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allot, for each fiscal year for which an appropriation is made, to Puerto Rico and each State and Territory an amount which bears the same ratio to the total amount to be allotted as the rural population of Peurto Rico or the State or Territory bears to the rural population of Puerto Rico and all the States and Territories as determined by the last preceding decennial census. No allotment and no payment under any allotment shall be made for any fiscal year in excess of the amount which Puerto Rico or the State or Territory makes available for such fiscal year out of its own funds for research and for the establishment and maintenance of necessary facilities for the prosecution of such research. If Puerto Rico or any State or Territory fails to make available for such purposes for any fiscal year a sum equal to the total amount to which it may be entitled for such year, the remainder of such amount shall be withheld by the Secretary. The total amount so withheld may be allotted by the Secretary of Agriculture to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories which make available for such year an amount equal to that part of the total amount withheld which may be allotted to them by the Secretary of Agriculture, but no such additional allotment to Puerto Rico or any State or Territory shall exceed the original allotment to Pureto Rico or such State or Territory for that year by more than 20 per centum thereof.

(b) The sums authorized to be allotted to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories shall be paid annually in quarterly payments on July 1, October 1, January 1, and April 1. Such sums shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury upon warrant of the Secretary of Agriculture in the same manner and subject to the same administrative procedure set forth in sections 362, 363, 365, 368-3680, 377-379 of this title.

(c) In order to prevent reduced allotments because of changes in relative rural populations, $63,708 of the funds appropriated for any fiscal year and available for the purposes of this section shall be available for allotment during the fiscal year in the same amount and to the same States and Territories which received allotments from such appropriation in the fiscal year 1942. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 5, 49 Stat. 437; Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, $ 105, 58 Stat. 735.)

AMENDMENTS 1944–Subsec. (c) added by act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text.

CODIFICATION This section was amended by the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

§ 427e. Same; “Territory” defined. As used in sections 427427g of this title the term "Territory” means Alaska and Hawaii. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, $ 6, 49 Stat. 438.)

§ 427f. Same; rules and regulations.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out sections 343c, 343d and 427-427g of this title. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 7, 49 Stat. § 427g. Same; right to repeal, amend, etc., reserved.—The right to alter, amend, or appeal sections 343c, 343d and 427-427f of this title is expressly reserved. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 8, 49 Stat. 438.)

§ 428. Option to purchase lands.-The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend from appropriations available for the purchase of lands not to exceed $1 for each option to purchase any particular tract or tracts of land. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 532.)

CROSS REFERENCES Adjustment of title to lands under jurisdiction of Secretary of Agriculture, see section 567 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

8 429. Improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries.--The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with State authorities in the administration of regulations for the improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries. (Sept 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (b), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 430. Purchasing and testing of serums or analogous products; dissemination of test results.-The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase in the open market from applicable appropriations samples of all tuberculin, serums, antitoxins, or analogous products, of foreign or domestic manufacture, which are sold in the United States, for the detection, prevention, treatment, or cure of diseases of domestic animals, test the same, and disseminate the results of said tests in such manner as he may deem best. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (d), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 431. Purchase of tags, labels, stamps, and certificates.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend appropriations for meat inspection for the purchase of printed tags, labels, stamps, and certificates without regard to existing laws applicable to public printing. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (f), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 432. Purchase of cultures for soil and fertilizer investigations.—The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase from applicable appropriations cultures in the open market for use in connection with soil and fertilizer investigations. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, 8 104, 58 Stat. 735.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

Chapter 18.–COOPERATIVE MARKETING ACT

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS AND CHANGES IN NAMES Ex, ORD. No. 5200. TRANSFER OF DIVISION OF COOPERATIVE MARKETING TO

THE FEDERAL FARM BOARD

Promulgated Oct. 1, 1929 I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, under the authority conferred upon me by paragraph (e) of Section 13 of Agricultural Marketing Act approved June 15, 1929, entitled "An Act To establish a Federal Farm Board to promote the effective merchandising of agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce, and to place agriculture on a basis of economic equality with other industries," and by virtue of all other powers thereto me enabling, do hereby transfer from the Department of Agriculture to the jurisdiction and control of Federal Farm Board the whole of the Division of Cooperative Marketing in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture, all functions pertaining to the work and services of such division, its records, property, including office equipment, personnel, and unexpended balances of appropriation, pertaining to such work or services. The Division of Cooperative Marketing above referred to is created and authorized by “An Act To create a division of cooperative marketing in the Department of Agriculture; to provide for the acquisition and dissemination of information pertaining to cooperation; to promote the knowledge of cooperative principles and practices; to provide for calling advisers to counsel with the Secretary of Agriculture on cooperative activities; to authorize cooperative associations to acquire, infernret, and disseminate crop and market information, and for other purposes”, approved July 2, 1926. The transfer above mentioned shall be effective from and including October 1st, 1929. Ex. ORD. No. 604. REORGANIZING AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGENCIES OF THE

UNITED STATES

Promulgated Mar. 27, 1933 Whereas sections 401 and 403 of Title IV of Part II of the Legislative Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1933, as amended by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1933, provide:

SEC. 401. The Congress hereby declares that a serious emergency exists by reason of the general economic depression; that it is imperative to reduce drastically governmental expenditures; and that such reduction may be accomplished in great measure by proceeding immediately under the provisions of this title.

Accordingly, the President shall investigate the present organization of all executive and administrative agencies of the Government and shall determine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes:

(a) To reduce expenditures to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government.

(b) To increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government to the fullest extent practicable within the revenues;

(c) To group, coordinate, and consolidate executive and administrative agencies of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major durposes;

(d) To reduce the number of such agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and by abolishing such agencies and/or such functions thereof as may not be necessary for the efficient conduct of the Government;

(e) To eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort; and

(f) To segregate regulatory agencies and functions from those of an administrative and executive character.

