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limitations, prohibitions, charges, and exactions other than duties, imposed on importation or imposed for the regulation of imports. (d) Rate basis for additional increases or decreases;

restoration of terminated treaties forbidden. (1) When any rate of duty has been increased or decreased for the duration of war or an emergency, by agreement or otherwise, any further increase or decrease shall be computed upon the basis of the post-war or post-emergency rate carried in such agreement or otherwise.

(2) Where under a foreign trade agreement the United States has reserved the unqualified right to withdraw or modify, after the termination of war or an emergency, a rate on a specific commodity, the rate on such commodity to be considered as "existing on January 1, 1945" for the purpose of this section shall be the rate which would have existed if the agreement had not been entered into.

(3) No proclamation shall be made pursuant to this section for the purpose of carrying out any foreign trade agreement the proclamation with respect to which has been terminated in whole by the President prior to July 5, 1945. (June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title III, $ 350, as added June 12, 1934, ch. 474, § 1, 48 Stat. 943, and amended June 7, 1943, ch. 118, § 2, 57 Stat. 125; July 5, 1945, ch. 269, $$ 2, 3, 59 Stat. 410; Sept. 26, 1949, ch. 585, $$ 4, 6, 63 Stat. 698.)

AMENDMENTS 1949–Subsec. (a) amended by act Sept. 26, 1949, which deleted obsolete language referring to the depression which existed at the time of the original enactment of section.

Subsec. (b) amended by act Sept. 26, 1949, which inserted period in lieu of colon following Cuba, deleted the proviso which followed, and inserted in lieu thereof the last two sentences.

1945–Subsec. (a) (2) amended by act July 5, 1945, which omitted "existing" following "per centum any", and inserted“, however established

Act of Congress)," following "rate of duty" in second sentence.

Subsec. (b) amended by act July 5, 1945, which omitted "payable" following “That the duties", and substituted "however established

Act of Congress).” for “now payable thereon" in the proviso.

Subsec. (d) added by act July 5, 1945.

1943–Subsec. (a) (2) amended by act June 7, 1943, which inserted matter within parentheses in proviso.

SHORT TITLE Section 1 of act Sept. 26, 1949 provided that said act Sept. 26, 1949, which amended sections 1351 (a), (b), 1352 (c), and 1354 of this title and repealed sections 1357–1359 of this title, should be popularly known as the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1949.

Ex. ORD. No. 9832 Executive Order No. 9832, Feb. 25, 1947, 12 F. R. 1363, revoked by Executive Order No. 10004, Oct. 6, 1948, 13 F. R. 5851. Ex. ORD. NO. 10004. PROCEDURES FOR ADMINISTRATION OF

RECIPROCAL TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM Ex. Ord. No. 10004, Oct. 6, 1948, 13 F. R. 5851, superseded by Ex. Ord. No. 10082, Oct. 5, 1949, 14 F. R. 6105. Ex. ORD, NO, 10082. ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES FOR

RECIPROCAL TRADE-AGREEMENTS PROGRAM E. Ord. No. 10082, Oct. 5, 1949, 14 F. R. 6105, amended Oct. 13, 1950, 15 F. R. 6901, provided:

By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the statutes, including section 332 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (46 Stat. 698) (section 1332 of this

title] and the Trade Agreements Act approved June 12, 1934, as amended (48 Stat. 943; 57 Stat. 125; 59 Stat. 410; Public Law 307, 81st Congress) (sections 1351-1354 of this title), and in the interest of the foreign-affairs functions of the United States and in order that the interests of the various branches of American economy may be effectively promoted and safeguarded through the administration of the trade-agreements program, it is ordered as follows:

Part I-Organization 1. There is hereby established the Interdepartmental Committee on Trade Agreements (hereinafter referred to as the Trade Agreements Committee), which shall act as the agency through which the President shall, in accordance with section 4 of the said Trade Agreements Act, as amended (section 1354 of this title), seek informration and advice before concluding a trade agreement. With a view to the conduct of the trade-agreements program in the general public interest and in order to coordinate the program with the interests of American agriculture, industry, commerce, labor, and security, and of American financial and foreign policy, the Trade Agreements Committee shall consist of a Commissioner of the United States Tariff Commission, who shall be designated by the Chairman of the Commission, and of persons designated from their respective agencies by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, and the Administrator for Economic Cooperation. There shall likewise be designated from the foregoing agencies alternates to act in place of the members on the Committee when the members are unable to act. A member or alternate from the Department of State shall be the Chairman of the Trade Agreements Committee.

