Lapas attēli

the cultur: of the Bronze Age, of which it is the crown and flower. Across Europe, from the Greek peninsula to the Baltic, this civilization stretches; and though in Greece it ripened to an early fall, and was destroyed by the barbarian Doric invasion, it retained its hardy form in the North and in Italy. When we come down to about soo B. C., we find that the arts stood high in Northern Italy. The requireinents of the carpenters and joiners of that age had led them to invent the most perfect forms of chisels, and our mortising chisel and flat chisel with a tang, have not received any improvement in the details of their form for 2,700 years. The Bronze Age is the source of the objects we now use. Thence these types were carried into Egypt, a couple of centuries later, by the Greeks.

When we descend further, we see this independent culture of Europe prominent. The Saxons and Northmen did not borrow their weapons, their laws, or their thoughts, from Greece or Italy. The Celts swamped the south of Europe at their pleasure. Against the fullest develo nt of Greek militaty science, they were yet able to penetrate far south and plunder Delphi. They were powerful enough to raid Italy right across the Etrurian territory. When we look further east, we see the Dacians with weapons and ornaments which belong to their own civilization and were not borrowed from Greece. In short, Greece and Italy did not civilize Europe; they only headed the civilization for a brief period. The Italian influence, which was much the more powerful, lasted for a couple of centuries only. From Cæsar's campaigns to the end of the Antonines is the whole time of Italian supremacy. After that there never was a Roman emperor, except during a few ephemeral reigns. The centre of power and authority in Europe was in the Balkan peninsula. The emperors were mainly natives of that region; and the northern Holy Roman Empire of Gerinany has its roots practically in the third century.

Civilization in Europe is, then, an independent growth, borrowing from, and lending to, the East. We are yet on the threshold only of understanding the sources of the knowledge, the arts, and the culture which we have inherited from a hundred generations.

at home, but his sister, Nora Blanchard, was, and knowing something of the treatment of asthma went in his stead, Mrs. Travers was sent to the hospital, where, as she recovered health, it was discovered that she was a dipsomaniac.

After leaving the hospital she became drunk, and Roland Graeme saw her in the hands of two policemen. He begged them to call a cab, and let him take her to the hospital, but in vain; and as they turned away with their helpless charge. Roland espied a locket which the poor woman had apparently dropped. Opening it, he found two likenesses, both of which were familiar to him. Herself in the brightness of early maidenhood, and the Rev. Mr. Chillingworth, looking some years younger than he then was.

She was a beautiful girl when Mr. Chilling worth married hier, but having been given liquor as a stimulant in sickness, an inborn craving asserted itself, and she was thenceforth powerless to combat its influence. Her husband felt that such a tie would be an absolute bar to his usefulness, and crossed over to America, lea written instructions to the poor young wife to go to her aunt, to whom he would remit the costs of her support. At her aunt's death she came to America with her cousin, a Miss Travers. The ship was wrecked, the cousins got into different boats, and Miss Travers was drowned. A handkerchief on her person marked Cecelia Chillingworth led to Mrs. Chillingworth being reported as dead, and so her reverend husband felt himself free to lempt fate once more.

While the wife was in the hospital the second time, Mr. Chillingworth contracted diphtheria, and allowed himself to be removed there. He had learned that his wife was alive, had awakened to the conviction that he had shirked his duty in deserting her. His wife attended him in his sickness, and sucked the poison from his mouth-probably thereby saving his life. He recovered, but his wife succumbed, realizing that it was better so.

THE present home of the Ainu is the island of Yezo and the Kurile


ROLAND GRAEME: KNIGHT. A Novel of Our Time. By

Agnes Maule Machar. New York: Fords, Howard, & Hulbert. 1892. (Our knight was no creation of princes, but none tle less he made it his mission "to ride (or at least to walk) abroad, redressing human wrongs.

Roland Graeme was a member of the Knights of Labor, a man who had entered their ranks both that he might inspire them with confidence, and be able to see with their eyes. But while Roland Graeme is the hero and chief actor in the story, the central figure in the plot, the interest is by no ineans concentrated in him. Numerous characters, male and female, tread the stage and play their several parts, each and all making it their function both to interest and convey a moral. But for the evident purpose of the writer to make the work a vehicle for the communication of her views on the labor-problem, we would say that the chief characters in the work were the Rev. Mr. Chilling worth and his family.]

R.CHILLINGWORTH was a beautiful” preacher; his language

was well-chosen, his delivery eloquent, and his treatment of the duties of self-denial, the bearing of the Cross, the effort to live up to the Divine example, were moving in the extreme. He had driven one young lady of good family to become a hospital-nurse, and made many others impatient to find some field of profitable labor in the Master's vineyard. But the Rev. Mr. Chillingworth had studied these problems of the Christ-life on the theoretical side only, and when he was interrupted in the midst of the composition of a well-rounded phrase on the easy-going, selfish materialism of the age, by a call from Roland Graeme, who wanted his support for a new paper, The Brotherhood, he was impatient at the interruption; and when Roland Graeme got as far as the words “ spirit of Christian socialism," he became quite angry and declined all further conversation on the subject.

As Roland was leaving the door a quaint, shabbily dressed but really beautiful little girl made her appearance, and selecting Mr. Chillingworth as the object of her search, commenced :

“ Please, minister, my mother is very ill, and she wants

“ I never give anything to begging children,” said the clergyman sternly: "if your mother wants anything, she can come herself."

But the mother could not come. Roland Graeme took the lilile one along with him, and on his way called on another clergyman-a genial, practical Christian, who smiled pleasantly at Roland Graeme's enthusiastic altempts to inaugurate the millennium, but clearly saw that his immediate duty was to accompany little Miss Travers, as she styled herself, to her sick mother's room.

