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TABLE 1.-The competitive fats and oils situation in the United States, 1920–47

(Millions of pounds]

Average, Average, Average, Average,
1920-24 1925-29 1930-34 1935-39

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946

1947

2,054
3, 398
1,849

2, 860
3, 422
2,069

2, 433
3, 458
2, 244

2,824
2, 933
2, 192

3, 193
4, 106
2, 240

3, 754 4, 305 2, 268

3, 744
4, 642
2, 130

4, 158
5, 145
2,015

3, 974
5, 587
1, 818

3, 936
4, 281
1, 701

3, 806 4,092 1, 501

4, 431

777
1, 637

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Item

Production:

Vegetable oils and fats.
Animal and fish oils and fats.
Butter, creamery and farm.

7, 301

Total.
Less oil content of imported raw materials.

Production from domestic materials.
Importations:

Vegetable oils and fats
Animal and fish oils and fats.
Oil content of raw materials.

Total

Exportations:

Vegetable oils and fats.
Animal and fish oils and fats.

Total

Summary:

Production from domestic materials
Net imports..
Net change in stocks 1

Total apparent consumption.
Apparent consumption per capita (pounds per year).-

6, 783 61.9

8, 150 68.9

8, 269 66.1

9, 140 70.1

9,852 74. 6

11, 056

83.0

10, 309

76.5

10, 082

73.9

10, 406

75.4

9, 843 70.5

9, 343 66.2

10, 381

72. 7

1 Minus sign denotes decrease and plus sign an increase in stocks during each year. Source: Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census, Office of Domestic Commerce; and Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department of Agriculture.

TABLE 2.-Per capita consumption of the principal fats in the United States,

1912–47
[Pounds per capita]

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1912. 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922 1923.

24. 1925. 1926. 1927. 1928 1929 1930 1931. 1932. 1933. 1934. 1935. 1936. 1937 1938 1939 1940. 1941. 1942 1943 1944. 1915. 1946. 1947.

iii

16.6 16.5 17.0 17.2 17.3 15.8 13.8 15.3 14.8 16.2 17.0 17.8 18.0 18.0 18.5 18.1 17.5 17.4 17.2 18.0 18.1 17.8 18. 2 17.1 16.4 16.4 16.4 17.3 16.9 15. 9 15. 7 11. 7 12.0 10.8 10.3 11.2

1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.8 2. 7 3.3 3.4 3.4 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.6 1.8 1.6 1.9 2.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.3 2.4 2. 7 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8 5.1

18.1 18.0 18.4 18.6 19.1 18.5 17.1 18.7 18. 2 18. 2 18. 7 19.8 20.0 20.0 20.5 20.4 20.1 20.3 19.8 19.8 19.7 19.7 20.3 20.1 19.4 19.5 19.3 19.6 19.3 18.6 18.4 15.6 15.9 14.8 14. 1 16.3

11.3 10.8 10.7 11.6 11.7 10.1 11.9 10.7 12.0 10.8 13. 2 14.3 14.2 12. 2 12.2 12.7 13. 2 12.7 12.6 13.5 14.3 13.9 12.9

9.5 11. 2 10.5 11.0 12. 6 14.3 13. 7 13.1 13. 1 12.6 11.5 11.8 12.7

8.4 9.6 10.8 10.1

9.6 10.9 10.5 11.7 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.6 7.1 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.4 9.9 9.8 9.3 7.5 7.5 9.4 12.0 12.3 12.3 11.5 10.6

8.9 10.4 8.9 9.8 9. 2 10.0 10.1 9.4

1.0 1.8 3.7 2.9 1.8

.7 3.7 2.3 2.7 3.6 4.7 4.8 3.8 4.8 5.1 4.1 4.6 5.4 5.8 4.6 4.4 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.7 6.3 6.8 7.2 7.5 8. 2 7.6 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.3 6.0

20.7 22. 2 25. 2 24. 6 23. 1 21.7 26.1 24. 7 21.4 21.4 24. 6 25.7 25.1 26.7 26.9 26.5 27.2 28.0 28. 2 27.4 26.2 26.5 27.5 26.9 28.2 29. 1 29.3 30.4 30.7 32, 3 29.6 29. 2 28.4 27.5 28. 2 28. 1

38.8 40.2 43.6 43. 2 42.2 40. 2 43.2 43.4 39.6 39.6 43.3 45.5 45. 1 46. 7 47.4 46.9 47.3 48.3 48.0 47.2 45.9 46.2 47.8 47.0 47.6 48.6 48.6 50.0 50.0 50.9 48.0 44.8 44.3 42.3 42.3 44.4

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics,

TABLE 3.—Oleomargarine production, by types, United States, by calendar years

1917–47
(Thousands of pounds)

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1917

21, 803 262, 004 1918.

