Lapas attēli




men to preach doctrines which menace the I tions arise among the members of the Amalvery foundations of social order and the secur- gamated Association concerning responsibility

ity by which all property is held. Nothing has for failure. Violence, self-confidence, sympaEND OF THE HOMESTEAD STRIKE. happened, in late years, of a more discredi-thetic strikes essentially absurd, tyranny of

Boston. New Nation (Edward Bellamy's table character than the misuse made of this organization, encouragement to persist in the paper), Nov. 26.—The Homestead strike is occurrence for partisan purposes.

face of defeat, explain most of the incidental

manifestations. Public gentiment is opposed The dead, but its soul goes marching on. Chicago Railway Age, Nov. 25.– Altogether shots fired that July morning at the Pinkerton the great Homestead strike has proved a gi- to the Pinkerton method; but if employers are barges, like the shots fired at Lexington a hun- gantic failure, inciting a disgraceful outbreak not allowed to use private means to defend dred years ago, were “heard around the of violence and involving widespread loss for

their property, the Government must be as world.”. The dramatic series of events which which it has brought no compensation what- prompt and uncomprimising as it is in monfollowed that stand to the death against the ever.

archical countries.

From the first it failed to command Pinkertons, roused millions of American citi. public sympathy, because it was inaugurated

Washington Post, Nov. 27.- Perhaps it is zens, as no amount of books or lectures could not to better the condition of labor in general just as well that the Pennsylvania authorities have done, to realize that there is an industrial or to relieve distress caused by insufficient are contemplating an abandonment of the problem which, if it-be not soon solved by bal- wages, but merely to increase the pay of a prosecution of the Homestead ringleaders. A lots, will be settled by bullets. Neither the special class of workmen, already far better community capable of furnishing the jury that leaders who languish in prison, for the paid than the great majority. The fact that acquitted Critchlow is not one in which it men who

make what terms thousands of other workmen abandoned per- would be wise to look for law-abiding or lawthey can with

their former employers, manent employment and good wages to join a upholding material. When a lawyer can get up ought to be disheartened over the result

. purely “sympathetic strike,” for the benefit and brag such vicious twaddle as this: Though they have technically failed in the of others, has in it a suggestion of generons made plain, the people should have shot them down : particular issue they made, they have dealt self-sacrifice which is heroic; although it is should have shot them after leaving the barges the whole capitalist system a staggering blow, doubtless true that the great majority of these should have followed them to their hearthstones and and contributed a chapter to the record of the struck because they were ordered to and shot them down there; should have shot them at God's industrial revolution now in progress which no against their own will. The lyranny of capi- own altar, and, if possible, should have followed them future historian will be able to leave out. tal is often offset by the tyranny of labor when across the grave, and shot them down as they lay on

across the great boundary; should have followed them Homestead has gone far to convince the multi- the latter delegates its powers to leaders who the bosom of the prince of hell, lude of what students long ago have seen, are liable to great errors of judgment.

—and when the blatherskite who brayed it can namely, that the intelligence and conscience of the world have outgrown the capitalist system Architecture and Building (New York), Nov. actually gain his case, it is about time to turn of production, and can no longer be counted 26.– The utter collapse of the Homestead ierall, the problem will resolve itself.

the population over to their own devices. Af

If there on to support 'it. In this battle capitalism has strike, with its attendant criminal prosecutions, be any sensible men among the Homestead won a barren victory; a few more such rich will stand for years as a warning to labor not strikers, they must know by this time that the tories will bring it to its knees in an appeal to

to carry through its measures by illegal and leaders, the agitators, and i he salaried officials the nation to buy it out on any terms and take riotous usurpation of the rights of others. of organized labor who got them into the mess the business of production for good and all off Under the system of unions, confederations of

are the very worst enemies they have. Men its hands.

labor, and similar organizations, there has
been a practical declaration of war on the fece for good must now realize that their true

upon whom experience can have any possible The Dawn (Labor, Boston), Nov. 23. — The community-war not only on the manufac; , interests lie with those who give them honoraHomestead strike has failed. It is the worst turers or other employers, but war against all ble and remunerative employment, and not ahing for social conservationists that could have happened, and the best thing for Social- unorganized labor,-a usurpation of power with those who farten

on their credulous ists. Certain political economists, clergymen, can ideas. While we regret the loss to the loyalty and can do nothing for them when the philanthropists, who like to be called “ prac

legitimate result of disaster overtakes them. tical," are saying that Socialism is “utopian” of their families in consequence, we cannot but and Mr. Hugh O'Donnell and Mr. Burgess

men engaged in this conflict and the suffering Upon the whole, we fancy that Mr. Critchlow and “ parental”; that the workingmen have regard the defeat of the Amalgamated Associ. McLuckie may quite safely be set at liberty, wrongs, but that the only way to right them ation a benefit which, from the prominence the and that no one need fear their making fools is through voluntary coöperation and trades- Homestead troubles have had, must have a of any more honest workingmen-at least in unionism, that the State cannot really help. marked influence in withholding organizations Here, then, is the strongest,

Homestead. The latter have had a lesson con- of this sort from rushing prematurely into such which will last them for a very long time to servative, and of the wisest trades

conflicts, unions in the

country, after having struggled five months, spending thousands of St. Louis Age of Steel, Nov. 26.— Without Brooklyn Citizen, Nov. 27.—In spite of all dollars, creating a strike probably costing $10,- entering on the rights or wrongs of either side the Carnegies can do the day will come again 000,000, thoroughly beaten, overthrown, shown in this now historic dispute, its effects on the when a stronger and better organization ihan powerless. We believe in trades-unions. They industries interested, the losses entailed, and the Amalgamated Association ever was will have a work to do and a future. But they can- the necessary appeal to gunpowder and bayo- take its place. The' history of the strike has not control monopolists and combinations. Only nets, are solemnly suggestive of the more than aroused a greater sympathy than ever between the State can do that. At the polls is io-day ever urgent need of wiser methods in settling the branches of labor and its friends; it has The workingman's one chance. Ii is either Tri- industrial disputes. Outside the demagogism aroused in every quarter of the country, and umphant Plutocracy, Socialism, or the Reign that has hatched a whole poultry establishment even in England, the indignation of those who of Terror, which we are to liave in this coun- out of the Homestead egg, and given heroic have seen in the growing power of capital here dry. Mere trades-unionism is not practical, altitudes to a struggle that has now confessed a menace to the free thought and free action but simply sentimental.

