« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
611.60 i 31/6
The Estonian Minister (Pip) to the Secretary of State
WASHINGTON, March 2, 1925. SIR: I have the honor to make the following statement of my understanding of the agreement reached through recent conversations held at Washington on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Esthonia and the Government of the United States with reference to the treatment which Esthonia shall accord to the commerce of the United States and which the United States shall accord to the commerce of Esthonia.
These conversations have disclosed a mutual understanding between the two Governments which is that, in respect to import, export and other duties and charges affecting commerce, as well as in respect to transit, warehousing and other facilities and the treatment of commercial travelers' samples, the United States will accord to Esthonia and Esthonia will accord to the United States, its territories and possessions, unconditional most-favored-nation treatment; and that in the matter of licensing or prohibitions of imports or exports, the United States and Esthonia, respectively, so far as they at any time maintain such a system, will accord to the commerce of the other treatment as favorable, with respect to commodities, valuations and quantities, as may be accorded to the commerce of any other country.
It is understood that
No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into or disposition in the United States, its territories or possessions, of any articles the produce or manufacture of Esthonia than are or shall be payable on like articles the produce or manufacture of any foreign country:
No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into or disposition in Esthonia of any articles the produce or manufacture of the United States, its territories or possessions, than are or shall be payable on like articles the produce or manufacture of any foreign country:
Similarly, no higher or other duties shall be imposed in the United States, its territories or possessions, or in Esthonia on the exportation of any articles to the other or to any territory or possession of the other, than are payable on the exportation of like articles to any foreign country:
Every concession with respect to any duty, charge or regulation affecting commerce now accorded or that may hereafter be accorded by the United States or by Esthonia, by law, proclamation, decree or commercial treaty or agreement, to any foreign country will become
immediately applicable without request and without compensation to the commerce of Esthonia and of the United States and its territories and possessions, respectively.
Provided that this understanding does not relate to
(1) The treatment which the United States accords or may hereafter accord to the commerce of Cuba or any of the territories or possessions of the United States or the Panama Canal Zone, or to the treatment which is or may hereafter be accorded to the commerce of the United States with any of its territories or possessions or to the commerce of its territories or possessions with one another.
(2) The treatment which Esthonia accords or may hereafter accord to the commerce of Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, and/or to the states in custom or economic union with Esthonia, or to all of those states, so long as such special treatment is not accorded to any other state.
(3) Prohibitions or restrictions of a sanitary character or designed to protect human, animal or plant life or regulations for the enforcement of police or revenue laws.
The present arrangement shall become operative on the day when the ratification of the present note by the Esthonian Parliament will be notified to the Government of the United States and, unless sooner terminated by mutual agreement shall continue in force until thirty days after notice of its termination shall have been given by either party; but should either party be prevented by future action of its legislature from carrying out the terms of this arrangement, the obligations thereof shall thereupon lapse.
I shall be glad to have your confirmation of the accord thus reached. Accept [etc.]
611.60 i 31/12
The Estonian Minister (Pip) to the Secretary of State
WASHINGTON, August 1, 1925. EXCELLENCY: I have the honour to inform you that I am directed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Esthonian Republic to notify you that the notes exchanged on March 2, 1925, between your predecessor and myself, regarding the treatment which Esthonia shall accord to commerce of the United States and which the United States shall accord to the commerce of Esthonia, have been ratified by the Esthonian Parliament on June 19, 1925.
In consideration of the above, the arrangement made through the exchange of notes on March 2, 1925, according to the stipulation foreseen therein, becomes operative on this present day. I have [etc.]
TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE AND CONSULAR RIGHTS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND ESTONIA, SIGNED DECEMBER 23, 1925
Treaty Series No. 736
Treaty Between the United States of America and Estonia and
Accompanying Protocol, Signed at Washington, December 23, 1925 2
The United States of America and the Republic of Esthonia, desirous of strengthening the bond of peace which happily prevails between them, by arrangements designed to promote friendly intercourse between their respective territories through provisions responsive to the spiritual, cultural, economic and commercial aspirations of the peoples thereof, have resolved to conclude a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights and for that purpose have appointed as their plenipotentiaries.
