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AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSE
The age characteristics of the employees of the collar and cuff industry and members of their households may be seen from the tables next presented, the first of which shows, by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household, the percentage of persons within each specified age group.
TABLE 61.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
[This table includes only race with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]
Of the total of 1,016 persons reporting complete data it is seen that 12.2 per cent are under 6 years of age, 14.5 per cent are from 6 to 13, 3.8 per cent are 14 and 15, 8.9 per cent are from 16 to 19, 19.2 per cent are from 20 to 29, 26.5 per cent are from 30 to 44, and 15 per cent are 45 years of age or over. A comparison of the persons classed as native-born of native father, foreign-born and native-born of foreign father shows the latter group has the highest percentage of persons under 6 years of age, followed in decreasing ration by foreignborn and native-born of native father. Foreign-born show the highest percentage of persons from 6 to 13, native-born of foreign father the greatest proportion 14 and 15, and from 16 to 19, native-born of native father the highest percentage from 20 to 29, and native-born of foreign father from 30 to 44, and foreign-born the highest percentage of persons who are 45 years of age or over. Of the foreign-born races, Armenians report the highest percentage of persons under 6 years of age and from 6 to 13, Danish showing very small proportions in the first age group and Irish the smallest proportion in the second. None of the races show particularly large proportions in the groups 14 and 15 and from 16 to 19 years of age. Danish show the highest percentage of persons from 20 to 29, English the highest percentage from 30 to 44, and Germans the highest percentage of persons 45 years of age or over. In contrasting males and females, it is seen that the proportion of females who are under 6 and from 6 to 13 years of age is somewhat lower than that of males. The proportions of males and females who are in the 14 and 15 year age group are almost the same, while females show a slightly higher percentage in the rest of the age groups than males.
The table next presented shows, by sex and general nativity and race, the percentage of employees who are within each age group.
TABLE 62.-Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]
TABLE 62.-Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race-Continued.
Of the 1,508 persons, male and female, who are included in the above table none are under the age of 14 years; less than 3 per cent are 55 years old or over, and 5.6 per cent are from 45 to 54 years of age. The largest proportion in any specified age group is of those between the ages of 14 and 19 years. Below the age of 35 years persons native-born of foreign father show a larger proportion than do the foreign-born, but above the age of 35 the positions are reversed. Of the males, 19.4 per cent are between the ages of 20 and 24 years, and the same proportion is between the ages of 25 and 29. Less than 5 per cent are 55 years of age or over, and only 6.9 per cent are from 45 to 54 years. The whites native-born of native father, show the largest proportion between the ages of 14 and 19. Less than 7 per cent of the foreign-born are in that age group. Only 9.5 per cent of the second-generation Irish are from 30 to 34 years of age as compared with 15.6 per cent of the whites native-born of native father. When compared with the males, the females show larger proportions below the age of 25 years and smaller proportions in each specified age group over 25 years. Below the age of 35 years the foreign-born females show a smaller proportion in each specified age group than that shown by the native-born of foreign father. A greater proportion of those who are 35 years of age or over are foreign-born than native-born of foreign father. The second-generation Irish, or native born of Irish father, show a smaller proportion in each age group below 25 years than do the native whites born of native father.
GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.
Ownership of homes-Status of children in the households studied-CitizenshipAbility to speak English-[Text Tables 63 to 70 and General Tables 41 to 47].
OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.
The accumulation of property serves as an indication of thrift on the part of the owner. If the owner is a person of foreign birth, the acquisition of a home shows also an intention to reside permanently in the United States. In this connection, the following table is submitted, which shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the number and percentage of families owning homes.
The preceding table shows that of the total number of families studied 14.8 per cent own homes. The foreign-born group reports a much higher percentage of families owning homes than either that native-born of native father or that native-born of foreign father, who follow in the order mentioned. Danes report one-half of the families investigated as owning homes, followed by Germans, Irish, English, and Armenians in the order mentioned, the last-named race having only 6.3 per cent of families who own homes.
TABLE 63.-Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race of head of family.
STATUS OF CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.
The table next presented is instructive as indicating the tendency on the part of children in families of the employees of the collar and cuff industry to attend school or to begin to work when the working age is reached. The table shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of children 6 and under 16 years of age in the households studied who were at home, at school, and at work.