result of a decision of the Chief Engineer, Department of Sanitary Engineering (supra, pp. 3 and 4) and without consulting the bidder to determine its actual intention. In the third place, the contract itself provides that the work described shall be done in accordance with the accepted proposal which was made a part and parcel of the contract, and this accepted proposal would seem to indicate clearly the true intent of the bidder. It would appear that the entire contract is at least ambiguous on its face with respect to the price agreed to be paid and that it is permissible to consider evidence of the intention of the parties, and that this is authorized by Brawley v. United States (96 V. S. 168).

"In the light of these additional facts and calling particular attention to your decision to the Secretary of the Treasury dated July 28, 1939 (19 Dec. Čom. Gen. 116), your reconsideration of the question whether the Commissioners of the District of Columbia have authority to allow the contractor's claim with respect to item 20A of the contract and make payment of the sum of $500 to him at this time is requested.”

The additional facts now reported by you show that, before the bid was accepted, the representatives of the District of Columbia noted the fact that although the bidder quoted a lump-sum price of $500 the extended total was shown as $1,000, but there is nothing in the record to indicate that such representatives knew, at that time, that the lump-sum price was intended to be $1,000 and not $500 as stated, and the subsequent action of the contracting officer in accepting the bid and including it in the formal contract as for a lump-sum price of $500 clearly indicates that the contracting officer believed the price of $500 to be the intended lump-sum bid.

Secondly, you urge, in effect, that relief should be given the contractor because the sum of $500 was considered to be the bid price without consulting the bidder to determine its actual intention. There is, however, no duty on the part of a contracting officer to act as guardian for a careless bidder; and the contracting officer had no difficulty in construing the bid, which construction ultimately was accepted by the bidder. Furthermore, paragraph 18 of the instructions to bidders specifically provides that "In case of error in the extension of price the unit price will govern.

The unit price in this case was the lump-sum price of $500 and therefore, in accepting such price, the contracting officer acted precisely in accordance with the provisions of the instructions to bidders.

You state, also, that the written contract itself appears to be ambiguous because it incorporates the original bid therein by reference. Whatever ambiguity there may have been in the original bid it was cured by the execution of the contract with the provision therein for the payment of a lump-sum price of $500 for the item. Both the contracting officer and the contractor knew, at the time it was executed, that the lump-sum price for the item was to be $500 and not $1,000.

Aside from the foregoing it clearly appears that, prior to the signing of the contract, the contractor was advised that the formal documents would show a price of $500, and not $1,000, for item 20A. The contractor admits this, having stated in its letter of November 10, 1939, “In order to expedite matters, we signed our contracts with the knowledge of your ruling on item No. 20A” (that the price would be $500, and not $1,000). În other words, with full knowledge of the facts and circumstances, and of the legal effect of its action, the contractor signed the contract. Under these circumstances, the meaning of the contract is clear, there is no room for interpretation or construction, and the contractor may not be paid more for the item than the $500 it agreed to accept. (Board of Trustees of the National Training School for Boys v. 0. D. Wilson Co., Inc., 133 F. (20) 399. Also, see International Contracting Co. v. Lamont, 155 U. 6. 303, 310; Parish v. United States, 8 Wall. 489; Gilbert & Secor v. United States, 8 Wall. 358, 360.) Accordingly, the decision of January 8, 1940, must be, and is, affirmed. Respectfully,

LINDSAY C. WARREN, Comptroller General of the United States.


Washington, D. C. (Attention of Mr. Gollub.) DEAR SIRS: I am returning herewith the detailed estimate for the construction of the west side Rock Creek sewer, contract No. 13722.

This office cannot approve the detailed estimate as submitted inasmuch as the total of $801,620, given in the estimate, does not correspond with the amount of $801,120 in the signed contract. The difference is in item 20A, for furnishing and installing two backwater gates with appurtenances. Under the lump-sum bid for doing this work you showed an amount of $500 and extended this amount in the total column to $1,000. We could not, in preparing the contract, do other than insert the lump-sum price of $500.