89, 133 258, 004 1919.

132, 906 218, 150 1920

189, 829 163, 391 1921.

99, 265 104, 586 1922

74, 127 104, 587 1923

93, 971 121, 721 1924.

97, 871 120, 053 1925.

108, 490 109, 663 1926.

116, 215 108, 870 1927

148, 576 109, 471 1928.

190, 788 101, 732 1929

215, 460 109, 502 1930.

211, 130

87, 017 1931.

162, 931 52, 876 1932.

155, 674

38, 604 See footnotes at end of table.

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TABLE 3.-Oleomargarine production, by types, United States, by calendar years

1917-47—Continued
[Thousands of pounds]

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1. This also includes "nut” types. 2 This is also reported to have included small quantities of oleomargarine made "exclusively from animal oil” from 1917 through 1925.

3 This total represents the sum of the quantities shown for each type and is the total as reported by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The total reported by the Bureau of Internal Revenue is considered to be more accurate, but it is not broken down by types.

4 Preliminary.
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department of Agriculture.

TABLE 4.--Materials used in the manufacture of oleomargarine, United States,

by calendar years, 1927-47

[Thousands of pounds]

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Corn oil..
Cottonseed oil..
Peanut oil.
Soybean oil.
Other vegetable 1

82 21
159 51 54 341

4 32
24, 621 26, 931 30, 173 27, 448| 16, 028 15,098 17,997 54,778 99, 504 108, 106

1, 238
4, 682 6, 329
6, 307 5, 787 4, 598

2, 511
2, 635
2, 744

4, 369 4, 140
11
2, 255 622

3

7 24 45 28

1, 740 14, 261 28 37 37

Total domestic vege

table..

29, 430 33, 309 36, 519+ 35, 686 21, 336 17, 666 20, 980 57, 551 105,685 127, 745

Babassu oil
Coconut oil.
Palm oil.
Other vegetable 2

1, 838 16,114 122, 576 159, 852 185, 507 177, 990 133, 118 123, 219 150, 096 123, 678 174, 315 150, 465 602 1, 169

1, 523

861
2, 428 261

544 66 3 1,400
119 91
1 55 253

602 2, 915

Total foreign vegetable. 123, 296 161, 112 187, 031 178, 906135, 799|123, 480 150, 640 123, 744 176, 758 170, 894

Lard neutral.
Oleo oil..
Oleo stearine.
Oleo stock
Other animal 3

24, 96025, 722 22,628 14, 905 9, 665 9, 415 8, 959
49, 508 44, 795 48, 226 38, 916 18,786 12, 453 15, 095 21,872 18, 227 18, 330

7, 486 3,005 2, 199 5, 387 5, 658 6, 134 6, 024 4, 884

3,684 3, 120 3, 478 2, 612 2,082 1, 440 1, 168

3, 550 1, 275 814 470 829 1, 454 2, 545 2,627

2, 390 1, 930 3, 018 1, 693 331 39

7 11

1

Total animal..--... 84, 482 80, 242 81, 174 62,813 34, 480 26,061 28, 010 34, 301 26, 235 26,009

Total all fats and oils... 237, 208 274, 663 304, 724 277, 405 191, 615 167, 207 199, 630 215, 596 308, 678 324, 648 Milk (mostly skim),

76, 235 93, 493 98, 840 90,201 61, 519 49, 044 58, 417 61, 903 83, 307 76, 386 Vitamin concentrate, salt and

other "conditioning" ingredients 4.

23, 637| 26, 604 29, 320 27, 640 17, 549 12, 991 14, 806 16, 619 22, 520 21, 386 Total miscellaneous.. 99, 872 120, 097 128, 160 117, 841 79,068 62, 035 73, 223 78, 522 105, 827 97, 772 Grand total....

337, 080 394, 760 432, 884 395, 246 270, 683 229, 242 272,853294, 118 414, 505 422, 420

See footnotes at end of table.

TABLE 4-Materials used in the manufacture of oleomargarine, United States,

by calendar years, 1927–47-Continued.

(Thousands of pounds]

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-

Corn oil
1, 796 566 489 421 627

1, 690

5,827 11, 480 Cottonseed oil.

