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THE Mountain, aided by economic pressure, succeeded in forcing

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appetites, the consequence being that all the morbid elements in his his character, having no other outlet, ran into the channel of self

idolatry and morbid ambition. The first ambition of a well-regulated THE STORY OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. By E.

man is to know how to distribute the quantum of vice with which a Belfort Bax. Second Edition. I2mo, pp. 119. London: Swan,

bountiful nature has endowed him. A false morality teaches him to Sonnenschein & Co. 1892.

suppress it. But this he can seldom do; and, if he succeeds, it is at [The main events of the French Revolution are liere narrated from the point the expense of all or much that is distinctive in his character. In of view of Modern Socialism. he object has been to give so ne idea of the

tearing off the coating of vice, he tears off his skin with it. The complex forces, economical, speculative, and political, which manifested them- usual case is, however, that the vice is not got rid of at all, but only selves between the assembling of the States-General in 1789 and the suppression forced into some out-of-the-way channel. And wherever vice is conof the Babæuf conspiracy in 1796. A fair idea of the spirit of the work may be centrated, it is bad. When all the vice of a character is focussed on had from the author's remarks concerning two economic measures passed by the any single one of the natural appetites, a man becomes a sot, a satyr, Convention, Marie Antoinette, and Robespierre.)

a glutton, a confirmed gambler or something equally bad. Now ГНЕ

Robespierre sat upon all the usual valves. He and his ascetic band poured scorn on the Hébertists and Dantonists alike for the “ loose.

ness maximum, which enacted a forced price for breadstuffs, above which

of their lives. Yet, having closed up all the ordinary exits, his it was penal to sell them. To avert the possibility of the dealers refu

vice came out none the less, but concentrated in the form of a trucusing to sell at all, it was made compulsory upon them to do so. They

lent, remorseless ambition, unparalleled in history. were, moreover, obliged to furnish accurate accounts of their stock, which could, if desirable be peremptorily “checked ” by the author- THE QUINTESSENCE OF SOCIALISM. Dr. A. Schäffle. ities. The law was subsequently extended to all the necessaries of English Edition, Translated from the Eighth German Edition, life. The other economic measure was a progressive income tax on under the Supervision of Bernard Bosanquet, M. A., formerly Fellow an ascending scale. The Girondists and the Plain, of course, shrieked of University College, Oxford. Fourth Edition. 12mo, pp. 127. and kicked at these glaring infringements of the “ laws ” of political New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1892. economy and the rights of property.

[It is claimed in the Preface that this is the only publication which explains the The law of maximum and the progressive revenue-tax are the only

scheme of collectivism, and treats it in a scientific way. Dr. Schäffle, formerly two measures of a directly Socialistic tendency which have ever been

Minister of Finances in Austria, is the author of several important works, and practically applied, and they were applied with complete success.

one of the most eminent of German economists. His definition of Socialism, by And yet it is strange that at least the first of these measures, when

no means new, is that it is the transformation of private and competing capitals proposed nowadays, is viewed by many Socialists with indifference,

into a united collective capital.” Where this book excels, however, is in stating not to say suspicion. It only shows how, in economics, as in other

the detailed consequences of the coliectivist principle, showing how it is prothings, the rags of old superstitions unconciously survive in us. Those

posed to transform the several fundamental institutions of modern national econwho have iriumphed over the old-fashioned bourgeois fallacies of the

omy. Among the many interesting points of the work is the explanation of what wickedness and inutility of interfering with the sacred laws of political

the Socialists mean by saying that “property is theft."'] economy by direct legislative interference with the freedom of production, still wince at the notion of direct legislative interference with MONG the Socialists, the present system of private property in freedom (so-called) of exchange. Bad harvests, the devastations of capital is represented as Robbery.” foreign invasion, and civil war had reduced France to the lowest ebb.

It is, however, a great, though very widely spread, misunderstanding The law of maximum saved it,

to interpret Proudhon's words, “ Property is Robbery,” to mean that On the 14th of October, 1793, the Queen, Marie Antoinette, was

the Socialist regards all propertied persons as thieves, in the combrought before the Revolutionary Tribunal and convicted, after two

mon sense of the word, and ranks the most honorable trader side by days' hearing, on overwhelming evidence, of the basest treachery side with the persons who appropriate other people's belongings by towards France, and of the most sanguinary intentions with regard the aid of dark lanterns and false keys. 10 Paris. It was indeed high time that this atrocious woman met her Nothing can be more mistaken than this interpretation of the deserts. When the country was at the lowest depths of misery, some words, which make many persons regard communism as condemned years before the outbreak of the Revolution, all this abandoned wretch

on the very face of it. The real meaning of the assertion that capital, could think of was squandering fabulous sums of the nation's wealth, the private capital of to-day, is robbery, or, as Lassalle says, in conjunction with her friend, the Court head-prostitute and pro- Fremdthum,"'* namely, that it represents an anarchical form of curess, the Princess de Lamballe (killed in the September massacres),

property, and must be superseded by the true form based on labor, on jewels, balls, and sinecures for her paramours. If any one ven- is, as every thinker clearly sees, a very different thing! lured to call attention to some flagrant abuse in her presence, he was We find the essence of the Socialist criticism of property most invariably silenced with the remark, “ Yes, but we must amuse our- clearly brought out by Karl Marx, the most authoritative leader and selves.” It was only after her amusements had been curtailed by the