its impotence and folly, in calmer reason and of the individual, and it bas taught the whole

colder facts both industry and capital ought people the folly and the criminality of legisPhiladelphia Manufacturer, Nov. 26.—The

1101 to see that in conciliation and arbitration lating for a class, and there can be no doubt .collapse of the Homestead strike was a

lies the only possible escape from a monoto- that it had a large share in determining their tainty from the beginning. The movement

nous recurrence of the Homestead episode. has been much misrepresented as a protest

verdict at the polls in the late election. The against decrease of wages, and as the result of New York Christian Advocate, Nov. 24. —

triumph of the Carnegies is a bollow one. an attempt of greedy and conscienceless em- The strikers alienated public sympathy by orployers to oppress their workmen. In truth, ganizing and adopting military discipline, kept

VERY HIGH IDEALS.. it represented simply the purpose of a great non-union men out of the mill by acts of vio- Justiu (Shialist, London), Nov. 19.— Ecolabor union to obtain control of the business of lence, finally by rioting, necessitating the calling nomic inequality is the most crying injustice, the company operating the steel works. The out and service of the militia for three months. but it is not the only one we have to combat. only question at issue was the right of an Two million, five hundred thousand dollars was Socialism must attack all social evil, all moral owner of property to direct his affairs without lost in wages by the men. The company no wrong, and put an end not only to the exploisubmission to the dictation of persons who had doubt lost twice as much. Half a million had 10 tation of man by man, to oppression and inabsolutely no rights in the matter but the be paid by the county to s!pport the troops. iquily, but also to egoisms, to hardships, to right to accept or to refuse to sell their labor At least thirty-five deaths were directly or in- all avoidable suffering. With such object in at the wages offered. There could be but one directly caused by it. Some were killed in the view, to realize so lofty an aim, Socialism settlement of such a dispute, unless justice battle of July 6, several soldiers contracted must be in sympathy with all human suffering, should be robbed of its own, and that settlement fever and died, one soldier was shot accidentally must be inspired by every noble inspirahas been reached in complete vindication of by a comrade, another killed by the cars, a iion; it

be watered at all the the authority of the owners. The incident will striker committed suicide, another was drowned, springs of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice; be long remembered for the murderous vio- another killed by the cars, several non-union men it must, in brief, associate itself with all lence of the strikers, for the vast dimensions of died from fever, several killed by the mill, an intellectual and moral progress, while recogthe sum of money squandered by them in the attempt was made to assassinále Chairman nizing all the economic needs which have reattempt to maintain themselves in a false posi- Frick, a number of business houses in Home- sulted from the revolution in the conditions tion, and for the shocking proclamation of stead have gone into the Sheriff's hands, great under which wealth is produced. Devotion, social and political heresies which it evoked. has been the suffering among many of the the spirit sell-abnegation, self-sacrifice, the False sympathy with the rioters induced re- strikers. The company deals with men as high moral virtues which are unquestionably spectable public journals and eminent public'men, and not as unionisis. Feuds and conten-'factors in human progress which Socialism is








91,000 55,000





called upon 10 guide into a new cycle, these | Should Germany ever again cross the French Bulgaria..


185,000 qualities are deficient in realist Socialism. We frontier, she would meet, not, as before, eight: Greece

180,000 have to enlist with us the great mass of the army corps to her seventeen, “but forces Servia

180,000 people, and it is never stirred merely on numerically equal, if not superior, splendidly Portugal,

154.000 grounds of personal interest; moral influences, organized and equipped, with enormous

Montenegro.. and still more sentimental influences, alone serves behind them.” If she defeated them, she have that power.

Do not, therefore, let would have next to deal with a series of formi. Total... disdain them ; do not let

us repel dable fortresses on the Moselle and Meuse, Naturally, the military and naval budgets of that which is most irrepressible, that each stronger than Strasburg or Metz in 1870

the various European States have increased in which is best in human nature-sentiment, if If the German armies arrived before Paris, the same proportions. These budgets have thus you choose to call the ideal. Let us neither would that be the Paris of 1870, -, but more than doubled in Russia (rising from illumine it, for it is often blind; let us human- a fortified city, the like of which the world has 615,000,000 francs in 1869 to 1,239,000,000 in ize it, for it is often cruel; but let us enlist it never seen, with thirty-five forts and an outer 1892), in Germany (from 280,000,000 francs to in our ranks, for it is the most irresistible line of defenses 100 miles in extent. That is

702,000,000), in Italy (from 176,000,000 francs. revolutionary force in the world. History a picture of war painted in fire.. Count von to 362,000,000), in Denmark, in Sweden and teaches us that nothing can resist it, that only Caprivi is before all things, like his Emperor, Narway, and in Romania. To sum up, in 1870those causes, whether just or unjust, which it a soldier, and he has the courage to tell his Europe devoted to preparations for war the has embraced have triumphed. Realist and countrymen that even if Germany conquered, sum of nearly three billion francs; to-day the idealist, both are welcome in our ranks. our second state would be far worse than sum has risen to nearly five billion francs—thal well they learn the message of Socialism to all our first, and would involve fresh sacrifices is, in United States money one billion dollars. those who suffer, to all those who hope, the far heavier than

those we

ask of idealist will recognize the economic, the realist you.” He warns them that Russia, also, is Boston Journal, Nov. 26:- In time the the human question, and the two will be made steadily arming, steadily preparing for war, Springfield rifle musket became the standard

and plainly for war on her western frontier, weapon of the Union army. It was a good where her best forces are gradually, but surely, weapon for a single-shot muzzle-loader-no

massing. He owns that he is asking for great better anywhere existed—and our veteran regiA THREATENED EXODUS.

sacrifices from an already heavily burdened ments became wonderfully expert in its use Los Angeles Times, Nov. 23.- We are able nation. Fresh troops mean fresh taxes also. and wonderfully proud of it. Its deadly leaden to contemplate with a good deal of equanimity But he repeats in a tone which sounds in spite missiles now strew the whole Southern country the report which comes from San Francisco of himself prophetic, that these sacrifices are from the Potomac clear to the Gulf coast. But that, as a result of the Exclusion Act, the

as nothing compared with those resulting from there have been some tremendous changes in the heavy Chinese merchants on the Coast are pre- a disastrous war. The Reichstag received this art of warfare since the early 'sixties, and the faparing to give up business and go back to rateful statement in silence, It listened to the mous arm of which our Yankee soldiers boasted China. These fat and oleaginous Chinese Chancellor; applaud him it would not. has become almost as antiquated as the oldi merchants are the ones who have run the gambling dens and the Chinese dives; they have Letter from Paris, Courrier des Etats Unis were very little used in the Rebellion. Some

