Lapas attēli






1, 754









........... 4,004



.. 1,224


861 1,100



....... 3,271


1,433 1,272


redeems herself by electing for Mayor J. C.crease should be made in the rate paid whiskey in the hands of wholesale dealers. Brock, an out-and-out party Prohibitionist, by on fermented liquors. And it is, more. Should the tax be increased 50 cents a gallon, a majority of 233 over Brownell, his whiskey over, from one point of view an injustice as proposed, the holders of this liquor would and saloon opponent. The city of Somerville to impose one rate of taxation on alcohol realize $7,500,000 at the expense of the constill leads with the biggest no-license majority in a certain form, and another rate on the sumers. Before the bill could be passed and cast in any city of the State this year–1,861. same article in another form. Proof spirit signed by the President still more whiskey Following is the vote in detail for 1891 and appearing as whiskey is now taxed at the rate would be taken out of bond. and the profits of 1892 of the 21 cities which have thus far voted of 90 cents a gallon. The same article appear- the Whiskey Ring would be proportionately on the liquor question:

ing as ale or beer is taxed at the rate of from increased. As the report of Commissioner

20 to 40 cents a gallon, according as the per- Mason shows, upward of 127,000,000 gallons. THE LICENSE VOTE.

centage of alcohol varies in the fermented of whiskey are now lying in bonded ware1892.

1891. liquor from 8 to 4 per cent. Any increase in houses, or considerably more than enough to No.


the rate of taxation on whiskey without a cor- supply the country's entire demand for a whole Brockton

1,855 2,646 1,692

responding increase on malt liquors would year. This whiskey, under the proposed Chelsea..... 2,381 2,181

divert consumption, in as far as legislation scheme of the Ring, would be subject to the *Chicopee.


582 749 could do it, from alcohol in one form paying old tax of 90 cents; and the diminished product *Fall River..

5,476 +Fitchburg


a high tax to alcohol in another shape paying of new whiskey under the increased tax would Gloucester. 1,448 1,498

1,326 from 50 to 75 per cent. less tax. An increase linger in the bonded warehouses. In the +Haverhill............ 2,028

2,050 of the tax on fermented liquors to $1.25 a meantime the Whiskey Trust would gather in Holyoke... 1,992 2,062 1,138

3.499 barrel would give us an increase of revenue of enormous profits; 2,965

and the public revenues 3,045 Malden................ 2,223

899 $7,500,000, and of course if it were raised to from spirits, instead of rising with the increase + Marlboro..

1,256 1,358 1,022 $1.50 the increment would be $15,000,000. of tax, would heavily decline. +New Bedford..


2,219 1,964 | This would not be felt by the consumer and
.... 2,025

1,379 501 Northampton.......... 1,072

New York World (Dem.), Dec. 13.-To tax 885

would probabiy be more easily and cheerfully

1,006 *Pittsfield. ........... 1,726 1,339

whiskey and to untax the common necessaries 1,406 paid than even the increase on whiskey. Quincy 1,760 956 1,659 835

of life is a policy rapidly growing in favor Somerville............. 3,288 1,427 2,598 Springfield...

4,274 3,065


Western Broker (whiskey trade organ, Chi. among Democrats in Congress. To add 60 ..... 2,024 1,755

1,455 cago), Nov. 30.—The spirit trade has done its cents a gallon to the whiskey tax-which is *Waltham..


1,367 whole duty towards supporting the Govern proposed by some persons—will increase the *Woburn..

1,244 973


ment. It has paid annually in Federal and revenues by $60,000,000 a year. It will emTotals..

46,785 39,409


35,208 municipal taxes nearly as much as all other barrass no industry, lay no burden upon the *Changed to no-license.

sources of taxation combined. It has quietly people and harm nobody. It will not even Changed to license. Majority in 1891 for license, 367.

submitted to be shorn; but it is now time to diminish_consumption, as experience has Majority in 1892 for no license, 7,376.

call a halt and refuse to be further made a con- proved. The distillers themselves do not object.

venience of. Has our great country which With the bonding system in force they are not Dispatch from Boston, Dec. 13.-Boston has boasts of unbounded wealth no other resort or called upon to pay the tax except as they make reëlected her Democratic Mayor, Nathan Mat- means of raising a special revenue than having sales, and it takes nothing out of their pockthews, Jr., by a majority of more than 12,000, recourse to whiskey-an industry that is already The machinery for collecting the a slight reduction from last year's figures, and drained and overburdened with taxation on tax is already in complete working order, so it seems from the early returns as if the Demo- every side? The suggestion of such a barren- that the increase will add nothing to the cost crats had secured control of both branches of ness of resource is a reflection on the party of collection. The danger of illicit distiilation the city Government. But the vote on the wielding the power of Government. Should no longer exists in anything like the degree it license question astonished the citizens. The such a change be made and the whiskey tax did in the more chaotic time immediately after first returns indicated trouble, and word was increased, the distillers and wholesale dealers the war, and frauds of that kind can now be quickly passed around the city that there was will reap a temporary profit by tax-paying prevented as easily as any others. In brief, a majority for no-license. It caused conster: their stocks of whiskey at the present rate of here is $60,000,000 of revenue to be had for nation that a city so large as Boston could duty, and selling them with the additionai tax the taking, and its taking will hurt no interest be induced to vote against license. It was added. But the after effect of such a measure and offend no sentiment, while it will free the

error, but the majority in favor of would be injurious to the interests of all con- hands of Congress for the work of relieving the licensed saloons is only a little more than cerned. The distilling interest has settled people's burdens. 1,000. The heaviest majorities against li- down on a healthy basis and the liquor busi

were in the strongest of Democratic ness is sound, financially and otherwise; it has strongholds. This was because the “ machine," overcome much of the opposition of intem- THE BUSINESS ARGUMENT. as Boston's Democratic organizafion is known, perate temperance advocates. The consumpquietly passed the word around after the No- tion of Kentucky bourbons and Eastern rye the large sum of money now received for

Boston Traveller, Dec. 12.-“ In addition to vember election that the liquor-dealers were to whiskey has doubled within the last decade, license fees which will be lost to the treasury, be frozen out at the municipal election in re- and should such a disturbing element as an venge for their supposed support of the Re-increase of taxation be leveled against it, it city for liquor, which otherwise would be kept

a still larger amount will be sent out of the publican candidate for Governor. That sup- will result injuriously to the trade and to the in circulation at home. port of Haile was given in order that Police interests of the party in power who make such pressed, rents lowered, taxes will be raised,

Business will be deCommissioner Osborne might be retained in a change as that proposed on the deathbed of and real estate depreciated, while many people office. Governor Russell's one issue in Boston their otherwise fair Administration. was the removal of Mr. Osborne if he should be

will be driven out of the city.” Thus the reëlected. It is not at all certain that the Philadelphia Record (Dem.), Dec. 13.-Has saloon advocates argue, and with a certain liquor-dealers supported Mr. Haile, but the the Whiskey Trust invaded the sacred precincts class of minds financial and business, inter

are of the first importance. To this Democratic leaders claimed that they did and of the Treasury Department ? In the volumi

class of
men it

be signed their death warrant accordingly. But nous and vast report of Secretary Foster ap

matfor the strong vote for license in Republican pears the following brief but significant sugges- that the closing of the saloon would contribute

of comparatively little consequence wards Boston would to-morrow be classed lion to the representatives of the people:

largely to the general welfare of the commuamong the “dry” cities.