thinker of the proletariat. He begins by showing that the mass of ulter collapse of the finances, a consummation to which she had contrib- private capital inherited from early times rests originally on conquest, uted so largely by her criminal extravagances, that she began to interest

the dispossession of former owners, confiscation of peasant farms, herself in public affairs. Her aim was then to get back the means for

plundering of colonies, abuse of political power, protective duties, her debaucheries; and when the Revolution broke out, and affairs

division of secularized ecclesiastical property, and so on; but he does looked less and less productive of diamond necklaces and the like, her not charge Peter or Paul, the actual inheritor of the property to-day, hatred against the new régime, which had deprived her of those things,

with robbery. Nor is he much concerned to pronounce judgment on naturally knew no bounds, and henceforth her one hope was a foreign those ancient forms of “the original accumulation of capital"; and invasion which would quench the Revolution in the blood of France,

he also deals very cursorily with the latest form of capital plunder, and place the French people once more in her power.

As for poor,

which is amassed by stock-exchange corruption, parliamentary jobfeeble, foolish Louis, he was completely in the toils of this noxious

bery, and newspaper bribery. He rather examines the process of the reptile. Many who looked on at the tumbril conveying her to execu- formation of capital, which is the only form possible under the present tion must have been inclined to think that the guillotine was too good recognized economic system, and is, therefore, under present circumfor the foul Autrichienne.

stances, normal, perfectly legal, and wholly unavoidable. Robespierre probably was, as Carlyle suggests, neither better nor

Now, Marx maintains that the mass of invested capital which is worse than other attorneys to start with. In his case, however, ambi

forming and increasing in the present day arises out of the returns on lion ultimately assumed the mastery over his whole personality. capital, and is saved out of employers' profits and not out of wages. This was partly owing to the fact that he was undeniably a man without This is no doubt true. He further recognizes fully that every capitala vice (in the ordinary sense of the word). Now, very exceptional men ist who wishes to hold his own in the “anarchical” social system of only can afford to be without the ordinary vices of mankind, and cer

* Property is Eigen-thum, eigen meaning "one's own.” Lassalle calls it tainly Robespierre was not one of these men. With his ascetic Rous

Fremd-thum, replacing the word "own" by the word "alien." Not meum but seauite notions of republican austerity, he had suppressed his natural tuum, or rather alienum.

AM

i. Cos

competition of which he forms a part, must take his share of the accretions to capital from profits; otherwise he would himself come to grief and lose his position. He says plainly: My standpoint, from which the evolution of the economic formation of society is viewed as a process of natural history, can, less than any other, make the individual responsible for relations whose creature he socially remains, however much he may subjectively raise himself above them.”

Marx is therefore far from regarding acquisition of capital as robbery in the subjective sense, or demanding from any capitalist who has to work on the basis of the existing system, that he should cease to struggle for the higliest profits and the utmost possible accumulation of capital. But objectively, in connection with the whole fundamentally distorted organization of production in the present day, the private accumulation of capital must nevertheless, according to him, stand condemned as an exploitation of labor, as cheating, as extortion. The returns to capital, out of which great private fortunes are amassed, yield such great accumulation and superfluity only because the wagelaborer receives in money-wage less than the full value of the produce of his work, and must let the surplus-value daily fall to the share of the capitalists' profits. There goes on, under the mask of a wage-system, the daily and hourly exploitation of the wage-earners, and capital becomes a vampire, a money-grabber, and a thief. Yel subjectively, the respectable citizen is free from blame.

sought to get possession of Iola by summoning her to her father's sick-bed, while her mother was too prostrated to write to her.

lola returned only to be claimed as a slave by Lorraine, but she made so desperate a fight against all amorous advances, that she changed hands several times in short order, and was still asserting her independence when the Union troops freed her, and made her a hospital nurse. Here she won the regard of Dr. Gresham, who wanted to marry her, and who renewed his proposals after the war; but lola's sympathy had been awakened for her mother's race, and she realized that she would place herself in a false position by marrying out of it.

After the War, lola recovered her mother, and found her uncle, her mother's brother, and got into a very nice set of cultivated people of her own social status, one of whom, a Dr. Laumer, she married. The young couple sellled in North Carolina; and here Iola entered on a life of wide usefulness in the broad field which emancipation opened to her.

THE WELL-DRESSED WONIAN: A Study in the Practical

Application to Dress of the Laws of Health, Art, and Morals. By Helen Gilbert Ecob. Illustrated. Cloth, 12mo, 253 pp.

New York: Fowler & Wells Co. 1892.

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10LA LEROY; OR, SHADOWS UPLIFTED. By Frances E.

W. Harper. Clotn, 12mo., 280 pp. Philadelphia: Garrigues Brothers. 1892,

[Iola Leroy is a tale of Southern life. covering the period from before the war to the period of reconstruction that followed it. Its aim is to illustrate that phase of the “peculiar institution which made the slaveholder's children born slaves -mere chartels in fact, provided they had any taint, however slight, of African blood ; and still more the revolting possibility, warranted, let us hope, rarely in experience, that even when the father manumitted and married the mother, and caused his children to be brought up in Northern schools ignorant of the fact that they had African blood in their veins, it was still open to the collateral heirs, on the father's death, to bring suit to have the act of manumission set aside on plea of informality. This is a step to which they would have been sorely tempted, first, by the value of the property at stake, secondly, by the state of public opinion, an opinion against which even the Judges were not proof, that the faintest trace of Negro blood unfitted a person for social or civil equality with the white race. The author, who is herself a colored woman, louches lightly on Northern prejudices on the same line, but sufficiently to inculcate the moral for her people, that, as long as existing prejudices shall survive, their proper and wisest course will be to hold themselves apart, as a distinct people, and carve out an independent career for themselves. The following is a slender outline of the story.)