Aintlock of Queen Anne. Breech-loading rifles introduced their peculiar system of slavery (New York), Nov. 27.- In a work just pub- regiments were armed with repeaters, but they under our very noses, and have too often en- lished, on ", The Military Powers of the States were relatively few. Officers and cavalry relisted, by bribery, the constables and other law of Europe,” compiled by Captain Molard, of volvers were of the new type which had just officers in aiding them to maintain their 'nefa- the staff of the 19th Regiment of Infantry, from begun to be introduced. Breech-loading canrious traffic. They have imported and bought the most recent official documents, there are

non were practically unknown. The ordinary and sold again helpless Chinese girls, and con

some figures which give a vastly clearer idea field-piece was the smooth-bore brass or iron demned them to an existence which fairly than any commentaries can of the present sit- six or twelve-pounder of substantially the palmakes one heart-sick to contemplate.

ifuation of Europe. In 1869 the European tern which had figured in the Revolution and the Exclusion Law is driving these fel- armies on a war footing had the following ef- the campaigns in Mexico. Rifled guns had belows out of the country, then it is a mighty fectives:

gun to show their superiority. The mitrailleuse good law. The only pity is that it was not France..

or Gatling appeared only in the form of a few enacted years ago. The Pacific Coast will be Germany.

crude experiments. The extraordinary mortalinfinitely better off without the Six Companies, Austria-Hungary

750,000 ity which characterized most of the battles without the Chinese merchants and all their Italy...

570,000 of our Civil War as compared with later accumulations of money, sandal-wood, fish, Great Britain. Spain...

in Europe was clearly not attribuand female slaves. We are only too ready in Turkey.

table any extraordinary weapons of this instance to speed the parting guest. Let Switzerland.

150,000 destruction. It was due to the courage them stand not upon the order of their going, Sweden and Norway. Belgium

and determination of the combatants. The but go at once. The great mass of Chinese Portugal.

best soldiers in

best Massachusetts laborers and servants are less objectionable Denmark.

45,000 regiments would find themselves sadly at a than the merchants, but they will probably go

45,000 loss with one of the new rapid fire Krag-Joralso, and we can afford to dispense with iheir


35,000 gensen rifles in their hands, or at the breecir company. There may be temporary incon- Roumania.

33,000 of one of the long, shining field-guns which venience in some industries which have been Servia....

25,000 pick off men with the skill of the old sharpdependent on this class of labor, but we be

6,858,000 shooters. War as we knew it in the Rebellion lieve the void will soon be filled by a class of In 1892, the actual effectives which can be was terrible enough, but when the armed truce laborers who will make American citizens and who will contribute a hundredfold as much to

is finally broken and Europe's armies by the immediately mobilized are:

hundred thousand meet on the battlefield with the prosperity of the community.

these wonderful new devices of death and Germany.

2,417,000 mutilation, the horrors of Gettysburg will be


1.514,000 multiplied tenfold, with no merciful canopy of Austria-Hungary.

1,050,000 Turkey...

smoke to hide them. May that day be far off. THE QUESTION OF WAR.


Sweden and Norway London dispatch from G. W. Smalley, New Switzerland...

THE NEW CANADIAN PREMIER. York Tribune, Nov. 27.—Count von Caprivi's Roumania..

Oltawa Citizen, Nov. 26.–For many months speech on Wednesday was, from every point Belgium..


past the public have been aware of the weak of view, remarkable. It was able enough to Servia....


state of health of Sir John Abbolt. The Prefurnish of itself a good answer to Prince Bis- Portugal

80,000 mier himself intimated in the early part of the marck's taunts at his successor's incapacity-Bulgaria

summer that he was no longer physically rapable, not merely as a speech, but in its broad Denmarki:

20,000 able of bearing the strain imposed upon him view of affairs, and in its vigorous handling of Montenegro..

55,000 by his office, and that he was desirous of escapgreat issues. There was the note of true

ing the burden. It was hoped by his colleagues Total..

..12,563,000 statesmanship in his refusal to appeal to panic

and friends that a voyage across the Atlantic, in order to carry his bill. He would not, as he on paper—that is, when the laws in regard and a short period of relaxation and rest said, jingle his sword. He declined to say that to recruiting now in force shall have produced amidst new scenes and under favorable skies, war'is in sight. He avowed that the relations their full effect-the total number of soldiers would restore him to his accustomed vigor, of Germany with all other Powers are friendly. will be as follows:

and that it would be necessary to He disclaimed with emphasis a policy of Germany.

4,500,000 look for a successor. These hopes have not aggression. He dissevered himself from that

been fulfilled. By the advice of his physicians. party, if party there be, which would attack Italy.

2,236,000 Sir John has gone to the south of France, and France or Russia lest France or Russia grow Austria-Hungary.

1,900 000 in deference to the same advice he has teletoo strong. But he put before the Reichstag Spain.....

graphed to the Governor-General his resignaand Germany, more plainly than it has ever

Lord Stanley has in consequence asked been put before, the iremendous change that Sweden and Norway

510,000 Sir John Thompson, Minister of Justice, lo

Switzerland. has taken place since 1870 in the relative












2,500,000 ... 2,451,000

[blocks in formation]

489,000 Roumania.

assume command of the Government and form military strength of France and Germany. 'Belgium....

