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to an amount not exceeding 22 per centum of the quota established for Cuba: And provided further, That any imported sugar, with respect to which a drawback of duty is allowed, under the provisions of section 1313 of Title 19, shall not be charged against the quota established by the Secretary of Agriculture hereunder for the country from which such sugar was imported, and the Secretary of Agriculture may, by orders or regulations, readjust any quota subject to the provisions of this section, except quotas fixed by paragraph (B) of this subsection; and may allot (or appoint an officer, including the Governor General of the Philippine Islands for that area, in his name to allot) any quota, and readjust any such allotment, from time to time, among the processors, handlers of sugar and others; and/or

(i) Forbid processors, handlers of sugar, and others from transporting to, receiving in, processing or marketing in, continental United States, and/or from processing in the Territory of Hawaii or Puerto Rico for consumption in continental United States, sugar from the Territory of Hawaii or Puerto Rico, in excess of quotas fixed by the Secretary of Agriculture, for any calendār year, based on average quantities therefrom brought into continental United States for consumption, or which was actually consumed, therein during such three years, respectively, in the years 1925-1933, inclusive, as the Secretary of Agriculture may, from time to time, determine to be the most representative respective three years, adjusted, together with the quotas established pursuant to paragraph (i) (in such manner as the Secretary shall determine), to the remainder of the total estimated consumption requirements of sugar for continental United States, determined pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, after deducting therefrom the quotas for continental United States, provided for by paragraph (B) of this subsection: Provided, however, That in such quotas there may be included direct-consumption sugar up to an amount not exceeding the respective quantities of direct-consumption sugar therefrom brought into continental United States for consumption, or which was actually consumed, therein during the year 1931, 1932, or 1933, whichever is greater, and the Secretary of Agriculture may, by orders or regulations, allot such quotas and readjust any such allotment, from time to time, among the processors, handlers of sugar, and others; and/or

(B) Forbid processor, persons engaged in the handling of sugar, and others from marketing in, or in the current of, or so as directly to burden, obstruct, or affect, interstate or foreign commerce, sugar manufactured from sugar beets and/or sugarcane, produced in the continental United States beetsugar-producing area, the States of Louisiana and Florida, and any other State or States in excess of the following quotas, for any calendar year, except as provided for in subsection (2) of this section: United States beet-sugar area, one million five hundred and fifty thousand short tons raw value the States of Louisiana and Florida, except as may be provided under paragraph (C) of this subsection, two hundred and sixty thousand short tons raw value; and the Secretary of Agriculture may, by orders or regulations, allot such quotas and readjust any such allotment, from time to time, among the processors, persons engaged in the handling of sugar, and others; and/or

(C) For any calendar year, determine the quota, but not less than the quota provided in paragraph (B), for any area producing less than two hundred and fifty thousand long tons of sugar raw value during the next preceding calendar year; and/or

(D) Establish a separate quota or quotas for edible molasses and/or sirup of cane juice produced in continental United States, in addition to, and/or for edible molasses, sirups, and sugar mixtures produced in any other area or areas to which this title relates, as part of or in addition to, the quotas established pursuant to paragraph (A) to (C), inclusive, of this subsection, for use as such and not for the extraction of sugar.

(2) Determination of quotas for sugar.-(A) The consumption requirements of sugar for continental United States, for the. calendar year 1934, and for each succeeding calendar year, shall be determined by the Secretary of Agriculture from available statistics of the Department of Agriculture. The consumption requirements so determined shall, at such intervals as the Secretary finds necessary to effectuate the declared policy and the purposes of this chapter, be adjusted by him to meet the actual requirements of the consumer as determined by the Secretary.

(B) In the event that available statistics of the Department of Agriculture during the course of any calendar year indicate that the consumption requirements of sugar for continental United States for such calendar year will exceed the amount of the consumption requirements determined for that year, the Secretary of Agriculture may prorate such estimated excess amount on the basis of the respective quotas determined by and pursuant to subsection (1) of this section: Provided, however, That for each calendar year there shall be allotted to continental United States not less than 30 per centum of any amount of consumption requirements therefor above six million four hundred and fifty-two thousand short tons raw value.

