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atomic offensive to any part of the globe. Some day it may be demonstrated that the existence of this command was the only deterrent to the unleashing of the full power of Soviet aggression during this time.

Our Military Air Transport Service.
Our mission here
Mr. GAVIN. Would you repeat that, again? What did you just say?

Lietutenant Colonel BURKE. The mission of the Strategic Air Command, sir, is to organize, train, administer, and prepare a force capable of conducting strategic air operations. This command is our Sunday punch, with its capability of carrying our atomic offensive to any part of the globe. Some day it may be demonstrated that the existence of this command was the only deterrent to the unleashing of the full power of Soviet aggression.

Mr. RIVERS. That is your opinion?
Mr. Gavin. Might have put the Army and the Navy in there, too.
Mr. ARENDS. Here we go.
Lieutenant Colonel Burke. I am speaking for the Air Force, sir.
Mr. ARENDS. That is a good answer, Colonel.
Mr. RIVERS. You better while you occupy that billet.
Mr. VAN ZANDT. Good answer, Colonel.
Mr. ARENDS. Proceed, Colonel.

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Now the next command wbose sphere of activity is worldwide in scope is our Military Air Transport Service.

Here our mission is to provide airlift required in support of approved joint war plans, scheduled airlift for the Department of Defense within the continental United States, between the continental United States and overseas areas, and between and within overseas areas worldwide air transport, air weather services, airways and air communications services, air rescue service and documentary photographic and charting systems, and flight service within the zone of the interior.

Mr. BLANDFORD. Documentary and air photographic service?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Documentary photographic and charting systems or service, yes. Mr. BLANDFORD. Does MATS do its own air mapping and

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. One of the divisions under this command, the Military Air Transport, are Air Force Photographic and Mapping Service; yes, sir.

The mission of our Security Service is to assure the security of the Air Force communications system.

Mr. NELSON. Colonel, which branch of the Air Force develops combat intelligence, target data, and stuff like that?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Which specific branch?
Mr. NELSON. Which command.
Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Well, no specific command, sir.

Mr. Nelson. Does the Strategic Air Command, for instance, have its own mapping service and target intelligence?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. No, sir. They do not. But they have a staff section, which I will come to later and explain to you how intelligence fits into the overall staff section.

Now the fourth of our commands, worldwide in scope, is the Air Material Command. Our mission is to provide adequate and efficient systems of procurement, production, maintenance and supply for the Air Force; to provide general overall logistic support for all activities and agencies of the Air Force; to train specialized units for the accomplishment of specific logistic functions in overseas areas and theaters; to train individuals requiring a long lead training time to fill requirements of the air depot type units scheduled for activation.

Now, gentlemen, with an overall picture of the Air Force behind us, I would now like to turn to a chart of our own immediate headquarters of the Air Staff.

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Here we have a chart which portrays our Air Staff. This is our headquarters here in Washington. You will note that the relationship is the Secretary of the Air Force, then the Chief of Staff, General Vandenberg, then the Air Staff.

Now we need an Air Staff, all these people here, to insure that that portion of the Nation's economic, material, and manpower resources which are allocated for Air Force use are properly administered and utilized.

Now what is the function or how does this bunch of boxes operate?

Briefly, in this manner. We have what we call this level this we refer to as the Deputy Chief of Staff level, broken down to five main fields: Comptroller, Personnel, Development, Operations and Materiel.

Now these five men here acting for the Chief, General Vandenburg, are the bosses of the Air Force within their sphere of activity. The

plans and policies that they develop and promulgate become the plans and policies of the Air Force.

Now how do they develop those policies?

We come next to what we call the directorate level of the Air Staff. This level we consider our working level, the pick and shovel level. Here the majority of decisions that are made in the Air Staff are made. These people work and rework specific problems by cooperating clear across the board if necessary.

Now, what goes on in each of these five major spheres?

Well, briefly, starting here with the Comptroller, he has five directors: Accounting, Statistical Service, Budget, Management Analysis Service, and Finance.

He has this Assistant for Plans and International Affairs and he has the Auditor General.

Mr. Rivers. How many stars does that billet carry?
Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Which one is that, sir?
Mr. RIVERS. The billet right there.
Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. This one here?
Mr. RIVERS. Yes.
Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Three stars.
Mr. RIVERS. Three stars. All of those come under three star men?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Yes, sir; a three-star man heads up the Deputy Chief level.

Mr. ARENDS. Who are the heads of those five?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. General Stone is the Comptroller, General Kuter is the Chief of Personnel. General Craigie is the Chief of Development. General White

General White is the Chief of Operations. And General Cook is the Chief of Materiel.

Mr. RIVERS. Isn't General Kuter due to go down

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. He is due to leave to go to the Air University.

Mr. BLANDFORD. What is your statutory authority for an assistant chief of staff, Colonel?

General WETZEL. Perhaps I can answer that.

Mr. BLANDFORD. The answer is there isn't any under the Air Force organization.

General WETZEL. Is that right?

Mr. BLANDFORD. The law allows you a chief of staff, a vice chief or staff and not to exceed five deputy chiefs of staff and such other members of the Air Force and such civilian officers and employees in or under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Air Forces as may be assigned or detailed under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force.