The poor woman was suffering severely from asthma and want of nourishment, and medical help was summoned. The doctor was not

THE AINU OF JAPAN: the Religion, Superstitions, and General

History of the Hairy Aborigines of Japan. By the Reverend John Batchelor, C.M.S., Missionary to the Ainu. With Eighty Illustrations. 12mo, pp. 336. New York and Chicago: Fleming H.

Revell Company. [When the present race of Japanese obtained a foothold in the islands of the Empire, these were in possession of a people who had been there for ages before. This people, called the Ainu, were gradually driven by the Japanese from the south towards the north of this “ Land of the Rising Sun," until now there are but sixteen or seventeen thousand of them lest. During the last ten years the author of this volume has lived much among the Ainu from time to time, and here we have the result of his observations of them. We give some of the characteristics of the ancient race noted by Mr. Batchelor.] 'HE

Islands belonging to the Japanese Empire, in its extreme northern part, and Saghalien, which is now a part of Russia. Only the Yezo Ainu are spoken of in this book. All writers describe the Ainu as a hairy race, but, as a rule, they are not as thickly covered with hair as some would have us believe.

They are of small stature. True Ainu men, who have no Japanese blood in their veins, are, on an average, five feet, four inches high, and the women five feet, one and a half or two inches. The Ainu and Japanese half-breeds are smaller. Of these the men average five feet two inches, and the women five feet.

Cleanliness is not a marked characteristic of the Ainu. There are but two occasions when they ever wash themselves—at bear-feasts and funerals-and then they wash their faces and hands only. The result is that any person who possesses, even in a small degree, the sense of smell, does not find their company agreeable.

The Ainu and Japanese languages are wholly different, and the former may be regarded as a language altogether isolated at the pres. ent day. The Ainu has no alphabet, no writing, no numbers above a thousand.

That the Ainu formerly extended all over Japan, and were in that country long before the present race of Japanese, is proved by the fact that many interesting names of towns, from Satsuma in the south to Shikotan in the north, are Ainu, finding 10 place in the Japanese language, and being Chinese only inasmuch as they are wrilten with Chinese characters, Even the famous sacred mountain of Japan, Fuji-yama, owes its name to the Ainu tongue. At the same time it is pretty clear that the Ainu were not the only aborigines of Japan. There was a prior race which dwelt in pits and were shorter in stature than either the Japanese or Ainu.

This ancient people is a nation of drunkards. Fully ninety-five per cent. of the Ainu get drunk whenever they can obtain sake enough, and to be drunk is their supreme ideal of happiness. The women drink to excess whenever they have the opportunity. This excess in the use of intoxicating drinks is one of the causes of the decrease of the people, who are slowly, but surely, passing away.




The Press.

Delaware); doubtful, 45 (New York, West Viro triumphant Administration, soon to close ginia, and Delaware); Weaver, 3 (Nevarla). the most eventful and important of any since

The New York Press (Rep.) on Nov. 7 the war,-and Republicans made no mistake in

printed this estimate, crediting it to Mr. J. S. naming him as their standard-bearer in the THE PRESIDENTIAL ELEC- Clarkson; Harrison, 211; Cleveland, 164' (in- recent contest. Aside from the personal aspects

cluding New Jersey, four Michigan votes, and of his recent overshadowing bereavement, it TION.

all the Southern States but West Virginia and was extremely unfortunate, politically considDelaware); doubtful, 69 (New York, Connecti- ered, in that it removed from the campaign

cul, Indiana, Nevada, West Virginia, and Dela during the critical weeks immediately precedAt the time of going to press (Wednesday ware).

ing the election the splendid personality of the

The New York Herali (regarded as strictly President. His utterances have never failed afternoon) it is impossible to state with certainty how the Electoral vote will stand. There independent and impartial in its news columns) to inspire that solid enthusiasm and confi

last Sunday printed an exhaustive review of dence which find expression in practical is some doubt about Ohio, and three or four of the situation, and absolutely predicted Cleve support and in votes. The future histothe far Western States. The New York Herald land's election, The Herald declared that rian

well omit reference the of Wednesday gave Cleveland 299 Electoral Cleveland was certain of New York; equally sad death in the White House as an active, votes, Harrison 119, and Weaver 26. It classed certain of New Jersey; that the chances favored potent factor in the result. The noble manner

him strongly in West Virginia, Indiana, and in which President Harrison has conducted among the Cleveland States both California Connecticut; that Kansas, Idaho, and Nevada himself during these trying weeks and months, and Ohio, and counted five Michigan votes for were “lost to the Republicans,” and that Wis- preserving his balance and self-control, neither Cleveland. The Weaver States, according to consin, Montana, Oregon, and lowa were "dis- allowing he public service to suffer, nor yet the Herald, are Colorado, Kansas, and Ne-tinctly in doubt.”. Its news from Illinois was unmindful of the duty at his home, making no

favorable to Harrison. It prophesied 75,000 unseemly effort for honors which he deemed braska, with one vote added from Oregon.

majority for Cleveland in New York City, and the province of the people to confer—all this There is little doubt that Cleveland has a said that the most conservative Democratic attests anew the splendid manhood of Benheavy plurality of the popular vole;

estimates for the State at large claimed a plu- jamin Harrison, whose public career must ever The State of New York was not necessary rality of 22,000.

redound to the credit of the Repubrican party.