As a general revision of our customs laws is now nity. If no-license is likely to injure their busi-
probable, I do not feel like suggesting any special
method for increasing the revenue, though I should

ness in any real or imaginary degree, it must THE PROPOSED INCREASE IN THE which could be collected without additional cost, the “almighty dollar” with them outweighs

otherwise think that an additional tax on whiskey, forth with be condemned. In other words, WHISKEY TAX. would furnish an easy method.

all considerations of a moral, social, or polBonfort's Wine and Spirit Circular (New What makes this suggestion all the more re- itical character. The business interests of York), Dec. 10.—Means must be provided to markable is the fact that in this same report the city they set over against the peace, hapmeet our maturing obligations, and it does not Secretary Foster figures up an enormous sur- piness, the moral welfare of the people. We appear that any more popular increase or any plus at the close of the fiscal year (June 30, confess it is enough to make one's blood run cold whose incidence would be less felt by taxpayers 1894) without any additional taxation. But to read some of these“ business arguments," as generally could be devised than one on whis- under the general revision of the customs laws set forth in the liquor press, they are so heartless key. An increase of the rate on this article to which he deems probable the public revenues and brutal. If it has come to this, that we must $1.25 per gallon would give us an additional from imports would be increased ; and yet, in have a liquor income to keep up the business of revenue of, say, $30,000,000, and if the rate face of this consideration, and of his own Boston and run the city government, the were fixed at $1.50 the increase would amount ciphering out of an enormous surplus, he sooner we go out of the business the better. to $50,000,000. It is not supposed that there recommends an additional tax on whiskey for If the closing up of the drinking saloons is to would be any more difficulty in collecting this the purpose of securing still more revenue. kill Boston, as some say, why, then, it ought than there is with the present tax of ninety This strange recommendation, so inconsistent to die. But that a no-license vote in Boston cents. It seems probable, therefore, that a with the text of the Treasury report, ton will injure the business interests of Boston or proposition will be made during the first ses plainly indicates that the Whiskey Trust, whose diminish its population cannot be shown. The sion of the 53d Congress to make an increase home is in Cincinnati, has completely hypno- experience of no-license cities and Prohibition in this direction. If the tax is to be increased lized the amiable Secretary. The report of the States proves quite the contrary. The closing on distilled spirits there are no reasons save Commissioner of Internal Revenue shows that of the saloon has everywhere decreased the political

why proportionate in-'there are now some 15,000,000 gallons of tax. ' poverty, suffering, and crime incident to the

[blocks in formation]




to to


drink traffic and stimulated all legitimate | hare accepted, though with a wry face, the that it would be absolutely impossible for them business,

new burdens which the project imposes, if to agree upon any practical plan of adminis. there had been given to the people any con- tering the Government. Like oil and water,

cessions, particularly in relation to length of these two hostile elements will not mix; and no Very SAD STATE OF THINGS IN NORTH DA- service. On this point, however, no guarantee political chemist in France has as yet found an KOTA.-In sizing up the situation that is in has been given, and, what is worse, it is an- agency that could fuse them into one body. sight in North Dakota politics and policies, nounced that new taxes will be laid on beer, Each faction hates and distrusts the other owing to the late election, it is to be observed brandy, and the operations of the stock ex- more than either has reason to hate and dis. that ihe crank is on top. Radical and experi- change, which will be added to the aggravation trust the Republicans. In this situation the mental legislation will presumably take the of the military service, for it is the intention worst the Extremists could do would be to vote place of conservatism, and all the isms and of the Government to do nothing less than one Republican Ministry out in order to put nostrums that are the stock in trade of the pro- subject to a term of military service all men of another in. The evidence of this is to be seen fessional political.quack and cure-all will be the age of twenty-one who are physically in the exchange of the Loubet-Ribot Cabinet applied to the body politic for the relief of the sound. That is a hard thing to swal- for the Ribot-Loubet Cabinet. But even fac"down-trodden and oppressed people ” of the low, and

understand why the tion grows tired of this sort of play; and the State. The motto now is, “ Vox Eli, vox pop-Government this time shrank from em- oftener it should be repeated the stronger uli,” since for the next two years Eli Short-ploying the imperial style. It remains to would the Republic become. ridge, as Governor, will execute the law as be seen whether this insinuating fashion of construed by his Attorney-General, who claims appearing before the Reichstag will be any to be a lineal descendant of the old Puritan, more successful than the old way. In the Miles Standish, assisted in the general admin- speech on the Army Bill which Chancellor Cap

THE CONQUEST OF DAHOMEY. stration of affairs by the crankiest lot of cranks rivi made the next day, he declined to follow

Illustrated News of the World, Dec. 17.— on the Prohibition question that ever infested the tactics of Prince Bismarck and cry wolf! The French troops commanded by General a State. -Dispatch from Bismarck, New York like the shepherd of the fable. On the con- Dodds in West Africa have completed their Times, Dec, 14.

trary, he said that the present situation was victorious operations against the native kingvery satisfactory and there was no immediate dom of Dahomey by entering its capital, the danger of war; but, in view of the future, town of Abomey, on Nov. 17, taking posses

the Chancellor warmly invited ParliaFOREIGN MATTERS.

sion of the sites and ruins of the royal palaces, examine the projected reform which King Behanzin had burned when he fled and the increase of the

ef. northward, accompanied by the princes and fective army, however heavy might be the chiefs, and the small remnant of his defeated THE GERMAN ARMY BILL. increased burdens on the taxpayers. What he