[As is suggested by the sub-title of this little volume, the art of personal adornment is subordinated to the science of dressing well. "The laws of dress," says our author', "relate to hygiene, art, and morals.

To observe the laws of art in dress and ignore the laws of health is impossible. To observe the laws of art and health and be disloyal to the morals of dress is equally impossible. Any study of dress, therefore, is defective which does not clearly define the law's of health and beauty and morals.“ These fundamental propositions give promise of a broad, serious treatment of the subject, a promise amply redeemed in the text. In the bearing of dress on health, the author aims less at originality than ar presenting the views of those members of the medical profession who have mado the subject their special study. Naturally there is nothing but unqualified condemnation for the corset. No woman." says the author, “can see the hidden line where moderate lacing becomes tight-lacing, just as no man can see when moderate drinking becomes hard-drinking. A woman can no more be trusted with a corset than a drunkard with a glass of whiskey."

Two-thirds of the volume is devoted to the subject of dress as bearing on the laws of hygiene; the remaining chapters are devoted severally to Physical Development, Beauty of Form, Grace of Motion, The Principles of Art Applied to Dress, and Moral Significance of Dress. Some of the chapters may strike the fashionable woman as “horridly sensible," but every intelligent woman will find something to interest her in the Chapter on Art Principlez Applied to Dress, of which we submit an outline.]

THAT

ish family, inherited a large estate on the banks of the Mississippi. In the cities of the North, and of Europe, he had led a fast life, and his health was shattered. Ou his return to the South he suffered from a protracted, severe illness, during which he was nursed by a young girl, who had little taint of dark blood, and had been very carefully brought up by a high-principled woman who was her former owner, and who intended to manumit her. Death came before these good intentions were carried into effect, and Leroy's steward purchased the girl. Leroy, during his sickness, was so charmed with Marie's purity and womanly delicacy, and with the native vigor of her intelligence, that as soon as he recovered he sent her to a Northern seminary, and on her graduation manumitted and married her.

There were three children of the union, Iola, Harry, and Gracie, and, ilthough the family was of course ostracized by Southern society, the children grew up in ignorance of the taint in their blood, until a disposition on the part of their school-fellows to ostracize them determined Leroy to send the two older ones North to complete their education, and to make arrangements for himself either to live North, or, go to France. Years passed by. Iola was about to graduate from the seminary, when the pending Civil War became the chief topic of discussion, and Leroy and Marie determined to go North for the summer.

The yellow fever broke out, and Leroy succumbed to it at Vicksburg. Before he died he placed his will in Marie's hands, telling her that he had left her well provided for.

Leroy's cousin, Lorraine, at once brought suit to declare the manumission and marriage void, the Judge upheld the plea, and Lorraine

HAT a stylish dress is in no sense a beautiful dress is proved by

the fact thal, when out of date, it is outré and grotesque. Gowns made in accordance with artistic principles are never out of date, for the beautiful is eternal-the same yesterday, 10-day, and forever.

Art is practical and logical. Artistic dress is common sense in dress. An artistic gown is first of all comfortable; in form, color, and texture it is adapted to the build, complexion, and character of the wearer. Ils structure never depends on the latest style, nor on what is worn, but on what is becoming. Nothing can be less artistic than the system that now reigns of loading the figure with clothes, the aim being to use the figure to display the clothes, and not the clothes to display the figure.

The principles from which the laws of dress are derived are found in the structure of the human lomm, and uutil we have learned to appreciate the functions and beauty of the body no advance can be made in its vesture. Conventional dress has divided the feminine form into two distinct sections; the trunk which is encased in a bodice, and the legs, which are transtormed by stiff petticoats and skirls into a solid immovable mass, sometimes resembling in outline a beehive, sometimes a bell, sometimes a fan, sometimes a donkey with panniers. The first mistake is the arbitrary division of the body into sections. There is no waist-line in the body and therefore the mantua-maker has no right to make one in gowns. The clothing of the lower part of the body is based upon another false principle. It ignores the natural outline of the legs, and the laws of motion. The aim of clouhing should be, not a figure cused in clothes, each portion being accurately fitted with a case of its own from the neck to the feet, but a draped figure. The woman who would be well draped must keep constantly in mind the long, oval contour of the feminine figure, and dress so that this outline will be preserved.

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FATHER MCGLYXX.

ARCHBISHOP CORRIGAN,

at

The Press.

contrary to the teachings of the Catholic | at present, but some very critical communicaChurch.” The Archbishop overlooked these tions have appeared in the secular papers. offenses. But in 1886 Dr. McGlynn appeared as Thus, the New York Sun (Dec. 27, Dec. 31,

a vigorous advocate of Henry George's “Single and Jan. 1) gives prominence lo letters from RELIGIOUS.

