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cepted by the Federal Housing Administration for insurance, or for the purpose of obtaining any extension or renewal of any loan, advance of credit, or mortgage insured by such Administration, or the acceptance, release, or substitution of any security on such a loan, advance of credit, or for the purpose of influencing in any way the action of such Administration, makes, passes, utters, or publishes any statement, knowing the same to be false, or alters, forges, or counterfeits any instrument, paper, or document, or utters, publishes, or passes as true any instrument, paper, or document, knowing it to have been altered, forged, or counterfeited, or willfully overvalues any security, asset, or income, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 751.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.—Based on section 1731 (a) of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking (June 27, 1934, ch. 847, $ 512 (a), 48 Stat. 1265; Feb. 3, 1938, ch. 13, § 9, 52 Stat. 24).

Reference to persons causing or procuring was omitted as unnecessary in view of definition of "principal" in section 2 of this title.

"$5,000" was substituted for “$3,000" to make this section more consistent in its punishment provisions with comparable sections. (See section 1008 of this title.)

Minor changes in phraseology were made.

645, § 1, 62 Stat. 752; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, $ 26, 65 Stat. 720.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on sections 1423—1425 of Title 42, U. S. C., 1940 ed., The Public Health and Welfare (Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, $$ 23—25, 50 Stat. 899).

Three sections were consolidated with changes of phraseology and arrangement necessary to effect consolidation.

Words "upon conviction thereof", in each section were omitted as surplusage since punishment cannot be imposed until after conviction.

The provisions of section 1424 of title 42, U. S. C., 1940 ed., The Public Health and Welfare, relating to conspiracy were omitted as inconsistent with the general conspiracy statute, section 371 of this title, both as to punishment and allegation and proof of an overt act. (See reviser's note under section 493 of this title.)

AMENDMENTS 1951—Act Oct. 31, 1951, amended section, including catchline, by substituting "Public Housing Administration" in lieu of “United States Housing Authority", and "Administration" in lieu of "Authority", wherever appearing.

CROSS REFERENCES Low-rent housing, see section 1401 et seq. of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

$ 1011. Federal land bank mortgage transactions.

Whoever, being a mortgagee, knowingly makes any false statement in any paper, proposal, or letter, relating to the sale of any mortgage, to any Federal land bank; or

Whoever, being an appraiser, willfully overvalues any land securing such mortgage

Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or impr ned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 751.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on section 987 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking (July 17, 1916, ch. 245, $ 31, seventh paragraph, as added June 16, 1933, ch. 98, $ 78, 48 Stat. 272), Minor changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Secret Service, detection, arrest and delivery into custody of any person violating this section, see section 3056 of this title.

§ 1013. Farm loan bonds and credit bank debentures.

Whoever deceives, defrauds, or imposes upon, or attempts to deceive, defraud, or impose upon any person, partnership, corporation, or association by making any false pretense or representation concerning the character, issue, security, contents, conditions, or terms of any farm loan bond, or coupon, issued by any Federal land bank or banks, or by any joint-stock land bank or banks; or of any debenture, coupon, or other obligation, issued by any Federal intermediate credit bank or banks, or by any National Agricultural Credit Corporation; or by falsely pretending or representing that any farm loan bond, or coupon, is anything other than, or different from, what it purports to be on the face of said bond or coupon, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 752.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on sections 985, 1127, and 1317 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking (July 17, 1916, ch. 245, $ 31, fifth paragraph, 39 Stat. 384; July 17, 1916, ch. 245, $ 211 (g), as added Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 252, $ 2, 42 Stat. 1461; Mar. 4, 1923, ch, 252, title II, § 216 (g), 42 Stat. 1473).

This section condenses and simplifies sections 985, 1127, and 1317 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, each of which contained similar provisions and similar language. The punishment provisions of all three sections were the same.

References to "chapter" and "subchapter" were omitted and words describing the various types of banks or organizations to which said sections 985, 1127, and 1317 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, related, were inserted in lieu. This necessitated some rephrasing and transposition of phrases, but without change of meaning or substance.