2. There is hereby established the Committee for Reci. procity Information, which shall act as the agency to which, in accordance with section 4 of the Trade Agreements Act, as amended, the views of interested persons with regard to any proposed trade agreement to be concluded under the said Act shall be presented. The Committee for Reciprocity Information shall consist of the same members as the Trade Agreements Committee or their alternates. A member or alternate from the Tariff Commission shall be the Chairman of the Committee for Reciprocity Information.

3. The Trade Agreements Committee and the Committee for Reciprocity Information may invite the participation in their activities of other government agencies when matters of interest thereto are under consideration. Each of the said committees may from time to time designate such subcommittees, and prescribe such procedures and rules and regulations, as it may deem necessary for the conduct of its functions.

Part 11-Conclusion of Agreements 4. Before entering into the negotiation of a proposed trade agreement under the Trade Agreements Act, as amended, the Trade Agreements Committee shall submit to the President for his approval a list of all articles imported into the United States which it is proposed should be considered in such negotiations for possible modification of duties and other import restrictions, imposition of additional import restrictions, or specific continuance of existing customs or excise treatment. Upon approval by the President of any such list, as originally submitted or in amended form, the Trade Agreements Committee shall cause notice of intention to negotiate such agreement, together with such list of articles, to be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER. Such notice and list shall also be issued to the press, and sufficient copies shall be furnished to the Committee for Reciprocity Information for use in connection with such hearings as the Committee may hold with respect thereto. Such notice, together with the list or a statement as to its availability, shall also be published in the Department of State Bulletin, Treasury Decisions, and the Foreign commerce Weekly.

5. Any interested person desiring to present his views with respect to any article in any list referred to in paragraph 4 hereof, or with respect to any other aspect of a proposed trade agreement, may present such views to the Committee for Reciprocity Information, which shall accord reasonable opportunity for the presentation of such views.

6. With respect to each article in a list referred to in paragraph 4 hereof, the Tariff Commission shall make an analysis of the facts relative to the production, trade, and consumption of the article involved, to the probable effect of granting a concession thereon, and to the competitive factors involved. Such analysis shall be submitted in digest form to the Trade Agreements Committee.

7. With respect to each article exported from the United States which is considered by the Trade Agreements Committee for possible inclusion in a trade agreement, the Department of Commerce shall make an analysis of the facts relative to the production, trade, and consumption of the article involved, to the probable effect of obtaining a concession thereon, and to the competitive factors involved. Such analysis shall be submitted in digest form to the Trade Agreements Committee.

8. Each Department and agency, officials from which are members of the Trade Agreements Committee, shall, to the extent it considers necessary and within the sphere of its respective responsibilities, make special studies of particular aspects of proposed trade agreements from the point of view of the interests of American agriculture, industry, commerce, labor, and security. Such studies shall be submitted to the Trade Agreements Committee.

9. After analysis and consideration of (a) the studies of the Tariff Commission provided for in paragraph 6 hereof, (b) the studies of the Department of Commerce provided for in paragraph 7 hereof, (c) the special studies provided for in paragraph 8 hereof, (d) the views of interested persons presented to the Committee for Reciprocity Information pursuant to paragraph 5 hereof, and (e) any other information available to the Trade Agreements Committee, including information relating to export duties and restrictions, the Trade Agreements Committee shall make such recommendations to the President relative to the conclusion of the trade agreement under consideration, and to the provisions to be included therein, as are considered appropriate to carry out the purposes set forth in the Trade Agreements Act, as amended. If there is dissent from any recommendation to the President with respect to the inclusion of any proposed concession in a trade agreement, the President shall be furnished a full report by the dissenting member or members of the Trade Agreements Committee, giving the reasons for his or their dissent.