Tax” theory, and of Mr. George's candidacy dissatisfied churchmen.

for Mayor of New York. He addressed many “It is quite true, as has already been slated THE MCGLYNN CASE.

great meetings. The names of George and in your columns,” says one of these Sun corre

McGlynn were always spoken together, and spondents, “ that tlie Archbishop of New York The restoration of Rev. Dr. Edward Mc- the “ Anti-Poverty Society” that grew out of received no notification of McGlynn's restoraGlynn to priesthood in the Roman Catholic the movement was promoted by Dr. McGlynn lion, either officially or otherwise, until it had Church is regarded by both the religious and in the most devoted manner. Archbishop Cor- become an accomplished fact. That this action the secular press as one of the most significant rigan ordered the priest to desist from his poli- of the Papal Ablegate was discourteous beevidences of the liberal tendency of present tical work during the Mayoralty campaign. yond all precedent, and that it was scandalous Papal policy. Suspended by the Archbishop The order was disobeyed. Later, the Arch- in its effect upon the large mass of the good of New York for active participation in politics bishop issued a pastoral letter declaring that so people in the Church, is beyond question. It and advocacy of radical social theories, and far as the land question was concerned, the is also true that, though the mistake was the then excommunicated by the Pope for refusing Catholic Church held to the docirine of pri- Ablegate's, the fault was not his, nor will his

vate ownership. In December, 1886, Car-
dinal Simeoni commanded Father McGlynn
to proceed to Rome in order to answer charges
that had been made against him. He declined
to do so, on the ground that his case would be
prejudged at Rome through the influence of
the Archbishop. Refusing to avail bimself of
other opportunities that were extended to him,
he was excommunicated in April, 1887.

Since that time, Dr. McGlynn has remained
active and ardent in the cause that he expoused.
There has been no sign of retraction, or of a
desire to get back into his priestly office by
submitling to the discipline that he had re-
sisted.

SPECIMEN MCGLYNNISMS.
Indeed, he has often spoken with extreme
harshness, and much sarcasm, criticising the
Church and its dignitaries in terms such as non-
Catholics are wont to use. The following are
specimens of Dr. McGlynn's utterances:

Some old gentleman here told an old gentleman in
Romne that a priest over here was talking heresy, so
the old gentleman in Rome said, “Suspend liim."

It is the teaching of all religion, of natural religion, and as well of Catholicism, that a man who sins against his conscience sins against the Holy Glost. And if even the power that sits enthroned within the Vatican commands a man to violate his conscience, to obey

that command is to sin against the Holy Ghost. to obey the command to present him

Even if high Roman tribunals summon a man to

answer for teaching scientific truth, and demand that a i be the odium. The McGlynn affair was in Rome, Dr. McGlynn was supposed to have been man retract it, then it is my duty, and every man's ! itself a very small one, for he has never been deprived permanently of priestly standing. He duty, to refuse to retract it. retained the affectionate friendship of his former chine is to show your teeth, railier than be too humble. standing, to have had more consideration in

The best way to get anything from the Roman ma- of sufficient importance, even when in good parishioners, and the enthusiastic support of Bismarck and the Czar understand this

. The Pope is the community than would any one of a the very large following won by his champion-delighted at a little concession from them. The Pope ship of advanced ideas; but there was no doubt has actually fallen in love with Bismarck, and Bismarck thousand other intellectual priests who are is flirting a little with the Pope.

good preachers. No, McGlynn has been in the public mind that his future prominence

Pope underand influence would be confined to circles out- stand that he can do what he pleases with them, and simply the pawn in the game, and, though side the Church. The McGlynn case seemed to

allow an Archbishop in New York to forbid an Amer- the pawn has put a Bishop in an uncombe a case of insubordination or contumacity, and ical meeting without first obtaining the consent of the pawn played by another hand. ican priest to make a political speech or attend a polit-fortable position, it is nevertheless merely a

The true sig the generally-received precedents and policy of Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda, which don't the Church seemed to exclude the possibility of know but what Florida is a suburb of New York and nificance of the affair is far deeper and more

Whether Dr. McGlynn's reacceptance. Aside from the let the Roman machine, of which the Pope is the mere this move for our improvement is a good one

Mobile a street in San Francisco-so long as Catholics important than McGlynn. ecclesiastical aspects of the affair, the circum- puppet, do this, that inachine will use Paddy in Ire

we cannot judge, because we do not know it, stances appeared peculiarly unfavorable for the land, and German Paddy, and American Paddy as priest's restoration. People have become rawns on the political chessboard, to be sold out at any but of one thing there is no doubt—that the time for what it can get in return.

Catholics of the United States are not willing familiar with the view that ibis Church applies Peter was surely as great and good a Pope as is

to submit their spiritual interests to the care of and enforces standards of conservatism in mat

Leo XIII., yet we seek in vain in ihe epistles of this ters of expression, and that its priests of the last of the Popes-I should say the latest Pope. Bishop Keane in carcus, and ihey object and

first Pope for anything like the incredible assertions Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop Ireland, and are expected to refrain from conspicuous iden- The Pope in politics has been the curse of every will continue to protest against ihe using of tification with causes aud interests not spe- nation. Bismarck carried on a flirtation with the old cially approved by the higher authorities of lady—that is just what he looks like and they ex- the Pope's Legate as a catspaw. It is an the Church. The particular radical agitation at being noticed. changed pictures, and the old lady was highly flattered astonishing thing that Monsignor Satolli should

have allowed himself to have been led into with wliich Dr. McGlynu connected himself is Is it not time for us to protest that it is no part of our one that certainly never has been favoringly religion to engage in adulation of a poor old bag of such a blunder. Does he know that it is said

bones, 78 years old, with one foot in the grave? of him that he is kept in Washington almost. recognized by the Church. It is, moreover, an agitation that involves or cultivates peculiar- of Monsignor Satolli, the Pope's Ablegate, who impossible for anything to reach him save