Benhanzin had offered to capitulate, particularly spoke of was the defective organ- but the French demands were that all his sol. Munich Neueste Nachrichten, Nov. 25. If

ization of the German army at this moment. diers' firearms and artillery should be surCaprivi's speech is considered in a calm and Not only is its organization inferior to that of rendered, that hostages should be sent into the critical spirit, it must be concluded that the the French army, but in order to withstand French camp,and that a large pecuniary indemchief thing which he set out to demonstrate that army numerically Germany will be ob- nity should be paid by installments; and, these effective strength of the army, has hardly been liged, at the first outbreak of war, to call out conditions not being fully conceded, on Nov. presented by him in any new light. He summed its reserves, that is the Landwehr, and even 15 hostilities were resumed. General Dodds has up what had already been said on various the Landsturm. This was evidently not an

now proclaimed the whole territory of Dahosides in favor of the military proposition. Still optimistic discourse, and there is but slight

mey in French occupation, and his project is it cannot be doubted that this

summing up will probability of its making a good impression to join the coast territories, with Whydah, to produce a deeper impression than was made by Chancellor has been a little more explicit than the kingdom will be cut up into three inde. the scattered pleas in favor of the Government's the official newspapers, when speaking of a pendent provinces. Allada would be the capidemands that preceded it. Moreover, no one reduction of service to two years for the in- | tal of one, Abomey that of another, and the can deny that many of the arguments offered fantry. This, however, was only a moral en- I third division, including the valley of the by the Chancellor commend themselves as un

gagement, without any binding foree on the ¡ Ueme, would have as its chief place some vilquestionably sound and worthy of serious consideration. In particular, it seems to us that part of the Government, and it is hardly prob- lage situated near Tohue. The Decam coun: there is no means of getting around the fact able that the adversaries of the military reor. try, now quite submissive, would be replaced

it that Germany, as the one State of the Triple

under King Toffa's authority. French resiAlliance which is open to the aggressions of

denis, deriving their authority from the Govthe enemy on both its sides, has more cause to

ernor of Benin, would be sent out to each

THE FRENCH SITUATION. be energetic in arming itself than devolves

province. The General says that after a upon either of the other Triple Alliance Philadelphia Record, Dec, 11.-Although a week's

in Abomey he Powers. Again, it is indisputably new Ministry has been formed in France, it is start for the coast by way of Allada and that the overthrow of Germany in war only a revised and corrected edition of the old Whydah. At Abomey he was to leave behind would be followed by economic and moral Cabinet. In fact, so little change has been him a company of naval infantry and four consequences infinitely worse than the heaviest made in the Government that it was hardly companies of Senegal sharpshooters, with armilitary burdens could bring. Another argu- worth while to go to so much trouble to recon- tillery. It is part of the plan to open a road ment that cannot be successfully attacked is struct it. In place of the Loubet-Ribot Cabinet between Whydah and the old capital as an act that young soldiers would carry into battle has popped up the Ribot-Loubet Cabinet. Yet of foresight in case of a sudden renewal of

The blockade of the coasts will be hearts more cheerful than those that would be the Ministry so constituted has received a vote hostilities. borne by men bound to their homes by busi- of confidence from a majority of nearly two- raised when custom-houses shall have been ness and social ties. But here is the one ques- thirds of the Chamber of Deputies. This vote, established at Whydah, at Grand Popo, and tion: Notwithstanding the threat of war on the bowever, affords no sign of the stability of the Kotonou. The country is rich, and it is betwo frontiers, and notwithstanding the accept- new Ministry. The French would not deserve lieved that the duties will be a source of such able and perhaps necessary proposition 10 the reputation of the most polite nation in the considerable revenue that before long the reduce the period of service, is it necessary to world if they should turn down a fresh Govern- colony will be self-supporting like the increase the army to the extent demanded, and ment without as much as a friendly greeting. | neighboring colony of Grand Bassam. The will not the practice of this policy bring Minister Ribot's speech was, indeed, so full of whole of the coast, including the Lagoon about the ruin of the German people just as promises and so conciliatory that any but a between Grand Popo and Kotonou, will in surely, even if not so swiftly, as an unsuccessful vote of confidence would have been down- any event belong to France, while Whydah war would do? This question, the most impor- right rudeness of which Frenchmen could not will become a French port, and the region of tant and the fundamental one of all, was not have been guilty in such circumstances. While Godomey and Abomey-Calavi, as well as the answered satisfactorily by Count Caprivi in his helping to swell this vote, the enemies of the Denham Lake, will br annexed.

The country speech yesterday; for although he said in Ministry will be none the less vigilant in look- of Decam, which is now completely in the various ways that Germany can bear the burden ing for an opportunity for its overthrow. An power of the French, will remain under the and emphatically must bear it, the saying of occasion will probably not long be wanting. domination, this time, it is hoped, effective, of this was not demonstration.

Yet whilst Cabinets succeed each other with King Toffa, the chief of Porto Novo, who is an

giddy rapidity, this is no indication of the ally of France. Toffa's chief town and resiL'Indépendance Belge (Brussels), Nov. 25. weakness of the French Republic. The ma- dence, on the shore of the Lagune of Porto -It was expected that the Emperor, in his jority who voted to sustain the new Ministry Novo, has been fortified and garrisoned by the speech at the opening of the Reichstag, would the other day consisted exclusively of Repub- French military force. Since General Dodds speak in a high tone. On the contrary, his licans. Some of the extreme Radicals and issued his proclamation announcing the downdiscourse was a very timid pleading in favor of some of the Monarchists could not refrain fall of King Behanzin, over 6,000 Nagos living the additions to the army. The speech is evi- from showing their hostility to the Govern in the north of the kingdom have recognized dently the work of Caprivi, and altogether in ment, and the remainder of both anti-Republi- French authority, and it is hoped that the chiefs his style, without a trace of personal inspira- can factions sulked. But while the Radicals will not be long in following their example. tion on the part of the Emperor. It is true and Monarchists in the present Chamber The health of General Dodds's men is described the Government cannot be under any illusions unitedly might be able to overthrow a Repub- as satisfactory. The so-called “ golden throne" as to the unpopularity of its projects in regard lican Ministry on almost any plausil le pretext, of Dahomey, captured by the French, is to be to the army Public opinion would, perhaps the safety of the Republic consists in the fact presented to King Toffa.









to keep the scourge outside its imaginary so hateful to him that he wishes her dead. The limits. In such matters the extreme State world is hardly shocked at exhibitions of this

sovereignty notion is bound to prove inade kind. It is inclined rather to laugh at the NATIONAL QUARANTINE. quate. An analogous though less consequen- ridiculousness of the exhibition.

It does not New York Record and Guide, Dec. 10.-The tial instance is furnished by the irrigation upbraid; it becomes scornful and contemplu-recommendation which the President makes in problem of the trans-Mississippi West, where ous. Figuratively, it delivers upon the letter-his message, for the control of quarantine by

a State, having within its boundaries the head writer long, juicy kicks, and the poor, conthe national authorities, is one which should waters of an important waterway, may, if it temptible devil suffers more by reason of this receive hearty popular support. Our experi

chooses, seriously affect the prosperity of an- attitude of his fellow-men than if he were lecence last summer surely made it quite clear Other State farther down the course of the tured by a synod of moralists. that an effective quarantine could not be mainstream by checking or diverting a large protained in the case of a severe epidemic by the portionate volume of water at certain stages

Already a plan for SCARLET FEVER AND DIPHTHERIA IN LONnumber of unrelated Statc and local Boards of of the agricultural season. Health, each working according to somewhat inter-State control of these rivers has been DON.—We have been looking into the facts as different methods, and all with unequal ef- formulated, and precisely so we must contem- to the relative per-case mortaliiy of scarlet ficiency and unequal resources. Seaboard

plate an inter-State or Federal arrangement to fever and diphtheria in the metropolis during: quarantine is not a local affair. The health of keep out cholera next year. The menace is a recent weeks, and the results are sufficiently

The highest perthe entire country is concerned in the efficient real and serious one, and the public welfare striking to merit record. administration of adequate protective regula- demands the adoption of a comprehensive case mortality from the former disease within tions at even the smallest port of entry. Suf- plan like that incorporated in the bill now be the ten weeks ended Nov. 19 was 4.4 per cent. ficient medical skill, and ample resources, propfore Congress.

in that very week, during which over 700 erly directed, should be available, wherever

cases were notified, and 32 deaths were reneeded, independent of any merely local re


corded; the lowest rate being 2.5 per cent. in quirements. But more than all this, to secure the

the week ended Sept. 24, with 27 deaths and.

