Lapas attēli

The situation of Canada regarding this insect seems to be about the same as that of the United States.

Consequently, it is urged that potatoes grown in the United States be accorded by the British Government treatment similar to that accorded potatoes grown in Canada, and be admitted to England and Wales under the same conditions.

It appears that for the first time in many years it has this year been found profitable to export potatoes from Maine to England. The imposition of the British order of December 24 [237] stops this trade, and, if potatoes grown in New Brunswick and other parts of Canada were admitted to England the action of the British Government would appear to constitute discrimination in favor of Canadian potatoes.

The United States Department of Agriculture has stationed inspectors at Portland, Maine, to issue the certificates required by the existing British quarantine regulations. Department of Agriculture reports that there is little danger of the transportation of beetle in potatoes coming out of winter storage, especially those passed over screen or mechanical grader. Beetle is not active in winter and does not hibernate in tuber.

For evidence of prevalence of beetle in Canada, refer to Tower's “Evolution in Leptinotarsa”, pages 32, 35, 36; also Bulletin 52, Canadian Department of Agriculture (1905), page 39; also Report of Dominion Entomologist, 1916, page 50.

If prohibition continues only few weeks, it will result in cancellation existing and prospective contracts and loss of trade to American shippers. Hence immediate admission American potatoes same terms as Canadian extremely important.

In case Canadian potatoes also excluded, make no representations, but report by cable.


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841.612/25 : Telegram

The Ambassador in Great Britain (Kellogg) to the Secretary of


LONDON, December 30, 1924—4 p. m.

[Received December 30—1:25 p. m.] 542. Your 488, December 29, 4 p. m. Canadian potatoes not prohibited. Am making representations as instructed.


841.612/29a : Telegram The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Kellogg)

WASHINGTON, January 3, 1925—4 p. m. 6. Department understands that embargo against American potatoes just imposed by Irish Free State. If your information confirms this, please repeat to Consulate General, Dublin, Department's telegrams Nos. 488, December 29, 4 p. m., 492, December 30, 7 p. m. and No. 3, January 2, 5 p. m. Consulate General being instructed directly make representations to Free State if embargo solely directed against American potatoes."



841.612/30 : Telegram The Ambassador in Great Britain (Kellogg) to the Secretary of


LONDON, January 5, 1925–5 p. m.

[Received January 5–1:42 p. m.] 11. Department's 6, January 3, 4 p. m. Telegrams repeated to

6 Dublin as instructed. Embargo in Irish Free State has been in effect since about November 1st.

Embargo for Northern Ireland went into effect January 3rd. Shall I also make representations protesting against it? 6

Department's 8, January 3, 6 p. m.? Am making every effort to hasten reply which will be telegraphed immediately.


841.612/31 : Telegram

The Consul General at Dublin (Hathaway) to the Secretary of State

DUBLIN, January 9, 1925—5 p. m.

[Received January 9–2 p. m.] Replying to your January 3, 4 p. m.8 Irish Government still proceeding under special Irish importation of potatoes order (see Dublin Gazette, November 5, 1920) as amended by “the destructive insects and pests (Irish) order 1922", and the "Colorado beetle order 1923” the latter applying only to France. Irish Department of Agriculture does not intend to issue new order but has in mind to refuse all licenses to both Canada and the United States until better reports concerning Colorado beetle are received.

* No. 492 and No. 3 not printed. Telegram not printed. 'On January 6 the Ambassador was instructed to make representations against embargo in Northern Ireland in accordance with the Department's instructions regarding the British embargo. 'Not printed. 'Not printed; see Department's telegram to Ambassador Kellogg, Jan. 3, 4 p. m., supra.


841.612/44 : Telegram The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain (Kellogg)

WASHINGTON, January 30, 1925—6 p. m. 52. Your 39, January 26, noon. Governor of Maine and delegation of prominent dealers called at Department today urging removal of embargo. They are discussing matter with the President Janu

ary 31.

United States Department of Agriculture is prepared to inspect potatoes for export and to give certificate of freedom from disease and infestation by beetle. Certificate would follow requirement of British order of 1920.

It is understood that either British Minister of Agriculture or responsible official of Ministry informed L. S. Bean and 0. G. Bishop, of Presque Isle, Maine, who were in England in December representing Maine growers, that British Government would permit entry shipments accompanied by federal certificate of freedom from infestation. New Brunswick shipments are admitted on such certificates issued, it is understood, only by provincial agricultural authorities.