Dr. McGlynn was reinstated by the action under lock and key, and that it is almost ly aggressive ideas respecting the existing constitution of society.” While no

is in this country for the purpose of settling through those whose interest it is that nothing imagines that the restoration of Dr. McGlynn certain questions. Since he resumed his place in inimical to their side shall reach his ears? implies any expression by the Church itself the Church he has continued his “anti-poverly" While these statements are manifestly absurd,

addresses. upon the merits of that agitation, it is regarded

In a speech delivered in Cooper do they not suffice to show the tension of the as an evidence of a disposition not to discoun- Union last Monday evening he maintained that public mind, and will it not induce him to rectenance aggressive teachings by individual his work as an agitator was in harmony with ognize the advisability of ceasing to remain Catholic priests. Hence the importance of this the spirit of Pope Leo's recommendations in permanently at the University, where he can decision as a decision affecting the interests of his recent encyclicals, and be reiterated his only associate with those who the public beradical discussion. views on the land and labor questions.

lieve have a personal motive in his isolation? May that astuteness for which Italians are so

justly famed lead bim to see the wisdom of As long ago as 1882 Dr. McGlynn was die

visiting the different Bishops of the United nounced 10 Rome by Catholic Bishops for bis

States, as occasion may require, unaccompanied activity in behalf of the Irish Land League. The conservatives of the Catholic Church, by human spectacles and ear trumpets. In this Cardinal Simeoni, in September, 1882, sent a so far as they have expressed themselves in way only can he succeed in establishing conletter to Archbishop Corrigan recommending the press, seem profoundly dissatisfied with the fidence in his judgment, and turn his visit, the suspension of the priest because of the conclusion in the McGlynn case. The leading which so far has been productive only of inscandal caused by his violent speeches, in newspaper organs of this element, like the creasing discord, into one of peace.” which he has defended propositions utterly New York Catholic Review, have little to say Another writer in the Sun intimates that

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HISTORY OF THE MCGLYNN CASE.

SOME STRONG CRITICISM.

AMONG

LIBERAL

CATHO- .

LICS.

once.

PROTESTANT ANI) SECULAR COMMENT.

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there is no intention to accept the decision as a Glynn has recanted or professed to recant his dear to me. Since I was a child I bave said, finality. “If Monsignor Satoll: does not like opinions on the land question, and unless he llow beautiful are Thy labernacles!” and 10 be criticised,” says he, “and if he considers has done so, his restoration must mean that those who know me best know that it was not all protest against his action to be disrespectful,, the Roman Catholic Church sanctions those my wish to leave those tabernacles.

But, let him remember that the Ablegale is no bet. opinions, or, at any rate, concedes the right of when the occasion came for me to speak from ter than the Pope, and that if Dr. McGlynn iis priests to hold and teach them. We shall this platform as a man to men, I felt that I was deserves no penance for his abusive language be glad indeed if this should prove to be the doing no more than my secular duty, exercisagainst the Holy Father, the Holy Father's correct view of the case. We do not believe ing no more than my manhood's rights, so to representative must be content to share the that the fulminations of Archbishop Corrigan speak. Yes' (here ihe speaker paused; and, fate of his master. Let him remember also brought about the recantation of any consider- when he resumed, his voice was raised and that the method of discussing ecclesiastical able number of Catholics who had seen the vibrated with passion), “yes! whether I spoke topics in the newspapers was inaugurated by truth upon the land question. But the utter- from this platform, from the tail of a cari, or the advisers he has chosen for himself. These ances of the Archbishop, and the belief created the top of a barrel! I still think that the advisers lave made public opinion the final by those utterances that the Church con- priest of the Church can find no place so holy court iu all mallers of dispute. The public is demned the opinions which Dr. McGlynn as not to be fit to preach therein the Fatherthe Cæsar lo whom they have appealed. To heid, did prevent

many from

allowing hood of God and the brotherhood of man.' this Cæsar they must go.'

themselves to think the land question out, and The restoration of Father McGlynn, in view of for lack of thinking these failed to become such declarations, is proof that the Roman

land reformers The restoration of the Doc-Ciucholic Church means to keep in touch with GRATIFICATION

tor will relieve these timid ones of their fears the people, and to sympathize with them in

and may even incline them to the study they their struggles and sufferings.” The so-calied “ liberal” Catholic organs are

have been looking upon as forbidden. There
wili be those who will think that the resump-

Boston Advertiser, Dec. 30. — The restoragreatly pleased. The Boston Republic says (Dec. 31):

tion of the priestly office will withdraw Di. tion of Dr. McGlynn to priestly functions, bis The final settlement of the case of Dr. Ed- McGlynn in a greai measure from activity in complete exoneration from censure, without, the reform movement. For our part we do

as far as the public knows or has reason to beward McGlynn, in a manner satisfactory to the Vatican, and to the excommunicated priest, not share this fcar. He is 100 thoroughly in lieve, a syllable of real retraction on his part,

was no doubt a bitter pill for his enemies to brings joy to Catholic circles everywhere. The earnest to allow anything to remain undone reinoval of the ecclesiastical censure under

which his hand finds io do for the betterment sivallow; all the more so because they have which Dr. McGlynn labored was a bountifull of the temporal condition of his fellow-mell, viser's of fakes should at least do their work

heretofore carried so proud a stomach. De. and we believe that, without any diminution Christmas gift to the Catholic Church in Amer: of bis opportunities for good vok, his in- skillfully. The apocryphal dispatch from Rome ica. The act not only restored a beloved priest to the fold in which he had so long labored, fluence for good will be greatly incr«ased. We says that Monsignor Satolli will not be re

