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General White is Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations. He has the following responsibilities: He has responsibility of intelligence, and this intelligence officer we have just discussed is one of the directors who reports to the Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations; Manpower and Organization, which we also have discussed; Director of Plans; Director of Operations; and Communications. He has assistants for Atomic Energy, Programing, which we have discussed, and Guided Missiles.

If you would like, I can read the responsibilities of the Director of Operations. You remember that the Deputy Chief level and Assistant Deputy Chief level, are representatives of the Chief, and the Directors are the officers, the operators, the officers charged with doing the business.

Would you like to hear what the Director of Operations gets paid for?

Mr. BLANDFORD. Yes.

General WETZEL. Responsibility for the operations of Air Force strategic plans and detailed operational plans, including operational plans for major Air Force commands and Reserve forces; for determining capability for such commands and of the Reserve forces to carry out their mission; and for initiating action to remedy deficiencies. He furnishes guidance regarding distribution of resources between Air Force activities in accordance with approved plans. He is responsible for supervision of Air Force foreign missions except those included in the military assistance program, and for the civil aviation aspect of Air Force operations.

Mr. BLANDFORD. The missions come under the Director of Operations and attachés under the Director of Intelligence; is that right?

General WETZEL. Yes.

Mr. BLANDFORD. If that is what the Director of Operations does, which involves plans, what does the Director of Plans do?

General WETZEL. I will read you that one. They are entirely different.

Mr. BLANDFORD. That is what I am getting at.

General WETZEL. The Director of Plans is responsible for political, military, strategic, and operational war planning for the Air Force; for initiation, coordination of preparation, and review of war plans of major subordinate commands.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Actually the title “Director of Plans" is a little misleading. That should be director of war plans.

General WETZEL. No. We have a chief there.

Mr. BLANDFORD. It should be director of war plans, should it not? One is an everyday operation and the other is planning for the future what you will do next if something happens?

General WETZEL. Right.

Mr. BLANDFORD. I think, Mr. Chairman, we can stop with the operations and resume tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock with the Deputy Chief of Staff for Development.

I first would like to ask if the Air Force has any objection to the entire list of general officers being inserted at the beginning of today's hearings so that anyone reading the hearings will be able to follow the sequence.

Mr. ARENDS. So ordered.
That will be all until tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock.
(Whereupon, at 11:50 a. m., the subcommittee adjourned.)

REVIEW OF PROMOTIONS OF OFFICERS IN THE ARMED

SERVICES

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1953

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 2 OF THE
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., the Honorable Leslie C. Arends, chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.

Mr. ARENDS. The committee will come to order. Mr. BLANDFORD. I think we ought to start this morning, Mr. Chairman, on the Deputy Chief of Staff for Development.

Mr. ARENDS. Where is that?

Mr. BLANDFORD. That is on page 2. TESTIMONY OF MAJ. GEN. E. S. WETZEL, DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF,

PERSONNEL, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE-Resumed General WETZEL. May I make a statement before we start? Mr. Chairman, I would like permission to have the job descriptions of each Air Force general officer position under discussion during these hearings inserted in the record at the beginning of the testimony on each of these jobs.

Mr. ARENDS. Without objection, it is so ordered.

Mr. BLANDFORD. May I suggest, Mr. Chairman, that instead of giving it to the reporter, which will delay things somewhat, that the Air Force, when they correct the testimony, insert that at the beginning of each discussion on general officers.

Deputy Chief of Staff, Development: Those are, I presume, the officers charged with developing new weapons, new types of aircraft, concerned with characteristics of aircraft, overcoming difficulties, all that sort of thing?

General WETZEL. Yes.

Mr. BLANDFORD. I suppose it is a perfectly logical thing for any service to have somebody charged with developing new weapons, so long as it doesn't duplicate what Research and Development Board is doing.

General WETZEL. This Deputy Chief of Staff, Development, is a relatively new staff job. In the past it was all concentrated under the Deputy Chief of Staff A-4. It was the Chief who determined about 2 years ago that he should separate the research and development people from the people that buy the airplanes, buy the parts, and see that the Air Force is supplied properly. All, of course,

with a view to insuring that the United States Air Force is ahead of the

world in aircraft, and in the air-force business. Because, as we have often said, the second best air force is just no better than any air force at all.

