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8 363. General scope of researches and experiments.—It shall be the object and duty of agricultural experiment stations to conduct original researches or verify experiments on the physiology of plants and animals; the diseases to which they are severally subject, with the remedies for the same; the chemical composition of useful plants at their different stages of growth; the comparative advantages of rotative cropping as pursued under a varying series of crops; the capacity of new plants or trees for acclimation; the analysis of soils and water; the chemical composition of manures, natural or artificial, with experiments designed to test their comparative effects on crops of different kinds; the adaptation and value of grasses and forage plants; the composition and digestibility of the different kinds of food for domestic animals; the scientific and economic questions involved in the production of butter and cheese; and such other researches or experiments bearing directly on the agricultural industry of the United States as may in each case be deemed advisable, having due regard to the varying conditions and needs of the respective States or Territories. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch, 314, § 2, 24 Stat. 440.)

CROSS REFERENCE Research into basic laws and principles relating to agriculture, see section 427 of this title.

§ 364. Examination of soils.-As far as practicable, all agri-cultural experiment stations shall devote a portion of their work to the examination and classification of the soils of their respective States and Territories, with a view to securing more extended knowledge and better development of their agricultural capabilities. (Mar, 2, 1889, ch. 373, 25 Stat. 840.)

§ 365. Issuance and mailing by stations of bulletins or reports; free postage.—Bulletins or reports of progress shall be published at agricultural experiment stations at least once in three months, one copy of which shall be sent to each newspaper in the States or Territories in which they are respectively located, and to such individuals actually engaged in farming as may request the same, and as far as the means of the station will permit. Such bulletins or reports and the annual reports of said stations shall be transmitted in the mails of the United States free of charge for postage, under such regulations as the Postmaster General may from time to time prescribe. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, § 4, 24 Stat. 441.)

§ 366. Annual reports by stations to governors. It shall be the duty of agricultural experiment stations, annually, on or before the 1st day of February, to make to the governor of the State or Territory in which it is located a full and detailed report of its operations, including a statement of receipts and expenditures, a copy of which report shall be sent to each of said stations, to the Secretary of Agriculture, and to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 3, 34 Stat. 63; Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, § 3, 43 Stat. 971.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see ction 369a of this title.

8 367 Secretary to prescribe form of financial report by stations and to coordinate departmental work with that of stations.

- The Secretary shall prescribe the form of the annual financial statement required under this chapter, ascertain whether the expenditures are in accordance with their provisions, coordinate the research work of the State agricultural colleges and experiment stations in the lines authorized in this chapter with research of the Department in similar lines, and make report thereon to Congress. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 536; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 412; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 670; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 400; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, § 1, 58 Stat. 432.)

AMENDMENTS 1943— Act July 12, 1943, cited to text, made several minor changes in the wording of the section without affecting its substance.

§ 368. General advice and assistance by Secretary.-In order to secure, as far as practicable, uniformity of methods and results in the work of agricultural experiment stations, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture to furnish forms, as far as practicable, for the tabulation of results of investigation or experiments; to indicate, from time to time, such lines of inquiry as to him shall seem most important; and, in general, to furnish such advice and assistance as will best promote the purposes of sections 362, 363, 365, 368-368c, 377-379 of this title. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, § 3, 24 Stat. 441; July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288.)

§ 368a. Appropriations for investigations and experiments.For the purpose of paying the necessary expenses of conducting investigations and experiments and printing and distributing the results as prescribed in sections 362, 363, 365, 368 of this title, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars per annum is hereby appropriated to each State, to be specially provided for by Congress in the appropriations from year to year, and to each Territory entitled under the provisions of section 378 of this title, out of any money in the Treasury proceeding from the sales of public lands, to be paid in equal quarterly payments, on the first day of January, April, July, and October in each year, to the treasurer or other officer duly appointed by the governing boards of said colleges to receive the same, the first payment to be made on the first day of October, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven: Provided, however, That out of the first annual appropriation so received by any station an amount not exceeding one-fifth may be expended in the erection, enlargement, or repair of a building or buildings necessary for carrying on the work of such station; and thereafter an amount not exceeding five per centum of such annual appropriation may be so expended. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, $ 5, 24 Stat. 441.)

