Lapas attēli

lay, according to the true intent and meaning of these presents, and, that the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, or assigns, shall, and will, at their own proper costs and charges, bear, pay, and discharge, all such taxes, duties, and assessments, whatsoever as shall, or may, during the said term hereby granted, be charged, assessed, or imposed, upon the said demised premises: And that on the last day of the said term, or other sooner determination of the estate hereby granted, the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, or assigns, shall, and will, peaceably and quietly, leave, surrender, and yield up unto the said party of the first part, his heirs or assigns, all and singular the said demised premises.

Taxes, ments.


Covenant to


der at the close of

Covenant to suffer


And the said party of the first part, for himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, doth covenant and agree, to and with the said party of possesthe second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, by these presents, that the said party of

cestor, added to those from the common ancestor down to the other; thus the distance of relationship betwen a person and his cousin's son is five degrees. Each generation is a degree.

77. We shall now consider who is entitled to hold property in land. Citizens of the United States can take land by devise, descent, or purchase. Citizens are persons born in the United States; and foreigners may become citizens by a compliance with the laws of naturalization.




Naturalization is the conferment of citizenship upon aliens, or persons among us who have im- ization. migrated from foreign countries; this conferment entitles foreigners to nearly all of the privileges of natural born Americans: the President of the United States, however, must be an American by birth, and seven years' residence is necessary



the second part, his executors, administrators, or assigns, paying the said yearly rent above reserved, and performing the covenants and agreements aforesaid, on his and their part, the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, shall, and may, at all times during the said term hereby granted, peaceably and quietly have, hold, and enjoy the said demised premises, without any manner of let, suit, trouble, or hindrance, of, or from, the said party of the first part, his heirs or assigns, or any other person or persons whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the said parties to these presents have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first above written.



In the presence of



to entitle a naturalized alien to a seat in Congress.

78. The laws of Naturalization are made and Natural regulated by Congress. The following is a sylaws. nopsis:



It is required that the applicant declare his intention to become a citizen, on oath, before a He must state Court of Record, with a Seal and Clerk, and hisinten having common law jurisdiction, or before a Cirtion. cuit or District Court of the United States, or before a Clerk of either of the said Courts, two years at least before his admission, and to renounce his allegiance to his own sovereign.


This declaration need not be previously made if the alien resided here before the eighteenth day of June, 1812, and has since continued to reside here, provided such residence be proved to the

Mortgage of Land.


This Indenture, made the tenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, between John Selden, of Binghampton, County of Parties. Broome, Merchant, and Margaret, his wife, of the first part, and Joshua Hunter, of the same place, of the second part: Whereas, the said John Sel- Preamden is justly indebted to the said party of the second part in the sum of five thousand dollars, lawful money of the United States, secured to be paid by his certain bond or obligation, bearing even date with these presents, in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, lawful money as aforesaid, conditioned for the payment of the first mentioned sum of five thousand dollars, as by the said bond or obligation, and the condition thereof, reference being thereunto had, may more fully appear, Now this Indenture witnesseth, that the said parties of the first part, for the better securing the payment of the said sum of money mentioned

satisfaction of the Court, and, provided it be proved by the oath or affirmation of two citizens of the United States, that the applicant has resided for at least five years immediately preceding the time of such application within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States.



dence of





If the applicant is a minor, and shall have resided in the United States three years next preceding his arrival to majority, he may also be admitted as a citizen without such previous dec- minority laration, provided he has, at the time of such application, attained to the age of twenty-one years, and has resided five years within the United States, including the three years of his minority, and shall make the declaration aforesaid at the time of his admission, and shall declare on oath, and prove to the satisfaction of the court, that for the

His intention.


in the condition of the said bond or obligation, with interest thereon, according to the true intent and meaning thereof, and also for and in consideration of the sum of one dollar, to me in hand paid by the said party of the second part, at or before the ensealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have granted, bargained, sold, aliened, released, conveyed, and confirmed, and, by these presents, do grant, bargain, sell, alien, release, convey, and confirm, unto the said party of the second part, and to his heirs and assigns forever,

All that certain piece, parcel, and farm of land, tion of situate, lying, and being in the town of Chenango, property bychains County of Broome, and State of New-York, and links bounded and described as follows: Beginning at



a point formed by the intersection of the two roads, called the Binghampton road and the Windsor road, which said point is the Southeast corner, formed by said intersection, and running thence easterly, ten chains and fifteen links, along

three years next preceding it had been his bona fide intention to become a citizen, and shall in all other respects comply with the laws of naturalization.

79. Children of persons duly naturalized, of natu- who are minors at the time, and reside in the citizens. United States, are to be considered citizens. It is further provided that if any alien shall die after his declaration of intention to become a citizen, and before actual admission, his widow and children shall be deemed citizens.

may hold land


80. In New-York it is not necessary for a An alien resident alien to be absolutely naturalized before allowed to hold real property, if he files a deposition in the office of the Secretary of State, declaring that he is now a resident of the United States and always intends to be such, and to become a citizen thereof as soon as he can be natu


the southerly line of the said Windsor road; thence southerly and along the westerly line of land now, and for many years, the property of Jacob Green, sixteen chains and twenty-five links; thence southwesterly fifty links to an oak tree marked; thence, in a northwesterly direction, thirteen chains, to a stone pillar set in the ground on the easterly line or side of the said Binghampton road; thence, along the easterly side of said road, to the place of beginning; being the same premises conveyed to the said party of the first part by a deed bearing date the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and forty, and recorded in the Clerk's Office of the County of Broome, in Liber 6, of Conveyances, page 55, and containing, (here give the amount of Land,) Together, with all and singular, the tenements, hereditaments, and appurtenances thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues, and profits thereof; And also, all

ralized, and that he has taken such incipient measures as the laws require to enable him to obtain his naturalization (Art. 78).

Such alien may hold real estate six years Length thereafter, when it is presumed that his naturali- of time. zation will be complete.

tyin New


81. The title to lands in New-York, shall not be affected by the question of citizenship of any person through whom the same has passed before the 21st of April, 1825, and in the same state the Liberalirule formerly supposed imperative, viz.: that an alien could neither take nor pass a valid title to real estate, has been so modified as to place it within the power of every alien to secure his property, whether personal or real, to his own purposes, and to the use of his family, nor will his own neglect, during his lifetime, prevent his fa

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