Mr. BLANDFORD. This is similar--
General WETZEL. That is the purpose of it.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Similar to a ship's Characteristic Board in the Navy, probably, I think would be one comparison, plus their own research and development people. I don't actually know whether it has a counterpart.

General WETZEL. I am not sure it does.
Mr. BLANDFORD. Insofar as aviation is concerned.

General WETZEL. I have a brief job description of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Development:

Develops and evaluates new and improved air weapons systems and determines the qualitative requirements for equipment, facilities, and techniques associated therewith. Initiates, supervises and directs the Air Force research and development program to meet these requirements. Plans and supervises the operation of the Air Force program of basic research in pertinent fields including human resources and the physical and geophysical sciences. Coordinates with other agencies of the Air Staff, in preparation of future programs and with other departments and agencies of the United States Government on matters of research and development. He also represents the Air Force on the Research and Development Board.

It is a terribly important function.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Now, are we going to find duplication in connection with this staff job op development and the actual Air Research and Development Command?

General WETZEL. Oh, I don't think so.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Is the staff function directly under the Chief of Staff of the Air Force?

General WETZEL. Yes.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Is it the job of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Development to keep tabs on the Air Research and Development Command?

General WETZEL. That is exactly correct.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Now, again we get into the situation similar to operations, because of job description.

You have a Director of Research and Development. Now, how does his job differ from the Deputy Chief of Staff for Development?

General WETZEL. Well, he is one of the officers that helps the Deputy Chief of Staff, Development, to discharge his responsibilities. You can't just have one general doing this whole thing. It is bigger than that.' And I think you find that in any staff organization. The Deputy Chief of Staff, Development, is responsible for the overall area, and then it has to be split up into various functions that make up the whole.

And each of these directors and assistants that work for him have certain areas of responsibility.

DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, DCS/DEVELOPMENT

I. GENERAL

Supervises at Air Staff level the formulation of the Air Force research and development program. Provides technical information and advice to the Air Staff on the progress of developments. Maintains coordination with the Departments of the Army and Navy, and other interested Government agencies. Maintains liaison with civilian educational institutions, industry, and representatives of foreign governments engaged in research and development activities.

II. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES Commands Research and Development Directorate consisting of approximately 160 military and civilian personnel.

Provides broad policy guidance to the Air Staff on research and development matters. Provides continuous review of Air Force research and development program to insure its adequacy.

Maintains close contact with Air Research and Development Command. Issues directives and policies to the command in the name of the Chief of Staff, USAF.

In conjunction with Deputy Chief of Staff, Development and Assistant for Programing, DCS/D, reviews the research and development budget. Maintains check on research and development funding and expenditures. Authorizes reprograming and deviations on the part of the Air Research and Development Command.

Member of Aircraft and Weapons Board composed of general officers meeting approximately once each week. This Board presents recommendations to the Air Council concerning the aircraft program in addition to other functions.

Member of several panels and committees of the Research and Development Board, attending as required. The Research and Development Board is responsible for coordinating research and development throughout the services. Maintains close contact with other staff agencies concerned with introducing new development items into service to insure orderly conversion.

Has frequent contacts with representatives of civilian institutions, industry, and potential inventors. Establishes contacts and procedures for conducting joint research with other United States Government agencies and with foreign nations.

Designated as group head of approximately nine air standardization coordinating committees. These committees are responsible for standardizing items of equipment by the UK, Canada, and the United States. As group head, the director must review accomplishments and provide guidance to these committees.

Mr. BLANDFORD. The Deputy Chief of Staff for Materiel: I have several questions on that, General. I find in the Navy that there is a vice admiral and 4 rear admirals dealing with materiel as such, comparable to what you have here, in which you have 10 general officers. The one that to me is very obvious is your assistant for mutual security, who is the retired general we were discussing the other day, who I believe is being-is he the one who is going to be retained

General WETZEL. He is the one that is going to be retained; yes.

Mr. BLANDFORD. I find in the Navy that there is a captain who is a foreign military assistant for Mutual Defense Assistance Pact.

General WETZEL. Yes.

Mr. BLANDFORD. And I am wondering why it is necessary for the Air Force to have a major general and the Navy to have a captain.

Is it because of the tremendous amount of money that is going into airplanes compared to a much less amount of money going into ships for these allies of ours?

Is that his principal job?
General WETZEL. That is his total job.

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