New York Times (Ind.-Dem.). Nov. 7.- President Harrison grows daily in the regard to Cleveland's election. Assuming that he Cleveland, 232 (all the Southern States, Con- of the American people. History will rank carries Ohio and California, he would have necticut, Indiana, New Jersey, New York. and him on the list of America's greatest stateshad a clear majority of the Electoral College six Michigan votes); · Harrison, 169; Weaver, men. even if New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, 10 (Idaho, Nebraska, Nevada, four Minnesota

voles, and one Oregon vote); doublful, 24 Philadelphia Press (Rep.), Nov. 10.-HisWest Virginia, Delaware, and all the Michigan (Colorado, lowa, North Dakota, and South tory will justify President Harrison and his votes had gone against him. Dakola).

Administration, however the votes of the day Iowa stands alone among the States that New York. Sun (Dem.), Nov. 6.-Cleveland, may condemn it. He has been a good Presi

His Administration has been able, honwere spoken of before election as possibly 174 (all the Sonthern States, New Jersey, and dent.

five Michigan votes); Harrison, 188; Weaver, est, and free from all reproach. His public favorable to Cleveland. There seems to be a

3 (Nevada); doubtful, between the Democrats acts have been accompanied by a private life considerable Republican plurality in Iowa. and Republicans, 72 (New York, Indiana, Con- and a display of personal ability which has

There is no more interesting feature of the necticui, Wisconsin, and Montana); doubtful, profoundly impressed the country, and which results than the reëlection of Governor Russell favoring Weaver, 7 (North Dakota and South will not be forgotten. Denied second Dakota).

term, President Harrison will take into private (Dem.) in Massachusetts. This is his third

The New York World (Dem.) on Nov. 6 life four months hence a respect and regard not successive triumph in that Republican State. printed Democratic and Republican estimates confined to party, and as broad as the nation. His success this time is made the more re-of the result. The Democratic estimate He brought to the work of government, equipmarkable by the fact that Massachusetts gives showed 244 for Cleveland (all the Southernment, familiarity with public affairs, and ac

States, Connecticut, Indiana, New Jersey, New , quaintance with public men. The value of all a large plurality for the Harrison Electors.

York, Wisconsin, and six Michigan votes); 105 this has constantly been apparent in his AdIt seems to be conceded on all hands that for Harrison; 42 for Weaver (Colorado, Idaho, ministration, and his public life has been the Republicans will lose control of the United Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, accompanied by the simple life, the Christian States Senate after the 4th of next March. South Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming), principle, and the family love and affection The Democratic majority in the House of and 53 doubtful (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, dear to and honored by the American people.

Montana, and Oregon). The Republican es- Twice he has gone through the fire of a PresiRepresentatives is reduced, but remains large timate gave Harrison 269 (including Connec- dential canvass, and through it all no flaw has -possibly as large as 75.

ticut, Indiana, and New York); Cleveland, 163 been found in his personal character, and no Although the People's party carried several (all the Southern States excepting West Vir- chapter laid bare in all his past life which all the

world cannot know. No President who has far Western States with the help of the Demo- ginia and Delaware, with New Jersey an

Three Michigan votes); Weaver, 3 (Nevada), held the Presidency for a single term will cratic endorsements of their tickets, the

and classed Delaware and West Virginia (9 occupy a higher position than will President strength of the People's party in the House votes) as doubtful.

Harrison in the calm verdict of history, and apparently is diminished rather than increased. New York Recorder (Rep.), Nov. 7.—“Not among those who have been President for two Two of the leaders of the party, Watson of since the second election of Lincoln and the terms, he equals in civil administration any but Georgia and Simpson of Kansas, are defeated. first and second elections of General Granı two or three of the greatest.

have the prospects of Republican success been Yet in consequence of the fusions in the West, brighter than they are to-day”-etc. [N.B.-

New York Sun (Dem.), Nov. 9. — The the People's party will be able to choose sev- Lincoln won in 1864 by 213 votes to 21. Grant (wenty-third President of the United States eral new United States Senators.

von in 1868 by 214 to 21, and in 1872 by 286 will go out of office on the 4th of next March, to 42.]

having earned the respect and sincere esteem So far as can be judged from the meagre returns of the Prohibition vote, the Prohibi-Shepard's paper), Nov. 7.Harrison will be decreed that Benjamin Harrison shall figure in New York Mail and Express (Col. Elliott F. of his fellow-countrymen, Democrats as well as

While the political Fates have tion party has strengthened itself materially. elected. The President may have 100 majority history as a one-term President, that one term Its vote seems to be increased throughout the in the Electoral College.

will stand without the disfigurement of any country, and especially in the closely con

serious scandal, and marked with many credittested States.

GOOD WORDS FOR PRESIDENT HAR-able deeds and important public services. It

is - a pleasant thing to remember that in the

canvass just ended few words have been said PREELECTION

New York Mail and Express (Rep.), Nov. 9. or written concerning General Harrison which
-Whatever may have been the result of this represent him as anything but what he is,

election, Benjamin Harrison, the President of namely, a man of superior intellect and eleW. F. Harrity, Chairman of the Democratic the United States, comes out of the contest in vated character, and a Chief Magistrate whom National Committee, in the New York Herald honor and in growing esteem on the part of the country can always regard with admiration. last Monday predicted Cleveland's election by citizens, irrespective of their political affiliathis vote: the South, 159; New York, 36; New lions. He embraces in his character the solid New York Worlu (Dem.), Nov. 10.—PresiJersey, 10; Connecticut, 6; Indiana, 15; Mich- virtues that mark men and gentlemen. His dent Harrison, as the candidate of the Republiigan, 6; Wisconsin, 12—total, 244.

