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(c) The Governor is hereby authorized and empowered to execute any and all functions and perform and all duties vested in him hereby, through such persons as he shall designate or employ; and he may delegate to any person or persons, including any institution operating under the general supervision of the Administration, the performance and discharge of any authority, power, or function vested in him by this chapter.
(d) All books and records of Federal credit unions shall be kept and reports shall be made in accordance with forms approved by the Governor.
(e) The Governor is hereby authorized to make investigations and to conduct researches and studies of the problems of persons of small means in obtaining credit at reasonable rates of interest, and of the methods and benefits of cooperative saving and lending among such persons. He is further authorized to make reports of such investigations and to publish and disseminate the same. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, § 16, 48 Stat. 1221; Dec, 6, 1937, ch. 3, $ 3, 51 Stat. 4.)
§ 1767. Fiscal agents and depositories. Each Federal credit union organized under this chapter, when requested by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall act as fiscal agent of the United States and shall perform such services as the Secretary of the Treasury may require in connection with the collection of taxes and other obligations due the United States and the lending, borrowing, and repayment of money by the United States, including the issue, sale, redemption, or repurchase of bonds, notes, Treasury certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations of the United States; and to facilitate such purposes the Governor shall furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury from time to time the names and addresses of all Federal credit unions with such other available information concerning them as may be requested by the Secretary of the Treasury. Any Federal credit union organized under this chapter, when designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall be a depository of public money, except receipts from customs, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, § 17, 48 Stat. 1222.)
§ 1768. Taxation.—The Federal credit unions organized hereunder, their property, their franchises, capital, reserves, surpluses, and other funds, and their income shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States or by any State, Territorial, or local taxing authority; except that any real property and any tangible personal property of such Federal credit unions shall be subject to Federal, State, Territorial, and local taxation to the same extent as other similar property is taxed. Nothing herein contained shall prevent holdings in any Federal credit union organized hereunder from being included in the valuation of the personal property of the owners or holders thereof in assessing taxes imposed by authority of the State or political subdivision thereof in which the Federal credit union is located: Provided, however, That the duty or burden of collecting or enforcing the payment of such tax shall not be imposed upon any such Federal credit union and the tax shall not
exceed the rate of taxes imposed upon holdings in domestic credit unions. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, $ 18, 48 Stat. 1222; Dec. 6, 1937, ch. 3, § 4, 51 Stat. 4.)
8 1769. Appropriation for administration. --Not to exceed $50,000 of the fund available to the Governor under section 1404 of this title, for expenses of administration in connection with loans made thereunder to aid in the establishment of agricultural credit corproations, is hereby made available also for administrative expenses in administering this chapter. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, $ 19, 48 Stat. 1222.)
§ 1770. Separability of provisions; right to alter, amend, or repeal chapter.-(a) If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the application of such provisions to other persons or circumsctances, shall not be affected thereby.
(b) The right to alter, amend, or repeal this chapter or any part thereof, or any charter issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, is expressly reserved. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, $ 20, 48 Stat. 1222.)
§ 1771. Allotment of space in Federal buildings.-Upon application by any credit union organized under State low or by any Federal credit union organized in accordance with the terms of this chapter, the membership of which is composed exclusively of Federal employees and members of their families, which application shall be addressed to the officer or agency of the United States charged with the allotment of space in the Federal buildings in the community or district in which said credit union or Federal credit union does business, such officer or agency may in his or its discretion allot space to such credit union if space is available without charge for rent or services. (June 26, 1934, ch. 750, § 21, as added July 9, 1937, ch. 471, 50 Stat. 487.) 88 1757-1771.
CROSS REFERENCES Transfer of functions, etc., for duration of war to Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, see Ex. Ord. No. 9148, under section 1751.
