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or region, as the case may be, in which such office is located, for a period of not less than one year next preceding the appointment or transfer to such position (disregarding periods of residence outside such State or Territory, or region, as the case may be, while in the Federal Government service). If the operations of the office are confined to a portion of a single State or Territory, the Secretary in making appointments or transfers to such office shall, except in the classes of cases exempted from the preceding sentence, appoint or transfer only persons who are residents of such portion of the State or Territory: Provided, That hereafter, wherever practicable, all appointments of persons to the Federal service for employment within the District of Columbia, under the provisions of this chapter, whether such appointments be within the classified civil service or otherwise, shall be apportoned among the several States and the District of Columbia upon the basis of population as ascertained at the last preceding census.
(b) Accept and utilize voluntary and uncompensated services, and, with the consent of the agency concerned, utilize the officers, employees, equipment, and information of any agency of the Federal Government, or of any State, Territory, or political subdivision,
(c) Within the limits of appropriations made therefor, make necessary expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere; contract stenographic reporting services; purchase and exchange of supplies and equipment, law books, books of reference, directories, periodicals, newspapers, and press clippings; travel and subsistence expenses, including the expense of attendance at meetings and conferences; purchase, operation, and maintenance, at the seat of government and elsewhere, of motor-propelled passenger-carrying and other vehicles; printing and binding; and for such other facilities and services as he may from time to time find necessary for the proper administration of this chapter.
(d) Make contracts for services and purchases of supplies without regard to the provisions of section 5 of Title 41 when the aggregate amount involved is less than $300.
(e) Make payments prior to audit and settlement by the General Accounting Office.
(f) Acquire land and interests therein without regard to sections 733 of Title 33, 520 of Title 34, 255 of Title 40 and 175 of Title 50. This subsection shall not apply with respect to the acquisition of land or interests in land under sections 1010-1013 of this title.
(g) Compromise claims and obligations arising under, and adjust and modify the terms of mortgages, leases, contracts, and agreements entered into pursuant to, this chapter, as circumstances may require.
(h) Collect all claims and obligations arising under this chapter, or under any mortgage, lease, contract, or agreement entered into pursuant to this chapter, and, if in his judgment necessary and advisable, to pursue the same to final collection in any court having jurisdiction: Provided, That the prosecution and defense of all litigation under this chapter shall be conducted under the supervision of the Attorney General, and the legal representation shall be by the United States Attorneys for the districts, respectively, in which such litigation may arise, or by such other attorney or attorneys as may, under the law, be designated by the Attorney General,
(i) Make such rules and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out this chapter. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 41, 50 Stat. 528.)
§ 1016. County Committee; appointments; compensation; meetings; duties.(a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to appoint in each county in which activities are carried on under sections 1001-1006 of this title a county committee composed of three farmers residing in the county.
(b) Each member of the committee shall be allowed compensation at the rate of $3 per day while engaged in the performance of duties under this chapter but such compensation shall not be allowed with respect to more than five days in a month. In addition, they shall be allowed such amounts as the Secretary may prescribe for necessary traveling and subsistence expenses.
(c) The committee shall meet on the call of the county agent in the county, or on the call of such other person as the Secretary may designate. Two members of the committee shall constitute a quoroum. The Secretary shall prescribe rules governing the procedure of the committees, furnish forms and equipment necessary for the performance of their duties, and authorize and provide for the compensation of such clerical assistants as he deems may be required by any committee.
(d) Committees established under this chapter shall, in addition to the duties specifically imposed under this chapter, perform such other duties under this chapter as the Secretary may require of them. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 42, 50 Stat. 529.)
§ 1017. Completion of resettlement projects. The Secretary is authorized to continue to perform such of the functions vested in him pursuant to Executive Order Numbered 7530 of December 31, 1936, as amended by Executive Order Numbered 7557 of February 19, 1937, and pursuant to sections 431-434 of Title 40, as shall be necessary only for the completion and administration of those resettlement projects, rural rehabilitation projects for resettlement purposes, and land development and land utilization projects, for which funds have been allotted by the President, and the balances of funds available to the Secretary for said purposes which are unexpended on June 30, 1937, are authorized to be appropriated to carry out said purposes : Provided, That any land held by the United States under the supervision of the Secretary pursuant to said Executive orders may where suitable be utilized for the purposes of sections 1001-1006 of this title, and the Secretary may sell said land and make loans for the necessary improvement thereof to such individuals and upon such terms as shall be in accordance with the provisions of sections 1001-1006 of this title. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 43, 50 Stat. 530.)
§ 1018. Reservation of mineral rights. The sale or other disposition of any real property acquired by the Secretary pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or any interest therein, shall be subject to the reservation by the Secretary on behalf of the United States of not less than an undivided three-fourths of the interest of the United States in all coal, oil, gas, and other minerals in or under such property. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 44, 50 Stat. 530).
§ 1019. Transfer of available lands.—The President may at any time in his discretion transfer to the Secretary or the Corporation any right, interest, or title held by the United States, and under the supervision of the Secretary, in any land which the President shall find suitable for the purposes of this chapter, and the Secretary or the Corporation, as the case may be, may use and dispose of such land in such manner, and subject to such terms and conditions, as the President determines will best carry out the objectives of this chapter. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 45, 50 Stat. 530).
§ 1020. Transactions with private corporations. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to authorize the making of any loan, or the sale or other disposition of real property or any interest therein, to any private corporation, for farming purposes. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 46, 50 Stat. 530.)