career in its public aspects has won him dis- can party and the representative of what we conJoseph H. Manley, of the Republican Na- tinction at home and abroad; while in the rela- sider wrong principles and evil policies in the tional Committee, in an interview in the New tions of private life he has displayed conduct of the Goverment, has been criticised York Heralit last Monday made this forecast: lhat earnestness and sincerity which in- in his public character and record at a time Harrison, 231 (including Connecticut, Indiana, spire confidence and

promote admira- when, if only personal considerations could and nine Michigan votes); Cleveland, 165 tion. 'The Republican party made no have been allowed to prevail, every man with (New Jersey, five Michigan votes, and all the mistake in elevating Benjamin Harrison a heart in his breast would have preferred to Southern States excepting West Virginia and 'to the Presidency, shown by his leave him untouched. We have endeavored






and Democrats

generally have endea- disregard that self-respecting and independent | money cannot stop a landslide nor block an vored to respect the personal grief which sentiment which gave the triv:nph of yester- avalanche. The election has proved lo be a has afflicted him during the latter portion day.

landslide, an avalanchie, a cyclone, a lidal-wave of the campaign. It is also proper to say, and

-everything thal lypifies irrisistible power. it affords us pleasure to say, that however

New York Sun (Dem.), Nov. 9.—The mes The overlaxed, insulied, defied People have auch we differ with the President in political sage which went South over the wires this risen in their might and overwhelmed the Recreed, and however severely we have felt morning is worth a thousand millions of dol- publican party. The voters have entered final

No obliged to condemn some of his public acts, we lars to that section of our great republic:

judgment upon the verdict twice rendered recognize that in all the relations of private Force Bill! No Negro Domination!” Every by them in condemnation of the Republican life he is a man without reproach, and that in patriot in the land must rejoice that the black policy and practices. The issues in a national his public acts he has simply represented and cloud which for several months has overhung election have never been more thoroughly deexecuted the will of his party,

the free and prosperous South, is at last and bated or more generally understood. The will of forever dispelled. “No Force Bill! No Ne- the people must now become the law of the land. gro Domination!” A new bond unites the To defy them further, as the Republican Sen

Democracy of the Southern States with their ate and Administration have done for two years THE GENERAL RESULT.

brethren of New York, Indiana, and New Jer- past; would be moral treason. It is a great New York Evening Post (Ind.-Dem,), Nov. sey. Together they have won the great and victory, well and worthily won. The Demo9.-Mr. Cleveland's iriumph to-day has been final battle for home rule and honest elections, cratic party displayed the courage of its conlargely due to the young voters who have free from Federal bayonets and hired Repub. victions in its nomination for President. It come on the stage since the reign of passion lican bulldozers. “No Force Bill! No Negro wanted Grover Cleveland as its candidate and and prejudice came to an end and the era of Domination!” These same words have been it nominated him. It believed in its princidiscussion has opened. If the last canvass has ringing through every Southern State since ples and boldly declared them. Courage and consisted largely of appeals to reason, to facts, early summer. Now ihey have a new signifi- honesty have ivon. to the lessons of human experience, to the cance.

Long live the Republic! Up to this morning the inspiring teachings of Christianity and science, and has phrase has been a battle-cry. Now it is the New Work Daily News (Dem.), Nov. 9.– brought confusion on the preachers of media- glad announcement of a fact accomplished. There is one lesson that yesterday's grand val barbarism and abusurdity; if it has put a There will be no Force Bill. There can be no victory leaches above all others, and it is that stamp of horror and contempt on the attempts return of the black days of Negro Domination. this is a great nation, and that the people who to make mutual hate a necessary accompani- The Sun from the botiom of its heart congratu- comprise it are to be relied on to do the right ment of peaceful industrial competition-thus lates the free South, and renews 10 every thing in an emergency. It looked at one time furnishing Socialism with one of its best weap- Southern Democrat the assurances of ils distin as if the money power, unscrupulously choosons—it is to Mr. Cleveland, let us tell them, guished consideration.

ing its agents from the jail-birds of the counthey owe it. But they are indebted to him for

try, would prove successful in its efforts to something far more valuable than even this New York Staats-Zeitung (Ind.-Dem.), Nov. prevent the popular will. The result shows, for an example of splendid courage in the de- 9.—The confidence in the intelligence and the bowever, that no matter how many the dollars fense and assertion of honestly formed opinions; moral worth of the people has in this campaign may be, the manhood of our American electors of Roman constancy under defeat, and of pa- | been rewarde:1 in a brilliant manner. Such a is proot against them, if the principles weightient reliance on the power of deliberation campaign as the yonng Democracy conducted ing on the other side of the scale are rightly and persuasion on the American people. Noth- this year had perhaps never before been carried

presented. ing is more important in these days of on by a party in the United States. It con“boodle,” of indifference, of cheap bellicose sisted throughoul of the noblest appeals to the New York Herald (Ind.), Nov. 9.–The decipatriotism than that this confidence in the understanding of the people upon the economi- sion of the people shows that at last they have might of common sense and sound doctrine cal, political, and moral significance of tariff awakened to the fact that a high tariff protects and free speech should be kept alive. Next to reform. The misrepresentation of the efforts capital, but does not protect labor. That it this in importance is the honor and reward of of the Democracy in this respect was refuted in sweils the profits of employers, but does not those who display it in a high degree as Mr. a masterly manner, and the dangerous tenden- increase the wages of employés. That ProCleveland has done.

cies toward class rule which the Republican tection is a boon to protected manufacturers, Yea, let all good things await

party has fostered were so clearly exposed that because it cuts off foreign competition by clos. Him who cares not to be great,

this proof necessarily produced a crushing ing American markets to English manufactures. But as he saves or serves the State.

effect. This was the overshadowing motive But that it must prove ruinous to American Let his great example stand

power which characterized the Democracy in wage-earners, because by closing our Colossal, seen of every land,

ihis fight. The party thereby won backihe po- kets to English manufactures it will close And keep the soldier firm, the statesman pure; sition it had held in its best days as the original English factories and mills, throw English Till in all lands and through all human story The path of duty be the way to glory.