COTTON STATISTICS 8 71. Collection and publication. The Director of the Census is authorized and directed to collect and publish statistics concerning the amount of cotton ginned; the quantity of raw cotton consumed in manufacturing establishments of every character; the quantity of baled cotton on hand; the number of active consuming cotton spindles; the number of active spindle hours, and the quantity of cotton imported and exported, with the country of origin and destination. (Apr. 2, 1924, ch. 80, § 1, 43 Stat. 31; June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 21, 46 Stat. 26.)
REPEAL OF INCONSISTENT PROVISIONS Act July 22, 1912, ch. 249, 37 Stat. 249, and all other laws or parts of laws inconsistent with sections 71, 72, and 73-76 of this title were repealed by act Apr. 2, 1924, ch. 80, § 7, 43 Stat. 32.
§ 72. Contents and distribution of reports; publication by Department of Agriculture. The statistics of the quantity of cotton ginned shall show the quantity ginned from each crop prior to August 1, August 16, September 1, September 16, October 1, October 18, November 1, November 14, December 1, December 13, January 16, and March 1: Provided, that the Director of the Census may limit the canvasses of August 1 and August 16, to those sections of the cotton-growing States in which cotton has been ginned. The quantity of cotton consumed in manufacturing establishments, the quantity of baled cotton on hand, the number of active consuming cotton spindles, the number of active spindle hours, and the statistics of cotton imported and exported shall relate to each calendar month, and shall be published as soon as possible after the close of the month. Each report published by the Bureau of the Census of the quantity ginned shall carry with it the latest available statistics concerning the quantity of cotton consumed, stocks of baled cotton on hand, the number of cotton-consuming spindles, and the quantity of cotton imported and exported.
All of these publications containing statistics of cotton shall be mailed by the Director of the Census to all cotton ginners, cotton manufacturers, and cotton warehousemen, and to all daily newspapers throughout the United States. The Director of the Census shall furnish to the Department of Agriculture, immediately prior to the publication of each report of that bureau regarding the cotton crop, the latest available statistics mentioned in this and the preceding section and the said Department of Agriculture shall publish the same in connection with each of its reports concerning cotton. (Apr. 2, 1924, ch. 80, § 2, 43 Stat. 31; June 18, 1929, ch. 28, $ 21, 46 Stat. 26.)
REPEAL OF INCONSISTENT PROVISIONS See note under section 71 of this title.
§ 72a. Contents of reports; separate item of number of bales of linter.-In collecting and publishing statistics of cotton on hand in warehouses and other storage establishments, and to cotton known as the “carry-over" in the United States, the Director of the Census is hereby directed to ascertain and publish as a separate item in the report of cotton statistics the number of bales of linters as distinguished from the number of bales of cotton. (June 27, 1930, ch. 639, 46 Stat. 821.)
$ 75, Foreign cotton statistics. In addition to the information regarding cotton in the United States provided for in sections 71, 72, and 74, the Director of the Census shall compile, by correspondence or the use of published reports and documents, any available information concerning the production, consumption, and stocks of cotton in foreign countries, and the number of cotton-consuming spindles in such countries. Each report published by the Bureau of the Census regarding cotton shall contain an abstract of the latest available information obtained under the provisions of this section, and the Director of the Census shall furnish the same to the Department of Agriculture for publication in connection with the reports of that department
concerning cotton in the same manner as in the case of statistics relating to the United States. (Apr. 2, 1924, ch. 80, § 5, 43 Stat. 32; June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 21, 46 Stat. 26.)
8 76. Simultaneous publication of cotton reports. The reports of cotton ginned to the dates as of which the Department of Agriculture is also required to issue cotton crop reports shall be issued simultaneously with the cotton crop reports of that department, the two reports to be issued from the same place at eleven o'clock antemeridian on the eighth day following that on which the respective reports relate. When such date of release falls on Sunday or a legal holiday the reports shall be issued at eleven o'clock antemeridian on the next succeeding workday. (Apr. 2, 1924, ch. 80, $ 6, 43 Stat. 32; June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 21, 46 Stat. 26.)