§ 1021. Surveys and research.—The Secretary is authorized to conduct surveys, investigations, and research relating to the conditions and factors affecting, and the methods of accomplishing most effectively, the purposes of this chapter, and may publish and disseminate information pertinent to the various aspects of his activities. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 47, 50 Stat. 531.)
§ 1022. Variable payments on obligations.--The Secretary may provide for the payment of any obligation or indebtedness to him under this chapter under a system of variable payments under which a surplus above the required payment will be collected in periods of above-normal production or prices and employed to reduce payments below the required payment in periods of subnormal production or prices. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 48, 50 Stat. 531.)
8 1023. Set-off.—No set-off shall be made against any payment to be made by the Secretary to any person under the provisions of this chapter, by reason of any indebtedness of such person to the United States, and no debt due to the Secretary under the provisions of this chapter shall be set off against any payments owing by the United States, unless the Secretary shall find that such set-off will not adversely affect the objectives of this chapter. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 49, 50 Stat. 531.)
§ 1024. Taxation.—(a) All property which is being utilized to carry out the purposes of sections 1001-1006 or sections 1007-1009 of this title (other than property used solely for administrative purposes) shall, notwithstanding that legal title to such property remains in the Secretary or the Corporation, be subject to taxation by the State, Territory, District, dependency, and political subdivision concerned, in the same manner and to the same extent as other similar property is taxed.
(b) All property to which subsection (a) of this section is inapplicable which is held by the Secretary or the Corporation pursuant to this chapter shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States or any State, Territory, District, dependency, or political subdivision, but nothing in this subsection shall be construed as affecting the authority or duty of the Secretary under any other law to make payments in respect of any such property in lieu of taxes. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 50, 50 Stat. 531.)
§ 1025. Purchase at foreclosure sale.—The Secretary is authorized and empowered to bid for and purchase at any foreclosure or other sale, or otherwise to acquire property pledged or mortgaged to secure any loan or other indebtedness owing under this chapter; to accept title to any property so purchased or acquired; to operate or lease such property for such period as may be deemed necessary or advisable to protect the investment therein; and to sell or otherwise dispose of such property so purchased or acquired upon such terms and for such considerations as the Secretary shall determine to be reasonable, but subject to the reservation of the rights provided for in section 1018 of this title. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, $ 51, 50 Stat. 531.)
1026. Penalties.-(a) Whoever makes any material representation, knowing it to be false, for the purpose of influencing in any way the action of the Corporation upon any application, advance, discount, purchase, or repurchase agreement, contract of sale, lease, or loan, or any change or extension of any of the same by renewal, deferment of action or otherwise, or the acceptance, release, or substitution of security therefor, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.
(b) Whoever, being connected in any capacity with the Corporation, (1) embezzles, abstracts, purloins, or willfully misapplies any moneys, funds, securities, or other things of value, whether belonging to the Corporation or pledged or otherwise entrusted to it; or (2) with intent to defraud the Corporation, or any other body politic or corporate, or any individual, or to deceive, any officer, auditor, or examiner of the Corporation, makes any false entry in any book, report, or statement of, or to, the Corporation or draws any order, or issues, puts forth, or assigns any note or other obligation or draft, mortgage, judgment, or decree thereof; or (3) with intent to defraud the Corporation, participates or shares in or receives directly or indirectly any money, profit, property, or benefits through any transaction, loan, commission contract, or any other act of the Corporation, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.
(c) Whoever willfully shall conceal, remove, dispose of, or convert to his own use or to that of another, any property mortgaged or pledged to, or held by, the Corporation, as security for any obligation, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.
(d) The provisions of sections 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, and 207, of Title 18, insofar as applicable, are extended to apply to contracts or agreements of the Corporation, which for the purposes hereof shall be held to include advances, loans, discounts, purchase and repurchase agreements, contracts of sale, and leases; extensions and renewals thereof; and acceptances, releases, and substitutions of security therefor.
(e) Whoever conspires with another to accomplish any of the acts made unlawful by the preceding provisions of this ction shall, on conviction thereof, be subject to the same fine or imprisonment, or both, as is applicable in the case of conviction for doing such unlawful act. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 52, 50 Stat. 531.)
§ 1027. Fees and commissions.—No Federal officer, attorney, or employee shall, directly or indirectly, be the beneficiary of or receive any fee, commission, gift, or other consideration for or in connection with any transaction or business under this chapter other than such salary, fee, or other compensation as he may receive as such officer, attorney, or employee. No member of a county committee established under section 1016 of this title shall knowingly make or join in making any certification prohibited by section 1002 (c) of this title. Any person violating any provision of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, $ 53, 50 Stat, 532.)
§ 1028. Application to Territories. The provisions of this chapter shall extend to the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii and to Puerto Rico. In the case of Alaska and Puerto Rico the term “county" as used in this chapter shall be deemed synonymous with the Territory, or any subdivision thereof as may be designated by the Secretary, and payments under section 1012 of this title shall be made to the Governor of the Territory or to the fiscal agent of such subdivision. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 54, 50 Stat. 532.)
§ 1029. Separability. If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the application of such provisions to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby. (July 22, 1937, ch. 517, title IV, § 55, 50 Stat. 533.)
Chapter 34.-SUGAR PRODUCTION AND CONTROL
$ 1100. Short title. This chapter may be cited as the Sugar Act of 1937. (Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 898, § 1, 50 Stat. 903.)
SUBCHAPTER 1.-DEFINITIONS 1101. Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter, except subchapter IV
The term “person” means an individual, partnership, corporation, or association.
The term "sugars” means any grade or type of saccharine product derived from sugarcane or sugar beets, which contains sucrose, dextrose, or levulose.
The term "sugar” means raw sugar or direct-consumption sugar.