Words "upon conviction" which were contained in sections 1127 and 1317 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, were omitted as surplusage, because punishment cannot be imposed until after conviction. Changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Compromise, adjustment or cancellation of farm indebtedness, false statements, see section 1026 of this title,

§ 1012. Public Housing Administration transactions.

Whoever, with intent to defraud, makes any false entry in any book of the Public Housing Administration or makes any false report or statement to or for such Administration; or

Whoever receives any compensation, rebate, or reward, with intent to defraud such Administration or with intent unlawfully to defeat its purposes; or

Whoever induces or influences such Administration to purchase or acquire any property or to enter into any contract and willfully fails to disclose any interest which he has in such property or in the property to which such contract relates, or any special benefit which he expects to receive as a result of such contract

Shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch.

Secret Service, arrest, detection and delivery into custody of any person violating this section in so far as Federal land banks and joint-stock land banks are concerned, see section 3056 of this title.

Spurious advertising or representations as to Federal farm loans and bonds, see section 709 of this title.

8 1014. Loan and credit applications generally; renew

als and discounts; crop insurance. Whoever knowingly makes any false statement or report, or willfully overvalues any land, property or security, for the purpose of influencing in any way the action of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Farm Credit Administration, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, Farmers' Home Corporation, the Secretary of Agriculture acting through the Farmers' Home Administration, any Federal intermediate credit bank, or the Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation, or any division officer, or employee thereof, or of any corporation organized under sections 1131–1134m of Title 12, or in which a Production Credit Corporation holds stock, or of any regional agricultural credit corporation established pursuant to law, or of the National Agricultural Credit Corporation, a Federal Home Loan Bank, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, a Federal Savings and Loan Association, a Federal land bank, a joint-stock land bank, a National farm loan association, or of a Federal Reserve bank, upon any application, advance, discount, purchase, purchase agreement, repurchase agreement, commitment, or loan, or any change or extension of any of the same, by renewal, deferment of action or otherwise, or the acceptance, release, or substitution of security therefor, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 752; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, § 21, 63 Stat. 92.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on sections 1026 (a) and 1514 (a) of title 7, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Agriculture, sections 596, 981, 1122, 1123, 1138d (a), 1248, 1312, 1313, 1441 (a), and 1467 (a), of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, and section 616 (a) of title 15, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Commerce and Trade (Dec. 23, 1913, ch. 6, § 22 (h), as added June 19, 1934, ch. 653, $ 3, 48 Stat. 1107; July 17, 1916, ch. 245, $ 31, first paragraph, 39 Stat. 382; July 17, 1916, ch. 245, $ 211 (b) (c), as added Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 252, § 2, 42 Stat. 1460; Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 252, title II, $ $ 209 (h), 216 (b) (c), 42 Stat. 1468, 1472; Jan, 22, 1932, ch. 8, § 16 (a), 47 Stat. 11; July 22, 1932, ch. 522, § 21 (a), 47 Stat. 738; June 13, 1933, ch. 64, § 8 (a), 48 Stat. 134; June 16, 1933, ch. 98, $ 64 (a), 48 Stat. 267; Jan. 31, 1934, ch. 7, § 13, 48 Stat. 347; June 3, 1935, ch. 164, $ 21, 49 Stat. 319; July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, $ 52 (a); 50 Stat. 531; Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title V, $ 514 (a), 52 Stat. 76; Aug. 14, 1946, ch. 964, $ 3, 60 Stat. 1064).

Each of the 13 sections from which this section was derived contained similar provisions either relating to false representations and statements, or overvaluation of security, with respect to one or more of the named banks, agencies, or corporations.

These were consolidated and the false statement and security overvaluation provisions of all, form the basis of this section. The provisions of section 981 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, relating to acceptance of loans or gratuities by examiners, were consolidated with similar provisions from other sections to form section 218 of this title. The provisions of said section 981 of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, prohibiting land bank and national farm loan association examiners from performing "any other service for compensation for any bank or banking or loan association,

or for any person connected therewith in any capacity" were consolidated with similar provisions from other sections to form section 1909 of this title.

