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FEBRUARY 8, 1945.--Committed to the Committee of the Wholo House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. MURRAY of Tennessee, from the Committee on the Post Office

and Post Roads, submitted the following


(To accompany H. R. 697)

The Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 697) relating to clerical assistance at post offices, branches, or stations serving military and naval personnel, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.

A similar bill (H. R. 4892) was reported favorably by your committee and passed unanimously by the House in the Seventy-eighth Congress, but failed to reach the floor of the Senate for consideration.


The purpose of this proposed legislation is to increase the per diem allowance provided in the act proposed to be amended by the bill to an amount that will be more nearly adequate to meet subsistence expenses of postal employees detailed from main post offices to military and naval camps, posts, or stations, and thus compelled to live away from their homes and at increased cost.

It is shown that the maximum per diem allowance fixed in the act mentioned has entailed a real sacrifice to many employees so detailed.

There is quoted below a letter addressed to the Speaker of the House by the Acting Postmaster General recommending this legislation, which explains quite fully the need for same.


Washington, D. C.; May 16, 1944. Hon. Sam RAYBURN,

Speaker, House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. RAYBURN: Public Law 128 of the Seventy-eighth Congress, approved July 9, 1943, authorized the Postmaster General to detail postal employees from main post offices to postal units at Army camps, posts, or stations, without changing their official station and also authorized allowances not exceeding $2.50 per day in lieu of actual expenses while so detailed.

The limitation of $2.50 per diem has been found to be extremely inadequate in a number of cases. Many of those employees, especially those at Newport News and like places, have continued on their detail at the $2.50 per diem at a real sacrifice to themselves, amounting to a loss of $244 for each one of them up to date. A determination was made by post-office inspectors that $4 a day was the minimum upon which these men in their particular assignments could exist.

Reports received from postmasters indicate that the actual cost of per diem payments made under Public Law 128 for the September and December 1943 quarters wasSeptember.-

$128, 156. 97 December

129, 239. 03

· 20


· 60

For 2 quarters -

257, 396. 00 Minimum cost for March and June quarters.

257, 396.00 Annual cost.

514, 792.00 The schedule of allowances made for such detail as of February 24, 1944, wasPer diem

Per diem Number of employees: rate Number of employees—Con.

rate 20.

$0. 15

$1. 10 1.


1. 15 10

. 25

1. 20 5_


1. 25 129


1. 35 12


1. 50 1


1. 90 167


2. 00 18.


2. 20 27


2. 25 1.

. 65

2. 30 48

. 70

2. 35 84.


2. 45 26.

. 90

2. 50 7.

94 3.

1, 807 (total). 349.

1. 00 It will be noted that out of 1,807 clerks detailed, only 248 receive the maximum allowance of $2.50 per day. Of this number, some are undoubtedly entitled to a higher rate than the maximum now allowable. No figures are available to show what the increase will amount to if a fair allowance is made where necessary not to exceed $4 per day, but it is not believed the increase in cost will exceed $25,000 per annum.

In order that the Department may have authority to make adequate allowances in those cases where employees are now making a financial sacrifice upon the $2.50 a day allowance, it is recommended that the act approved July 9, 1943, referred to above, be amended by changing the maximum allowance therein authorized from $2.50 to $4 per day.

It has been ascertained from the Bureau of the Budget that this recommendation for legislation is in accord with the program of the President. Very truly yours,

K. P. ALDRICH, Acting Postmaster General.

· 75


In compliance with paragraph 2a of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill, as introduced, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

ACT OF JULY 9, 1943 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, during the present war and for six months thereafter, whenever deemed necessary in serving military and naval personnel at military and naval camps, posts, or stations, the Postmaster General is hereby authorized to detail any postal employee from main post offices to postal units, at such camps, posts, or stations, without changing the official station of such postal employee, and to authorize allowances, not exceeding ($2.50] $4, per day in lieu of actual expenses, while so detailed, without regard to the Subsistence Expense Act of 1926, such allowances to be paid from the appropriation “Miscellaneous items, first- and second-class post offices."

Sec. 2. The Comptroller General of the United States is authorized and directed to allow credit for any payments [heretofore made] made prior to July 9, 1949, not exceeding the allowances herein provided, to the employees so detailed.

H. Repts., 79–1, vol. 1-16

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