258,000 a Ministry. The choice is one, we feel confi



dent, which will meet with general approbation. I the Panama Canal business had already been there is hardly a barroom in the State which obeys it. In fact, public opinion marked out Sir John ordered. It would, without any further action, the law, see and know these things, and yet they do Thompson for the post as soon as the proba- have had cognizance of Baron de Reinach's nothing. The trouble arises, I think, from the fact bility of Sir John Abbott's resignation became death and all attendant circumstances. But that these are officers of the State and county, while known. The sterling ability displayed by him France shares in the general political un- liquor under existing statutes is sold under license

granted by municipal corporations. The police consince his selection for the Department of Jus- rest that seems just now to pervade the nive at and are blind to these infringements of the law tice seven years ago has been recognized world.


months party feeling has by the barkeepers, under instructions, doubtless, from universally, and the prestige acquired by him been growing stronger, and the differences be- the authorities, and the people become educated and previously has been deepened and confirmed tween Conservatives and Radicals have been accustomed to seeing the law despised. since the death of Sir John Macdonald a year growing greater. The Carmaux strike ma- The Governor further declares that the cities and a half ago. As leader of the House of Com-terially hastened the crisis. The temperate would be opposed to Prohibition should it be mons Sir John has won the esteem of friends conduct of the Government displeased many enacted, and that such a law would still further and the respect of foes; and it is no reflection Conservatives, who became panic-stricken be- widen the division between country and city. upon other able men to say that his eminence fore the self-conjured vision of revolution, and He cites the fact that 613 barrooms in the has been conspicious. Grit papers have de- displeased as well many Radicals, for a con- State pay a tax of $134,372 to the towns and voted much valuable space during the year to trary reason.

Then came the dynamite out- $81,100 to the counties, and says the refusal telling their readers how much Ontario Tories rages, intensifying these feelings almost to the to license these saloons will increase taxes in were opposed to Sir John Thompson as a pos- utmost. And on the top of that, M. Delahaye's the counties one-half mill. He also claims sible Premier. No fact could be more gratify- tempestuous outburst. The moment was op- that the passage of Prohibition would cause a ing to that statesman than the enthusiastic portune, and the chronic enemies of the Minis- desperate struggle between the liquor and cordiality of the support which he received try improved it. An unimportant, but annoy- Prohibition elements two years hence, with an from the Ontario members of the Conservative ing, demand was made and pressed; and the appeal to the negro as the balance of power. party last session and the session before, the vote resulted in a defeat of the Ministry. confidence shown in the Government of which This is not the time to write the epitaph of Pittsburgh Dispatch, Nov. 27.—There is he was so influential a member as witnessed M. Loubet's Government, however; nor even novelty and interest in the announcement of a by the bye-elections in Ontario, or the warmth to review its work as ended. Its successor press dispatch from South Carolina that “if of the greetings tendered to him personally must continue its work, on the same lines, and the Legislature obeys the will of the people as wherever he appeared during the campaign. probably with a majority of the same men in expressed at the recent election, South CaroThe Conservative party is fortunate in having charge of the portfolios. No other kind of lina will be a Prohibition State in the near such a succession of distinguished leaders; and Government is possible, or desirable. The future.” But it is not such a startling novelty the country will feel itself safe while its fortunes Republic with monarchic sympathies has been as it would have been if Georgia had not préare entrusted to such skillful hands as those of tried and found wanting. The Republic with ceded her in the same road. Nevertheless, the new Premier.

anarchistic sympathies has been considered the reversal which South Carolina as a Prohibiand rejected. The Republic with true repub- tion State must work upon our preconceived

lican ideas has been established, and has stead-ideas of the Palmetto Commonwealth invests THE BRITISH TARIFF.

ily gained stability and distinction, and is the announcement with extreme interest to the Toledo Blade, Nov. 26.-A great many people than one ancient monarchy in Europe would enacted there the proverbial remark to the

to-day more secure than ever before. More whole country. If Prohibition should be do not understand, it appears, that while Great Britain is called a “Free Trade"

rejoice to feel itself one-half so firmly founded Chief Executive of that State would seem to country,

as the French Republic. The fact that changes assuine a prophetic nature, and the “ even by her own people, she has a tariff on


would surpass the imports. It is a “ tariff for revenue Olily,” and of Ministry occur is not menacing. It father time between drinks" is levied upon imports of articles which 'Great reaffirms the stability of the present form of most horrible dreams of the ante-bellum Britain does not produce. What is the signifi


For it is significant that, who- chivalry. The collisions which have heretoever may cry

“Down with the Ministry!” fore furnished most of the news from that cance of the phrase, a tariff for revenue only"? Why that word“

there is practically none who cry Down with bellicose section, would be replaced by the efonly? It means

the Republic!” Dr. Clemenceau at the one forts of the law suppress the illicit that, as any duty, even a small one, on any extreme, and Count Albert de Mun at the merchandising of speak-easies and the possible import of any article that is imported of the

other, are agreed in this, that whatever changes establishment among the cotton-fields and same kind as is manufactured at home, would of legislation or of administrative policy may magnolias of the exotic feature of law and be, to some extent, protective to the home prod-occur, the French Republic must be main- order societies. It is well, however, to moduct; and the word “only” is to exclude even tained. In such a state of feeling, the friends erate our expectations by the reflection that this incidental protection. The duties are to of France may look upon such struggles as Southern Prohibition may be built on different be levied only for revenue, carefully excluding those of the last month, and upon such a crisis lines from the Northern article. There is every iota of protection. Great Britain has such a tariff, and calls her system · Free

as that of yesterday, without the least alarm, reason to believe that the Colonels and Majors Trade.” Here is the list of articles, and the

may even under Prohibition set out the seduc

tive beverage to welcome their friends and revenue raised by duties for the fiscal year THE DRINK QUESTION. ended March 31, 1891, in Great Britain:

still know no fear. Indeed, carping critics have

gone so far as to assert that in these Bourbon Articles

Duties Collected.

PROHIBITION FOR SOUTH CARO States the purpose of Prohibition is only to ex

. $17,061,290 Coffee..


clude the colored brother from the cup which Spirits, foreign....

22,464,055 Letter from Columbia, New York Voice, biteth. In which case, the impartial mind will Wine.

6,590,030 Dec, I.-In the recent State election the Pro- reflect, so much the better for the colored Tobacco and snuff Dried fruits....

*1,618,895 hibitionists won a decided victory, and they brother. Other articles..

924,890 are now arranging to enact suitable laws to Miscellaneous..

159,240 enforce the wishes of the people as expressed Total......


at the polls. Out of a total vote of over | HOW THE ELECTION AFFECTS THE This is what is meant by “ a tariff for revenue 80,000, the Prohibitionists carried the State by only.This is the model which American

The very wise precaution was

LIQUOR TRADE. Free Traders have in view and which they taken to make most of the legislators pledge

Bonfort's Wine and Spirit Circular (New desire to see adopted by this country. It will themselves to abide the result of the election. York), Nov. 25.-The extraordinary result of be noticed that it affords no trace of protection, The Legislature of South Carolina has just per- the Presidential election that has just taken “moderate" or otherwise.