Eight of the consolidated sections contained identical punishment, each providing for a maximum fine of $5,000 and maximum imprisonment of 2 years. Two sections provided for a maximum fine of $10,000 and maximum imprisonment of 5 years. One section provided for maximum fine of $5,000 and maximum imprisonment of 5 years, one section provided for maximum fine of $2,000 and maximum imprisonment of 2 years, and one section provided for maximum fine of $5,000 and maximum imprisonment of 1 year.

The punishment by maximum fine of $5,000 or maximum imprisonment of 2 years, or both, provided in this consoli. dated section was adopted as most consistent with the greater number of comparable sections. (See sections 1008 and 1010 of this title.) This is a reasonable reconcillation of the conflicting punishment provisions and adequate for the offenses described.

The enumeration of "application, advance, discount, purchase, purchase agreement, repurchase agreement, commitment, or loan" and the wording “or any change or extension of any of the same, by renewal, deferment of action or otherwise, or the acceptance, release, or substitution of security therefor” does not occur in any one of the original sections, but such enumeration and such wording are adequate, and they represent a composite of terms and transactions mentioned in each.

In addition, changes were made in phraseology to secure uniformity of style, and some rephrasing was necessary, but the consolidation was without change of substance except as above indicated.

Section 1138d (f) of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, relating to conspiracy, was not added to this consolidated section for reasons given in reviser's note under section 493 of this title.

REFERENCES IN TEXT Home Owners' Loan Corporation, referred to in the text, is in the process of liquidation.

AMENDMENTS 1949—Act May 24, 1949, amended section by inserting “the Secretary of Agriculture acting through the Farmers' Home Administration".

CROSS REFERENCES Compromise, adjustment or cancellation of farm indebtedness, false statements, see section 1026 of this title.

Secret Service, detection, arrest and delivery into custody of any person violating this section in so far as the Federal land banks, joint-stock land banks and national farm loan associations are concerned, see section 3056 of this title.

8 1015. Naturalization, citizenship or alien registry.

(a) Whoever knowingly makes any false statement under oath, in any case, proceeding, or matter relating to, or under, or by virtue of any law of the United States relating to naturalization, citizenship, or registry of aliens; or

(b) Whoever knowingly, with intent to avoid any duty or liability imposed or required by law, denies that he has been naturalized or admitted to be a citizen, after having been so naturalized or admitted;

or

(c) Whoever uses or attempts to use any certificate of arrival, declaration of intention, certificate of naturalization, certificate of citizenship or other documentary evidence of naturalization or of citizenship, or any duplicate or copy thereof, knowing the same to have been procured by fraud or false evidence or without required appearance or hearing of the applicant in court or otherwise unlawfully obtained; or

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., § 130 (June 15, 1917, ch. 30, title X, § 1, 40 Stat. 227).

To clarify scope of section and in view of definition of department or agency in section 6 of this title, words "department or agency" were substituted for "executive department, or of any bureau, commission, or office". Slight verbal changes were also made.

CANAL ZONE Applicability of section to Canal Zone, see section 14 of this title.

CROSS REFERENCES Jurisdiction of offenses under this section, see section 3241 of this title.

Letters, writings, etc., in violation of this section as nonmailable, see section 1717 of this title.

(d) Whoever knowingly makes any false certificate, acknowledgment or statement concerning the appearance before him or the taking of an oath or affirmation or the signature, attestation or execution by any person with respect to any application, declaration, petition, affidavit, deposition, certificate of naturalization, certificate of citizenship or other paper or writing required or authorized by the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, citizenship, or registry of aliens

Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 752.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's note.-Based on subsections (a), paragraphs (1), (16), (17), (19), (32), (b), (d), and (1) of section 746 of title 8, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Aliens and Nationality (Oct. 14, 1940, ch. 876, 8 346 (a), pars. (1), (16), (17), (19), (82), (b), (d), and (1), 45 Stat, 1163, 1165, 1167).