10. There shall be applicable to each tariff concession granted, or other obligations incurred, by the United States in any trade agreement hereafter entered into a clause providing in effect that if, as a result of unforeseen developments and of such concession or other obligation, any article is being imported in such relatively increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten serious injury to the domestic industry producing like or directly competitive articles, the United States shall be free to withdraw or modify the concession, or suspend the other obligation, in whole or in part, to the extent and for such time as may be necessary to prevent such injury.

11. There shall be obtained from every government or Instrumentality thereof with which any trade agreement is hereafter entered into a most-favored-nation commitment securing for the United States the benefits of all tariff concessions and other tariff advantages accorded by the other party or parties to the agreement to any third country. This provision shall be subject to the minimum of necessary exceptions and shall be designed to obtain the greatest possible benefit for the trade of the United States.

Part 111Administration of Agreements 12. The Trade Agreements Committee shall at all times keep informed of the operation and effect of all trade agreements which are in force. It shall recommend to

the President or to one or more of the agencies represented on the Committee such action as is considered required or appropriate to carry out any such trade agreement or any rectifications and amendments thereof not requiring compliance with the procedures set forth in paragraphs 4 and 5 hereof. The Trade Agreements Committee shall, in particular, keep informed of discriminations by any country against the trade of the United States which cannot be removed by normal diplomatic representations, and, if it considers that the public interest will be served thereby, shall recommend to the President the withholding from such country of the benefit of concessions granted under the Trade Agreements Act, as amended. The Committee may also consider such other questions of commercial policy as have a bearing on its activities with respect to trade agreements.

13. The Tariff Commission, upon the request of the President, upon its own motion, or upon application of any interested party when in the judgment of the Tariff Commission there is good and sufficient reason therefor, shall make an investigation to determine whether, as a result of unforeseen developments and of the concession granted, or other obligation incurred, by the United States with respect to any article to which a clause similar to that provided for in paragraph 10 hereof is applicable, such article is being imported in such relatively increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten serious injury to the domestic Industry producing like or directly competitive articles. Should the Tariff Commission find, as a result of its investigation, that such injury is being caused or threatened, it shall recommend to the President, for his consideration in the light of the public interest, the withdrawal or modification of the concession, or the suspension of the other obligation, in whole or in part, to the extent and for such time as the Tariff Commission finds necessary to prevent such injury. In the course of any investigation under this paragraph, the Tariff Commission shall hold hearings, giving reasonable public notice thereof, and shall afford reasonable opportunity for parties interested to be present, to produce evidence, and to be heard at such hearings. The procedure and rules and regulations for such investigations and hearings shall from time to time be prescribed by the Tariff Commission.

14. The Tarifr Commission shall at all times keep informed concerning the operation and effect of provisions relating to duties or other import restrictions of the United States contained in trade agreements heretofore or hereafter entered into by the President under the authority of the Trade Agreements Act, as amended. The Tariff Commission, at least once a year, shall submit to the President and to the Congress a factual report on the operation of the trade-agreements program.

15. The Committee for Reciprocity Information shall accord reasonable opportunity to interested persons to present their views with respect to the operation and effect of trade agreements which are in force or to any aspect thereof.

Part IV-Transitory Provisions 16. All action relative to trade agreements already concluded or to the conclusion of new trade agreements which has been taken by the Trade Agreements Committee or by the Committee for Reciprocity Information between June 25, 1948, and the date of this order shall be considered as pro tanto compliance with the provisions of this order, provided that the member from the Tariff Commission on the Trade Agreements Committee shall be accorded full opportunity to present to that Committee, and to the President pursuant to the final sentence of paragraph 9 hereof, information and advice with respect to the decisions, recommendations, and other actions of that Committee between June 25, 1948, and the date of this order relative to the conclusion of any trade agreement after the enactment of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1949, approved September 26, 1949 (Public Law 307, 81st Congress).

