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PERIOD OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF FOREIGN-BORN EMPLOYEES.
A further insight into the history of the employment of the several races may be seen from the table next presented, which shows, by sex. and race, the percentage of foreign-born employees who had been in the United States each specified number of years.
TABLE 83.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]
Of a total of 614 males and females, 23.3 per cent have been in the United States less than five years, 21 per cent from five to nine years, 23.9 per cent from ten to fourteen years, 16.4 per cent from fifteen to nineteen years, and 15.3 per cent twenty years or over. Comparing the totals of the two races, it is seen that the Polish show a much higher proportion who have been in the United States under five years than the Germans, while the difference is more marked in favor of the Germans in the twenty years or over period. In the periods from five to nine and ten to fourteen years the Poles show considerably the larger proportion, and in the periods fifteen years or over the races are reversed. Among the males it is seen that of 100 reporting, with the exception of the period from ten to fourteen years, there is an increase in the proportion of employees in each residence period over the one preceding. By far the larger proportion of the Poles are in the lower periods-that is, have been in the United States less than fifteen years-while on the other hand the greater proportion of the Germans have been in the United States more than fifteen
years. Of a total of 514 females reporting, it is seen that the greater proportions are in the lower periods or under fifteen years, while as regards the individual foreign-born races, the Poles show a very large proportion in the lower periods of residence and the Germans in the longer.
RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.
The racial classification of the operating forces of the mills at the present time is set forth in the following table, which shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race for whom information was secured:
TABLE 84.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
a Less than 0.05 per cent.
The above table shows that of 4,326 employees for whom information was secured 3,759 are females and 567 are males, 61.9 per. cent are native-born of foreign father, 23.1 per cent are native-born whites of native father, and 15 per cent are foreign-born.
Occupations entered in the industry-Weekly earnings-Hours of work per day and week in the industry-Effect of improved machinery upon industry and employeesEmployers' opinions of recent immigrants-[Text Tables 85 to 89 and General Tables 56 to 61].
OCCUPATIONS ENTERED IN THE INDUSTRY.
The distribution of the several races employed in the silk industry in the anthracite coal regions in the various occupations of the industry is set forth in the table below, which is based upon a representative establishment with 248 operatives. A classification is also made in the table according to sex and age of employees.
TABLE 85.-Occupation of the employees of each race, in the silk industry, by sex and age.