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to be affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 6, 23 Stat. 32; June 28, 1926, ch. 700, § 1, 44 Stat. 774; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

CODIFICATION Act May 29, 1884, as amended by act June 28, 1926, cited to text, also contained the following proviso: “That until May 1, 1928, cattle infested with or exposed to cattle fever ticks may be shipped in interstate commerce for immediate slaughter after one dipping in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe.”

8 116. Same; shipment of certain cattle excepted.-Cattle which have reacted to the tuberculin test may be shipped, transported, or moved from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to any other State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, for immediate slaughter, in accordance with such rules and regula

ons as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. The said Secretary of Agriculture may, in his discretion, and under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, permit cattle which have been shipped for breeding or feeding purposes from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to another State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, and which have reacted to the tuberculin test subsequent to such shipment, to be reshipped in interstate commerce to the original owner. (May 31, 1920, ch. 217, 41 Stat. 699.)

8 117. Notice of existence of contagion to railroads; transportation of diseased stock or live poultry; penalty. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture to notify, in writing, the proper officials or agents of any railroad, steamboat, or other transportation company doing business in or through any infected locality, and by publication in such newspapers as he may select, of the existence of said contagion; and any person or persons operating any such railroad, or master or owner of any boat or vessel, or owner or custodian of or person having control over such cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry within such infected district, who shall knowingly violate the provisions of section 115 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, $ 7, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 118. Duty of district attorneys.-It shall be the duty of the several United States district attorneys to prosecute all violations of sections 112-115, 117-119, and 130 of this title which shall be brought to their notice or knowledge by any person making the complaint under oath; and the same shall be heard before any district court of the United States or Territorial court holden within the district in which such violation has been committed. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 9, 23 Stat. 33; Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, § 289, 36 Stat. 1167; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

119. Agents to examine and report on methods of treatment of animals, and means for suppression of diseases.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to appoint two competent agents, who shall be practical stock raisers or experienced business men familiar with questions pertaining to commercial transactions in livestock and/or live poultry, whose duty it shall be, under the instructions of the said Secretary of Agriculture, to examine and report upon the best methods of treating, transporting, and caring for animals, and the means to be adopted for the suppression and extirpation of contagious pleuropneumonia, and to provide against the spread of other dangerous contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases. The compensation of said agents shall be at the rate of $10 per diem, with all necessary expenses, while engaged in the actual performance of their duties under sections 111-115, 117, and 118 of this title, when absent from their usual place of business or residence as such agent. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, $ 2, 23 Stat. 31; Feb. 9, 1889, ch. 122, § 1, 25 Stat. 659; July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

$ 120. Regulation of exportation and transportation of infected livestock and live poultry.-In order to enable the Secretary of of Agriculture to effectually suppress and extirpate contagious pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, and other dangerous contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases in cattle and other livestock and/or live poultry, and to prevent the spread of such diseases, he is authorized and directed from time to time to establish such rules and regulations concerning the exportation and transportation of livestock and/or live poultry from any place within the United States where he may have reason to believe such diseases may exist into and through any State or Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia and to foreign countries as he may deem necessary, and all such rules and regulations shall have the force of law. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, $$ 4, 5, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 121. Shipments from areas suspected infected; control of animals and live poultry.—Whenever any inspector or assistant inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry shall issue a certificate showing that such officer had inspected any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry which were about to be shipped, driven, or transported from such locality to another as stated in section 120 preceding, and had found them free from Texas or splenetic fever infection, pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, or any other infectious, contagious, or communicable disease, such animals, so inspected and certified, may be shipped, driven, or transported from such place into and through any State or Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia, or they may be exported from the United States without further inspection or the exaction of fees of any kind, except such as may at any time be ordered or exacted by the Secretary of Agriculture; and all such animals shall at all times be under the control and supervision of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Department for the purposes of such inspection. (Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