The articles upon

fected its organization. No vote has yet been place, is by no means without importance to which duties are collected are those which do taken, but it is a very fair supposition that the wine and spirit rade. It not come into competiton with those of home the Prohibitionists have a two-thirds majority menal endorsement of a party that, in its na

in both the House production. This is a system which collects

of Representatives tional character at any rate, has never feared every dollar of the tariff from the consumer,

and in the Senate. The only danger is to speak for personal liberty and to denounce because there is no home competition of similar the possibility of the plan being killed in all sumptuary legislation. The Republican products to compel the foreign manufacturer the House by its friends. On a plain and di- party is not to be depended on. to pay the whole or the major part of the tax

rect vote the Prohibitionists could carry the years it has catered strongly to the Proin order to get his products into the market. day, but every one seems to think he has the hibition element, and many of its leaders are

The American breakfast table is free; the only correct bill, and the only one that will open in their denunciation of the wine and Briush breakfast table is taxed; every pound

work successfully. There has always been spirit business. To the Republican Party of tea or coffee pays a revenue to the Govern- some talk that Governor Tillman would veto a

owe the Prohibitory laws of Maine, Verment, and the suin paid comes out of the con- Prohibition bill if one were passed, and it was mont, Iowa, Kansas, and the Dakotas. To the sumer. So with tobacco and other articles on

said that he used his influence last year in hav- Democratic party we owe the deseat of Prohithe list; the tariff is “ for revenue only."

ing the Senate delay the consideration of the bition in Michigan, Texas, Tennessee, Oregon, Prohibition Bill until it was too late to do any; Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Rhode Isthing. Governor Tillman devotes a great deal

land. In Grover Cleveland this country will DOWNFALL OF LOUBET. of space in his message to the liquor question, have a President who is not only opposed to New York Tribune, Nov. 29.—The subject and towards the close says:

Force Bills and McKinley Bills, but to any of yesterday's vote was not really of sufficient I would call attention to the impunity with which altempts that extremists might make to comimportance to warrant a change of Govern- existing laws are disregarded. which forbids under a penalty the putting up of screens

pel the people of this country to eat or drink ment. A full Parliamentary investigation of in barrooms and the selling of whisky to minors, and according to formulas that a few wise (?) men



over 10,000.

For many


We have a statute







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might lay down. In a word, the verdict of the for in the South and far West as an outcome of the youngest of the five brothers of his father. people is favorable to our trade.

new work. In face of ihe competition of their born in 1774. Henry Heine married Henrietta. new and popular rival for the independent Embden. By industry and discretion he made

vote, the strength polled speaks well for the for himself a very comfortable fortune in merTHE LIQUOR ISSUE AS IT IS AT courage and excellence of the party leadership, cantile pursuits, and he outlived all his brothPRESENT.

and the organization will doubtless continue in ers. He died in 1855 in Hamburg. Heinrich New York Voice (Proh.), Dec. 1.-We sub- the field doing good educational work until Heine enjoyed friendly relations with this: mit that the fight against the liquor traffic is no

some lull in the warfare over economic ques- uncle throughout his whole life. Henry longer a temperance crusade," but a fight tions leaves the people free to think of still Heine loved his nephew, and took a geofor the preservation of popular government.

more important issues, or some popular wave uine interest in his productions. (ImmedLincoln contended that

the Civil War

in its favor makes some national party brave iately after writing the “ Harzreise,” the poet against slavery but enough to ally itself with it or take up its sent it to his uncle Henry.) He also recog

uized his nephew's wife, and often visited both: war for the " preservation of the Union.” | cause.—Montreal Witness, Nov. 26.

of them in Paris. The Union might have been divided and popu

During one of these visils,.

in the summer of 1836, the uncle, at the request. lar government have been still maintained.

of Börne, endeavored to effect a reconciliation: This contest against the saloon power, in that MISCELLANEOUS.

between the lalter and Heine. Bul Heine res it is a contest for the preservation of popular

fused to accept the proffer, fearing that neur government, is of greater importance to America and to the world than the war to COMETS AND METEORITES. misunderstandings would be occasioned by It is not a

Börne's suspicious nature. preserve the Union could be.

After the death of Scientific American, Nov. 26,—The size of this uncle, in November, 1855, Heinrich Heine question concerning man's right

meteorites is generally small. In view of their wrote the following letter to his cousin Her-drink a glass of wine or beer; it is a ques. high velocity this is a fortunate circumstance mann, Henry's son: tion that concerns the right of a trade, for us, who have to stand their bombardment. organized for political purposes, to override They are also very widely dispersed. In a

To Monsieur Hermann Heine, Hamburg.

Paris, Nov. 19, 1855.. the laws of the State, defy the Constitution, shower of meteorites, it is probable that the

Dear HERMANN: I have just learned from Lottchen and dethrone the sovereignty of the people. individual masses are ten miles apart. Some suffered, and although I am very ill and nearly blind,

[Heine's sister Charlotte) of the loss you have recently The utterances by the trade journals of the of them are no larger than a pea, and are liquor traffic are not mere ideal boasts. Every man knows, or ought to know, that they are of probably two hundred miles in average dis- Naturally the sorrowful news has affected me proa piece with the overt anarchy that the traffic earth meets these asteroids, which are of far the more lovable. tance from their ncarest neighbors. When the foundly; My dear uncle Henry was an excellent, good

man, soft and kind even to weakness, and therefore.

He never spoke a lie, and the charalready displays in regard to all statutory reg- more than icy coldness, they fly through its acteristics that give offense (both the cultivated and the ulations. This declaration of defiance of the

coarse characteristics) were foreign to his nature. But State Constitution is also given additional force atmosphere with enormous velocity. As cer

he is to be praised chiefly for this: he was a perfectly by the attitude of the traffic in States where the tainly as the impact with an armor plate heats honest man.

an iron cannon-ball, so the friction with A perfectly honest man was he, my poor blessed supposed. Constitutional Amendment actually the atmosphere heals the celestial projec- uncle, and it is witlu pleasure that have learned, dear exists. It is about time for the people of

tile, The mere friction is supposed to Alas ! such good qualities are very rare ; falseness and America to put a stop to anarchy, and the best dissipate most of them in the upper regions of unfaithfulness prevail, and where badness is sown una place to begin the work is with the open anarch- the air, leaving them to slowly descend as cos- happiness and ruin will be reaped. The tears of the ism of the organized liquor trade. The ques. mic dust. Many tons of this dust is supposed on me also. (Is it as punishment or as a fiction? tion each American patriot ought to ask himself is whether he is going to submit to it or fight it. foothold for a theory.

to reach us daily. Here is at least a notch or know not.) I am suffering greatly, but I bear my

The meteorites which misery with resignation in the unsearchable will of reach us intact are masses of nickel and iron.