The President of the United States of America:
Frank B. Kellogg, Secretary of State of the United States of America, and
The Government of the Republic of Esthonia:
Antonius Piip, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary,
Who, having communicated to each other their full powers found to be in due form, have agreed upon the following articles:
The nationals of each of the High Contracting Parties shall be permitted to enter, travel and reside in the territories of the other; to exercise liberty of conscience and freedom of worship; to engage in scientific, religious, philanthropic, manufacturing and commercial work of every kind without interference; to carry on every form of commercial activity which is not forbidden by the local law; to engage in every trade, vocation and profession not reserved exclusively to nationals of the country; to own, erect or lease and occupy appropriate buildings and to lease lands for residential, scientific, religious, philanthropic, manufacturing, commercial and mortuary purposes; to employ agents of their choice, and generally to do anything incidental to or necessary for the enjoyment of any of the foregoing privileges upon the same terms as nationals of the state of residence or as nationals of the nation hereafter to be most favored by it, submitting themselves to all local laws and regulations duly established.
* In English only. Ratification advised by the Senate, Mar, 25, 1926; ratified by the President, Apr. 17, 1926; ratified by Estonia, Apr. 27, 1926; ratifications exchanged at Tallinn, May 22, 1926; proclaimed by the President, May 25, 1926.
The nationals of either High Contracting Party within the territories of the other shall not be subjected to the payment of any internal charges or taxes other or higher than those that are exacted of and paid by its nationals.
The nationals of each High Contracting Party shall enjoy freedom of access to the courts of justice of the other on conforming to the local laws, as well for the prosecution as for the defense of their rights, and in all degrees of jurisdiction established by law.
The nationals of each High Contracting Party shall receive within the territories of the other, upon submitting to conditions imposed upon its nationals, the most constant protection and security for their persons and property, and shall enjoy in this respect that degree of protection that is required by international law. Their property shall not be taken without due process of law and without payment of just compensation.
Nothing contained in this Treaty shall be construed to affect existing statutes of either of the High Contracting Parties in relation to the immigration of aliens or the right of either of the High Contracting Parties to enact such statutes.
With respect to that form of protection granted by National, State or Provincial laws establishing civil liability for injuries or for death, and giving to relatives or heirs or dependents of an injured party a right of action or a pecuniary benefit, such relatives or heirs or dependents of the injured party, himself a national of either of the High Contracting Parties and within any of the territories of the other, shall regardless of their alienage or residence outside of the territory where the injury occurred, enjoy the same rights and privileges as are or may be granted to nationals, and under like conditions.
The dwellings, warehouses, manufactories, shops, and other places of business, and all premises thereto appertaining of the nationals of each of the High Contracting Parties in the territories of the other, used for any purposes set forth in Article I, shall be respected. It shall not be allowable to make a domiciliary visit to, or search of any such buildings and premises, or there to examine and inspect books, papers or accounts, except under the conditions and in conformity with the forms prescribed by the laws, ordinances and regulations for nationals.
Where, on the death of any person holding real or other immovable property or interests therein within the territories of one High Contracting Party, such property or interests therein would, by the laws of the country or by a testamentary disposition, descend or pass to a national of the other High Contracting Party, whether resident or non-resident, were he not disqualified by the laws of the country where such property or interests therein is or are situated, such national shall be allowed a term of three years in which to sell the same, this term to be reasonably prolonged if circumstances render it necessary, and withdraw the proceeds thereof, without restraint or interference, and exempt from any succession, probate or administrative duties or charges other than those which may be imposed in like cases upon the nationals of the country from which such proceeds may be drawn.
Nationals of either High Contracting Party may have full power to dispose of their personal property of every kind within the territories of the other, by testament, donation or otherwise, and their heirs, legatees and donees, of whatsoever nationality, whether residents or non-resident, shall succeed to such personal property, and may take possession thereof, either by themselves or by others acting for them, and retain or dispose of the same at their pleasure subject to the payment of such duties or charges only as the nationals of the High Contracting Party within whose territories such property may be or belong shall be liable to pay in like cases.
The nationals of each of the High Contracting Parties in the exercise of the right of freedom of worship, within the territories of the other, as hereinabove provided, may, without annoyance or molestation of any kind by reason of their religious belief or otherwise, conduct services either within their own houses or within any appropriate buildings which they may be at liberty to erect and maintain in convenient situations, provided their teachings or practices are not contrary to public order or public morals; and they may also be permitted to bury their dead according to their religious customs in suitable and convenient places established and maintained for the purpose, subject to the reasonable mortuary and sanitary laws and regulations of the place of burial.
In the event of war between either High Contracting Party and a third State, such Party may draft for compulsory military service