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PERMANENT AND INDEFINITE ANNUAL AND TRUST ACCOUNT APPROPRIATIONS—Continued

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National Housing Agency:

National Housing Act, amended, unearned collections, title I..
Expenses on real properties, title I.

Operation and maintenance of resettlement projects.-
General Accounting Office, amounts due laborers and withheld from con-

tractors under act of Aug. 30, 1935.

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950, 000

960, 000

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Operation and maintenance, completed projects.
Langston management fund..

120, 000

120,000

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ACT

AMENDING THE AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT OF

1938 AND THE SOIL CONSERVATION AND DOMESTIC ALLOTMENT ACT

FEBRUARY 5, 1945.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. FLANNAGAN, from the Committee on Agriculture, submitted the

following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 338)

The Committee on Agriculture, to whom was referred the bill (S. 338) to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, and sections 7 to 17 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, to encourage the growing of war crops by protecting the allotments of producers of cotton and wheat, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it do pass, with the following amendments:

Page 2, line 2, following the word "cotton”, insert a comma; strike out the word "or"; following the word "wheat”, insert the words “or peanut":

Page 2, line 3, following the word "cotton”, insert a comma; strike out the word “or”.

Page 2, line 4, following the word "wheat”, strike out the comma and add the words "or peanuts”, followed by a comma; change the word "was" to "were"; following the word "planted”, strike out the comma and add the words “and grown”, followed by a comma.

Page 2, line 5, following the word "that”, insert à comma and add the words "with respect to cotton or wheat”, followed by a comma.

Page 2, line 6, following the first “or”, insert a comma and the following words: “with respect to cotton, wheat or peanuts”, followed by a comma.

Page 2, line 8, strike out the word "or"'; following the word "wheat”, insert the words “or peanut”.

Page 2, following line 9, insert a new paragraph as follows:

The Secretary may also provide with respect to any such farm that the past acreage of peanuts shall be adjusted upward to the extent that the acreage used for growing peanuts on such farm in such year is below the normal history of the tarm.

Amend the title to read:

A bill to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, and sections 7 to 17 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, to encourage the growing of war crops by protecting the allotments of producers of cotton, wheat, and peanuts.

STATEMENT

With respect to cotton, subtitle B of title III of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 at present provides that not more than 2 percent of the State acreage allotment may be apportioned to farms in the State which were not used for cotton production during any of the 3 calendar years immediately preceding the year for which the allotment is made. The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act contains no specific provisions with respect to the establishment of cotton-acreage allotments. However, it has been found desirable under previous programs to fix these allotments on the same general basis as they are fixed under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.

With respect to wheat, both subtitle B of title III of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 and the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act at present provide that not more than 3 percent of the county allotment may be apportioned to farms on which wheat has not been planted during any of the 3 marketing years immediately preceding the marketing year in which the allotment is made.

During the past 2 years many producers of cotton and wheat, in response to an appeal by the War Food Administration, have used their entire acreages previously planted to cotton or wheat for the production of other war crops, the need for which was more critical. Most of these producers desire to continue this cooperation in the war-food program during the current and subsequent years. How ever, unless they return to the production of cotton or wheat prior to the reestablishment of acreage allotments in the future, it is obvious that under existing laws they could only obtain a farm-acreage allotment for cotton or wheat out of the comparatively small reserve set up for farms which have not produced wheat or cotton for 3 years. Moreover, even though they should return to the production of cotton or wheat prior to the reestablishment of acreage allotments, after being out of production for 3 years, their position would be prejudiced because the prior cotton or wheat production history of the farm would be lost for allotment purposes.

Under the terms of the bill, in establishing farm acreage allotments, the Secretary would have the authority to provide, through the medium of regulations, that with respect to any farm which had a cotton- or wheat-farm acreage allotment in 1942, in any crop year during the present emergency, beginning with the crop year 1945, such farm would be regarded as a farm on which cotton or wheat, as the case may be, was planted even though no cotton or wheat was in fact planted thereon, if the Secretary determined that because of the production of war crops on such farm the cotton- or wheat-production history of the farm for such year was not representative of the normal history of the farm. Thus, the bill will preserve the prior cotton or wheat history of such farms and their status as old farms in the agricultural-adjustment and soil-conservation and domestic-allotment programs.

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