(C) In the event that available statistics of the Department of Agriculture during the course of any calendar year indicate that the consumption requirements of sugar for continental United States for such year will be less than the amount of the consumption requirements determined for that year, the amount of such deficiency may be proportionately deducted from the respective quotas determined by and pursuant to paragraph (A) of subsection (1) of this section.

(D) If, during any calendar year, any producing area is unable to produce and deliver its full quota of sugar, the Secretary of Agriculture may prorate this deficiency among the other areas on the basis of their respective quotas and ability to supply the deficiency.

(E) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (A) to (C), inclusive, of subsection (1) of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture may, in order to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, from time to time, by orders or regulations, deduct from the quotas for production, importing, receiving and/or marketing,

and/or from the allotments thereof, established pursuant to said paragraphs, in any given year, an amount for each year, respectively, representing the surplus stocks of sugar produced in that area, or a portion of the total surplus stocks of sugar produced in that area, in whole or in part, which may have accumulated in the year next preceding, over and above the quotas established for such year.

(3) Limitation or regulation of child labor in sugar industry; wages; adjustment of disputes. In order more fully to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, as set forth in its declaration of policy, and to insure the equitable division between producers and/or growers and/or the processors of sugar beets or sugarcane of any of the proceeds which may be derived from the growing, processing, and/or marketing of such sugar beets or sugarcane, and the processing and/or marketing of the products and by products thereof, all agreements authorized by this chapter relating to sugar beets, sugarcane, or the products thereof may contain provisions which will limit or regulate child labor, and will fix minimum wages for workers or growers employed by the producers and/or processors of sugar beets and/or sugarcane who are parties to such agreements; and the Secretary, upon the request of any producer, or grower, or worker, or of any association of producers, or growers, or workers, or of any processor, of sugar beets or sugarcane, is hereby authorized to adjudicate any dispute as to any of the terms under which sugar beets or sugarcane are grown or are to be grown and/or marketed, and the sugar and byproducts thereof are to be marketed. The decision and any determination of the Secretary shall be final.

(4) Penalties.-Any person willfully violating any order or regulation of the Secretary of Agriculture issued under this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $100.

(5) Forfeitures.-Any person willfully exceeding any quota or allotment fixed for him under this chapter by the Secretary of Agriculture, and any other person knowingly participating, or aiding, in the exceeding of said quota or allotment shall forfeit to the United States a sum equal to three times the current market value of such excess, which forfeiture shall be recoverable in a civil suit brought in the name of the United States.

(6) Jurisdiction of district courts.—The several district courts of the United States are hereby vested with jurisdiction specifically to enforce, and to prevent and restrain any person from violating any order, regulation, or agreement, heretofore or hereafter made or issued pursuant to this chapter, in any proceeding now pending or hereafter brought in said courts.

(7) Duties of district attorneys; investigation of violations by Secretary; hearings. Upon the request of the Secretary of Agriculture, it shall be the duty of the several district attorneys of the United States, in their respective districts, under the direcions of the Attorney General, to institute proceedings to enforce the remedies and to collect the forfeitures, provided for in, or pursuant to, this chapter. Whenever the Secretary, or such officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture as he may designate for the purpose, has reason to believe that any handler has violated, or is violating, the provisions of any order or amendment thereto issued pursuant to sections 601-608, 608a-608c, 608d-612, 613-619, 620, 623, 624 of this title, the Secretary shall have power to institute an investigation and, after due notice to such handler, to conduct a hearing in order to determine the facts for the purpose of referring the matter to the Attorney General for approriate action.

(8) Cumulative remedies.—The remedies provided for in this section shall be in addition to, and not exclusive of, any of the remedies or penalties provided for elsewhere in this chapter or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity.

(9) “Person" defined.—The term “person” as used in this chapter includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, and any other business unit. (May 12, 1933, ch. 25, title I, § 8a, as added May 9, 1934; 11:23 a. m., ch. 263, § 4, 48 Stat. 672; Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, $8 8-10, 49 Stat. 762, June 3, 1937, ch. 296, §§ 1, 2 (c), 50 Stat. 246, 247.)