SEC. 403. Whenever the President, after investigation, shall find and declare that any regrouping, consolidation, transfer, or abolition of any executive agency or agencies and/or the functions thereof is necessary to accomplish any of the purposes set forth in section 401 of this title, he may by Executive order

(a) Transfer the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof to the jurisdiction and control of any other executive agency;

(b) Consolidate the functions vested in any executive agency; or

(C! Abolish the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof; and

(d) Designate and fix the name and functions of any consolidated activity or executive agency and the title, powers, and duties of its executive head; except that the President shall not have authority under this title to abolish or transfer an executive department and/or all the functions thereof.

Now, therefore, pursuant to the authority so vested in me, and after investigation, it is found and declared that the following changes in executive agencies and the functions thereof are necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth in section 401 above recited, and it is hereby ordered that:

(1) The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture as a member of the Federal Farm Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Board, except the office of the member designated as chairman thereof, are abolished.

(2) The name of the Federal Farm Board is changed to the Farm Credit Adininistration.

(3) The name of the office of Chairman of the Federal Farm Board is changed to Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, and he is vested with all the powers and duties of the Federal Farm Board.

(4) The functions of the Secretary of the Treasury as a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Loan Board, except the office of the member designated as farm loan commissioner, are abolished, and all the powers and functions of the Federal Loan Board are transferred to and vested in the farm loan commissioner, subject to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration as herein provided.

(5) There are transferred to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration:

(a) The Federal Farm Loan Bureau and the functions'thereof; together with the functions of the Federal Farm Loan Board, including the functions of the Farm Loan Commissioner;

(b) The functions of the Treasury Department and the Department of Agriculture, and the Secretaries thereof, under Executive authorizations to give aid to farmers, dated July 26, 1918, and any extensions or amendments thereof;

(c) The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture under all provisions of law relating to the making of advances or loans to farmers, fruit growers, producers and owners of livestock and crops, and to individuals for the purpose of assisting in forming or increasing the capital stock of agricultural-credit corporations, livestock-loan companies, or like organizations, except Public Resolution No. 74, Seventieth Congress, approved December 21, 1928, providing for the Puerto Rican Hurricane Relief Commission;

(d) The Crop Production Loan Office and the Seed Loan Office of the Department of Agriculture, and the functions thereof;

(e) The functions of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and its Board of Directors relating to the appointment of officers and agents to manage regional agricultural credit corporations formed under section 201 (e) of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932; relating to the establishment of rules and regulations for such management; and relating to the approval of loans and advances made by such corporations and of the terms and conditions thereof.

(6) The functions vested in the Federal Farm Board by section of the Agricultural Marketing Act are abolished, except that such functions shall continue to be exercised to such extent and for such time as may be necessary to permit the orderly winding up of the activities of stabilization corporations heretofore recognized under authority of such section, and the Governor of the Farm Credit Administration shall take appropriate action for winding up at the earliest practicable date the activities of such corporations and all affairs related to the exercise of such functions.

(7) The records, property (including office equipment), and personnel used and employed in the execution of the functions hereinbefore transferred are transferred to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration.

(8) The sum of $2,000,000 of the unexpended balances of appropriations made to the Federal Farm Board by Public Resolutions No. 43 and No. 51 of the Seventy-second Congress shall be impounded and returned to the Treasury, which sum shall be in addition to the other savings to be effected by the Farm Credit Administration as a result of this order.

(9) The unexpended balances of appropriations to the Secretary of Agriculture, the Federal Farm Loan Bureau, and the Federal Farm Board for salaries, expenses, and all other administrative expenditures in the execution of the functions herein vested in the Farm Credit Administration shall be transferred to and vested in the Farm Credit Administration as a single fund for its use for salaries, expenses, and all other administrative expenditures for the execution of any or all of such functions without restriction as to the particular functions for the execution of which the same were originally appropriated. All other appropriations, allotments, and other funds available for use in connection with the functions and executive agencies hereby transferred and consolidated are hereby transferred to and vested in the Farm Credit Administration, and shall be available for use by it, for the same purposes as if the Farm Credit Administration were named in the law or authority providing such appropriations, allotments, or other funds.

(10) All power, authority, and duties conferred by law upon any officer, executive agency, or head thereof, from which or from whom transfer is hereinbefore made, in relation to the executive agency or function transferred, are transferred to and vested in the Governor of the Farm Credit Administration.

(11) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration is directed to dismiss, furlough, transfer, or make other appropriate disposition of such of the officers and employees under his jurisdiction and control as are not required for the proper execution of the functions of the Farm Credit Administration.

(12) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration is authorized to execute any and all functions and perform any and all duties vested in him through such persons as he shall by order designate or employ.

(13) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, by order or rules and regulations, may consolidate, regroup, and transfer offices, bureaus, activities, and functions in the Farm Credit Administration, so far as may be required to carry out the purposes to which this order is directed, and may fix or change the names of such offices, bureaus, and activities and the duties, powers, and titles of their executive heads.

This order shall take effect upon the sixty-first calendar day after its transmission to Congress unless otherwise determined in accordance with the provisions of section 407 of the act cited above, as amended.

§ 451. Division of cooperative marketing; definitions.—When used in this chapter the term "agricultural products” means agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, livestock and the products thereof, the products of poultry and bee raising, the edible products of forestry, and any and all products raised or produced on farms and processed or manufactured products thereof, transported or intended to be transported in interstate and/or foreign commerce. (July 2, 1926, ch. 725, § 1, 44 Stat. 802.)

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