Part V-Supersedure

Canada.--The trade agreement between the United 17. This order supersedes Executive Order No. 10,004 of States and Canada, signed November 17, 1938, and efOctober 5, 1948, entitled “Prescribing Procedures for the fective definitively June 17, 1939 (53 Stat. 2348) was renAdministration of the Reciprocal Trade-Agreements dered inoperative, except the provision for termination on Program."

six months' notice, so long as the United States and CanTrade Agreements

ada are both contracting parties to the General Agree[Supplemented to July 19, 1952]

ment on Tariffs and Trade (61 Stat. 3695; 62 Stat. 1464).

Colombia.—The trade agreement between the United Country

States and Colombia which was entered into on Sept. 13,

Citation
Date Signed Effective Date

1935, 49 Stat. 3876 and proclaimed by proclamation on

Apr. 20, 1936, 49 Stat. 3875 was terminated by Proc. No. Argentina.

Oct. 14, 1941 Nov. 15, 1941 56 Stat. 1685 Australia (GATT). Nov. 13, 1947 Jan. 1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

2863, Nov. 18, 1949, 14 F. R. 6765, 64 Stat. A374. Belgium (GATT). Oct. 30, 1947 Jan. 1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

Costa Rica.--The Costa Rican trade agreement ceased Brazil (GATT) June 30, 1948 July 30, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

to be in force and effect on and after June 1, 1951, by Burma (GATT). June 29, 1948 July 30, 1949 62 Stat. 2051 A Canada (GATT). Oct. 30, 1947 Jan. 1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

agreement between the United States and the Republic Ceylon (GATT). June 29, 1948 July 30, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

of Costa Rica. Presidential Proclamation 2933, June 29, Chile (GATT). Feb. 14, 1949 Mar. 16, 1949 T. I. A. S. 1887

1951, 16 F. R. 6417, 65 Stat. c22, terminated the Costa Cuba (GATT). Dec. 17, 1947 Jan.

1, 1948

62 Stat. 2051 A Czechoslovakia | Mar. 21, 1948 Apr. 21, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

Rican Trade Agreement Proclamation of July 3, 1947, as (GATT).

of the close of May 31, 1951. Denmark (GATT). Apr. 28, 1950 | May 28, 1950 State Department

Pub. 3664

Cuba.--The trade agreement signed August 24, 1934, Dominican Repub- Apr. 19, 1950 May 19, 1950 State Department effective September 3, 1934 (49 Stat. 3559) as amended, lic (GATT).

Pub. 3664

was rendered inoperative, except those provisions for terEcuador.

Aug. 6, 1938 Oct. 23, 1938 53 Stit. 1951 El Salvador.

mination on one year's and six months' notice, respecFeb. 19, 1937 May 31, 1937 50 Stat. 1564 Finland (GATT)... Apr. 25, 1950 May 25, 1950 State Department tively, by the Exclusive Trade Agreement between the

Pub. 3664

United States and Cuba, signed October 30, 1947, effective France (GATT) Nov. 13, 1947 Jan.

1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A Greece (GATT).- Feb. 7, 1950 Mar. 9, 1950 State Department

January 1, 1948, so long as both the United States and Pub. 3664

Cuba are contracting parties to the General Agreement Guatemala. Apr. 24, 1936 June 15, 1936 49 Stat. 3989

on Tariffs and Trade (61 Stat. 3699; 62 Stat. 1465). Haiti (GATT).... Oct. 10, 1949 Jan.

1, 1950

State Department
Pub. 3664

Ecuador.—This trade agreement was modified by an
Honduras..
Dec. 18, 1935 Mar. 2, 1936 49 Stat. 3851

exchange of notes signed on March 2, 1942 and made Iceland Aug. 27, 1943 Nov. 19, 1943 57 Stat. 1075

effective March 2, 1942 (56 Stat. 1472). India (GATT). June 8, 1948 July 9, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A Indonesia (GATT). Feb. 10, 1948 Mar. 10, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

France.—The trade agreement between the Unitea Iran. Apr. 8, 1943 June 28, 1944 58 Stat. 1322