Please call personally at Foreign Office, leave memorandum as to certificates that will be given by United States Department of Agriculture, and urge removal of embargo as obviously discriminatory, and as apparently not justified by health considerations. For data on latter see Department's telegram No. 37, January 17, 6 p. m.”

[Paraphrase.] The season for potato shipping will extend until June 1. Removal of the British embargo will afford valuable outlet for bumper Maine crop. Department requests your most energetic personal efforts in this matter. [End paraphrase.]


841.612/47 : Telegram The Ambassador in Great Britain (Kellogg) to the Secretary of State

LONDON, February 2, 19.25—4 p. m.

[Received February 2—2:55 p. m.] 47. Your 52, January 30, 6 p. m. I personally presented a strong note to Chamberlain on the potato shipments and verbally explained the whole situation, urging him to raise the embargo in view of the certificate Department proposed. He promised to take the matter up [with] the Minister of Agriculture at once as the matter of shipments from Canada was under investigation, but made no definite promises.

'Not printed.


841.612/54 : Telegram

The Chargé in Great Britain (Sterling) to the Secretary of State

LONDON, February 27, 1925—4 p. m.

[Received February 27—3:37 p. m.] 85. Embassy's 77, February 21, 11 a. m.10 Foreign Office note 10 received today states His Majesty's Government regret they cannot withdraw embargo and confirms an order as of February 20th prohibiting the importation of potatoes grown in Canada for the same reason as those grown in the United States are prohibited.





The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador (Howard)

WASHINGTON, March 19, 1925. EXCELLENCY: I have the honor, at the request of the Secretary of the Navy, to bring to your attention the plans which are now proposed for a cruise of a portion of the American Fleet to Australia and New Zealand during the coming summer. It is at present contemplated that Melbourne and Sydney, Australia,

, and Auckland and Wellington, New Zealand, will be visited. The units will consist of a cruiser, the Fleet Flagship; a Division of light cruisers; two destroyer squadrons; three battleship divisions, and approximately eleven auxiliary vessels. The present plan contemplates that the Fleet Flagship, a Division of three battleships, a Division of four light cruisers, and two squadrons of destroyers with a light cruiser as flagship, will arrive at Melbourne on July 20 and will remain at that port until August 3, on which date these vessels will proceed to Wellington, arriving there August 8 and departing August 22.

The major portion of the battle fleet, consisting of a battleship, Flagship of the Commander in Chief of the battle fleet, and two additional battleship divisions comprising six battleships, will arrive at Sydney July 18, departing August 3rd. It will arrive at Auckland August 7, and will remain until August 24.

20 Not printed.

The disposition of the auxiliary vessels of the Fleet will be determined by the current needs existing at that time, and certain of these vessels will visit each of the four ports in question.

If the Commander in Chief of the Fleet finds it feasible within the time limit and with regard to overhauling, provisioning, and fueling, he may be able to detail vessels to visit Adelaide, Hobart, Brisbane, Dunedin and Christchurch.

In view of the large number of ships concerned, the Secretary of the Navy states that he would be pleased to receive any comment that the appropriate Australian and New Zealand authorities may desire to make in this connection in order that such modifications in the schedule as may appear desirable and practicable may be made in ample time. Accept [etc.]



The British Ambassador (Howard) to the Seoretary of State


No. 339

WASHINGTON, April 3, 1925. SIR: I have the honour to refer to your note of the 19th ultimo, in which you furnished me with an outline of the plans for the cruise of a portion of the United States fleet to Australian and New Zealand waters during the coming summer, and, in accordance with the courteous offer of the Secretary of the Navy as quoted by you, to submit, on behalf of the Australian Government, the following preliminary observations in regard to the matters dealt with in your communication under reference.

While the Commonwealth Government are fully aware of the difficulty of drawing up a programme for so large a fleet, they desire me to state that the people of Australia would greatly appreciate the inclusion in the schedule of all the provincial capitals of the Commonwealth, or as many as possible thereof, preference being decided in accordance with the size of populations of the various cities. If it should be found impossible to amend the programme to this extent, the Commonwealth Government would suggest that arrangements be made for the fleet to steam in close to the shore wherever practicable.

The Government of Australia have requested me to point out that the arrival of that portion of the fleet detailed to visit Sydney at the port in question two days before the Melbourne squadron reaches its destination is likely to prove embarrassing, as, in their opinion, it is

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