That admission is can congratulate the Doctor and called for severai months. but it furnished additional proof of the exalted felicitate the reform cause with equal hearti- fatal to the fairy tale. If the Pope were really try and of the great extent of his delegated ness. Indeed, his vindication is a very signal dissatisfied the Legate would be recalled at powers. As to the terms of reconciliation, what and important triumph for the cause. interest can they excite in the outside circles

Chicago Evening Journal, Dec. 31.-With so anxious for information? The ecc!esiastical

little or no intimation of what was lo occur, censure imposed on Dr. McGlynn was not be

the offender is restored to all the rights and cause of heretical utterances. It was merely

privileges of the Church and the priesthood. disciplinary Due reparation having been The leading Protestant and secular journals 'll is natural that the act should have produced made and pledges given that further agree in commending the decision as a proof something of a sensation, and that it should breaches of the established rules would be of progressive tendencies in the Catholic, be criticised as without precedent, an insult made, the road to restoration was speedily Church.

10 his superiors and a lelling down of the cleared."

“ Almost beyond credence,” says the Inde poiver and dignity of the Papal office. Pope The New York Tablet says (Dec. 31): “The pendent (Dec. 29), “is the restoration of Dr. Leo, however, is a shrewd man, shrewder restoration of Rev. Dr. McGlynn lo llje func- McGlynn to his priestly functions. Nothing perhaps than any of his predecessors for a ceutions of the priesthood has not niet with ap. more startling, scarcely anything more im- iury. He is a stalesman in canonicals, if the probation in certain quarters. Rome moved probable could have happened. Although i: reader please; sees the drift of the too secretly in the matter and actually settled bas again and again been announced as pos. I thought of the lines, and wisely proposes the case without consulting a little coterie of sible, or even likely, the announcement was set to drift with it to a certain extent, and so * Cawtholics,' who arrogate to themselves the down by all cool-headed people as one of the use it rather than vainly attempt to stem it. It right of pronouncing on what is or is not to dreams of hot-headed partisans. This does is not hazarding much io predict that he will be the interest of the Church in the United States. not restore Dr. McGlynn to his parish of St. proved to be wiser than his critics; and that These individuals are always ultra-Catholic Stephen's. That is under the authority of the buis liberality will do more for the Church than while advocating their theories, and are ever Arclibishop. But Dr. McGlynn may be as if he held to the unyielding, uncompromising ready to remind people who differ from them signed 10 any church in the diocese, or may be course of former times. The mere edict of the of authority' and ' obedience.' But they are received by any other Bishop. It is not un. Church may lose something of its force, but it among the loudest in their protests against, and likely that the latter will be the case. Dr. will gain in the power which comes from intellisapproval of, Rome's instructions, when such McGlynn is a man who loves the Church, and ligent conviction, and which in the limes to pronouncements are counter to their wishes. who loves the life of a priest. He has fought come will be more effective for its purposes Before protesting against the conditions of a good ligbt, always bravely, perhaps not than any which it has hitherto possessedl. Dr. McGlynn's restoration, was it not reason- always with discretion; but he has the good able to inquire or discorer what these condi- will of the people, Protestants as well as Cath

Burlington Hawkeye, Jan. 1.-It appears tions are? They themselves confess that they olics, and of those, 100, who have no sympatlıy that no conditions have been exacted from the «o not know anything about it. They say that with his political views, but who do not believe courageous priest which as a man of self-re. the restoration is ‘apparently unconditional.' that a priest can be required to take his poli- spect he could not accept, and that, on the conWhat ground have they for this surmise ? lics from Rome, much less from an Arch-frary, be has received permission to deliver None whatever, save that they were not called | bishop.”

lectures on social and worldly topics, besides into consultation on the malter. They seem The Christian Register (Unitarian) says

altending to the duties of his parish. By his to be ignorant of the fact that the case was (Dec. 29): “Dr. McGlynn appeared before the course in the McGlynn case Pope Leo, who is settled outside of the Archdiocese of New public last Sunday both as priest and reformer. now eighty-three years of age, bas given proof York altogether. It did not come before the Having been reinstated in his sacred office, he that he is a liberal-minded man, who compreecclesiastical court of this archdiocese at all. celebrated mass in two or more churches. In hends the progressive spirit of the times. It was settled by the Pope, ubrough his accred- the evening, as President of the Anti-Poverty ited representative, and hence nothing re- Society, he attended the meeting in Cooper nained, or now remains, but to accept the Union, where he was received with deafening THE LITTLE FAITH OF A NO-POPERY ORGAN. result. Monsignor Satolli has not exceeded applause. The audience were wild in the ex- The British American Gülizeil, of Boston, the authority delegated to him by the Pope, pression of their delight. But what the re- an ardent anti-Catholic organ, is not willing 10 and Rome has had the case long enough under stored priest said is of much more importance share in ile felicitations that are current. Il investigation and deliberation to preclude the than this outburst of applause, because it looks for the underlying motive, and reports commission of a blunder or an act of injustice. proved that, in resuming his place at the altar, as follows in its issue for Dec. 31: It may be If the opinion is entertained that injustice is i he sull gs 10 bis humanity. There is asked now : Why does Rome, through Satolli, done, the ecclesiastical authorities of ihe arch- nothing in what he said, as reported, to show make it so easy for McGlynn to take up his diocese have free access to Roine.”