St. Paul Daily News.—The Postmaster- upwards of 1,000 cases. In the whole period! utmost efficiency, the quarantine system of the

General's country should be a unified system, all its parts ures which show the growth of the country and the deaths numbered 314, yielding a per

report has some interesting feal- of ten weeks, close upon 9,000 cases occurred,. coördinated and in direct relation with a cen: in population and business importance. At case mortality of 3.5 per cent.

This forms a: tral authority. We pointed out last week what the end of the fiscal year there were 67,119 strong contrast to the 2,000 and odd cases of was the proper field for local activity in quarantine

Local Boards of Health post-offices in the whole country, a net in- diphtheria, with 450 deaths, and a mortality of should exist even in small towns, and these crease of 2,790 during the year, though during 21.2 per cent., ranging from 16.3 in the last could complete and secure the work done by the year 4,105 offices were established, a week of the ten, to 33.3 in the preceding week. the national Government, by keeping strict greater number than in any previous year, ex- Thus for the ten weeks as a whole, diphtheria. surveillance on immigrants that have been sept 1889, when the new offices were 4,427. was a little in excess of six times more fatal. allowed to pass the seaboard line, until all The increased demand for postal facilities in than scarlet fever in the metropolis, having danger of disease is passed. This is really the the Southern States commands attention, as in less than one-fourth the number of cases, and most important work of quarantine. As things six States, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, 143 deaths to each 100 from scarlet fever.were last summer, if cholera had broken out in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Texas, 1,118 British Medical Journal. any one of hundreds of our cities, small towns, fore having only 220.

added in portions beand villages of some size, the disease would have

In eight of the had the fullest scope.

in each Southern States there are

ENRICHING THE DeserT.-There is a lesson No medical or hospital organization of any kind existed; no ambu- than 2,000 post-offices. These are Alabama, on the possibility of utilizing the forces of nalance, no equipment for fumigation. The

Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, lure in the experience which followed the safety of the country depended upon the work | Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, the total in overflow of the Colorado river into the Salterof a number of inefficient, local medical officers those States being 19,095, while only the five desert. The Colorado carries the outflow at loggerheads with the national authorities.

Northern States, New York, Pennsylvania, from the western slope of the Rocky Moun

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana have more than tains into a desert famous for its aridity. TheBaltimore News, Dec. 9.—Mr. Rayner's bill 2,000 offices cach, an aggregate for all of barrenness of this region has long been provides for the establishment of a National 16,288 offices. Only three of the forty-four the despair of pioneers and the death of Board of Health as a Bureau of the Treasury States have more than 3,000 offices, Pennsyl- explorers. But the overflow of the river" Department. Its executive officers are to be a vania. 4,842, New York, 3,565, Ohio, 3,229. into the


proved that all Commissioner of Quarantine, a Commissioner This analysis speaks volumes for the solid which the arid desert needs to make it blossom of Vital Statistics, and a Commissioner of San-South” and shows that its growth in business like the rose is moisture. Upon the subsidence itation. They are to be assisted by an Advis- and education is putting it in the front rank, of the waters in that barren region an immediory Commission, including among its members with percentages in its favor not approached ate growth of verdure followed where, as far the Surgeons-General of the Navy, the Army, in sections of the country where it is popularly back as the memory of man runs there had and the Marine Hospital. The Board is given thought the stage of 'intelligence is much been nothing but barren and shifting sands, full power to prescribe regulations to govern greater.

The Colorado, like the Nile, carries in its flood vessels arriving from foreign ports. It is espe.

a burden of silt which when deposited on the cially important that this bill be passed at an

desert sands results in almost immediateearly date. The people must be effectually FOOLISH LETTER-WRITERS. productiveness. The discovery has been protected from any fear of a cholera outbreak

followed by schemes to utilize the over

Chicago Times.-An erotic composition in Aow. The main one is only to be criticised on next spring, and foreigners intending to visit the Chicago Exposition must be assured that cold type is the most grotesquely absurd per- the score that its magnitude may endanger its do formance of which the human mind is capable.

It proposes an irrigating canal 120necessary detention. It has been well said that it seems almost punishment enough for a man feet wide, 12 feet deep, and 126 miles long, by " the people want protection against pestilence which knows him as engaged in sober business tive. The highest success is to be hoped and without distinction of party.” It is to be hoped, his name publicly appears appended to a love expected for such projects. They give the therefore, that Republicans will join with Democrats in supporting Mr. Rayner's bill and tion, containing the postscript: “ I have just promise not only of turning the desert intona

. bought some roses aud send some kisses-a

so that the burning regions of Arizona will be. Providence Journal, Dec. 10.-Doubtless we million nice, long, juicy ones, such as you and shall be assailed with the opposition of those I only know how to give.” When in the ardor in the world. Such results are greater victories:

come the most delightful and equable localities:inveterate defenders of State's Rights in Con- of his affection he sets down for perusal by his than those ever won in war.- Pittsburgh Disgress who are accustomed to “ view with re- light of love the statement, You are the

patch. gret every extension of the Federal power beacon-light that steers my craft safely into and consequent subordination of the authority port,” and when the fact is that the beaconof individual Commonwealths, but we have light steers his craft not into port but into THE TRANSVAAL RAILWAY.— The new Transgone too far in this direction in the past and court, the folly of his erotic and erratic vaal Railway which is being constructed is the for less imperative reasons to be very squeam- course is plainly discernible. There outcome of a concession which was recently ish now.

