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Mr. BLANDFORD. All right.

Mr. PATTERSON. The admiral therefore looks him over and he likes the particular work Mr. Van Zandt does. He can then recommend him immediately for another promotion

Mr. BLANDFORD. No, sir.
Mr. PATTERSON. Why not?
Mr. BLANDFORD. Because they don't have spot promotions.

Commander WHEELER. That is especially taken care of, sir, and the precedence

Mr. PATTERSON. Why can't it be done? He is a permanent officer within that grade.

Commander WHEELER. He is a permanent officer, but he is an officer without final standing in there, precedence in that.

Mr. PATTERSON. You are no good, Van Zandt.

Commander WHEELER. No; he is permanent captain but he stays at the foot of the captain's list until the other people with whom he ranked move up and become permanent, and then he picks up his status and will then continue to move with them.

Mr. PATTERSON. But the point I am trying to make, Commander, is this:

He is permanent. Why can't he be promoted again from that grade that he is a permanent officer in?

Commander WHEELER. The Officer Personnel Act of 1947 also specifically excludes people from further advancement on active duty in this peculiar status. Forgive me, sir.

Mr. HARDY. Mr. Chairman, can I confuse this situation that I don't understand a little more?

Mr. ARENDS. If you can confuse it much more, go ahead.
Mr. Gavin. You certainly have it muddied up now.

Mr. HARDY. Do I understand, Admiral, that all of this confusion that we have been talking about does not apply to the officer holding the temporary rank who came up from the enlisted rank?

Admiral Smoot. That is correct. The officer holding the temporary rank-and let us call that revokable commission

Mr. Hardy. So that poor devil could never hold a permanent rank.

Admiral Smoot. Not under the present law, unless he transfers to one of the career opportunity channels we have open to him todayLDO

Mr. Hardy. Even though he may have served in a temporary commission for as much as half of his total service, maybe 10, 15 years, when he retires he still has to retire in the fleet reserve.

Admiral Smoot. In the fleet reserve, but he does get his rank in the fleet reserve, sir, upon retirement.

Mr. Hardy. It doesn't do him very much good. He doesn't get the pay.

Admiral Smoot. He gets the pay after 30 years.

Mr. BLANDFORD. That is the point. Mr. Hardy, you raised a good point there. These temporary officers--these revokable officers, I think if we use that phrase we won't add too much more confusion, can't count this as commissioned officer service for purposes of retiring as an officer upon the completion of 20 years of service, 10 of which has been commissioned service.

In other words, when they go out they must revert to their enlisted status, go into the fleet reserve, say after 20 years. Then they must

stay in the fleet reserve and draw the retainer pay of the fleet reserve until they have completed 30 years of service. Then they are advanced on the retired list to the highest officer grade satisfactorily served up to June 30, 1946, and they start drawing the pay of that rank.

Is that correct?

Commander WHEELER. Those were confirmed under the 1947 act, and they may retire under such higher grade as they receive.

Mr. BLANDFORD. That is a different proposition. Well, that would be true for the Navy; yes.

Mr. Kilday. Gentlemen, we have gotten awfully far away from the billets of flag officers.

Admiral Smoot. I brought this up merely to point out the difference between the rear admiral's status in permanent and temporary grade, sir.

There is one other point: We have admirals who are permanent rear admirals serving in higher grades, of vice admiral and admiral. Those are designations for the billet that they hold and upon removal from that billet they revert to their permanent rank, unless they go into another billet requiring that same rank.

Mr. Kilday. But that higher rank is statutory; is it not?

Admiral Smoot. It is statutory. It is appointive rank, confirmed by the Senate, sir.

Mr. KILDAY. Yes. I mean it is statutory. He is JAG or he is something, that requires the rank.

Admiral Smoot. Chief of Naval Personnel, Chief of Naval Operations. Mr. KILDAY. Yes.

Admiral SMOOT. Or he is the commander of a fleet. While he is occupying those billets he has that rank. And that is what his appointment says.

Mr. Kilpay. There is nothing new in that in the Navy?
Admiral Smoot. No, sir.

Mr. Kilday. In the Army, the Chief of Staff is always a major general, even though he may have been a colonel.

Admiral Smoot. That is correct.
Mr. GAVIN. Mr. Chairman.
Mr. ARENDS. Mr. Gavin,

Mr. Gavin. I would like to direct a question to Admiral Holloway. Who selects the selection boards?

Admiral HOLLOWAY. I believe Admiral Smoot knows that better than I do. But I know only in general that the selection board is selected by the Chief of Naval Operations, the Vice Chief

Mr. Gavin. I can't hear you, Admiral. Admiral HOLLOWAY. The Chief of Naval Operations, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of the Naval Reserve.

In consultation, the three of them look over the list of flag officers to be sure that none of them are repeaters, have served on a previous board immediately previous, note their availability, and draw up a list of nine.