that he has renounced his position as a re- priestly functions again ?-why such apparent former. 'I was not born to be a mere agi- concessious from the Vatican?

lator or professor of political economy. I was the answer is just here: Rome fears the growLABOR'S INTERPRETATION.

born to be a preacher of God's truth. I being opposition to her arrogance in this country, Naturally the Labo: organs find in this lieved I had what is called a vocation to be a and she is uniting her forces-she is calling in event occasion for pleasant reflections. priest of Christ's Church. Such being my be every possible recruit. Rome sends out a flag

The Journal of the Knights of Labor says lief, it is needless to say that it was no small of truce on the public school question, and (Dec. 29); “We cannot believe that Dr. Mc- 'sorrow to me to be thrust from those altars so 'under cover of that flag of truce she strengthens

he

We would say

not to sustain, 72;

too

or

PROF. CHARLES A, BRIGGS.

her fortifications. Her whole efion now is to the infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the ! would be a signal test of the present disposition throw the American people off their guard, so

Scripture itself. The vote stood: (a) To sustain, 54: 1 of the Churches toward less rigid orthodox

not clear,'' 2. (6) To sustain, 54; as to gain time to bring up her reserved forces. not to sustain, 12; not clear," 2.

views. Accordingly the victory of Professor Her sleek and oily pretenses of good-will for Charge 5.—The Presbyterian Church charges the Briggs in the Presbytery receives great attenAmerica are but the slime with which the ser- Rev. Charles A. Briggs with teaching that Isaiah istion. It is hailed with satisfaction by pracpent coats his victim before he performs the notiche author of challife the bordenerats bears bis Same: tically all the secular organs, which welcome swallowing act. The concessions are ture, and to the essential doctrines of the standards of indications of diminishing conservatism in the numerous and too widely divergent from her the said Church that (a) the Holy Scripture evidences religious bodies. doctrines and traditions to be genuine."

itself to be the Word of God by the consent of all the
parts, and that (6) the infallible rule of interpretation

The New York Times couples this decision. of Scripture is the Scripture itself.—The vote stood: with Dr. McGlynn's restoration, as striking evi

(a) To sustain, 49 ; not to sustain, '73 ; not clear, 6. dence of the increasing strength of the spirit of A MORAL FOR WARRING JEWS.

(6) To sustain. 49; not to sustain, 73; not clear,” 6. toleration. “The restoration of Dr. McGlynn The Hebrew Journal (Dec. 30) draws from Rev. Charles A. Briggs with teaching that sanctifica to the Roman Catholic priesthood and the acMcGlynn case a moral for warring factions tion is not complete ai death, which is contrary to the quittal of Dr. Briggs from the charge of among the Jews. “In our fold, too,” it says, essential doctrine of Holy Scripture and of the stand- heresy,” says the l'imes, are two events “ wide differences have, during the last half

that show forth with great clearness the modcentury, been created and maintained. Dis

ernization or Americanization of the Churches. sensions have been bred and fostered. To-day

concerned. The offense charged was in we find, instead of a united Judaism working

one case an offense against discipline and in together harmoniously and effectively for the

the other an offense against doctrine. It moral elevation and spiritual development of

is at any rate plain from these two cases. the world, scattered fragments of parties, more

that the most inert and conservative ecclesiasinterested in their partisan, sectarian objects

tical organizations must in this time, and esthan in the eternal mission that should absorb

pecially in this country, lose some of their their communal energies. Israel of to-day

inertia, and some of their conservatism. It is ought to have brains enough and moral cour

scarcely imaginable that an Italian, or a French, age enough to effect a peaceful settlement of

a German priest who had taken Dr. the differences that now split up our hosts

McGlynn's position should be reinstated withinto hostile camps. There ought to be stamina

out a public profession of penitence. Neither enough in the race to grapple with this prob

is it imaginable that a Scotch Presbyterian prolem of bringing into closer relations those who

CE

fessor of theology should be held blameless hav been torn asuncer by reason of matters

for saying in public what an American Presbythat could be arranged for the weal of the

terian professor of theology has been absolved ancestral faith, if an earnest effort were made

for saying, The conclusion seems to be that in a fraternal, religious spirit. Judaism is

the Churches are in the way to become less worth at least that much of effort in its behalf,

and less custodians of dogma, and more and as is evolved in an attempt to reconcile the

more what Matthew Arnold called 'national discordant elements in our spiritual household.

societies for the promotion of goodness.' That It is idle to merely assert that such an attempt

is a change which everybody who is not a promust necessarily be futile. The McGlynn inci

fessional theologian must be prepared to weldent is sufficient illustration of the truth that in

come.” the cause of Right nothing is impossible. It is

New york Morning Advertiser, Jan. I. an insult to our national intelligence, it is a

What has been done is simply this: By majorstigma upon our ancestral faith, to say that it

ities ranging from 12 to 24 the Presbytery has. is impossible to reconcile the children of Israel | ards of the said Church that the souls of believers are beneath the banner of Judah.”