Section consolidates, with minor changes, subsection (a), paragraphs (1), (16), (17), (19), (32), and subsections (b), (d), and (1), of section 746 of title 8, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Aliens and Nationality.

Such changes of arrangement and phraseology were made as were appropriate and necessary.

CROSS REFERENCES Immigration and Nationality, see Chapter 12 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality. & 1016. Acknowledgment of appearance or oath.

Whoever, being an officer authorized to administer oaths or to take and certify acknowledgments, knowingly makes any false acknowledgment, certificate, or statement concerning the appearance before him or the taking of an oath or affirmation by any person with respect to any proposal, contract, bond, undertaking, or other matter submitted to, made with, or taken on behalf of the United States or any department or agency thereof, concerning which an oath or afirmation is required by law or lawful regulation, or with respect to the financial standing of any principal, surety, or other party to any such proposal, contract, bond, undertaking, or other instrument, shall be fined not more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 753.)

81018. Official certificates or writings.

Whoever, being a public officer or other person authorized by any law of the United States to make or give a certificate or other writing, knowingly makes and delivers as true such a certificate or writing, containing any statement which he knows to be false, in a case where the punishment thereof is not elsewhere expressly provided by law, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 753.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., $ 195 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, § 106, 35 Stat. 1107). Minor changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES False certificate by revenue officer or agent, see section 4047 (e) (8) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

8 1019. Certificates by consular officers.

Whoever, being a consul, or vice consul, or other person employed in the consular service of the United States, knowingly certifies falsely to any invoice, or other paper, to which his certificate is authorized or required by law, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 753.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., $ 127 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 70, 35 Stat. 1101).

Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative. (See reviser's note under section 201 of this title.) Changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Certification of invoices and related matters, see sections 1481, 1482 of Title 19, Customs Duties and section 1180 et seq. of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note -Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., § 75 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 31, 35 Stat. 1094).

Words "or of any department or agency thereof" were inserted after "United States" so as to remove any ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definitions of "department" and "agency" in section 6 of this title.)

$ 1017. Government seals wrongfully used and instru

ments wrongfully sealed. Whoever fraudulently or wrongfully afixes or impresses the seal of any department or agency of the United States, to or upon any certificate, instrument, commission, document, or paper or with knowledge of its fraudulent character, with wrongful or fraudulent intent, uses, buys, procures, sells, or transfers to another any such certificate, instrument, commission, document, or paper, to which or upon which said seal has been so fraudulently affixed or impressed, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 753.)

24626-53-vol. 2- -53

$ 1020. Highway projects.

Whoever, being an officer, agent, or employee of the United States, or of any State or Territory, or whoever, whether a person, association, firm, or corporation, knowingly makes any false statement, false representation, or false report as to the character, quality, quantity, or cost of the material used or to be used, or the quantity or quality of the work performed or to be performed, or the costs thereof in connection with the submission of plans, maps, specifications, contracts, or costs of construction of any highway or related project submitted for approval to the Secretary of Commerce; or

Whoever knowingly makes any false statement, false representation, or false report or claim for work or materials for the construction of any highway or related project approved by the Secretary of Commerce; or

Whoever knowingly makes any false statement or false representation in any report required under Title 23, with intent to defraud the United States

Shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 753; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, $ 27, 65 Stat. 721.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on section 46 of title 23, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Highways (June 19, 1922, ch. 227, § 4, par. 6, 42 Stat. 661).

Words "highway, or related,” were inserted before “project" in two places for the purpose of description, in view of transfer from title 23.

Words "upon conviction thereof" were omitted as surplusage, because punishment cannot be imposed until a conviction is secured. Changes in phraseology were made.

AMENDMENTS 1951-Act Oct. 81, 1951, amended first and second paragraphs by substituting, in each such paragraph, "Secretary of Commerce" in lieu of “Secretary of Agriculture".