States and France, signed May 6, 1936, and effective proItaly (GATT)..... Apr. 30, 1950 May 30, 1950 State Department

Pub. 3664

visionally on June 15, 1936 (53 Stat. 2236) has been Lebanon (GATT).- June 29, 1948 July 30, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

rendered inoperative except the provision for termination Liberia (GATT)... Nov. 28, 1949 May 20, 1950 State Department on six months' notice, so long as the United States and

Pub. 3664 Lichtenstein.. Jan. 9, 1936 Feb. 15, 1936 49 Stat. 3917

France are contracting parties to the General Agreement Luxemburg Oct. 30, 1947 | Jan. 1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

on Tariffs and Trade. Effected by an exchange of notes (GATT)

signed October 30, 1947, and effective January 1, 1948 (61 Mexico..

Dec. 23, 1942 Jan. 30, 1943 57 Stat. 833 Netherlands Oct. 30, 1947 Jan. 1, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

Stat. 3715; 62 Stat. 1464). (GATT)

GATT (The General Agreement New Zealand June 30, 1948 July 31, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

Tariffs and

Trade).-The countries designated "GATT" are at pres(GATT) Nicaragua (GATT). Apr. 28, 1950 May 28, 1950 State Department ent contracting parties to this Agreement (61 Stat.

Pub. 3664

(Parts 5 and 6)), and are applying it provisionally. Norway (GATT).- June 10, 1948 July 11, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

The following supplementary protocols relate to modificaPakistan (GATT).- June 30, 1948 July 11, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A Paraguay Sept. 12, 1946 Apr. 9, 1947 61 Stat. 2688

tion of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade: Southern Rhodesia June 11, 1948 July 12, 1948 62 Stat. 2051A

Protocol of Provisional Application of the General Agree(GATT) Sweden (GATT)... Mar. 31, 1950 Apr. 30, 1950 State Department

ment on Tariffs and Trade, dated October 30, 1947, in Pub. 3664

force January 1, 1948 (61 Stat. (6) A-2051); Protocol of Switzerland.

Jan.
9, 1936

Feb. 15, 1936 49 Stat. 3917
Syria (GATT). June 30, 1948 | July 31, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A

Rectifications to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Turkey.. Apr. 1, 1939 May 5, 1939 54 Stat. 1870

Trade, dated March 24, 1948, effective as from October Union of South Af- | May 14, 1948 | June 14, 1948 62 Stat. 2051 A rica (GATT).

30, 1947 (T. I. A. S. 1761); Protocol Modifying Certain ProUnited Kingdom of Oct. 30, 1947 Jan. 1, 1948

62 Stat, 2051A visions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Great Britain and

dated March 24, 1948, entered into force April 15, 1948 Northern Ireland (GATT)

(T. I. A. S. 1763); Special Protocol Modifying Article XIV Uruguay July 21, 1942 Jan.

1, 1943 56 Stat. 1624 Venezuela. Nov. 6, 1939 Dec. 16, 1939

of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated 54 Stat. 2375

March 24, 1948, entered into force January 1, 1949

(T. I. A. S. 1764); Special Protocol Relating to Article Argentina.—This trade agreement became effective provisionally on November 15, 1941 and

XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, was effective

dated March 24, 1948, entered into force June 7, 1948 definitively on January 8, 1943.

(T. I. A. S. 1765); Protocol for the Accession of SignaBelgo-Luxemburg Economic Union.-The trade agree

tories of the Final Act of October 30, 1947, dated Septemment between the United States and the Belgo-Luxemburg Economic Union, signed February 27, 1935, and

ber 14, 1948, effective March 16, 1949 (T. I. A, S. 1887); effective May 1, 1935 (49 Stat. 3680) was rendered inop

Second Protocol of Rectifications to the General Agreeerative, except the provision for termination on six ment on Tariffs and Trade, dated September 14, 1948, months' notice, so long as the United States and the effective as from October 30, 1947 (T. I. A. S. 1888); Belgo-Luxemburg Economic Union are both contracting Protocol Modifying Part II and Article XXVI of the Genparties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. eral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated September Effected by an exchange of notes signed October 30, 1947,

14, 1948, entered into force December 14, 1948 (T. I. A. S. effective January 1, 1948 (61 Stat. 3689; 62 Stat. 1464).