defender of the pure idea of popular rule and the operatives out of employment, and cause a

antagonist of aristocratic tendencies, especially flood tide of English cheap labor to flow into New York Times (Ind.-Dem.), Nov. 9.-It those of the worst of all aristocracies, that of this country and overrun the entire field of is preëminently a victory of courage and fidel- money, the poisoner of public life. Quite in American skilled labor. Awakened to the ity to principle. The Chicago Convention, in harmony with this principal position taken by disastrous tendencies of Protection and realiztaking Mr. Cleveland as its candidate, planted the Democracy was that which it took in ing the danger menaced by English cheap labor, itself firmly on the ground of princible. Il set several States on certain State questions, the people have rendered their verdict. It is forth distinctly and bonestly the policy for namely, in Illinois and Wisconsin, where it as against Protection and against English cheap which it asked the approval of the country, sumed the struggle against the nativistic fight labor. It is for American skilled labor and and defined, without prevarication or evasion, upon the private schools. This contributed | American wage-earners. The result is a popular the issue on which it challenged the party in very considerably to the change in Illinois. In triumph for national congratulation. It is the power to go before the people. And through-thai State the Germans contributed greatly to voice of the American people that there shall out the canvass it has fought on those lines. the success of the Democracy, but not there be in this country no English cheap labor. The campaign on the Democratic side has been only. Everywhere the ties that bound Gerone of candid and able discussion. There have man-Americans to the Republican party, which New York Tribune (Rep.), Nov. 10.-It has been no claptrap, no appeals to purblind prej- so many had joined at the time of the agitation been a favorite Democratic argument during udice, no paltering in a double sense with the of the slavery question, were torn asunder. this campaign that, inasmuch as nothing seriquestion of the day. It has been an aggres- After disposing of that question the Republican ously hurtful to the interests of the country resive campaign, but the assaults have been gal- party had to push away just this element, sulted from Mr. Cleveland's former Administralantly and steadily directed against igno- owing to the overpowering nativism and grasp- tion, nothing harmful need be anticipated as rance, misrepresentation, and corruption. | ing spirit which prevailed in the party. In the result of his success now. The answer 10 In the overwhelming vote for Mr. Cleveland general, German-Americans contributed very this suggestion was that during Mr. Cleveland's speaks the voice of the conscience and intelli- considerably to make the mission of the De- former term a Republican Senate stood between gence of the Republic. The victory is truly mocracy that of guardianship of the people's him and his party and the practical carrying and profoundly a victory of the independent interests, as against individual interests. Their out of their policies, compelling him to advoters, of the men who have abandoned the influence in this respect was very weighty in minister the Government upon the lines laid Republican party because it had abandoned the National Convention, and throughout the down by Republican statesmen, and in substanright and justice and honor, and who upheld campaign this influence was used to preserve to tial if not willing, accord with Republican printhe Democratic party because that party was the party the principal characteristic by which ciples. But Mr. Cleveland's election has been loyally pledged to reform. Happily for the it out matched the opposition. The German brought about this time by majorities so decicountry and for the Democratic party, this adopted citizens have kept up their reputation sive, and it is coincident with the choice of so body of conscientious voters have shown a in this election fight, and they will know how large a Democratic majority in the House of power that will command respect, and that can to keep on preserving it.

Representatives, as to leave no room to doubt be retained only on the conditions on which it

that there is a reactionary sentiment among was secured. The victory is not over Repub New York World (Dem.), Nov. 9.— The the people against the measures which Republican partisanship alone, but over all blind people have triumphed over the Plutocracy. | lican statesmen have devised as progressive partisanship. It is impossible now to conceive Men are stronger than Money. The “ hidden and prolific of great public advantages. If, as of the formation in the near future of any na- and abhorrent forces” of corruption have not Republicans have generally anticipated, the tional party that will dare to rely on the influ- prevailed over the intelligence and virtue of election of Cleveland assures also the election ences and instrumentalities on which the Re- the voters. The World told the protected of a working Democratic majority in the Sen. publican paçty relied, or that will venture to I monopolists and their political agents that 'ate as well as in the House, we shall ex


The fetters thou hast broken.


best under vigilant and patriotic opposition, it 9.—The Republicans have made a strenuous, Democracy must be counted those which repu

pect the Democrats to show that they have the which had disgraced and belittled previous | been within a few years past foisted upon us by courage of their alleged convictions.

struggles were made conspicuous in this a Western politician, with no claim beyond We do not believe that Mr. Cleveland will be later one chiefly by their absence. Great hustle" to statesmanship, totally disavowed wanting in purpose. He is certainly regarded orators took to the stump; great leaders of by such Republican statesmen as Garfield, as as a man of resolution and readiness. Few thought discussed in the newspapers, maga. Sherman, and even as Blaine, will no longer have claimed for him any extraordinary meas-zines, and reviews the different principles and hang like a miilstone on the Republican party's ure of ability, but Republicans have generally policies which constituted the lines of division neck. To the spirit of independence and rebeen willing to concede that his perceptions between the two parties. The mails over- volt within the grand old party against McKinare reasonably clear, his motives generally flowed with political literature which was scat- leyism, best shown to-day in the great Repubpatriotic, and his nature earnest and strong. tered broadcast for the enlightenment of lican States of the Northwest, we might say iv He will enter upon this term of office knowing voters. In the truest and best sense was the the words of the poet Whittier to Roger it to be his last, and with a knowledge of the campaign one of education. It was one which Williams : country and an acquaintance with men and appealed not only to the intelligence, but to