Our Inter-State Commerce Law and are serious well ridiculous sides obtained by a Liége magnate, who purposes the various measures adopted by Congress to to letters of this kind. When a lover assures building a line 1,400 kilometres, or 875 miles, secure pure food products for the whole his paramour that hopes the steamer bear-long, connecting Delagoa Bay with Pretoria, people are familiar examples of the coming his wife from Europe will go to the bottom, the Transvaalian capital, and serving several pleteness with which have rejected and then conjures a false wife to “be a good, important gold and diamond mining districts. the anti-Federal idea when State legis- true woman, and I will adore and care for you | The first section of 187 miles from Komati lation has proved insufficient and inef- all my life,” the woman who could believe him Port to Selati is to be constructed first, the fective. Nobody needs to be reminded that must be hopelessly a fool; yet such is the de- remaining 688 miles later; and it is the permathe cholera germ is no respecter of artificial pravity of human nature when passion is in- nent-way material for the first portion of the boundaries, and that if we continue our volved that it may be true that the recipient of railway that has been ordered in England. Alpresent lax system of local quarantines this assurance, false to her own husband, though Belgiau capital is conducting the enter






year every separate State may be receives with grim satisfaction the assurance of prise, a British engineer is superintending the put to infinite bother and expense in its attempts' her paramour that his true and lawful wife is ' building of the line.—London Iron.


Index to Periodical Literature.


BIOGRAPHICAL, Arnold of Rugby, Educational Influence of. Goldwin Smith. Educational Rev..

Dec., 5 pp. Neumann (John N.), A Saintly Bishop. The Rev. Joseph Wüst, C.SS.R. Cath

olic World, Dec., 19 PP. With Portrait. Wadhams (Edgar P.), First Bishop of Oydensburg, Reminiscences of. The Rev.

C. A. Walworth. Catholic World, Dec., 10 pp. Whittier (John Greenleaf). Harriet A. Sawyer. Chaperone, Nov., 442 pp. Illus. Reminiscences of the poet.

EDUCATION, LITERATURE, AND ART. Antigone (The) of Sophocles and Shakespeare's Isabel. William L. Sheldon,

Poet-Lore, Dec., 342 pp. Draws comparisons between Antigone and Isabel. Art (Mexican) in Clay, E. P. Bancroft. Overland, Dec., 4 pp. Illus. Deecrip

tive. Architectural Aberrations. Architectural Record, Dec., 3 pp. Architecture (Bad) Various Causes for. Wm. Nelson Black, Architectural

Record, Dec., 19 pp. Boy Choirs in St. Louis. Frank Orff. Chaperone, Nov., 13 pp. Illus. Descrip

tive. Byzantine Architecture. Part III. Prof. Aitchison. Architectural Record, Dec.,

16 pp.

18 PP.

Cathedrals (French). Barr Ferree, Architectural Record, Dec., 11 pp. Catholics (The) and the Public-Schools. The True Significance of “Tolerari

Potest." Conde B. Pallin. Educational Rev., Dec., 7 pp. Chatterton. Arthur L. Salmon. Poet-Lore, Dec., 643 pp. An estimate of the

work of the "Marvelous Boy." Colleges, English Composition in. Educational Rev., Dec., 7 pp. French Universities (the), The Reconstruction of. Gabriel Compayré. Educa

tional Rev., Dec., 10 pp. How to Solve a Great Problem. F. M. Edselas. Catholic World, Der., 12 pp.

Urges broader and more practical methods in convent schools. Italy, Introduction of Gothic Architecture into, by the Cistercean Monks. A.

L. Frothingham, Jr. Am. Journal of Archeology, Dec., 7 pp. Liszt Museum (The). Emily Howard. Chaperone, Nov., 2 pp.

Illus. Descriptive. Lotus (the), The Grammar of. Wm. H. Goodyear, Architectural Record, Dec., Mass (the), History of. Florence E. Wheatly. Chaperone, Nov., 242 pp. The

Mass as a musical composition. Medicine, the Study of, The Collegiate Degree as an Evidence of Fitness for,

L. Harrison Mellter, A.M., M.D. Bulletin Amer. Acad. Medicine, Dec.

10 pp. Meduin. Camden M. Cobern. Biblia, Dec., 6 pp. Review of Dr. Petrie's re

cent work. Memory (The) in Education, George T. W. atrick. Educational Rev., Dec.,

13 PP. Music in Chicago. George P. Upton. New England Mag., Dec., 17 pp. Illus.

What has been accomplished, etc. Oxford B. A. Degree. What Does it Represent? Richard Jones. Educational

Rez., Dec., 19 pp. Phrenology in the Public-Schools. Prof. R. A. Shellhous. Phren. Jour., Dec.,

2 pp. Urges the necessity of teaching phrenology. Physician (the), The Preliminary Education of. Special Preparatory Work Sug

gested by the Medical School in, The Value of the General Preparatory Training Afforded by the College as Compared with. T. F. Moses, A.M., M.D. Bulletin Amer. Acad. Medicine, Dec., 19 pp. Poets-Laureate (The). Charlotte Newell. Poet-Lore, Dec., 942 pp. From Sir Wil

liam Davenant to Tennyson. Sculpture in America, The Outlook for. William Ordway Partridge. New Eng

land Mag., Dec., 17 pp. Illus. Studies, Coördination of. Charles De Garmo. Educational Rev., Dec., 16 pp. Sordello, The Poetic Limitations of. George Willis Cooke. Poet-Lore, Dec.,

4 pp. The real Sordello is not the man in the poem of Browning. Terra Cotta in New York City, History of. Architectural Record, Dec., 12 pp. University of California. III. Millicent W. Shinn). Overland, Dec., 17. pp.

Illus. Whittier's First Printed Poems. New England Vlag., Dec.. 4 pp. Whittier (John Greenleaf), Poet, Editor, and Reformer. H. D. Stevens. Unitarian, Dec., 4 pp. A study-sketch for the use of clubs, etc.

POLITICAL. Cleveland, How (He) Was Elected. Belford's. Belforil's Monthly, Dec., 8 pp. Civil Government, How It Is Taught in a New England High School. Arthur

May Mowry, A.M. New England Vlag., Dec., 5 pp. Congressional Reform. Caspar T. Hopkins. Overland, Dec., 13 pp. Suggests

lines along which the needed reform inay take place. Constitutions (Written), Origin and Development of. Political Science (tly.,

Dec., 20 pp. Election (The): Its Economic Significance. Social Economist Dec., 962 pp. Ulster, Taxation of, Under a Home-Rule Parliament. George McDermot.

Catholic World, Dec., 13 pp; Argues that the rights of the Protestant minority

will not be disregarded by the Catholic majority. Victory, (the), Soine Causes of. George F. Parker, Belford's Monthly, Dec., 8 pp. 'The recent Democratic victory at the polls.

RELIGIOUS. Brahmo Somaj (the), The Principles and Position of. Protap Chunder Mozoom

61 pp.

A paper

dar. New World, Dec., 17 PP. Christianity, The Future of. William M. Salter. Vew IVorld, Dec., 9 pp. Christians of Different Denominations, the Mutual Approach of, What May Be

Done for. The Rev. John Campbell, LL.D. Pres. College Jour., Montreal,

Dec., 5t pp. "Creed " (The) from St. Jolin, George S. Wheeler. Vew-Jerusalem Ilag., Dec.,

10 pp. St. Joli i, 1-5, 10-14, 16, 17, as a declaration of faith. Dogmas (Ancient) and Modern Belief. Howard MacQueary. Unitarian, Dec.,

4 pp. Earth (The), How (It) Is Measured. Prof. J. Howard Gore. Journal of the Frank

lin Institute, Dec., 11 pp.

