Lapas attēli

ment of

can obtain, and, out of the proceeds thereof, to retain and pay the said sum above mentioned, and all charges touching the same, rendering the overplus (if any) unto me, or to my executors, administrators, or assigns.

And, until default be made in the payment of Agree the said sum of money, I am to remain and continue in the quiet and peaceable possession of the said goods and chattels, and in the full and free enjoyment of the same.




In witness whereof, I, the said party of the first part, have hereunto set my hand and seal the eighth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.


Sealed and delivered in the pre-
sence of




eral government. Application is made, in writing, to the Commissioner of Patents, by the person who has invented or discovered any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement on any art, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter not known or used by others before his discovery or invention thereof, and not at the time of his application for a patent in public use or for sale with his consent or allowance as inventor or discoverer. A written description must be given, tion. and also a model when the subject admits. An Affirma- oath or affirmation must be made by the applioath. cant, that he believes himself to be the original in


tion or

ventor or discoverer, and does not know or believe that the same was ever before known or used, and he must further state of what country he is a citizen.

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If the applicant is a citizen of the United States, or an alien of one year's residence, he is Fees. to pay into the United States Treasury $30; if a subject of Great Britain, $500; all other applicants, $300. If the application is granted, letters patent are issued giving exclusive rights to patent. the patentee for 14 years; in some cases this is renewed for a period of 7 years. It is not essential that the original patentee should always hold the letters patent, for like other personal property, they may be assigned, or at the death of the patentee, the privileges may accrue to his heirs, executors, and administrators.



The Circuit and District Court of the United States have jurisdiction over cases for the viola- tion. tion of patents.

108. Copyright laws are made by Congress.

Art. 000.

lect div

Power of Attorney to collect

Know all Men by these Presents, that I, Herman Culver, of Hudson, do hereby appoint Stephen Hart, of Jersey city, State of New Jersey, my attorney for me, and in my name, to receive To col the dividend, or dividends, which are, or shall be dends. payable, according to law, on the first day of August, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, on all the stock standing in my name on the books of the Morris Canal and Banking Company, hereby ratifying and confirming all that my said attorney or substitute or substitutes shall do by virtue hereof.


In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 1st day of May, 1851, (one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.)

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The authors of books, maps, charts, musical compositions; also the inventors and designers of prints, cuts, and engravings, being citizens of the United States, or residents thereof, can secure, by copyright, the exclusive privilege of printing, re-printing, publishing, and vending their own productions for the period of twentyeight years from the time of recording the title thereof. The copyright can generally be renewed at the close of this period, and held thereafter fourteen years.

It is required that the author or proprietor, before publication, deposit a printed copy of the tiCopy detle of the book, map, chart, musical composition, posited. print, cut, or engraving, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court wherein he resides, that a record of the same can be made; also, that he cause to be inserted on the title page, or on the page

Will both of Personal and Real


In view of the

In the name of God, Amen. uncertainty of life, and desirous to settle my worldly affairs while I have strength and ability so to do, with sound and disposing mind and memory, and with healthful body, I, Philip Sloan, of the City and County of New-York, late ship builder, do make, publish, and declare this my Last Will and Testament.

It is my will, that my funeral expenses, and all my just debts, be paid as soon as they can conveniently, by my executors herein named after my decease.

Funeral expenses and


of furni



I give and bequeath to my beloved wife, Mary, absolutely, the furniture of the house in which I Bequest now reside, No. one, Clinton Place, together with all the fuel and consumable household provisions, lutely. and the linen, china, and glass, together with the and bank notes which may be in the said


next following, in each and every edition of the book, or cause to be impressed on the face of every map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, and engraving, or upon the title or frontispiece of a volume of the same, the words, "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year (date), by (proprietor's name), in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of (name of the District)."


The author or proprietor is further required to Copies deliver, or cause to be delivered within three months after publishing, a copy of the book, map, etc., to the Clerk of the District Court where the aforesaid record was made, also one copy to the Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution, and another to the Librarian of Congress Library. A copyright may exist in a translation of a work, in the additional notes, or in an abridgment. As



Devise of

land for

one life

and then


house at my decease, the plate, wearing apparel, &c., and I direct my executors to cause an inventory to be made of the same articles, to be signed by my said wife and executors before their delivery to her, and two copies to be made of said inventory, and one to be delivered to my said wife, and the other kept by my executors.

I give and devise unto my son Samuel, all my freehold messuage, with the out buildings, garden, grounds, thereto adjoining and pertainin fee ing, situate and (being now in the possession and occupation of Jesse Opdyke, for a term of two years) lying in the County of Westchester, State of New-York, for and during his natural life, and from and immediately after his decease, I devise such hereditaments to my son William and his heirs forever.



And whereas, by virtue of a lease bearing date on or about the first day of August, 1840, made between Harvey Bacon, of the first part, and myself, of the second part, I am entitled to

signments of copyrights should be made by record thereof in the Office of the District Court.

109. A Will or Testament is a written instrument made in a manner prescribed by law, and declaring the wishes of the testator in reference to the disposal of property after his death. Every person has a right to dispose of his own property in the manner he chooses, unless with some unjust or injurious purpose. In this State, neither Property real nor personal property can, in any manner, be trolled controlled by will for a longer period than during the lives of two persons named in the will, and living at the time of the testator's death.


by will.



110. Executors are usually named in a will for the purpose of carrying out its provisions, but this is not essential to its validity. The personal property left by an intestate, or a person dying

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