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§ 415d. Same; rules and regulations; deposit of receipts.—The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations as he deems advisable for carrying out any of the provisions of sections 415a and 415b of this title. All receipts hereunder shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. (May 17, 1928, ch. 602, § 3, 45 Stat. 594.)
8 415e. Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms, etc.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell samples, illustrations, practical forms, or sets of the grades recommended or promulgated by him for farm or food products, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, and the receipts therefrom shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title IV, S 401 (a), 58 Stat. 738.)
CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.
§ 416. Letting contract for packing, etc., of seeds, etc., for distribution.--The Secretary of Agriculture, after due advertisement and on competitive bids, is authorized to award the contract for the supplying of printed packets and envelopes and the packeting, assembling, and mailing of the seeds, bulbs, shrubs, vines, cuttings, and plants, or any part thereof, for a period of not more than five years nor less than one year, if by such action he can best protect the interests of the United States. (May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 517.)
§ 417. Distribution of farmers' bulletins. In the distribution of farmers' bulletins, which shall be adapted to the interests of the people of the different sections of the country, an equal proportion of four-fifths shall be delivered to or sent out under the addressed franks furnished by Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, as such Senators, Representatives, or Delegates shall direct: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall notify Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress of the title and character of each such bulletin, with the total number to which each Senator, Representative, and Delegate may be entitled for such distribution; and on the face of the envelope inclosing said bulletins shall be printed the title of each bulletin contained therein: Provided further, That all such_bulletins included in the quotas of Senators, Representatives, or Delegates not called for on or before the 31st day of May in each fiscal year shall revert to the Secretary of Agriculture, and be available to him, either for miscellaneous distribution, or in making up congressional quotas for the next fiscal year. (June 30, 1906, ch. 3913, 34 Stat. 690.)
§ 418. Annual report by Secretary on work of agricultural experiment stations and of college extension work; publication and distribution. There shall be prepared by the Department of Agriculture an annual report on the work and expenditures of the agricultural experiment stations established under sections 362, 363, 365, 368-368c, 377-379 of this title, on the work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture in connection therewith, and on the cooperative agricultural extension work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture and of agricultural colleges under sections 341-343, 344-348 of this title, and there shall be printed annually eight thousand copies of said report, of which one thousand copies shall be for the use of the Senate, two thousand copies for the use of the House of Representatives, and five thousand copies for the use of the Department of Agriculture. (Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 144, 38 Stat. 1110.)
8 419. Sale by Secretary of Agriculture of products of agricultural experiment station in Puerto Rico; disposition of moneys. The Secretary is authorized to sell such products as are obtained on the land belonging to the agricultural experiment station in Puerto Rico, and the amount obtained from the sale thereof shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 536; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 413; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 670; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 400; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, $ 1, 58 Stat. 432.)
§ 420. Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require production of books, etc.—In the performance of the duties required of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics in the administration or enforcement of provisions of Acts (United States Cotton Futures Act, chapter 14 of Title 26; United States Grain Standards Act, chapter 3 of this title; United States Warehouse Act, chapter 10 of this title; Standard Container Act, Title 15, sections 251-256 and the Acts making annual appropriations for the Department of Agriculture) relating to the Department of Agriculture, the Secretary of Agriculture, or any representative specifically authorized in writing by him for the purpose, shall have power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, and call for the production of books and papers. (July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 267; May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 532.)
§ 421. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Mandan, North Dakota.--The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at Mandan, North Dakota, a dairying and livestock experiment station, in connection with the Great Plains Experiment Station, for investigations and experiments in the dairy and livestock industries and the problems pertaining to the establishment and development of such industries, and for demonstrations, assistance, and service in livestock breeding, growing, and feeding. (July 3, 1926, ch. 769, § 1, 44 Stat. 840.)
§ 421a. Same; appropriation.
This section, act July 3, 1926, ch. 769, § 2, 44 Stat. 840, appropriated $25,000 to effectuate the purposes of section 421 of this title.
422. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Lewisburg, Tennessee.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee, a dairying station for investigations, experiments, and demonstrations in the dairy industry, and the problems pertaining to the development of such industry in the South, and for investigations, demonstrations, assistance, and service in dairy live stock breeding, growing, and feeding, and dairy products manufacture. (May 29, 1928, ch, 892, § 1, 45 Stat. 981.)
§ 422a. Same; appropriations. There is hereby authorized to be approriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000, to carry out the provisions of section 422 of this title, including the construction of buildings, the acquirement of equipment and apparatus, the purchase of livestock, and the employment of necessary persons; and each fiscal year thereafter necessary appropriations for the maintenance of said station as contemplated by section 422 of this title: Provided, That suitable lands are furnished by the State or other interests. (May 29, 1928, ch. 892, § 2, 45 Stat. 981.)
§ 423. Cotton; investigation of new uses; cooperation with State and other agencies.—The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce are hereby authorized to engage in technical and scientific research in American-grown cotton and its byproducts and their present and potential uses, including new and additional commercial and scientific uses for cotton and its byproducts, and to diffuse such information among the people of the United States; and the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce or their duly authorized representatives may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, and State, Territory, District, or possession or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person in carrying out the purposes of this section in the District of Columbia and elsewhere. (Apr. 12, 1928, ch. 362, 45 Stat. 426.)