I am unable to see the characters that I write, and so GOVERNOR RUSSELL AND THE LIO:/ Curiously enough, one of the very alloys pro- I hasten to give you your faithful cousin,

for use in making

HEINRICH HEINE. and armor for war ships is a nickel-steel alloy, Letter from Boston, Bonfort's Wine and so that we are not yet much in advance of the Undeniably this letter is an important contriSpirit Cireular, Nov. 25. -Since the elec- celestial artillery. Leaving this aside, we bution to the life history of Heine. It treats tion there has been considerable talk about the may assuine that, however large the nucleus of his sad lot at a time when death was near. liquor-dealers using their influence against of comet is, it is composed for the

But it is also unimpeachable evidence that his Governor Russell under the lead of Mr. Os- most part of carbon and of easily disin

Confessions” are based on the exact truth, borne, one of the Police and License Commis.. tegrated materials to which our atmosphere that he really returned to the faith he had so sioners., Owing to this, it is alleged, Governor will offer a real resistance. Then we may sup- ofien mocked through life, and that in this faith Russell lost 2,000 or 3,000 votes in Boston, pose an exceedingly small part of it to be of he sought and found healing and consolation at

the end. and his election was put in jeopardy. Some sufficiently solid material to resist the gaseous ardent Democrats go so far as to advocate a friction of the atmosphere, and such part vote for “no license at the municipal election only we may assume can reach our earth. This

OBITUARY. next tuonth as a retaliation. But after investi. would account for the comic dust, and for the gating the matter pretty thoroughly the writer survival of the fittest projectile material, nickel

CARDINAL LAVIGERIE. can state confidently that the charge is lotally iron or nickel-steel, for even the carbon is untrue so far as the great body of

Boston Herald, Nov. 28. – No recent priace used there for its cementation. This gives us the of the Roman Catholic Church has made a. dealers are concerned. There may have been satisfaction at least of feeling that our earth's

greater impression upon the civilized world fifty or sixty small dealers who had trouble envelope of oxygen aud nitrogen will protect ihan the Cardinal Archbishop of Africa, as the getting their licenses, and before they were suc- us from all but metallic projectiles, and if we Pope has fondly called him. His career was. cessful became pledged in some way to Mr. Os- are to be bombarded, it ivill be with improved that of a great and strong man, who had served borne. These men the Commissioner may have and modern shot. For of all meteoric mate with distinction in many important offices of suborned in his interest in order to defeat the Gov- rial, only the nickel-steel or nickel-iron alloy, the Church before he was sent to Africa as the ernor, who is determined to dismiss Osborne as a rule, reaches the earth in masses. The

Archbishop of Algiers to hold up Christianity as soon as he can). But the licensed dealers numrest is pulverized to dust. Its constitution

against Mohammedanism and to do what he ber some 850 or 900, and it is unfair to charge may be widely different from that of the me- could to break down the African slave trade, by them with the misconduct of a few. Every tallic meteorites we find on the earth. All or which the creed of the Moslems was maintained. respectable dealer in the city repudiates the most of what is taught about comets and mecharge. They know that Mr. Russell can be teorites is little more than theory and surmise. ihe first time in English history, was wit

Quite recently he visited London, and then, for depended upon to veto any restrictive measure

nessed the spectacle of two Roman Cardinals. that a Prohibition Legislature might pass, and

silting at the side of the Archibishop of they certainly would not be foolish enough to


Canterbury on a public platform. His great. act against him and work for a man who would injure their business. If some half-hundred Nov. 4.- A very significant and important pub- only developed his own communion to a reAllgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums (Berlin), distinction was his statesmanship.

He not: deluded liquor-dealers did work against our lication is about to come from the press. markable degree in North Africa, but he bebrave Governor they did him very little, harm. Heine's ninety-two-year-old sister, Frau Char- came the leader in Africa, as well as in Europe, His plurality in this city was 14,488, and in the lotte Embden of Hamburg, has decided to in efforts to abolish the slave trade, and he was whole State, which went 27,000 majority for publish all the poet's letters to herself and hers the pioneer in the efforts which different Eurothe Republican Electors, he got a majority that are in her possession. By the kindness of pean nations are now making to secure this over Haile of about 2,500. The fact is, the the publisher I am afforded the agreeable op- result. The French Government was greatly men and all—is with Mr. Russell, just because portunity to lay before the readers of this indebted to him for his efficiency in matters of

of the most interesting docu- state, and he bad the ability to deal with secuhe is bold enough to declare himself against ments of the collection. It is, apparently, lar matters as efficiently as he had shown himProhibition and fraud.

Heine's last letter. In my edition of the self able to deal with his ecclesiastical jurisdic

letters, the latest bears date of Nov. 6, lion. He did not live to see the full fruition of THE FUTURE OF THE PROHIBITION Party.- 1855. The one that follows was written a his hopes in the destruction of the power The People's party cut badly into the Prohibi- fortnight later. It is hardly conceivable that of Moslemism in Africa, which means the tionist vote in several Western States, reducing Heine wrote any letters subsequently. The breaking up of the slave trade, but it was even the former totals. This was compensated subject of this letter is his uncle Henry Heine, greatly restricted by his efforts.


Index to Periodical Literature.


BIOGRAPHICAL. Alfred, Lord Tennyson. George Stewart. Cosmop., Dec., 12 pp. A visit to

Tennyson, characteristics, etc. Columbus, The Family and Descendants of. William Elerey Curtis. Chautau

quan, Dec., 6 pp. Cromwell (Oliver) as a Soldier. William O'Connor Morris. Temple Bar, Lon

don, Nov., 24 PP. Dickens, A Christmas with. II. My Father As I Recall Him. Mamie Dickens.