No forge of hell can weld again affairs which he did not at all possess when he the interests of the electorate. Those things was first elected. If he can be judged by the which concerned the welfare, the prosperity of

Washington Post (Ind.-Rep.), Nov. 9.–To past, he will appreciate and accept the respon- the people were spoken and written about, and the manner of his election, and this is what all Democrats was carried on in every city, town, dom of his nomination from a Democratic sibility implied, not only by the fact but by the discussion of them by Republicans and Mr. Cleveland upon bis success the post ex

tends its sincerest congratulations. The wiscitizens who believe in the rule of the majority village, and hamlet, and into almost every standpoint is triumphantly vindicated. He was will wish to see. house.

nominated in the face of an adverse delegation

from his own State. He is elected with the New York Morning Adverliser (Rep.), Nov. Philadelphia Press (Rep.), Nov. 10. — Mr. 10.-In the end the American principle of Cleveland is not untried. The country knows party in New York never before so harmoniProtection will be strengthened by this check. who and what he is. It knows him as a man ously organized, and his bitterest opponents of Past experiences demonstrate that, like Antæus, and knows him as President. It is a matter of six months ago rendering him effective and

He will doubtless give the the cause of Protection is revivified every time satisfaction to every right-minded citizen of loyal support. it is thrown down. If we mistake not, the every party that the general sentiment towards country a clean, able, and honest Administra

tion. He will return to the Chief Magistracy spirit of the Republican party was never more him is one of personal respect. The observadetermined than it is today. During all the tion and experience of ten years in and out of with a practical experience of its duties and reverses of the Civil War the party held true place permit an intelligent and fair judgment. and give so much the greater assurance of his

obligations that will stand him in good stead to the righteous cause, and it triumphed in the Mr. Cleveland is not a great man. end. Its principles and policies are warred such brilliancy and fertility of mind as Mr. acceptability and usefulness to the people who upon to-day by the same malignant and abhor- Blaine. He has no such completeness and have so conspicuously honored him with their

confidence. elements that warred against the Union; quality of intellectual equipment as Presibut they will be steadily carried forward to dent Harrison. He is not the equal of Gen

Piltsburgh Times (Rep.), Nov. 9.— That permanent triumph. There must be no waver- eral Harrison, either as a lawyer, or as an there was gross blundering in the management ing, no turning back, no deviation from the orator, or as a statesman. He does not match of the Republican canvass cannot be denied. right. Protection is the true American sys- his competitor in the range and fineness of his li there were no other evidence of this than tem, and it must be fought for and upheld. mental power. Indeed, there are Demo- the preposterous claims seriously made and Protection is the life and vitality of the Repub-cratic leaders like Senator Carlisle whe are believed by those who made the concerning lican party. The principle must prevail, for it much abler men. Mr. Cleveland's undoubted the vote of New York State it would require is righteous.

strength and his unquestioned command of no further demonstration. But blunders of

men lie in his force of will, in his robust virility management cannot explain the sweeping rePhiladelphia Record (Dem.), Nov.9. -Above of mind and in the impression of his rugged sults indicated by the reports from East and the economical results ihat are promised by honesty and independence of purpose, He is West. Republicans waited hopefully and conthis revolution is the consideration that it will not as able as some of the men about him, but fidently for the mature judgment of this elecdry up the floods of political corruption which he dominates them by his stronger personality. tion to correct the adverse verdict, hastily have overwhelmed the ballot and brought These are good qualities and they rightly given, in the Congressional elections of 1890, deep reproach upon popular government in inspire confidence. No fair-minded man will immediately after the McKinley Tariff Bill bethis country. The tariff beneficiaries will no underestimate Mr. Cleveland. And yet it is

came a law. longer be able to pervert the Government from none the less true that it is a proof of the povits legitimate functions; their money will cease erty of Democratic leadership that for ten

Chicago Hirald (Dem.), Nov. 9.– The extent to be a chief factor in the elections for the years and through three Presidential contests of the Democratic triumph, positive and emPresidency and for Representatives in Con- he should have been the master spirit of the phatic as it is, does not begin to equal the gress; and the party which shall maintain such party.

measure of the crushing defeat which the an alliance will fall lower and lower in public

American people administered to Republicanopinion until overtaken by dissolution. While

Philadelphia North American (Rep.), Nov. ism and Protection in the elections of yesterthe victorious Democratic Party will

In addition to the States swept by conscientiousvigorous fight. will be in the power of the Republicans to re- had much to contend against, and not the leasi diated the thieving Protective tariff without store their shattered lines by resolutely refus of their dificulties has been the persistent and adopting entire the Democratic faith. ing further obedience to the extreme behests of the tariff spoilers.

malignant effort of their adversaries to perThe first evidence of suade the wage-earning people that their pros- will ever be felt by a people who úlırough quiet,

Chicago Times (Dem.), Nov. 9.-No regret their contrition should be a solemn abjuration perity, which could not be disputed, has been in but effective, use of the ballot have caused this of that measure of Protectionist fanaticism and

too small proportion of the whole return. rapacity, the McKinley Act. Will they have

It great revolution. A Democratic Eexecutive

is the nature of man to consider that no es and a Democratic Legislature will use their the courage and moral force to rise to the oc- timate of his own contribution to a common power moderately and discreetly, but the casion ?

welfare can be too high. It is equally his dis essential reforms they have promised will be Philadelphia Times (Dem.), Nov. 9.