Mr. Van ZANDT. And their seniority, too.
Admiral HOLLOWAY. And the seniority; yes, sir.
Is that correct, Admiral Smoot?

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Admiral SMOOT. That is correct.

Mr. ARENDS. Admiral, with the permission of you gentlemen who were such fine witnesses this morning to the committee, I think we will recess the committee now. We have to go to the floor. We will recess the committee until 10 o'clock, Monday morning.

Admiral HOLLOWAY. Yes, sir.
We will be ready.

(Whereupon, at 11:45 a. m., the committee recessed until 10 a. m., Monday, March 9, 1953.)

REVIEW OF PROMOTIONS OF OFFICERS IN THE

ARMED SERVICES

MONDAY, MARCH 9, 1953

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE No. 2 OF THE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,

Washington, D. C. (The subcommittee met at 10 a, m., the Honorable Leon H. Gavin, vice chairman, presiding.)

Mr. Gavin (presiding). All right. The committee will come to order.

Admiral Smoot. I think we are ready to proceed.

TESTIMONY OF REAR ADM. R. N. SMOOT, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF

PERSONNEL CONTROL Resumed Admiral Smoot. Good morning, gentlemen.

If I may, Mr. Chairman, I will proceed with the justification of the admirals. I have provided each of the members with a list of the flag officers as they existed on the 28th of February in the billets they occupied, with their name, their permanent rank, temporary rank, their age and the years of service.

I have with me in addition to those lists-and I will follow the order of the fleet type billets first, taking each name, describing the type of duty.

If there are any particular billets that the committee feels is justified on its long establishment, I needn't read the duties, at their pleasure.

Mr. GAVIN. All right; proceed.

Admiral Smoot. Commander in Chief of the Atlantic Fleet, and Supreme Commander Atlantic Fleet, is Admiral McCormick, a full admiral. I have his responsibilities and duties listed here.

The same with Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, Admiral Radford.

Mr. Rivers. You don't have any such thing as CINCPOA any more; do you?

Admiral Smoot. No, sir; that went out at the end of the war, sir.

The commander in chief, Pacific Fleet, has in addition, however, the duties of Deputy High Commissioner of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. To that extent, he took over CINCPOA. In that, he acts on behalf of the High Commissioner of the trust territories.

Mr. KILDAY. Mr. Chairman.

Where you going to give a little explanation of the trust territory for the record so it will be available on the floor?

Admiral Smoot. Yes, sir, He acts in behalf of the High Commissioner of the Trust Territory, the Pacific Islands, in the active administration of the trust territory under executive order 9875, of July 18, 1949. Thus his executive assistant, he has full responsibility for the

prosecution of governmental functions in certain departments. Those include administration of the field territories, the social and scientific affairs, the economics and political affairs, finance and supply, public works, public health and education of these trust territories.

Mr. RIVERS. Other than Manus and Guadalcanal and all those islands we turned back to the Australians, what do we have?

The Carolinas, Gilberts, Marshalls, and what else?
Mr. MILLER. Marianas.
Admiral Smoot. Marianas; that is correct, sir.

In general the duties of the commander in chief of a large fleet, in the Atlantic and Pacific: There is the responsibility of organizing, planning, and training for flexibility, mobility, and the bighest combat effectiveness consistent with normal assigned missions, and executing the existing conditions.

He is responsible for maintaining the combat readiness for the operation and extension of such operations, and expanding the forces including those assigned for logistic support.

In the Atlantic, he supports the Caribbean, the eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean, European and strategic air commanders in their missions. He supports the eastern air defense force commander in his assigned mission; the preparation to protect shipping and direct major shipping routing and convoy movements within the Atlantic; to coordinate routing and control of Shipping between the Atlantic and contiguous theater commanders. He makes available vessels and facilities for training Reserve personnel, midshipmen, cadets, further peacetime training of ships and personnel of the Coast Guard. He conducts training in amphibious warfare for United States military forces as directed; operates to alleviate domestic emergencies; and he has as an additional duty the United States representative of North Atlantic Treaty Regional and Planning Group of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

The commander in chief in addition to those general duties provides logistic support for naval forces employed in the Far East toward the United States, including the overseas possessions and dependencies, against attack from the Pacific area.

In the Far East, and the Alaskan area, the strategic air commanders in their missions as directed. As High Commissioner of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands he administers the government of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in accordance with trusteeship agreement concluded between the United States and the United Nations.

On the staff of the CincLant is the chief of staff whose duties are generally as follows:

Under the commanders in chief, he is responsible for the supervision and the coordination of the work of the staff and must be kept informed at all times in all manners pertaining to that work. He is the senior personal aid to his commander.

He is responsible for the execution of the policies of the commander in chief, and consults with and advises him in the formulation of policies. He is authorized to act for the commander in chief in matters of administration and policy as specifically authorized by the commander in chief.

In the case of the temporary incapacity or absence of the commander in chief, he acts in his stead.

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