Honan, Village Mission Work in. Murdoch Mac Kenzie. Pres. College Jour...

Montreal, Dec , 9 pp.
Ibn Ishak, The Fallacies of; or, Why Christianity Does Not Christianize Gentile

Nations. National Pop. Rev., Dec., 19 pp. A very thorough discussion of the

question raised by Ibn Ishak in the September drena. Jesus, The Birth and Infancy of. Albert Réville. New World, Dec., 29. pp. A

summary study of the chapters of the Gospels, which treat of the Birth and

Infancy of Jesus.
Jordon (the River), At : A Study of Joshua, Chapter III. H, Clinton Hay. Neque

Jerusalem Mag., Dec., 7 pp.
Lord's (The) Holy People. Williard H. Hinckley. New-Jerusalem Mag. Dec.,.

Who are the Lord's Holy People ?
Messenger (The Lord's). John A. Hayes. Ne'w-Jerusalem Mag., Dec., 2 pp.
Orthodoxy (Progressive). Egbert C. Smyth. New. World, Dec., 12 pp.

nature, etc.
Presbyterianism and Education. The Rev. Principal MacVicar. Pres. College

Jour., Montreal, Dec., 5% pp.
Religion, Can It Be Taught in the Schools? Charles Lewis Slattery. New Eng-

land Mag., Dec., 5 pp. The point made is :hat it is possible to teach religion
effectively in the public-schools, by developing that part of a child's nature

which alone can comprehend religious truth.
Roman Catholic Church (the), The Present Position of. G. Santayana. New-

World, Dec., 15 PP.
Servetus (Michael). Joseph Henry Allen. New World, Dec., 19 pp. The career

and the theological offense of Servetus.
Soul (the), The Movistic Theory of. James T. Bixby. New World, Dec.. 5 pp.

Atkinson vs. Atkinson. S. N. D. North. Social Economist, Dec.. 9 pp. An

examination of Mr. Edward Atkinson's plans and theories in the light of his

own teachings.
Bastable's Public Finance. Prof. E. R. A. Seligman. Political Science Qtly'..

Dec., 13 pp.
Bimetallism-A Manchester Madness. Investor's Rev., London, Nov., 32 pp.
Social Question (the), The Church in Germany and. John Graham Brooks, New

World, Dec., 16 pp. The Church's interest in the “Social Question."
Supply and Demand, The Law (?) of. Arthur Burnham Woodford. Social

Economist, Dec.. 9 pp. Argues against the accepted law of supply and demand

as determining prices.
Taxation, A New Canon of. Prof. E. A. Ross. Folitical Science Qtly., Dec.

12 PP.
War and Progress. Lewis G. James. Soeial Economist, Dec., 942 PP.

Asthma, The Treatment and Management of. Thomas J. Mays, M.D., Professor

of Diseases of the Chest, etc. Buffalo Med, and Surg: Jour., Dec. 4 pp. Atrophy (Progressive Muscular), Contribution to the Study of. W. H. Riley, M.

D.' Bacteriological World, Dec., 5 pp.
Bread (Our), Defects in. A Symposium. Lawrence Irwell and Emmet Dens.-

more, M.D. Social Economist, Dec., 942 PP.
Criminality (Instinctive): Its True Character and Rational Treatment. S. A. K.

Strahan, M. D., Barrister-Al-Law. National Pop. Rev., Dec., II pp.

read before the Anthropological Section of the British Association. Endometritis. Clinton Cushing, M.D., Professor of Gynæcology. Buffalo Med.

and Surg. Jour., Dec., 5 pp.
Eretria, Excavation at, by the American School, 1891. John Pickard. Amer.

Jour. of Archæology, Dec., 19 PP.
Immunity, The Study of. V. The Property of the Microbe of Hog-Cholera in

the Organism of a Rabbit. M. Metchnikoff. Bacteriological World, Oct., 3 pp. Life, Some New Physiological Views of. B. F. Palmer, LL.D. New York Med.

Times, Dec., 2 pp.
Music, The Psychology of. A. Mabaffy. Pres. College Jour., Montreal, Dec., 5

Nervous Matter, What Is It? James A. Carmichael, M.D. New York Med.

Times, Dec., 6 pp.
Osteogenesis and Osteoplasty in Crushing Lesions of the Extremities. Thomas

H. Manley, M.D. Buffalo Meil, and Surg. Jour., Dec., 22 pp.
Plataja, Excavations at-- Discovery of a Temple of Archaic Plan. Henry S.

Washington. Amer. Journal of Archæology, Dec., 16 pp.
Science, A World Outside of. Thomas Wentworth Higginson. New World,

Dec., 6 pp. From the point of view of literature.
Skulls or Heads, Measurement of. John W. Shull. Phren. Jour., Dec., 4 pp.

Stomach (the), The New Chemistry of. J. H. Kellogg, M.D. Bacteriological
World, Oct., 642 pp.

Argentine Railways. Group 1. C. E. Akers. Investor's Rep., London, Nov.

14 PP.
Brazil, The Financial Prospects of. Investor's Rev., London, Nov., 5 pp.
Cathedrals (the), The Builders of. Marshall S. Snow. New England Mag., Dec.

19 PP. Illus. Descriptive of Cathedrals.
Coroner, the Office of, The Early History and Influence of. Prof. Charles Gross,

Political Science Qtly., Dec., 16 pp.
Europe, The Commercial Policy of. W. Z. Ripley. Political Science Qtly., Dec.,

24 PP.
Ferry (A Mexican). A. D. Stewart. Overland, Dec., 12 pp. Illus. Descriptive.
Indians, Traditions of Their Origin. W. E. Read. Overland, Dec., 7 pp.
Life-Insurance, Plain Advice About. Investor's Rev., London, Nov., II pp.
Maine, The Settlement of. Gen. E. Parker-Scammon. Catholic l'orld, Dec.

Illus. Historical
New York (Greater). Belford's Monthly, Dec., 23 pp.
Peru, The Republic of. Major Alfred F. Sears. New England Mag., Dec,, 24 pp.

Illus. Pistorical and descriptive.
Railway-Accounting. Thomas L. Greene. Political Science Qtly., Dec., 14 pp.
Restaurants of San Francisco. Charles S. Greene. Overland, Dec., 12 pp.