Ladies' Home Four., Dec.
Irving (Washington). Temple Bar, London, Nov., 21 pp.
Tennyson (Alfred). Lyceum, Dublin, Nov., 442 pp.
Tennyson (Alfred). Mary S. Daniels, B.A. Meth. Mag., Toronto, Dec., 8 pp.

With Portrait. A critical study.
Whittier. John Vance Cheney, Chautauquan, Dec., 742 pp.

Algebra, Theoretical Knowledge and Practical Facility in: To What Extent Is

Each Important in Preparation for Coilege? Prof. J. M. Peirce, Harvard Uni

versity. School and College, Nov., 6 pp. Architectural Antiquities of the Isle of Wight. Antiquary, London, Nov., Illus.,

б рр. Art in Childhood, Three Degrees of. The Fine Art of Seeing. W. K. Wickes. Childhood, Dec., 3 pp. The writer holds that there are three degrees of art in childhood. First, the fine art of Seeing. Second, The finer art of Thinking.

The finest art-Expression. Book ellers in the 17th Century. Bookworm, London, Nov., 4 pp. Child-Culture:-1. At Home, Ada W. Adams, II. In School, Alice A. Winter.

III. Children's Reading, Louise A. Crothers. Literary Northwest, Dec.,

1244 pp. Christmas in Art. Clarence Cook. Chatauquan, Dec., 10 PP. Illus. Descrip

tive of famous pictures. Chronograms, On. James Hilton, F.S.A. Antiquary, London, Nov., 8p PP. Corsican Folklore. Ballou's Monthly, Boston, Nov., 4 pp. Dialect in Literature. James Whitcomb Riley. Forum, Dec., 842 pp. Education (American), A New Factor in. Prof. Byron D. Halsted. Chantau

quan, Dec., 5 pp. The agricultural college, etc. Education (Popular), Wherein It Has Failed. Pres. Charles W. Eliot. Forum,

Dec., 18 pp. Fair-Builders (the), The Artistic Triumph of. Mrs. Van Rensselaer. Forum,

Dec., 14 pp. The World's Fair judged from an artistic point of view. Girls I Have Educated. George W. Childs. Ladies' Home Jour., Dec. Greek Architecture, Influence of, in the United States. III. Prof. W. H. Good

year. Chautauquan, Dec., 9 pp. Illus. Descriptive. Holy Wells: Their Legends and Superstitions. R. C. Hope, F.S.A., F.R.S.L.

Antiquary, London, Nov., 3 pp. Horticultural Library (A). Bookworm, London, Nor., 5 pp. On the library of

J. H. Krelage, of Haarlem. Journalism, The Vanities of. Murat Halstead. Cosmp., Dec., 6 pp. Journalists and Journalisin (French). Arthur Hernblow. Cosmop., Dec., 10 pp.

Illus. Keats, Some Notes on. Philip B. Goetz. Harvard Monthly, Nov. 5 pp. Lord Bateman : A Ballad, With Hitherto Unpublished Drawings, by William M.

Thackeray. Comment, by Anne Thackeray Ritchie. Harper's, Dec., 6 pp.

Illus. Public Schools (The) of St. Louis and Indianapolis. Dr. J. M. Rice. Forum,

Dec., 1542 pp. Qualifications (the) of Candidates for Admission to College, Methods of Determining. Francis H. Waterhouse, Head Master English High School, Boston.

School and College, Nov., 15 pp. Scott, Dickens, and Thackeray, Are They Obsolete ? W. H. Mallock, Forum,

Dec., II PP. Song of Songs (The). Russell Martineau. Amer. Four. Philology, Vol. XIII,

No. 3, pp. 22. Observations of The Song of Solomon.
Tennyson, The Less-Known Poems of. The Rev. W. H. Withrow, D.D. Meth.

Mag.. Toronto, Dec., 9 pp.
Tennyson's Poetry. The Romantic Elements in. Lewis E. Gates. Harvard

Monthly, Nov.. 15 pp.
Universities (Great American). Pres. Charles W. Super. School and College,

Nov., 542 pp. The number of students does not make a great university. Vedic Syntax (Delbrück's). W. D. Whitney. Amer. Jour. Philology, Vol. XIII.,

No. 3. pp. 36. A review of the work.
Virgin (the), Some Types of. Theodore Child. Harper's, Dec., 14 pp. Illus.
Descriptive of types as seen in famous paintings.

Bishops (The) and Political Morality. Lyceum, Dublin, Nov., 342. PD.

The point is made that the Bishops should impress upon the people the obligations to pro

mote proper political measures. Democracies (The Greek and American). III. The Citizen. David H. Wheeler,

DD., LL.D. Chautauquan, Dec., 4 pp. Election Methods (Improved). Lyceum, Dublin, Nov., 4 pp. Calls attention to

the more important plans divised for improving the methods of election. Irish Crisis (the), Points about. VIII. James Halpin. Donahoe's Mag., Dec..

3 pp. Political Revolutions. W. R. Merriam. Literary Northwest, Dec., 3 pp. Con

siders some of the causes that led to the defeat of the Republican pariy. Politics as a Career. Ex-Senator George F. Edmunds. Forum, Dec., 8 pp. Politics (English), Women in. Mrs. Millicent G. Fawcett. Forum, Dec., 11% PP. Political organizations of women, etc.

RELIGIOUS. Fair (the), Why It Must Be Open on Sunday. The Rev. J. W. Chadwick. Forum,

Dec., 0% pp. A general discussion of the question favoring the opening of the Fair on Sunday. Moslem Shrine (A) and a Funeral. Temple Bar, London, Nov., 7 pp. Oica, The Silent Monks of. Thomas P. Gorman. Cosmop., Dec., 10 pp. Illus.

Descriptive of the Trappist Monks, near Oka, Canada. Psalms (the), Some Old English Metrical Versions of. W. A. Clouston. Book

worm, London, Nov., 7 pp.

Black-Art (the), Light on.

Alexander Herrmann. Cosmop., Dec., 6 pp. Illus.
The growth and development of necromancy.
Infancy and Childhood, The Care of. Stonewall Johnson, M.D. Childhood, Dec.,

3 PP.
Logic (Childhood's). Frances C. Sparhawk. Childhood, Dec.; 2 pp. Illustrating

precocious reasoning.
Motherhood, Preparation for. Florence Huli. Childhood, Dec., 3 pp.
Aerial Navigation. 0. Chanute, C.E. Jour, of the Military Service Institution,
New York, Nov., 15 PP.