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Public Roads, which is the principal road building agency of the Federal Government, and which was formerly under the Department of Agriculture, was redesignated the Public Roads Administration and, with its functions, transferred to the Federal Works Agency, and the functions of the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect thereto, were transferred to the Federal Works Administrator, by 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 301, 302, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 2727, 53 Stat. 1426, set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. Act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, Title I, $ 103, 63 Stat. 380, set out as section 213 of Title 41, Public Contracts, abolished the Federal Works Agency, transferred Its functions, the functions of all agencies thereof, the functions of the Federal Works Administrator, and the functions of the Commissioner of Public Roads, to the Administrator of General Services, and transferred the Public Roads Administration, which it redesignated the Bureau of Public Roads, to the General Services Administration. 1949 Reorg. Plan No. 7, eff. Aug. 19, 1949, 14 F. R. 5228, 63 Stat. 1070, set out in note under section 1332–15 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees, transferred such bureau and its functions and personnel to the Department of Commerce, and transferred the functions of the Administrator of General Services, with respect thereto, to the Secretary of Commerce, to be performed by him or, subject to his direction and control, by such officers, employees and agencies of the Department of Commerce as he should designate. 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 5, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F. R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in notes under sections 591 and 1332–15 of such Title 5, transferred, with certain exceptions not applicable to this section, all functions of all other officers of the Department of Commerce, and all functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, to the Secretary of Commerce, with power vested in him to authorize their performance, or the performance of any of his functions, by any of such other officers, or by any agency or employee of the Department of Commerce. 8 1021. Title records.

Whoever, being an officer or other person authorized by any law of the United States to record a conveyance of real property or any other instru

ment which by such law may be recorded, knowingly certifies falsely that such conveyance or instrument has or has not been recorded, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 754.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., § 194 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 105, 35 Stat. 1107).

Words "five years" were substituted for "seven years" as more in conformity with comparable sections of this chapter.

Minor change was made in phraseology. § 1022. Delivery of certificate, voucher, receipt for mil

itary or naval property. Whoever, being authorized to make or deliver any certificate, voucher, receipt, or other paper certifying the receipt of arms, ammunition, provisions, clothing, or other property used or to be used in the military or naval service, makes or delivers the same to any other person without a full knowledge of the truth of the facts stated therein and with intent to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 754.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., $ 84 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 35, 35 Stat. 1095; Oct. 23, 1918, ch. 194, 40 Stat. 1015; June 18, 1934, ch. 587, 48 Stat. 996; Apr. 4, 1988, ch. 69, 52 Stat. 197).

Word "agency” was substituted for "department" so as to eliminate any possible ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definitions of "department" and "agency" in section 6 of this title.)

Words "or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder" were omitted as unnecessary in view of definition of "agency" in section 6 of this title.

Minor changes were made in phraseology. 8 1023. Insufficient delivery of money or property for

military or naval service. Whoever, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money or other public property used or to be used in the military or naval service, with intent to defraud the United States, or any agency thereof, or any corporation in which the United States has a proprietary interest, or intending to conceal such money or other property, delivers to any person having authority to receive the same any amount of such money or other property less than that for which he received a certificate or took a receipt, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 754.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., $ 85 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 35, 35 Stat. 1095; Oct. 23, 1918, ch. 194, 40 Stat. 1015; June 18, 1934, ch. 587, 48 Stat. 996; Apr. 4, 1938, ch. 69, 52 Stat. 197).

Word "agency" was substituted for "department” so as to eliminate any possible ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definitions of “department" and "agency" in section 6 of this title.)