1890); Protocol Modifying Part I and Article XXIX of the Brazil.-The trade agreement between the United

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated SeptemStates and Brazil, signed February 2, 1935, and effective

ber 14, 1948, not yet in force (English text in Treasury on January 1, 1936 (49 Stat. 3808) was rendered inoperative, except the provision for termination on six months'

Decision 52167 (Customs)); The Annecy Protocol of notice, so long as the United States and Brazil are both

Terms of Accession, dated October 10, 1949, entered into contracting parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs force January 1, 1950 (English text in Department of and Trade. Effected by an exchange of notes signed and State publication number 3664); First Protocol of effective June 30, 1948 (62 Stat. 1547; T. I. A. S. 1811).

Modifications to the General Agreement on Tariffs

on

and Trade, dated August 13, 1949, not yet in force; Protocol Replacing Schedule I (Australia) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated August 13, 1949, not yet in force; Protocol Replacing Schedule VI (Ceylon) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated August 13, 1949, not yet in force; Third Protocol of Rectifications to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated August 13, 1949, not yet in force; Protocol Modifying Article XXVI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated August 13, 1949, entered into force March 28, 1950 (English text in Treasury Decision 52373 (Customs)); and the Fourth Protocol of Rectifications, dated March 30, 1950, not yet in force. The following Presidential Proclamations have been issued:

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Switzerland have agreed by means of an exchange of notes that an "escape clause" similar to Article XIX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, be included in the trade agreement signed January 9, 1936 (Department of State Bulletin of November 6, 1950, Vol. XXIII, No. 592).

Turkey. The trade agreements dated April 5, 1939 and November 30, 1939 are terminated as of August 4, 1952 by Proclamation No. 2982, July 19, 1952, 17 F. R. 6605, 67 Stat.

United Kingdom.—The trade agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed November 17, 1938, and effective December 24, 1939 (54 Stat. 1897), was rendered inoperative except the provision for termination on six months' notice, so long as the United Kingdom and the United States are both contracting parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (61 Stat. 3725; 62 Stat. 1464).

Uruguay.-The United States import duty on flaxseed in Schedule II (item 762) of this trade agreement was modified by Presidential Proclamation 2843 (14 F. R. 106), issued May 31, 1949, effective June 30, 1949.

Venezuela.—This trade agreement became effective provisionally on December 16, 1939 and was effective definitively on December 14, 1940.

Trade Relations with the Philippines. Understandings effected through exchanges of notes between the United States of America and other governments regarding the application of certain Treaties and Agreements:

Belgium, May 4 and July 11, 1946.
Bolivia, May 4 and June 10, 1946.
Denmark, May 4 and September 10, 1946.
Dominican Republic, May 4 and October 7, 1946.
Egypt, May 4 and August 15, 1946.
Ethiopia, May 4 and July 4, 1946.
Norway, May 4 and July 8, 1946.
Portugal, May 18 and August 26, 1946.
Spain, May 4 and July 11, 1946.

Yugoslavia, May 4 and October 3, 1946. § 1352. Equalization of costs of production; classifica.

tion; flour in bonded warehouses; termination of agreements; termination of authority of Presi. dent.

Haiti.-The trade agreement between the United States and Haiti which was signed on Mar. 28, 1935 and became effective on June 3, 1935, was terminated as of Dec. 31, 1949, by Proc. No. 2869, Jan. 28, 1950, 15 F. R. 477, 64 Stat. A386.

Indonesia.-Although Indonesia was originally covered by the General Agreement as a result of the notification by the Netherlands on February 10, 1948, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the Protocol of Provisional Application, Indonesia became a separate contracting party to the General Agreement on February 24, 1950.