9, 174 6,589 173, 617 142, 858 98, 656 115, 946 149, 930 166, 444 252, 109215, 008 253, 997 222, 814 322, 552

6,651 Peanut oil.

2, 880 3, 593 2, 445 1, 730 2, 210 920 4, 564 12, 295 10, 215 13,794 17,500 Soybean oil

31, 791 39, 885 70, 822 87, 103 75, 634 133, 346 198, 020211, 105 206, 642 200, 681227, 594 Other vegetable 1

27 12 13 12 259 4, 562 1,644 138 67 130 Total, domestic

vegetable ---- 210, 084 186, 929 172, 424 205, 213 228, 413 302, 659 465, 082 451, 532 480, 166 443, 945 574, 427 Babassu oil.

14, 607 11, 547 13,942 6, 150 946 332 Coconut oil..

73, 806 89, 520 38, 519 21, 780 29, 786 3, 491 Palm oil. 1, 0631

14, 508 21, 214 1

4 4, 991 1, 375 Other vegetable 2..

7,947 4, 815

473

1, 061
816

1

6
Total, foreign
vegetable. 97, 423 105, 882 52, 935 27, 934 36, 784 6,014

1 6 14, 508 21, 214 Lard neutral.

1, 748 1,464 1, 355 5, 100 8, 2008, 133 10, 694 9, 630 Oleo oil..

5, 786 12, 278 13,411 11, 866 14,332 18, 415 22, 495 17, 236 11, 938

2, 058 3, 145 Oleo stearin.

8, 841 2, 545 3, 297 3, 375 3, 282 3,067 3, 386

3, 058 2, 919 3, 448 3,079 Oleo stock

2, 510 2,086 1, 318

3, 701 1, 532 1,042 1, 260 1,919 3, 940 2,819 Other animal 3

2,092 1,304 335 649 69 164 296) 391 915 220 24 18 826

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Total, animal. 18, 719 19, 689 17, 399 24, 242 31, 988 37, 878 35, 112 26, 959 18, 465

7,042 11, 619

Total, all fats

and oils..

326, 226 312, 500 242, 758 257, 389 297, 185 346, 551 500, 194 478, 492 498, 637 465, 495 607, 260

Milk (mostly skim) - 72, 846 73, 169 58, 655 60, 961 67, 323 74, 875 104,389 101, 642 105, 002 96, 046 116, 242 Vitamin concentrate..

17 14 13 45

88

121 109 120 103 120 Salt and other “con

ditioning" ingredi. ents 4

19, 073 18, 218 13, 841 13,773 13,898 15, 312 21,758 21, 674 21,930 20,496 25, 893

Total, miscella

neous...

91, 919 91, 404 72, 510 74, 747 81, 266 90, 275,126, 268 123, 425 127,052 116, 645 142, 255

Grand total..

418, 145 403, 901 315, 268 332, 136 378, 451 436, 826 626, 462 601, 917 625, 689 582, 140 749, 515

1 Includes mustard oil, vegetable stearine, soybean stearine, linseed oil, cottonseed stearine, cottonseed flakes, soya flakes, and soya stearine flakes.

2 Includes rape oil, rice oil, sesame oil, palm kernel oil, sunflower oil, curicuri, palm stearine and palm: flakes.

3 Includes beef fat, butter tallow, whale oil, lard flakes, and monostearine.
4 Includes derivative of glycerine, lecithin, benzoate of soda, color, ostearine, and miscellaneous.
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department of Agriculture,

TABLE 5.—Percent of each type of fats and oils used in manufacture of oleomargarine, United States, 1927–47, by calendar years

(Percent]

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Total animal..

35.7

29.3

26.6

22.6

18. 0

15.6

14.0

15.9

8.6

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5. 7

Total all fats and oils..

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

See footnotes at end of table.

TABLE 5. —Percent of each type of fats and oils used in manufacture of oleomargarine, United States, 1927–47, by calendar years—Continued

(Percent)

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1 Less than 0.5 percent.

2 Includes linseed oil, cottonseed stearine, soybean stearine, vegetable stearine, cottonseed flakes, soya flakes, and soya stearine flakes, and mustard oil.

3 Includes palm flakes, palm 'stearine and rice oil, rape oil, seasame oil, palm kernel oil, sunflower oil and ouricuri.

Includes beef fat, tallow, lard flakes, butter, monostearine, and whale oil.

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