Brandy and Socialism : The Gothenburg Plan. John Graham Brooks. Forum,

Dec., 13 PP.
Chinese (the), A New Light on. Henry Burden McDowell. Harper's, Dec., 15

Pn. Illus. Descriptive of the Chinese in San Francisco ; social and religious

customs, etc.
England (the) of Shakespeare, A Guess at. Lily A. Long. Literary North west,

Dec., 3 pp.
Korea, Village Scenes in. Alethe Lowber Craig. Chautauquan. Dec., 5 pp.

Illus. Descriptive.
Obeah (the), The American Negroes and. Eugene M. Aaron, Ph.D. Goldth-

waite's Geograph. Mag., Nov., 6 pp. Descriptive of the Obeah superstition, Parents and Children, The Reciprocal Obligations of. Lester F. Ward. Child

hood, Dec., 24 pp. Poverty, Problems of. How Should a City Care for Its Poor? Prof. F. G. Pea

body. Special Needs of the Poor in New York. Jacob A. Riis, Forum, Dec.,
28%2 pp.

Athletics in Japan. John A. MacPhail. Outing, Dec., 7 pp. Illus. Descriptive.
Banks, Runs on, 1866 and 1892. Bankers' Mag., London, Nov. 6 pp.
British and Roman Roads in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Antiquary, London,
Nov., 3 PP.

Witli map.
Canadian Winter Pastimes. Ed. W. Sandys. Outing. Dec., 9 pp. Illus. Descrip-

Cavalry Rud (A). Albert G. Brackelt, Col. U. S. A. (Retired). United Service,

Dec., 8 pp. Descriptive of a raid under Sherman into Mississippi.
Chivalry. A Day with. John B. Osborre. Cosmop., Dec., 6 pp. Illus. Descrip-

tive oi a tournament of the 16th Century.
Columbian Celebration (the), Thc Lesson of. The Rev. J. V. O'Connor. Dona-

hoe's Jlag., Dec., 3 PP.
Duck-Shooting in Australia, Maurice McCartlıy O'Leary, Cosmop., Dec., 6 pp.,

Illus. Descriptive.
Elephant (A Rogue); or, A Chapter of Wild Sport in Ceylon. F. FitzRoy Dixon.

Outing, Dec., 2 pp., Illus.
Gold Money Without Gold. N. C. Fredericksen. Bankers' Mag., London, Nov.,

7 PP.
Gold, Silver, and Currency in the East. Banhers' Nlag., London, Nov., 9 pp.
Goose-Shooting in the South Platte Valley. J. N. Hall, M.D. Outing, Dec., 3.

pp. Illus. Descriptive. Guns and Forts. Lieut.-Col. W. R. King. Four. of the Military Service Institu

tion, New York, Nov., 21 pp. Indian Corn: Its Use in Europe as a Human Food. George William Hill, Chau

tanquau, Dec, 542 pp. Indebtedness of the United States Governmegt. A. B. Nettleton, Asst. Sec. of

the Treasury. Chautauquan. Dec., 4+ pp. A statement of the public debt. Internal Revenue System of the United States. Judge W. W. Carruth. Chautau

quan, Dec., 4 pp. Descriptive of its methods, etc.
Japan Revisited. A Japanese Watering-Place. Sir Edwin Arnold. Cosmop.

Dec., II pp. Illus. Descirptive.
Louisville: A Sketch. George H. Yenowine. Cosmop., Dec., 8 pp. Illus. His-

torical and descriptive.
Mark Twain's Big Namesake. Frank M. Chapman. St. Nicholas, Dec., 6 pp.

Illus. Descriptive of the big tree known as ihe “ Mark Twain.'
Mocking-Bird (The), When It Sings. Maurice Thompson. Cosmop. Dec., 7 pp.

Illus. The habils of the mocking-bird, etc.
Moose (llie), Hunting. S. R. Clarke. Outing, Dec., 5 pp. Illus. Descriptive.
Pacú-Fishing on the Upper Paraguay. H. H. Smith. Outing, Dec., 3 pp. De-

Postboy (the), From, to the Fast Mail. Elizabeth Satterfield. St. Nicholas, Dec.,

5 PP. Illus. The postal-service of bygone days.
Seamanship, A Plea for. C. H. Rockwell, Commander U. S. N. United Service,

Dec., 6 pp.
Skobeleff's Last Campaign. Capt. Charles H. Clark. Jour of the Military Ser-

vice Institution, New York, Nov., 31 pp. With Maps.
Sultan (the), The City of. The Rev. W. H. Withrow, D.D. Meth. Mag. Tor-

onto, Dec., 12 PP. illus. Descriptive.
Wheel and Camera, Around the World With, Minneapolis to Miles City. Frank

G. Lenz. Outing, Dec., 7 Pp. Illus. Descriptive.
World's Columbian Exposition, les Cost and Resources. Major Joseph Kirkland.

Chautauquan, Dec., 4 pp.
Youcan (the), A Journey to. The Rev. W. W. Kirby. Written Thirty Years Ago.

Manitoban, Winnipeg, Nov.. 5 pp.


Billaud Varenne, Unpublished Memoirs of. Nouvelle Rev., Paris, Oct. 15, Nov.

I, pp. 27, 28. Two portions of the Memoirs of a man conspicuous during ihe first

French Revolution, who died in 1819.
Gladstone. Marie Dronsarl. Correspondant, Paris, Oct. 25, PP. 35.

Last of six
parts of a Study of the G. O, M,
Quinet (Edgar). Emile Faguet. Rev. des Deux Mondes, Paris, Nov. 1, pp. 32.
Study of the works of Quinet.

Art in French Provinces. Henry Jouin. Nouvelle Rev., Paris, Nov. 1, pp. 25.

First paper.

Education (Correctional) for Young Girls in France and other Countries. Henri

Joly. Correspondant, Paris, Oct. 10 and 25, pp. 20, 21. Two of a series of

papers. Egypt, Grecian Schools in. J. Fournier-Lefort. Nouvelle Rev., Paris, Nov. 1,

Descriptive of schools at Alexandria, in which much time and care are given to the study of the French language.

PP. 8.

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