The position to feel that any burden he bears is wrought out in good faith. The people have election of Cleveland is a peaceful revolution, heavier than that of his neighbors. The soph. I decided that there shall be no further exaction and it will make no disturbance in the channels istries of Democratic argument have appar - of tribute for particular industries from the of finance, commerce, industry, and trade. It ently won many converts. Whatever may be general pocket, and Democracy in good time will recall the Government to severe honesty; the decision of this great Presidential contest will give effect to that decision. to all needful economy; to the largest freedom that will be recorded by the official figures, of the citizen, and to the sound Democratic there rests with the American people the Chicago Ncws-Recorid (Ind.- Dem.), Nov. 9.— policy of scrupulously maintaining “the great- single duty of accepting it with a patriotic Major McKinley bas prided himself as being the est good to the greatest number.” The victors suppression of personal disappointment. Napoleon of the Republican party. Yesterday will have no rude huzzas to Aling into the face

was the Waterloo for McKinley and McKinleyof so honored and honest a President as Ben Baltimore Sun (Dem.), Nov. 9. — The Re-ism. Just as the “suuken road” in the vivid words jamin Harrison; but the considerate of all publican party has received a lesson of Victor Hugo brought disaster and humiliation parties will rejoice that a Democratic victory significant than that taught it in 1890, and if it to Napoleon, so the hosts of the Republican has called so able, upright, and patriotic a man wishes 10 escape utter destruction it will turn party, binding themselves to the desperate amas Grover Cleveland to the Presidency. over a new leaf. But if it is joined to its idols bilion of their Napoleon-faced dictator, fell in

it will be better that it should perish with len the sunken road of the new ballot system. Philadelphia Ledger (Ind.-Rep.), Nov. 9.– in the general rejoicing that will go up for the Nothing could save McKinley from the ditch The contest was dignified from the start by the deliverance from the thraldom with which it ligged for him, soberly, silently, and remorsenomination of candidates without reproach in well nigh throttled popular liberty and has lessly by the people who pay the taxes and their private and public lives, and by their crushed the nation with burdensome taxation. who believe that revenue is a lax, and a tax clear and emphatic declaration of great princi

for anything but the honest expense of Govples by Republicans and Democrats. So

Boston Transcript (Ind.- Rep.), Nov. 9.—The ernment is an unwarranted hardship. In that excellent a beginning was followed by like · McKinley idea ”that the tariff should be for ditch McKinley will probably be left by the admirable management. The personal abuse, protection primarily and only incidentally for party he has brought to such disastrous defeat. misrepresentation, and detraction of candidates I revenue,-this barbarous solecism that has. If the party is to survive it will have to choose




1,500 10,000





500 500


600 33 000


1,472 4,495 3,139






9,000 20,000





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6,153 24.999


9,800 40.000 5,000

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new leaders and return to its older and better enough for many days. And so, as in days | all report large gains. The table which follows faith. McKinleyism is dead. gone by, let us

contains the estimate of the Voice, based upon Sound the bold anthem, the war dogs are howling, dispatches which follow, but which estimates Chicago Tribune (Rep.), Nov. 9. The Re. Proud bird of liberty screams thro' the air.

are in most cases considerably less than the publicans have been defeated in the national

figures reported to us from the States: contest, but they have made the best fight they St. Paul Pioneer-Press (Rep.), Nov.9.-The


1892 knew how. They have done nothing which they | Republican party has not yet recovered from

St. John. Fisk. Bidwell. are ashamed of. They have left nothing un- the popular prejudice against the McKinley Alabama

613 583 done which could be done honorably. Were they Bill, which two years ago, just after its enaci- Arkansas,

California to fight the battle over again they would adopt ment, rose like a deluge and swept away the

2,960 5,761 Colorado

761 neither new politics nor new methods. . Republican majority in Congress which had Connecticut. The Republicans suffered, as they have done enacted it.



Florida the last sixteen years, by the suppression of

168 Georgia

1,808 the votes of half a million of the Southern

- ConKansas City Journal (Rep.), Nov. 9.

Idaho.. members of the party and the loss of the Elec- fidentially speaking, this wildcat Democracy Illinois

12,074 21,695 toral votes of four states to which their can- seems to have walloped us. The McKinley Indiana.



3,550 8.000 didates are entitled. They suffered from the Bill did its own talking, but it does not seem


6,779 malignity of the Drys and by the unprincipled to have done its own fighting. The people of Kentucky


Louisiana.. fusion agreements made west of the Missis. the United States seem to think they want


2,691 3.800 sippi, which testified both to the dishonesty more of Grover Cleveland. The people of


2,827 4.767 6,000 and utter lack of principle of the Democrats the United States have exhibited a surprisingly Massachusetts.

8,701 and the besotted ignorance of the Republican poor taste.


18,403 Minnesota


15,316 Populists, the last named of whom could not see that a vote for Weaver was one for Cleve

Portland Oregonian (Rep.), Nov. 9.—The Mississippi land. And yet they would have won in spite industrial policy in the most prosperous time it Nebraska..

country has decreed a change of fiscal and Montana.. of these things if the Democrats had made a has ever known. This is largely the result of Nevada.mos

2,899 frank Free Trade fight and had told the work- the immense foreign vote in the great cities.

New Hampshire.


1.600 ingmen of this country just what it was that the labor vote, largely foreign, ignorant of New York.

New Jersey. they intented to do when they held the reins of the extent of its prosperity, has been misused North Carolina..

2,787 the Government. by demagogues, and has revolted against the



24.356 Chicago Inter-Ocean (Rep.), Nov. 9:--The will be seen when the prosperity on which labor Pennsylvania. best conditions it has ever known. Ils mistake Oregon


26,000 American people have turn progress and given their adhesion to the anti- has thriven as never before receives an inevit

5,969 American ideas so popular across the Ais able shock through legislation based on the Texas lantic in a manner we thought them incapable election of yesterday will be the beginning of a platform on which Cleveland is elected. The Vermont.