Since the District of Columbia cannot make any payments on your contract until after the detailed estimate is approved, I suggest that you change the estimate to show the amount of the actual contract, $801,120. Yours very truly,

HAROLD A. KEMP, Chief Engineer, Department of Sanitary Engineering.

WASHINGTON, D. C., October 28, 1939.
Acting Resident Engineer, Rock Creek Diversion Sewer,

Washington, D. C.
(Attention Mr. Harold A. Kemp.)
GENTLEMEN: I am returning herewith the detailed estimate for tho construc-
tion of the West Side Rock Creek Sewer Contract No. 13722 with the change
requested on item No. 20A.

However, we desire to protest your interpretation of our bid on this item. The unit reads as follows, in the approximate quantities column, lump sum, under items and unit bid price-furnishing and

installing two backwater gates with appurtenances in West Side Diversion. We filled in the item s $500 per gate, showing our obvious intention by placing $500 in the unit price column, and not in the total amount column, and in view of the fact that there were two gates extending the unit price to $1,000 in the total amount column.

Our material quotation for the gates alone not counting labor is over $750.

We feel that inasmuch as our intention in the bid is so clear that we sincerely request your consideration and adjustment on this item. Yours very truly,


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Washington, D. C. GENTLEMEN: In order to expedite matters, we signed our contracts with the knowledge of your ruling on item 20A. We would like to call your attention to our manner of interpreting the item. The item reads, “Furnishing and installing two backwater gates with appurtenances in West Side Diversion Sewer.” We interpreted the item as follows:

Two backwater gates at $500 per piece, lump sum, $1,000. We wrote that into our bid. If the item had read: "Furnishing and installing backwater gates," then we would admit that your interpretation was correct. However, it reads: "Two backwater gates," and in our bid we bid the item exactly as we read it.

We illustrated our intent by the way we extended the item on the two gates. In the amount column, we showed our lump-sum bid. We did not carry the $500 item through the unit and amount column, but extended it to $1,000 in the amount column.

We received quotations from three suppliers on the gates: Brown & Brown, McNulty Engineering Co., and the American Rolling Mill Co. If you will take the liberty of contacting any one of these companies for a quotation of these gates, you will find that the material quotations of these gates will range from $1,000 to $1,530 f. o. b. Washington. Besides the actual costs of the gates as shown, please compare our bid on the unit with our competitors. Fitzgerald & Co. bid $2,200 on this item; Delbalso Co., $5,250; Leo Butler, $2,200; and Demmena, $2,000.

We will be glad to have Brown & Brown with whom we placed the order for the gates, give you their actual charge to us for these gates and any other information that you may desire.

We earnestly request that you reconsider your decision, and hoping to receive your favorable reply, we are Yours very truly,


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FEBRUARY 9, 1945.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House and

ordered to be printed

Mr. McGEHEE, from the Committee on Claims, submitted the



[To accompany H. R. 1157]

The Committee on Claims, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 1157) for the relief of Barbara Healy, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

The amendments are as follows:

Line 6, strike out the figures “$5,000”, insert in lieu thereof the figures"$3,000"

At the end of bill add; Prorided, That no part of the amount appropriated in this Act in excess of 10 per centum thereof shall be paid or delivered to or received by any agent or attomey on account of services rendered in connection with this claim, and

shall be unlawful, any contract to the contrary notwithstanding. Any person violating the provisions of this Act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not exceeding $1,000.

A similar bill was favorably reported by this committee and passed the House in the Seventy-eighth Congress, but no action taken by the Senate.

The facts will be found fully set forth in House Report No. 94, Seventy-eighth Congress, which is appended hereto and made a part

the same.

of this report.

(H. Rept. No. 94, 78th Cong., 1st sess.) An identical bill was reported favorably by your committee during the Seventyseventh Congress but was objected to on the floor of the House and recommitted to the committee.

The facts will be found fully set forth in House Report No. 193, SeventySeventh Congress, first session, which is appended hereto and made a part of this report.

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