8 122. Offenses; penalty.–Any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating the provisions of sections 111, 120, or 121 of this title or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 3, 32 Stat. 792; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 123. Quarantine.-The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to quarantine any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or any portion of any State of Territory or the District of Columbia, when he shall determine the fact that cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry in such State or Territory or District of Columbia are affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease; and the Secretary of Agriculture is directed to give written or printed notice of the establishment of quarantine to the proper officers of railroad, steamboat, or other transportation companies doing business in or through any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and to publish in such newspapers in the quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, as the Secretary of Agriculture may select, notice of the establishment of quarantine. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 1, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 124. Transportation or delivery therefor from quarantined State or Territory or portion thereof, of livestock and live poultry, forbidden.—No railroad company or the owners or masters of any steam or sailing or other vessel or boat shall receive for transportation or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock, and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or to the master or owner of any boat or vessel, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation drive on foot, or cause to be driven on foot, or transport in private conveyance or cause to be transported in private conveyance, from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 2, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 125. Regulations for inspection, disinfection, and certification, and delivery and shipment of livestock and live poultry from quarantined State or Territory.It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture, and he is authorized and directed, when the public safety will permit, to make and promulgate rules and regulations which shall permit and govern the inspection, disinfection, certification, treatment, handling, and method and manner of delivery and shipment of cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and from the quarantined portion of any

State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia; and the Secretary of Agriculture shall give notice of such rules and regulations in the manner provided in section 124 of this title for notice of establishment of quarantine. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 3, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 126. Moving livestock and live poultry from quarantined State or Territory under regulations.-Cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry may be moved from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, under and in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, made and promulgated in pursuance of the provisions of section 125 of this title; but it shall be unlawful to move, or to allow to be moved, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, in manner or method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 4, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 127. Transportation from quarantined State, Territory, and so forth; penalty.--Any person, company, or corporation violating the provisions of sections 124 or 126 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 6, 33 Stat. 1265.)

§ 128. Extension of quarantine law to carriers in interstate commerce.--The provisions of sections 123-127 of this title and of section 118 of Title 18 shall apply to any railroad company or other common carrier whose road or line forms any part of a route over which cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry are transported in the course of shipment from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia. (June 30, 1914, ch, 131, 38 Stat. 419; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 129. Payment for animals purchased; computation of value, and amount paid.—In case of an emergency arising out of the existence of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious pleuropneumonia, or other contagious or infectious diseases of animals, which, in the opinion of the Secretary, threatens the livestock industry of the country, he may expend in the city of Washington or elsewhere any unexpended balances of appropriations heretofore made for this purpose, not to exceed $305,000, in the arrest and eradication of any such disease, including the payment of claims growing out of past and future purchases and destruction, in cooperation with the States, of animals affected

by or exposed to, or of materials contaminated by or exposed to, any such disease, wherever found and irrespective of ownership, under like or substantially similar circumstances, when such owner has complied with all lawful quarantine regulations: Provided, That the payment for animals hereafter purchased may be made on appraisement based on the meat, dairy, or breeding value, but in case of appraisement based on breeding value no appraisement of any animal shall exceed three times its meat or dairy value, and, except in case of an extraordinary emergency, to be determined by the Secretary, the payment by the United States Government for any animals shall not exceed one-half of any such appraisements. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 542; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 418; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 676; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, $ 1, 57 Stat. 403, June 28, 1944, ch. 296, § 1, 58 Stat. 434.)

§ 130. Pleuropneumonia in District of Columbia; duties of Commissioners.—Wherever any contagious, infectious or communicable disease affecting domestic animals or live poultry, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia, shall be brought into or shall break out in the District of Columbia, it shall be the duty of the commissioners of said District to take measures to suppress the same promptly and to prevent the same from spreading; and for this purpose the said commissioners are empowered to order and require that any premises, farm, or farms where such disease exists, or has existed, be put in quarantine; to order all or any animals coming into the District to be detained at any place or places for the purpose of inspection and examination; to prescribe regulations for and to require the destruction of animals or live poultry affected with contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and for the proper disposition of their hides and carcasses; to prescribe regulations for disinfection, and such other regulations as they may deem necessary to prevent infection or contagion being communicated, and shall report to the Secretary of Agriculture whatever they may do in pursuance of the provisions of this section. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 8, 23 Stat. 33; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

CROSS REFERENCE Diseases and quarantine in the District of Columbia, see sections 111 and 123-127 of this title.

$ 131. Fences along international boundary lines to keep out diseased animals.—The Secretary of Agriculture may permit the erection of fences along international boundary lines, but entirely within the territory of the United States, for the purpose of keeping out diseased animals. (May 26, 1910, ch. 256, 36 Stat. 440.)

IMPORTATION OF MILK OR CREAM

§ 142. Milk or cream when unfit for importation.—Milk or cream shall be considered unfit for importation (1) when all cows producing such milk or cream are not healthy and a physical examination of all such cows has not been made within one year previous to such milk being offered for importation; (2) when

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