Merico.--The trade agreement between the United States and Mexico, signed December 23, 1942, effective January 30, 1943 (57 Stat. 833) will terminate after December 31, 1950. Effected by an exchange of notes signed June 23, 1950 (Department of State Bulletin of August 7, 1950, Vol. XXIII, No. 579, page 215; 15 F. R. 6063.)

Netherlands.-The trade agreement between the United States and the Netherlands signed December 20, 1935, and effective May 8, 1937 (50 Stat. 1504) has been rendered inoperative, except for the provision for termination on six months' notice, so long as the United States and the Netherlands are both contracting parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Effected by an exchange of notes signed October 30, 1947, and effective January 1, 1948 (61 Stat. 3721; 62 Stat. 1464).

(Nicaragua.-The note now appearing in 19 U. S. C. 1351, Supp. III, should be deleted as Nicaragua is now a contracting party to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and the 1936 trade agreement with Nicaragua was terminated as of the close of May 27, 1950.)

Peru.--The trade agreement between the United States and Peru which was signed on June 29, 1942 and became effective July 29, 1942, was terminated as of Oct. 7, 1951, by Proc. No. 2946, Oct. 5, 1951, 16 F. R. 10191, 65 Stat. c39.

(Sweden.—The note now appearing in 19 U. S. C. 1351, Supp. III, should be deleted as Sweden is now a contracting party to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and the 1985 trade agreement with Sweden was terminated as of the close of June 30, 1950.]

Switzerland. The following material should be added to the note on Switzerland: The United States and

(a) The provisions of section 1336 of this title shall not apply to any article with respect to the importation of which into the United States a foreign-trade agreement has been concluded pursuant to this Part, or to any provision of any such agreement. The third paragraph of section 1311 of this title shall apply to any agreement concluded pursuant to this part to the extent only that such agreement assures to the United States a rate of duty on wheat flour produced in the United States which is preferential in respect to the lowest rate of duty imposed by the country with which such agreement has been concluded on like flour produced in any other country; and upon the withdrawal of wheat flour from bonded manufacturing warehouses for exportation to the country with which such agreement has been concluded, there shall be levied, collected, and paid on the imported wheat used, a duty equal to the amount of such assured preference,

(b) Every foreign trade agreement concluded pursuant to this part shall be subject to termination, upon due notice to the foreign government concerned, at the end of not more than three years from the date on which the agreement comes into force, and, if not then terminated, shall be subject to termination thereafter upon not more than six months' notice,

1948-Act June 26, 1948, amended section to eliminate the Tariff Commission as one of the agencies advising the President, and to limit its function to giving information.

1945-Act July 5, 1945, amended section by inserting "War, Navy,” following “Departments of State,".

CHANGE OF NAME The National Military Establishment was changed to the Department of Defense by act Aug. 10, 1949.

REPEALS Act Sept. 26, 1949 repealed act June 26, 1948, ch, 678, § 3 (c), 62 Stat. 1054, formerly credited to section.

(c) The authority of the President to enter into foreign trade agreements under section 1351 of this title shall terminate on the expiration of two years from June 12, 1951. (June 12, 1934, ch. 474, § 2, 48 Stat. 944; Mar. 1, 1937, ch. 22, 50 Stat. 24; Apr. 12, 1940, ch. 96, 54 Stat. 107; June 7, 1943, ch. 118, § 1, 57 Stat. 125; July 5, 1945, ch. 269, § 1, 59 Stat. 410; Sept. 26, 1949, ch. 585, $$ 2, 3, 63 Stat. 698; June 16, 1951, ch. 141, $$ 2, 9 (a), 65 Stat. 72, 75.)

AMENDMENTS 1951–Subsec. (a) amended by act June 16, 1951 to substitute "section 1336 of this title" for "sections 1336 and 1516 (b) of this title."

Subsec. (c) amended by act June 16, 1951 to extend President's authority from June 12, 1951 to June 12, 1953.

1949—Subsec. (c) amended by act Sept. 26, 1949, § 2, to extend President's authority from June 12, 1948 to June 12, 1951.

1945–Subsec. (c) amended by act July 5, 1945, which extended the President's authority from 1945 to 1948.