Reference to persons causing or procuring was omitted as unnecessary in view of definition of "principal" in section 2 of this title.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

§ 1024. Purchase or receipt of military, naval, or vet

eran's facilities property. Whoever purchases, or receives in pledge from any person any arms, equipment, ammunition, clothing, military stores, or other property furnished by the United States under a clothing allowance or otherwise, to any member of the Armed Forces of the United States or of the National Guard or Naval Militia, or to any person accompanying, serving, or retained with the land or naval forces and subject to military or naval law, or to any former member of such Armed Forces at or by any hospital, home, or facility maintained by the United States, having knowledge or reason to believe that the property has been taken from the possession of or furnished by the United States under such allowance, or otherwise, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat, 754.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., $ 86 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 35, 35 Stat. 1095; Oct. 23, 1918, ch. 194, 40 Stat. 1015; June 18, 1934, ch. 587, 48 Stat. 996; Apr. 4, 1938, ch. 69, 52 Stat. 197; Apr. 30, 1940, ch. 164, 54 Stat. 171). Minor changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Arms, accouterments, etc., in possession of persons not soldiers, see section 1317 of Title 10, Army and Air Force.

Clothing and equipment of soldiers as Government property, see section 1316 of Title 10, Army and Air Force. § 1025. False pretenses on high seas and other waters.

Whoever, upon any waters or vessel within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, by any fraud, or false pretense, obtains from any person anything of value, or procures the execution and delivery of any instrument of writing or conveyance of real or personal property, or the signature of any person, as maker, endorser, or guarantor, to or upon any bond, bill, receipt, promissory note, draft, or check, or any other evidence of indebtedness, or fraudulently sells, barters, or disposes of any bond, bill, receipt, promissory note, draft, or check, o other evidence of indebtedness for value, knowing the same to be worthless, or knowing the signature of the maker, endorser, or guarantor thereof to have been obtained by any false pretenses, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both; but if the amount, value or the face value of anything so obtained does not exceed $100, he shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 755; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, $ 22, 63 Stat. 92.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., § 467a (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, § 288A, as added Aug. 5, 1939, ch. 434, 53 Stat. 1205).

Words "upon any waters or vessel within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States" were substituted for "upon the high seas or on any waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and out of the jurisdiction of any particular State, or within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and out of the juris

diction of any particular State on board any vessel belonging in whole or in part to the United States or any citizen thereof or to any corporation created by or under the laws of the United States, or of any State, Territory, or District thereof", near beginning of section. The deleted words are not necessary in view of definitive section 7 of this title.

Words “whatsoever with intent to defraud" were omitted as being included in the preceding term "false pretenses".

The punishment provision was revised to include à misdemeanor punishment (not more than $1,000 or one year, or both) where the offense involves $100 or less. (See reviser's notes under sections 641 and 645 of this title.)

AMENDMENTS 1949—Act May 24, 1949, amended section to correct spelling of “pretense". $ 1026. Compromise, adjustment, or cancellation of

farm indebtedness. Whoever knowingly makes any false statement for the purpose of influencing in any way the action of the Secretary of Agriculture, or of any person acting under his authority, in connection with any compromise, adjustment, or cancellation of any farm indebtedness as provided by sections 1150, 1150a, and 1150b of Title 12, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 755.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on section 1150c (a) of title 12, U. S. C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking (Dec. 20, 1944, ch. 623, § 4 (a), 58 Stat. 837).

Words "of Agriculture" were inserted after “Secretary” for reasons of identification,

Words "upon conviction thereof” were omitted as surplusage, since punishment can not be imposed until after conviction.

Other changes were made in phraseology without change of substance.

Chapter 49.–FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE Sec. 1071. Concealing person from arrest. 1072. Concealing escaped prisoner. 1073. Flight to avoid prosecution or giving testimony. $ 1071. Concealing person from arrest.

Whoever harbors or conceals any person for whose arrest a warrant or process has been issued under the provisions of any law of the United States, so as to prevent his discovery and arrest, after notice or knowledge of the fact that a warrant or process has been issued for the apprehension of such person, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than six months, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 755.)

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Reviser's Note.-Based on title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., 8 246 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, § 141, 35 Stat. 1114).

Section 246 of title 18, U. S. C., 1940 ed., was divided. Part is in this section and the remainder is incorporated in section 752 of this title. Minor changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Harboring or concealing person violating espionage laws, misprision of felony, see section 4 of this title. $ 1072. Concealing escaped prisoner.

Whoever willfully harbors or conceals any prisoner after his escape from the custody of the Attorney

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