Investigation of Federal Communications Commission, Hearings Before ..., 80:2 - Pursuant to Authority of H.Res. 691 ... 1948
United States. Congress. House. Select Committee to Investigate the Federal Communications Commission
action amendment application atheist believe broadcast licensees broadcasting station CALDWELL candidates for public censor censorship CHAIRMAN Columbia Broadcasting System Commis Commission's committee common carrier Communications Act Congress Congressional Constitution COTTONE counsel criminal defamation defamatory material discussion ELSTON enactment fact Federal Communications Commission filed freedom of speech Government grant HARRIS Houston Post Huron Broadcasting intended interpretation issue KFXD legally qualified candidate legislative history letter liability libel and slander libelous or slanderous MARGRAF material broadcast MCCARTHY mission National National Liberal League opinion permit person PETTY plaintiff political broadcasts political candidates political speeches Port Huron decision power of censorship prohibition proposed decision provision public interest public office question Radio Act radio station REAM religion religious broadcasts ROBERSON Scott decision section 315 Senate sion slanderous and libelous SMITH Sorenson statement statute Supreme Court telegraph company tion WHAM words
35. lappuse - These include the lewd and obscene, the profane, the libelous, and the insulting or "fighting" words those which by their very utterance inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace. It has been well observed that such utterances are no essential part of any exposition of ideas, and are of such slight social value as a step to truth that any benefit that may be derived from them is clearly outweighed by the social interest in order and morality.
89. lappuse - In the realm of religious faith, and in that of political belief, sharp differences arise. In both fields the tenets of one man may seem the rankest error to his neighbor. To persuade others to his own point of view, the pleader, as we know, at times, resorts to exaggeration, to vilification of men who have been, or are, prominent in church or state, and even to false statement.
9. lappuse - ... nothing in this Act contained shall in any way abridge or alter the remedies now existing at common law or by statute, but the provisions of this Act are in addition to such remedies...
35. lappuse - There are certain well-defined and narrowly limited classes of speech, the prevention and punishment of which have never been thought to raise any Constitutional problem. These include the lewd and obscene, the profane, the libelous, and the insulting or 'fighting' words those which by their very utterance inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace.
32. lappuse - If any licensee shall permit any person who is a legally qualified candidate for any public office to use a broadcasting station, he shall afford equal opportunities to all other such candidates for that office in the use of such broadcasting station: Provided, That such licensee shall have no power of censorship over the material broadcast under the provisions of this section. No obligation is hereby imposed upon any licensee to allow the use of its station by any such candidate.
89. lappuse - It is now a commonplace that censorship or suppression of expression of opinion is tolerated by our Constitution only when the expression presents a clear and present danger of action of a kind the State is empowered to prevent and punish.
127. lappuse - There is no dissonance in these declarations. There is a universal language pervading them all, having one meaning ; they affirm and reaffirm that this is a religious nation. These are not individual sayings, declarations of private persons: they are organic utterances; they speak the voice of the entire people.
116. lappuse - It is the purpose of this Act, among other things, to maintain the control of the United States over all the channels of interstate and foreign radio transmission ; and to provide for the use of such channels, but not the ownership thereof, by persons for limited periods of time, under licenses granted by federal authority...
89. lappuse - Nothing in this act shall be understood or construed to give the commission the power of censorship over the radio communications or signals transmitted by any radio station, and no regulation or condition shall be promulgated or fixed by the commission which shall interfere with the right of free speech by means of radio communication.
87. lappuse - Plainly it is not the purpose of the Act to protect a licensee against competition but to protect the public. Congress intended to leave competition in the business of broadcasting where it found it, to permit a licensee who was not interfering electrically with other broadcasters to survive or succumb according to his ability to make his programs attractive to the public.