But I am intrigued with the title of Assistant Vice Chief of Staff, who is a major general, because it gives you, I think it gives you, one more general officer in your command structure than any other service.

General WETZEL. Was your question the Vice Chief or the Assistant Vice Chief?

Mr. BLANDFORD. The Assistant Vice Chief of Staff, who is a major general.

General WETZEL. Yes, sir. The Vice Chief is covered under section 203.

Mr. BLANDFORD. But the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff is just something that was created?

General WETZEL. Yes.

Mr. Rivers. That comes under that language which you just quoted, other officers as he deems necessary to implement the provisions of this act.

General WETZEL., That in our opinion is a very necessary office, too. General Bozo McKee heads that office and most everyone in the two Houses of Congress have had dealings with him.

Mr. HARDY. Do the Army and the Navy have a comparable situation?

General WETZEL. I don't know, sir.
Mr. BLANDFORD. I don't believe so.

Mr. HARDY. We can just as well figure we will have general officers in such a job in the other services if the Air Force has them. That seems to be the pattern.

Mr. Rivers. Just as soon as these liaison people get the word back to them, they will have it.

Mr. HARDY. Yes.

General WETZEL. We had an Assistant Vice Chief of Staff for a long time.

Mr. HARDY. I don't know how you all happened to keep it quiet.
Mr. ARENDS. Go ahead, Colonel.
Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Yes, sir.

Now a brief word as to what goes on in each of these five major areas of the Air Staff.

Under the Comptroller, he directs the administration and integration of budget, fiscal, accounting, auditing, disbursement, collection and statistical-reporting activities of the Air Force.

He assembles and evaluates elements of information necessary for the efficient management of the Department of the Air Force. He takes final action for the Secretary on statutory functions in connection with the administration of funds as may be delegated. Provides for the measurement of progress toward program objectives. He evaluates results in relation to cost so that the Air Force may efficiently and economically utilize the resources available.

In the personnel area, the Chief has assisting him the Directors of Personnel Planning, Military Personnel, Civilian Personnel, Training, Assistant for Gound Safety, the Chief Chaplain, Special Assistant for Air Force Academy matters, and the Director of the WAF, or Women in the Air Force.

Briefly, this man is responsible for the plans and administration of all military and civilian personnel programs in the Air Force, including individual training, procurement of personnel

, classification, assignment, reassignment, promotion, demotion, separation, retirement, efficiency ratings, and personnel services.

The Deputy Chief of Staff for Development has a Director of Requirements and a Director of Research and Development, with an Assistant for Development Programing and Assistant for Development Planning

This man is responsible for the qualitative improvement of the Air Force and the development of improved air weapons systems, materiel, and techniques.

Operations: We have the Directors of Manpower and Organization, Intelligence, Plans, Operations, Communications, Installations, Assistant for Atomic Energy Matters and an assistant for programs.

He is responsible for Air Force intelligence activities, installations programs, manpower, and organization activities, operations including joint operations, preparation of overall plans and programs, development and review of all Air Force broad policies, Air Force communication activities and Atomic Energy matters. In addition he monitors all matters pertaining to the Joint Chiefs of Staff which require action within the Air Staff.

Mr. Cole. May I interrupt you there. You have a Director of Manpower and Organization under the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Yes, sir.

Mr. COLE. Why in the world isn't that under the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel? Why do you need one Under Deputy Chief of Staff Operations?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. Well, in our overall structure, this is where we feel that it should be, under Operations.

Mr. Hardy. Why don't you take it out from under Personnel, then?

Lioutenant Colonel BURKE. You feel it should be under "Personnel." sir?

Mr. Cole. I don't know. It is a personnel problem, isn't it?
Mr. Bates. It is an overall thing.
Mr. HARDY. Why do you have to have it in both?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. No, sir, we don't have it in both. I don't mean to convey that impression. We have it under "Operations."

Mr. BLANDFORD, Couldn't both jobs be combined under Director of Military Personnel?

Lieutenant Colonel BURKE. No, sir; they couldn't. General WETZEL. Well, I suppose they could. You could put it all together. The Director of Manpower and Organization is the individual responsible for determining the requirements for personnel and the organization of the Air Force.

Mr. HARDY. He determines your requirement and your Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel finds out how you are going to get them, is that the idea?

General WETZEL. He gets them and fills the requirement.

Mr. Rivers. All right. Now say you are going to open base X, a new base.

General WETZEL. Yes, sir.

Mr. Rivers. Who determines where you will get the personnel to operate that?

General WETZEL. The Deputy Chief of Staff Personnel is the responsible individual to get the people from wherever is best and man the base,

Mr. RIVERS. Can he recruit them through Civil Service or does he have to transfer them from another base under existing regulations?

General WETZEL. Well, this is all in accordance with plan and we know sometime ahead that our program plan is to activate this station with these units on it at this date. The fellow that determines that is the Director of Manpower and Organization.

Mr. RIVERS. The reason I asked you that: I have a specific case in mind.

General WETZEL. Oh.

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