§ 424. Cotton ginning investigations; publication of results; cooperation with Federal and State departments and agencies.The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to investigate the ginning of cotton; to establish and maintain experimental ginning plants and laboratories; and to make such tests, demonstrations, and experiments, and such technical and scientific studies in relation to cotton ginning as he shall deem necessary and to publish the results thereof, with a view to developing improved ginning equipment and encouraging the use of improved methods, and he may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person, as he shall find to be necessary. (Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, § 1, 46 Stat. 248.)
§ 425. Same; appropriations.—For the purposes of section 424 of this title there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, after June 30, 1931, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary. (Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, § 2, 46 Stat. 248.)
§ 426. Predatory and other wild animals; eradication and control; investigations, experiments, and tests by Secretary of Agriculture; cooperation with other agencies.—The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to conduct such investigations, experiments, and tests as he may deem necessary in order to determine, demonstrate, and promulgate the best methods of eradication, suppression, or bringing under control on national forests and other areas of the public domain as well as on State, Territory, or privately owned lands of mountain lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jack rabbits, and other animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game animals, furbearing animals, and birds, and for the protection of stock and other domestic animals through the suppression of rabies and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals; and to conduct campaigns for the destruction or control of such animals: Provided, That in carrying out the provisions of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with States, individuals, and public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, § 1, 46 Stat. 1468.)
TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions of Secretary of Agriculture administered through the Bureau of Biological Survey, relating to conservation of wildlife, game, and migratory birds were transferred to Secretary of Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II, § 4 (f), effective July 1, 1939, set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. See also sections 401-404 of said plan for provisions relating to transfer of functions, records, property, personnel, and funds.
§ 426a. Same; appropriations. In order to carry out the provisions of section 426 of this title there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the fiscal year 1932, a sum not to exceed $1,000,000, including the amount appropriated in the annual appropriation Act for the Department of Agriculture, and for the succeeding nine fiscal years from 1933 to 1941, inclusive, not to exceed $1,000,000 each year, in accordance with the ten-year program for the eradication, suppression, or bringing under control of predatory and other injurious wild animals as outlined in House Document Numbered 496, second session, Seventieth Congress. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch, 370, $ 2, 46 Stat. 1469.)
§ 426b. Same; expenditures; execution of functions by Secretary.--The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such expenditures for equipment, supplies, and materials, including the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and to employ such means as may be necessary to execute the functions imposed upon him by section 426 of this title. (Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, § 3, 46 Stat. 1469.)
§ 427. Agricultural research; duties of Secretary of Agriculture.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct research into laws and principles underlying basic problems of agriculture in its broadest aspects; research relating to the improvement of the quality of, and the development of new and improved methods of production of, distribution of, and new and extended uses and markets for, agricultural commodities and by products and manufactures thereof; and research relating to the conservation, development, and use of land and water resources for agricultural purposes. Research authorized under this section shall be in addition to research provided for under existing law (but both activities shall be coordinated so far as practicable) and shall be conducted by such agencies of the Department of Agriculture as the Secretary may designate or establish. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 1, 49 Stat. 436.)
§ 427a. Same; research by experiment stations.--The Secretary is also authorized and directed to encourage research similar to that authorized under section 427 of this title to be conducted by agricultural experiment stations established or which may hereafter be established in pursuance of section 362 of this title, by the allotment and payment as provided in section 427d of this title to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories for the use of such experiment stations of sums appropriated therefor pursuant to sections 427-427g of this title. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 2, 49 Stat. 437.)
CROSS REFERENCE Agricultural experiment stations, see section 361 et seq. of this title. § 427b. Same; appropriation.-For the purposes of sections 427-427g of this title there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $1,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning after June 29, 1935, and for each of the four fiscal years thereafter $1,000,000 more than the amount authorized for the preceding fiscal year, and $5,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter. Moneys appropriated in pursuance of sections 427-427g of this title shall also be available for the purchase and rental of land and the construction of buildings necessary for conducting research provided for in sections 427-427g of this title, for the equipment and maintenance of such buildings, and for printing and disseminating the results of research. Sums appropriated in pursuance of sections 427-427g of this title shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, appropriations for research or other activities of the Department of Agriculture and sums appropriated or otherwise made available for agricultural experiment stations. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 3, 49 Stat. 437.)
§ 427c. Same; allocation of appropriation for purposes of section 427; "Special research fund, Department of Agriculture." Forty per centum of the sum approriated for any fiscal year under section 427b of this title shall be available for the purposes of section 427 of this title: Provided, That not to exceed 2 per centum of the sums appropriated may be used for the administration of section 427d of this title. The sums available for the purposes of section 427_of this title shall be designated as the "Special research fund, Department of Agriculture”, and no part of such special fund shall be used for the prosecution of research heretofore instituted or for the prosecution of any new research project except upon approval in writing by the Secretary. Onehalf of such special research fund shall be used by the Secretary for the establishment and maintenance of research laboratories and facilities in the major agricultural regions at places selected by him and for the prosecution, in accordance with section 427 of this title, of research at such laboratories. (June 29, 1935, ch. 338, § 4, 49 Stat. 437.)
§ 427d. Same; allocation of appropriation for purposes of section 427a.—(a) Sixty per centum of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year under section 427b of this title shall be available for the purposes of section 427a of this title. The Secretary shall