Illus. Descriptive.
Russian Judiciary (The). Isaac A. Hourwich. Political Science Qtly., Dec.,

36 pp.
Sahara, A Bird's-Eye View of. Hilarion Michel. New England Jlag., Dec.,
Strasburg. Wm. Hall. Chaperoue, Nov., 8 pp. Illus. Descriptive.
Sun (the). The Land of. A City of the Sky. Christian Reid. Catholic Ilorli,

Dec., 2242 pp. Illus. Descriptive of the City of Zacatecas, Mexico,
Vancouver's Visit in 1792 to the Bay and Peninsula of San Francisco. A Penin-

sular Centennial. W'. H. McDougal. Overland, Dec., 7 pp. Historical West (the), The Men Who Made, III. James Maitland. Belford s llonthly.

Dec., 10 pp.

1042 pp.

6 pp.

Current Events.

GERMAN. EDUCATION, LITERATURE, AND ART. Tannhäuser in Song and Story. Erich Schmidt. Nord und Süd, Breslau, Nov.,

37 PP. Tragic (The) and Tragedy. Veit Valentin. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Lit.Geschchte, Berlin, Nov., 54 PP.

POLITICAL. Africa, The Partition of. B. Lovett Cameron. Deutsche Revue, Breslau, 9 pp. Army Bill (the New), Provisions of. D. Preussische Fahrbücher, Berlin, Nov.,

7 PP. Berlin Communal Reform. Rudolph Eberstadt. Preussische Jahrbücher, Berlin,

Vov., 34 PP. Dissolution. Th. Barth. Die Nation, Berlin, Nov., IP. Suggests that the Army

programme may bring about a dissolution. Dutch Property Tax (The New). Dr. Gustav König. l'reussische Jahrbücher,

Berlin, Nov., 14 PP. Franco-Russian Alliance (The) and the Triple Alliance in the Light of History.

II. Deutsche Revue, Breslau, Nov., 16 pp. French Republic, The Centenary of, Celebration of. lieber Land und Neer,

Stuttgart, Nov. Landwehr (the), The Official Insult to. Hugo Hinze. Die Nation, Nov., 2 pp. Morocco and the Morocco Question. Gustav Diercks. Nord und Süd, Breslau,

Nov., 20 PP.
Polish Revolution (The) of 1863, II. Dentsche Rezue, Breslau, Nov., 16 pp.
Suffrage (Equal). Karl Baumbach. Die Nation, Berlin, Nov., 2 pp.
Tariff-Reform (The Approaching). Constantin Rössler. Preussische Jarbücher,

Berlin, Nov., 3 pp.
Taxation, The System of. M. Broemel. Die Naton, Berlin, Nov., 3 pp.
Walpole and Caprivi. Th. Barth. De Naton, Berlin, Nov., ip.

Books of the Week.


An Average Man. Robert Grant. Houghton, Miffin, & Co., Boston. Paper, SOC.

Australian History, Fifty Years in the Making of. Sir Henry Parkes, K.C.M.G., Prime-Minister of New South Wales, 1872-5, 1877, 1878-9. Longmans, Green, & Co. Cloth, $5.

Bible (the), Creation of. Myron Adams. Houghton, Mifflin, & Co., Boston. Cloth, $1.50.

Cæsars (the), The Tragedy of. A Study of the Characters of the Cæsar's of the Julian and Claudian Houses. S. Baring-Gould. Imported by Charles Scribner's Sons. 2 vols., Cloth, Illus., $7.50

Catechism (A Modern). Ursula N. Gestefeld, Lovell, Gestefeld, & Co. Paper, 250.

Christmas Stories from French and Spanish Writers. Antoinette' Ogden. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. Cloth, $1.25.

Deluge (The). An Historical Novel of Poland, Sweden, and Russia. A Sequel to “ With Fire and Sword." From the Polesto of Sienkiewièz. Little, Brown, & Co., Boston. 2 vols., Cloth, $3.

Embryology (the) of Man and Mammals. Text-Book of, Dr. Oscar Herting, Translated from the Third German Edition by Edward L. Mark, Hersey Professor of Anatomy in Harvard University. With 339 Figures in the Text and 2 Lithographic Plates.

Macmillan & Co. $5.25. Echoes of Old County Life, Being Recollections of Sport, Politics, and Farming in the Good Old Times. J. K. Fowler, of Aylesbury. Macmillan & Co. Cloth, $2.50.

Ethnology and Archæology (American), Journal of. J. Walter Fewkes. Houghton, Mifflin, & Co., Boston. Vol. III, Paper, $2.

France in the Nineteenth Century, 1830-18.00. Elizabeth W. Latimer. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. Cloth, Illus., $2,50.

Francis Drake. Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. Houghton, Mifflin, & Co., Boston. Cloth, $1.25.

Hades Up to Date. Art Young: F. J Schulte & Co.. Chicago. Cloth, Illus., $2.

How To Heal. George Burnell. Lovell, Gestefeld, & Co. Leatherette, 5oc. Hungary, Life and Character-Sketches of. Margaret Fletcher. Macmillan & Co. Clouh, Illus., $2.25..

Japan in Art and Industry, With ä Glance at Japanese Manners and Customs. From the French of Felix Régamey. G. P. Putnam's Sons. Cloth, Illus., $1.75.

Love Songs of English Poets, 1500-1800. Edited by Ralph Caine. D. Appleton & Co. Clotlı, $1.50.

Man in Art. Philip Gilbert Hamerton. Illus, by Etchings and Photogravures from Pictures by Sir F. Leighton, Alma Tadema. Sir Jolin Gilbert, Botticelli, Rembrandt, Murillo, etc, etc.. Macmillan & Co., Buckram, $30.

Mum Fidgets, and the Two Richards. Constance Milman, D. Appleton & Co. Cloth, $1.

Monsters (Extinct). The Rev. H. N. Hutchinson. D. Appleton & Co. Cloth, Illus., $3.

Mother (The), and Other Poems.' 'Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. Houghton, Miffin. & Co., Boston. Cloth, $1.25.

Philosophy (Modern), A History of. From the Renaissance to the Present. B. C. Burt, A.M. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. Cloth, 2 vols., $4.

Prehistoric Peoples, The Customs and Monuments of. From the French of the Marquis de Nadaillac. G. P. Putnam's Sons. Cloth., Illus., $3.

Prince Serebryani. A Novel. From the Russian of Count Alexis Tolstoi. Dodd, Mead, & Co. Cloth, $1.50.

Romance of a French Parsonage. M. Betham-Edwards. Lovell, Gestefeld, & (o), Cloth, $1.25.

Song of the Ancient People, Edna Dean Proctor. Houghton, Mifflin, & Co., Boston. Leather, $5. Sound and Music. The Rev. J. A. Zahn,

C.S.C., Prof. of Physics in the University of Notre Dame. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. Cloth. Illus.. $3.50.

Taylor (General). Gen. O. O. Howard. D. Appleton & Co. Cloth, $1.50. Virginia (Northern), The Army of, in 1862 ; with a Preface by J. C. Ropes. Houghton, Miffin, & Co., Boston.' Cloth, $3.50.

Whittier (John Greenleaf); His Life, Genius, and Writings. W. Sloane Kennedy. Derby & Miller. Cloth, Illus., $1.50.