§ 81. Collection and publication.—The Director of the Census is authorized and directed to collect and publish monthly statistics concerning the quantity of cottonseed received at oil mills, the quantity of seed crushed in such mills, the quantity of crude cotton seed products and refined oil produced, the quantities of these products shipped out of the mills and the quantities of these products and of cottonseed on hand, the quantities of crude and refined cottonseed oil held by refiners, by manufacturers of compound lard, butterine, oleomargarine, and soap, and by brokers, exporters, and warehousemen, engaged in handling crude and refined cottonseed oil, and the quantity of cotton seed and cottonseed products imported and exported: Provided, That the cost of the collection and publication of the statistics provided for in this section shall not exceed $10,000 per annum. Aug. 7, 1916, ch. 274, § 1, 39 Stat. 436.)
§ 84. Explosive and medicated cotton products. The Director of the Census is authorized and directed to collect and publish quarterly statistics of raw and prepared cotton and linters, cotton waste, and hull fiber consumed in the manufacture of guncotton and explosives of all kinds, and of absorbent and medicated cotton, and the quantiy held in such establishments at the end of each quarter. The statistics herein provided for are in addition to those collected in compliance with the Act of Congress approved July twenty-second, nineteen hundred and twelve, the provisions of that Act being made applicable to and governing the collection and publication of the data. (Aug. 7, 1916, ch. 274, $ 4, 39 Stat. 437.)
FIFTEENTH AND SUBSEQUENT DECENNIAL CENSUSES f 201. Authorization of decinnial censuses; scope of inquiries; territory included. A cenus of population, agriculture, irrigation, drainage, distribution, unemployment, and mines shall be taken by the Director of the Census in the year 1930 and every ten years thereafter. The census herein provided for shall include each State, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. A census of Guam, Samoa, and the Virgin Islands shall be taken
in the same year by the respective governors of said islands and a census of the Panama Canal Zone by the Governor of the Canal Zone, all in accordance with plans prescribed or approved by the Director of the Census. (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 1, 46 Stat. 21; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158.
8 204. Inquiries in schedules; number, form, and subdivision.The fifteenth and subsequent censuses shall be restricted to inquiries relating to population, to agriculture, to irrigation, to drainage, to distribution, to unemployment, and to mines. The number, form, and subdivision of the inquiries in the schedules used to take the census shall be determined by the Director of the Census, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce. (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 4, 46 Stat. 22.)
§ 206. Inquiries as to population and agriculture; when taken.The census of the population and of agriculture required by section 201 of this title shall be taken as of the 1st day of April, and it shall be the duty of each enumerator to commence the enumeration of his district on the day following unless the Director of the Census in his discretion shall change the date of commencement of the enumeration in said district by reason of climatic or other conditions which would materially interfere with the proper conduct of the work; but in any event it shall be the duty of each enumerator to prepare the returns hereinbefore required to be made and to forward the same to the supervisor of his district within thirty days from the commencement of the enumeration of his district: Provided, That in any city having two thousand five hundred inhabitants or more under the preceding census the enumeration of the population shall be completed within two weeks from the commencement thereof. (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 6, 46 Stat. 23.)
8 215. Information pertinent to census work; authority of Secretary of Commerce to call on other departments and officers of Government.—The Secretary of Commerce, whenever he may deem it advisable, on request of the Director of the Census, is hereby authorized to call upon any other department or office of the Government for information pertinent to the work herein provided for. (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 15, 46 Stat. 25.)
§ 216. Census of agriculture and livestock; decennial census; scope of inquiries; schedules; employees.—There shall be in the year 1935, and once every ten years thereafter, a census of agriculture and livestock, which shall show the acreage of farm land, the acreage of the principal crops, and the number and value of domestic animals on the farms and ranges of the country. The schedule employed in this census shall be prepared by the Director of the Census. Such census shall be taken as of the 1st day of January and shall relate to the crop year. The Director of the Census may appoint enumerators or special agents for the purpose of this census in accordance with the provisions of chapter 1 of this title. (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, § 16, 46 Stat. 25.)