at their death at once made perfect in holiness. The voted that Dr. Briggs was not guilty accordvote stood: To sustain, 57; 'not to sustain, 69: "noting to the charges and specifications urged by clear,

the prosecution. That is to say, he did not This does not end the Briggs case. It will teach the heresies that he is said to have RESULT OF THE BRIGGS TRIAL. be appealed to the Presbyterian General As- taught. He did not teach that “reason is a. The trial of Prof. Charles A. Briggs for sembly, which is to meet in Washington next fountain of divine authority," says the Presa

not heresy before the Committee of the New York

bytery, by a small majority; he did HISTORY OF THE CASE.

teach that “ the Church is a fountain of Presbytery came to an end on Dec. 30. The Professor was acquitted, a majority voting in Dr. Briggs is a professor in the Union Theo- divine authority”; he did not teach that his favor on all the six charges. logical Seminary, the well-known Presbyterian

errors may have existed in the original institution o! New York City. His liberal text of the Holy Scripture, as it came

teachings excited a good deal of comment be- from its authors”; he did not teach that. The following are the charges made against fore the Church itself took cognizance of them

“Moses is not the author of the Pentateuch "; Dr. Briggs, with the vote on each charge : seriously. The proceedings against him for he did not teach that “ Isaiah is not the author

Charge 1.–The Presbyterian Church in the United heresy resulted from the doctrines advanced in of half of the book that bears his name "; he States of America charges the Rev. Charles A. Briggs, his "Inaugural Address," delivered about two did not teach that "sanctification is not com-D.D., being a minister of the said Church and a member of the Presbytery of New York, with teaching that years ago. The General Assembly, in conse- plete at death.” So says the Presbytery, the reason is a fountain of divine authority whicli may quence of that address, vetoed his appointment unless it admits that in so teaching he was not and does sayingly enlighten men, even such men as re- to the Chair of Biblical Theology in Union at variance with the fundamental dogmas of the will of God and reject also the way of salvation Seminary, disapproved the action already the Presbyterian Church. And, if it means through the mediation and sacrifice of the Son of God taken by the New York Presbytery in voting that, it pronounces that what have hitherto as revealed therein ; which is contrary to the essential to dismiss the complaint against him, and been taught as such dogmas are no longer the doctrine of the Holy Scripture and of the standards of ordered the Presbytery to place him on trial foundations of Presbyterianism. Which sig

nificance are essary, and (b) the rule of faith and practice. The vote for heresy. The Directors of Union Seminary

to accept? Obviously the stood;, ,(a) To sustain: 59 ; not to sustain, 69; : not refused to respect the General Assembly's latter, since no contention is made that Dr. clear., 1. (6) To sustain, 59; not to sustain, 69; " not veto of Dr. Briggs's appointment, and thus the Briggs did not teach precisely what was clear," 1.

Charge 2.–The Presbyterian Church charges the Seminary passed from the control of the As-charged against him. The New York PresbyRev. Charles A. Briggs with teaching that the Church | sembly and became an independent Presby- tery. by substantial majority declares. is a fountain of divine authority, which, apart from terian institution.

that it has abandoned Presbyterianism as it is the Holy Scripture, may and does savingly enlighten men; which is contrary to the essential doctrine of

Throughout the prolonged discussion, Dr. and has been generally accepted, for between the Holy Scripture and of the standards of the said Briggs, despite his teachings, has been sus the old standards of belief and doctrine and the Church, that (a) the Holy Scripture is most necessary, tained repeatedly by the Presbyterian Church new ones represented by Dr. Briggs there is and (b) the rule of faith and practice.-The vote stood: (a) To sustain, 55; not to sustain, 72;

as it is constituted in New York City-and positively no possibility of compromise. The

- not clear," this signifies a support of very great strength, verdict, therefore, but marks another period (6) To sustain, 55; not to sustain, 72;

Charge 3.-The Presbyterian Church charges the intelligence, and influence. But the weight of in the process of disruption in the Church and Rev. Charles A. Briggs with teaching that errors may opinion in the Church of the country at large makes it more manifest than ever that Presby. have existed in the original text of the Holy Scripture has been decidedly against him. The recent terianism is a name that covers two modes of essential doctrine taught in the Holy Scripture and in conviction of Prof. Ilenry P. Smith in the religious belief and thought that are as antagothe standards of the said Church, that the Holy Presbytery of Cincinnati, on charges almost nistic as Calvinism and Agnosticism. The Scripture is (a) the Word of God written, (6) immedi- identical with those preferred against Dr. contest between these two bodies has practiately inspired, and the rule of faith and practice Briggs, is an instance of the more conservative cally resolved itself into a struggle for the pos(6) To sustain, 61; not to sustain, 67. (c) To sustain, feeling prevailing at the West..

session of this parent name. 59; not to sustain, 69.

New York Sun, Jan. 3.—The acquittal of Charge 4.–The Presbyterian Church charges the Rev. Charles A. Briggs with teaching that Moses is

Dr. Briggs is simply another indication among not the author of the Pentateuch, which is contrary to

many that the New York Presbytery has abandirect statements of Holy Scripture and to the essen- From the beginning of the Briggs contro-j doned the old and conservative ground of Prestiai doctrines of the standards of the said Church, that (a) the Holy Scripture evidences itself to be the Word versy great interest has been manifested by byterian orthodoxy, and that it will take the of God by the consent of all the parts, and that (b) the public. It has been felt that the decision I lead in the new and liberal school that will re

[graphic]

2.

THE CHARGES AND THE VOTE.

we

a

SECULAR FELICITATIONS,

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