With Fire and Sword. An Historical Novel of Poland and Russia. From the Polish of Sien Kiewicz. Little, Brown, & Co., Boston, Cloth, $2.

Wednesday, December 7.

In the Senate, Mr. Hill introduces a Bill to repeal the Sherman Silver Law

...In the House, the Bill to stop the reduction in the Engineer Corps of the Navy is passed......Iudge Gresham declares a part of Sec. 12 of the Interstate Commerce Act unconstitutional......Al Cincinnati the arguments in the trial of Professor Smith for heresy are closed.... The National Prison Association visits the Annapolis Navai Academy, and afterwards holds its closing session..... Several lives are lost and much damage done by a tornado in Texas

In New York City, the trial of Dr. Briggs is continued..... The provisions of the will of Jay Gould are made public; it gives the entire estate to his family, the great bulk of it being divided among his six children...... The Rev. Dr. Parkhurst answers the attack on him made by Police Superintendent Byrnes...... The speech of Mgr. Sacolli at the recent Archbishops' Conference is made public.

The Spanish Ministry resign......In connection with the Panama Canal investigation, it is expected that the French Government will order an autopsy on the body of Baron Reinach...... It is said that cholera bas reappeared in the Russian province of Poltava...... The new Canadian Ministers

are sworn in. Thursday, December 8.

In the Senate, the Chilian Claims Treaty is ratified.... In the House, Mr. Holman inoves the recommittal of the Printing Bill; Attorney-General Miller's annual report is presented ; Mr. Kilgore stops business by a point of order...... Telegraph operators on the Rock Island railroad strike, but trains continue to run......In a railroad wreck at Greenville, N. J., fourteen persons are injured ......In New York City, the prosecution closes its argument in the Brigg's case...... Superintendent Byrnes replies to Dr. Parkhurst...... Mi. Depew says he has sent his final answer to the engineers of the New York Ceniral.

The new French Cabinet states its policy, and the Chamber of Deputies, 306 to 104. votes confidence...... President Andrews of Brown University, addresses the International Monetary Conference at Brussels ; M. Allard submits a proposal...... The British Agricultural Association passes a resolution

favoring lower taxes on farming lands...... Influenza prevails in Berlin. Friday, December 9.

The Senate not in session...... The House passes the Printing Bill...... The House Committee on Military Affairs completes its consideration of the Army Appropriation Bill..... In New Orleans, two men are killed and a third fatally wounded; the outrage is charged to the Mafia...... In New York City, Dr. Parkhurst replies to Superintendent Byrnes...... Democratic Senators hold a conference with W. C. Whitney ... ... Republican State leaders hold a conference...... Teachers in St. Paul's School, Garden City, go on strike.

Bimetallists in the Monetary Conference express indignation at the obstruction offered by Great Britain...... The India Currency Committee resumes its sittings in London...... Premier Ribot and Minister Burgeois appear before the Panama Canal Investigating Committee; M, Bourgeois, under a pledge of

secrecy from the Committee, promises to produce certain judicial documents. Saturday, December 10.

The Government crop report for December is issued...... It is said that a vigorous effort will be made in the House of Representatives to repeal the Sunday-closing provision of the World's Fair Bill.... A $100,000 library is presented to Fairhaven, Mass., by the children of H. H. Rogers, of New York City, in memory of a dead sister...... It is announced that the State of New York has formally assumed the care of all its insane poor, except those in New York and Kings Counties......In New York City, at a dinner of the Reform Club, speeches are made by President-elect Cleveland and others; Speaker Crisp had prepared and given out a speech, but is not invited to speak...... The Fayerweather will contest is reopened...... A number of the Spree's passen. gers arrive on the Etruria... There is a sharp advance in Western Union and Manhattan Railway shares.

Several witnesses testify before the Panama Canal Investigating Committee; a sub-committee is appointed to examine documents; the autopsy on Baron Reinach's body is begun...... The Committee of the Monetary Conference discusses three plans, but no decision is reached...... Senor Sagasta forms a new Spanish Cabinet. The German Reichstag begins debate on the first

reading of the Army Biil. Sunday, December 11.

The annual report of the Secretary of the Navy is made public...... The details of an alleged conspiracy to poison non-union workmen at Homestead are made known in Pittsburghi...... Two thousand persons sign the pledge in New Haven at a temperance meeting conducted by Francis Murphy's son. ...... It is reported that the health of Secretary Blaine is greatly improved. ......In New York City, the will contest over the Ogden estate is settled in favor of the beneficiaries.

Senator Allison tells the Monetary Conference that the American delegates might accept a different ratio than 16 to i between gold and silver......The

Portuguese Minister of War resigns; the stability of the Cabinet is threatened. Monday, December 12.

In the Senate, Mr. Vest's resolution to open the Indian Territory is discussed ; the Anti-Option Bill comes up, but action is deferred; nominations by the President are received as follows: Person C. Cheney, of New Hampshire, to be Minister to Switzerland; G. M. Lambertson, to be Assistant Secretary of the Treasury : J. W. McDill (reappointment), to be an Interstate Commerce Commissioner ; P.S. Grosscup, to be United States Judge for the Northern District of Illinois; C. C. Cole, to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia...... In the House, Speaker Crisp is enthusiastically cheered by both parties on taking his place ; the Army Appropriation Bill is introduced..... The twelfth annual session of the American Federation of Labor begins in Philadelphia ...... It is announced that Philip D. Armour will piesent to the city of Chicago an institute for technical and industrial instruction, to cost $100,000 and be endowed for $1,400,000......Ignited oil, from a broken tank, floating on Miller's Run, does great damage.. New York Central officials say the difficulty with the engineers is settled.

The French Chamber invests the Panama Committee with judicial powers. ...... In the Reichstag the Chancellor announces that Germany will adhere to the gold standard......Mr. Gladstone calls a special Cabinet meeting to

discuss the Home Rule Bill. Twesday, December 13.

In the Senate, the Indian Territory resolution and the Anti-Option Bill are discussed...... In the House, the Weil and La Abra Claim Bills are passed. ...... At a conference of Repúblican Senators, the so-called doubtful Western States are discussed...... Secretary of State Foster replies to the strictures of Minister Foster, of Canada, upon the President's message...... Robbers board a train in West Virginia and kill one passenger...... The Cincinnati Presbytery decides, 31 to 27, 10 suspend Professor Smith from the ministry. .... The New York State Dairymen's Association meets at Cobleskill.... In the city of New York, reports to the Chamber of Commerce urge a Federal quarantine system...... The New Yoris Yacht Club decides to accept Lord Dunraven's challenge...... At a dinner of Columbia College Alumni, President Low announces a $10,000 gift to the library.

M. Rouvier, the French Finance Minister, resigns, and M. Tirard is appointed...... Senator Jones speaks in the Monetary Conference....... The Union of Conservative Associations holds its annual meeting in Sheffield.

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