VALIDITY OF SECTION AFFIRMED Act June 3, 1937, ch. 296, § 1, 50 Stat. 246, affirmed and validated, and reenacted without change the provisions of subdivisions (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9) of this section, except for the amendment to subdivision (6) by section 2 of the act. See note to section 601 of this title.

TERMINATION OF APPLICATION TO SUGAR Provisions of this section ceased to apply to sugar on September 1, 1937. See section 1180 of this title.

8 608a-1. Repealed Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 898, title V, § 510, 50 Stat. 916.

Section was from act June 19, 1936, ch. 612, § 2, 49 Stat. 1539. See section 1180 of this title.

8 608b. Marketing agreements; exemption from antitrust laws; loans from Reconstruction Finance Corporation. In order to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture shall have the power, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, to enter into marketing agreements with processors, producers, associations of producers, and others engaged in the handling of any agricultural commodity or product thereof, only with respect to such handling as is in the current of interstate or foreign commerce or which directly burdens, obstructs, or affects, interstate or foreign commerce in such commodity or product thereof. The making of any such agreement shall not be held to be in violation of any of the antitrust laws of the United States, and any such agreement shall be deemed to be lawful: Provided, That no such agreement shall remain in force after the termination of this chapter. For the purpose of carrying out any such agreement the parties thereto shall be eligible for loans from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation under section 605 of Title 15. Such loans shall not be in excess of such amounts as may be authorized by the agreements. (May 12, 1933, ch. 25, title I, § 8 (2), 48 Stat. 34; Apr. 7, 1934, ch. 103, § 7, 48 Stat. 528; as renumbered 8b and amended Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, § 4, 49 Stat. 753; June 3, 1937, ch. 296, § 1, 50 Stat. 246.)

VALIDITY OF SECTION AFFIRMED Act June 3, 1937, ch. 296, § 1, 50 Stat. 246, affirmed and validated, and reenacted without change the provisions of this section. See note to section 601 of this title.

CODIFICATION The provisions now appearing in this section, except the first sentence, were originally enacted as part of section 8, subsection 2, of the act of May 12, 1933, cited to the text, and formerly appeared as section 608 (2) of this chapter.

The act of August 24, 1935, cited to the text, designated said subsection 2 as section 8b and changed the first sentence to read as it now appears in the text.

TERMINATION OF APPLICATION TO SUGAR Provisions of this section ceased to apply to sugar on September 1, 1937. See section 1180 of this title.

§ 608c. Orders regulating handling of commodity—(1) Issuance by Secretary.- The Secretary of Agriculture shall, subject to the provisions of this section, issue, and from time to time amend, orders applicable to processors, associations of producers, and others engaged in the handling of any agricultural commodity or product thereof specified in subsection (2) of this section. Such persons are referred to in this chapter as "handlers." Such orders shall regulate, in the manner hereinafter in this section provided, only such handling of such agricultural commodity, or product thereof, as is in the current of interstate or foreign commerce, or which directly burdens, obstructs, or affects, interstate or foreign commerce in such commodity or product thereof.

(2) Commodities to which applicable.--Orders issued pursuant to this section shall be applicable only to the following agricultural commodities and the products thereof (except products of naval stores and the products of honeybees), or to any regional, or market classification of any such commodity or product: Milk, fruits (including pecans and walnuts but not including apples, other than apples produced in the States of Washington, Oregon, and raaho, and not including fruits, other than olives, for canning), tobacco, vegetables (not including vegetables, other than asparagus, for canning), soybeans, hops, honeybees and naval stores as included in sections 91-99 of this title and standards established thereunder (including refined or partially refined oleoresin).

(3) Notice and hearing.-Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture has reason to believe that the issuance of an order will tend to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter with respect to any commodity or product thereof specified in subsection (2) of this section, he shall give due notice of and an opportunity for a hearing upon a proposed order.

(4) Finding and issuance of order.–After such notice and opportunity for hearing, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue an order if he finds, and sets forth in such order, upon the evidence introduced at such hearing (in addition to such other findings as may be specifically required by this section) that the issuance of such order and all of the terms and conditions thereof will tend to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter with respect to such commodity.

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