1943–Subsec. (c) amended by Joint Res. June 7, 1943, which extended the President's authority from 1943 to 1945.

1940_Subsec. (c) amended by Joint Res. Apr. 12, 1940, which extended the President's authority from June 12, 1940 to June 12, 1943.

REPEALS Act Sept. 26, 1949 repealed act June 26, 1948, ch. 678, $ 2, 62 Stat. 1053, which had extended the President's authority from June 12, 1948 until the close of June 30, 1949.

$ 1355. Importation of coffee under Inter-American

Coffee Agreement; prohibition against violating

Agreement. On and after the entry into force of the InterAmerican Coffee Agreement, as proclaimed by the President, and during the continuation in force of the obligations of the United States thereunder, no coffee imported from any foreign country may be entered for consumption except as provided in the said agreement. (Apr. 11, 1941, ch. 59, § 1, 55 Stat. 133.)

CODIFICATION Section is not a part of the Tariff Act of 1930, which comprises this chapter.

ENTRY INTO FORCE OF AGREEMENT The President, in the unnumbered proclamation of April 15, 1941, 55 Stat. 1144, did thereby "proclaim that the said Inter-American Coffee Agreement, signed on November 28, 1940, will enter into force on April 16, 1941, in respect of the obligations of the United States of America thereunder, including the limitation of entries for consumption of coffee from any foreign country or countries to the quotas therein provided for."

POLICY CLAUSES Joint Res. Apr. 11, 1941 contained the following "whereas" clauses preceding the resolving clause:

"Whereas an Inter-American Coffee Agreement was signed at Washington on November 28, 1940, by rerresentatives of the Governments of the United States of America, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela; and

"Whereas the said agreement contemplates the cooperation of the Government of the United States in a joint effort to promote the orderly marketing of coffee in international trade, with a view to assuring equitable terms for both producers and consumers by adjusting supply to demand.”

$ 1353. Indebtedness of foreign countries, effect on.

Nothing in this part shall be construed to give any authority to cancel or reduce, in any manner, any of the indebtedness of any foreign country to the United States. (June 12, 1934, ch. 474, § 3, 48 Stat. 944.) 8 1354. Notice of intention to negotiate agreement;

opportunity to be heard; President to seek infor

mation and advice. Before any foreign trade agreement is concluded with any foreign government or instrumentality thereof under the provisions of this part, reasonable public notice of the intention to negotiate an agreement with such government or instrumentality shall be given in order that any interested person may have an opportunity to present his views to the President, or to such agency as the President may designate, under such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe; and before concluding such agreement the President shall request the Tariff Commission to make the investigation and report provided for by section 1360 of this title and shall seek information and advice with respect to such agreement from the Departments of State, Agriculture, Commerce, and Defense, and from such other sources as he may deem appropriate. (June 12, 1934, ch. 474, § 4, 48 Stat. 945; July 5, 1945, ch. 269, § 4, 59 Stat. 411; Aug. 10, 1949, ch. 412, § 12 (a), 63 Stat. 591; Sept. 26, 1949, ch. 585, $$ 2, 5, 63 Stat. 698; June 16, 1951, ch. 151, $ 3 (c), 65 Stat. 73.)

AMENDMENTS 1951--Act June 16, 1951, amended section to provide that the President request the Tariff Commission to make the investigation and report.

1949—Act Sept. 26, 1949, amended section to change the Tariff Commission's functions under these sections from investigatory to advisory functions.

$ 1356. Same; quotas for non-participating countries;

rules and regulations. The President is authorized to make such allocations of the quota provided in the agreement for countries not participating in the said agreement as he finds necessary or appropriate in order to afford any such country or countries an opportunity to supply a fair share of the quota, whether or not required by any international obligation of the United States, or in order to make available the types of coffee usually consumed in the United States. The President is also authorized to make such rules and regulations as he finds necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this section and section 1355 of this title and of the said agreement, and with respect to any provision of such regulations for any act or performance by an importer of coffee, compliance therewith shall be a condition to the entry for consumption of the cof

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