138 of.

Washington period of industrial stagnation.

West Virginia.


Wisconsin Cincinnati Commercial Gazette (Rep.), Nov.

San Francisco Chronicle (Rep.), Nov. 9.— The 9.-Not a few Republicans who are strong in people of the United States have declared in

150,626 249,945 their convictions and party loyalty favor tariff favor of the Democratic candidates, and, prereform-not the false pretenses of Mr. Cleve- sumably, of Democratic principles, and so the land, but genuine reform of the tariff laws United Siates is to have an era of Free Trade

A CONGRESSMAN IN PENNSYLVANIA. from time to time as they appear to need it. for at least two years, and possibly four. All Philadelphia Ledger (Rep.), Nov. 10.– The They endorsed the McKinley Tariff Bill as a good citizens, no matter how much they may Prohibitionists are used to political Waterloos

whole, but would have been glad to see some deplore the result, will bow to the popular as well as other kinds of water, but they have of its parts modified. They claim that a less verdict, but we venture to make this prediction, secured a Congressman in this State, according radical, though, no less wise and beneficent; that if this country shall have four years of to advices from Titusville-Hon. John C. Sibe measure might have been adopted which would Free Trade or of tariff for revenue only, there ley, who was nominated by the Prohibitionists have met with less popular objection.

will not be another Democratic victory for in the 26th District (Erie and Crawford Counhalf a century.

lies), and endorsed by the Democrats and PeoCleveland Leader (Rep), Nov. 9:—The vote

ple's party. Very little Congressional tea will be yesterday showed the effect of the immense in

worked off on Mr. Sibley. flux of foreigners in our large cities. New York,

THE PROHIBITION VOTE. Brooklyn, and Chicago all made unexpectedly large Democratic gains, due without doubt to the heavy accessions of foreign population. As soon as a foreigner arrives in either of the servative estimates of the Prohibition vote, New York Voice (Proh.), Nov. 10.-Con- THE RESULT IN NEW YORK STATE.

New York Sun (Tammany Dem.), Nov.9. — first-named cities he falls into the clutches of based upon the partial and incomplete returns The seventy-two delegates from New York to Democratic politicians, aspires to be a police found in the dispatches which follow, justify the Democratic Convention at Chicago signed officer or to hold some similar position, and the belief that the Prohibition party has again on June 20, 1892, a certificate of their belief swears allegiance to the Democrats before he made a splendid advance, polling not less ihan thai the nomination of Grover Cleveland would becomes a citizen. If the new Administration 350,000 in the nation as against the Fisk vote imperil the success of the Democratic party, moves upon Republican lines, industry will continue to thrive. Should the principles upon returns have been received

or 249,945 in 1888. Of 26 States from which by exposing the Democracy to the loss of the

a conservative Electeral vole of the Empire State. This which Mr. Cleveland has been elected be put estimate gives Bidwell some 272,000 votes statement was as honest as the sun is bright. into execution disaster would be inevitable; the

against 205,000 polled in the

It was as loyal as truth itself. Every delegate Democracy would be relegated to a long period States for Fisk. A similar increase through- representing the New York Democracy at of obscurity.

the Union would bring the vote Chicago signed the protest and warning, and

100,000 above the Fisk vote of 1888. The every Democrat of them not only believed Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.), Nov. 9. estimates upon which this splendid increase whai he said, but had good reason to believe - The campaign of education bas been ful- are based, are in almost every instance con- it. Why is it, then, that the prediction filled. A campaign of aggression has done its siderably below the figures and estimates unanimously rendered by so many loyal perfect work. Home rule, revenue reform, which have been telegraphed the Voice by its and representative Democrats of New York, and honest administration are the orders given correspondents and by Prohibition party offi- men in every instance in the best position Government by the people of the United cials in the several States. Particularly grati- 10 estimate accurately the sentiment of the States, and for the next four years at least they fying is the increase in New York State, State under existing conditions, should will constitute and embody the public policy. where returns from 31 of the 60 counties give not have been fulfilled by the event ? No more robber_tax laws, no further danger a vote for Bidwell of 21,700, as against a Fisk Simply because these

New York of any predatory Force Bill, but all the people vote of 16,000 in the same counties in Democrats, accepting in good faith the decision of all the sections in the saddle and a tariff for 1888. A similar increase throughout the of the Convention, went to work and worked revenue only. Let us give thanks to God, and State would bring New York's Bidwell vote from that day on with a determination that let us give thanks to the brave and true Demo- up from 30,000 to 40,000. Chairman Baldwin made the impossible possible. Never before crats who, disregarding original preferences estimates it at 43,000. Splendid gains are made in the history of American politics has there and predilections, buckled on their armor and in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa. California, been anything comparable to the achievement did such noble service in the debatable States. Kentucky, North Carolina, Texas, and Vir- of the Democracy of New York City, led by Among good Democrats there are no factions. ginia are reported to have doubled the vote of the leaders of Tammany Hall, and the DemocIn a great cause all minor differences disap. 1888. Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey racy of Kings, led by Hugh McLaughlin, and pear. Thus we triumph over organized rapac report from 20 10 25 per cent, increases. Wis- the Democracy of the State in general, led by ity and vindicate the right of the people, unawed consin and Nebraska hold up well under the David Bennet Hill and William F. Sheehan. by power and unbought by money, to rule, and Populist and fusion assault. Arkansas, Dela. | They have accomplished, we say, what was thus again is free government conclusively and ware, Florida, and Mississippi, where the Pro. impossible under the conditions existing at the aobly vindicated. Enough for one day. Glory I hibition vote bas heretofore been very small, 'date of the Chicago protest; and for the un.

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