§ 368b. Legislative assent to grants.—The grants of moneys authorized by section 368a of this title are made subject to the legislative assent of the several States and Territories to the purposes of said grants. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, § 9, 24 Stat. 442.)

8 368c. Suspension or repeal. Nothing in sections 362, 363, 365, 368-3680, 377-379 of this title shall be held or construed as binding the United States to continue any payments from the Treasury to any or all the States or institutions mentioned in such sections but Congress may at any time amend, suspend or repeal any or all the provisions of said sections. (Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, § 10, 24 Stat. 442.)

§ 369. General annual appropriation for stations.—There shall be annually appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be paid as provided in section 375 of this title, to each State and Territory, for the endowment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations established prior to March 16, 1906, or which may thereafter be established in accordance with the provisions of sections 362, 365, 368-368c, 377379 of this title, $30,000, to be applied only to paying the necessary expenses of conducting original researches or experiments bearing directly on the agricultural industry of the United States, having due regard to the varying conditions and needs of the respective States or Territories. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 1, 34 State. 63.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see section 369a of this title.

§ 369a. Extension of other provisions to Alaska; appropriations.-Sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title are hereby extended to the Territory of Alaska.

To carry into effect the provisions for extending to the Territory of Alaska to the extent herein provided, the benefits of sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, $5,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, $7,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1939, $10,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, $12,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941, $15,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1942, $17,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, $20,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1944, $22,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, $27,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1946, $32,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, $37,500; and thereafter a sum equal to one-half of that provided for each State and Territory under sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title: Provided, That no appropriations shall be made under this section until annually estimated as to funds and amounts by the Secretary of Agriculture, the estimates to be based upon his determination of the ability of the Territory of Alaska to make effective use of the funds in maintaining agricultural experiment stations. (June 20, 1936, ch. 631, $$ 1, 2, 49 Stat. 1553, 1554.)

§ 370. Additional appropriation.—For the more complete endowment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations, established prior to February 24, 1925, or which may thereafter be established, in accordance with the provisions of sections 362, 363, 365, 368-3680, 377-379 of this title there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, in addition to the amounts received on February 24, 1925, by such agricultural experiment stations the sum of $60,000 for each fiscal year after June 30, 1930, to be paid

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to each State and Territory; and the Secretary of Agriculture shall include the additional sums above authorized to be appropriated in the annual estimates of the Department of Agriculture, or in a separate estimate, as he may deem best. The funds appropriated pursuant to this section shall be applied only to paying the necessary expenses of conducting investigations or making experiments bearing directly on the production, manufacture, preparation, use, distribution, and marketing of agricultural products and including such scientific researches as have for their purpose the establishment and maintenance of a permanent and efficient agricultural industry, and such economic and sociological investigations as have for their purpose the development and improvement of the rural home and rural life, and for printing and disseminating the results of said researches. (Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, § 1, 43 Stat. 970.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see section 369a of this title.

§ 371. Legislative assent to grant.—The grants of moneys authorized by sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title are made subject to the legislative assent of the several States and Territories to the purposes of said grants: Provided, That payment of such installments of the apropriations authorized in sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title to be made as shall become due to apy State or Territory before the adjournament of the regular session of its legislature meeting next after February 24, 1925, shall be made upon the assent of the governor thereof duly certified to the Secretary of the Treasury. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 2, 34 Stat. 63; Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, § 2, 43 Stat. 971.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to see section 369a of this title.

8372. Governor's assent when legislature not in session.—As to such installments of the appropriations as may be due June 7, 1888, or may thereafter become due, when the legislature may not be in session, the governor of the State or Territory to be affected thereby may make the required assent, and upon a duly certified copy thereof to the Secretary of the Treasury he shall cause the same to be paid in the manner provided in section 362, 363, 365, 368-368c, 377-379 of this title until the termination of the next regular session of the legislature of such State or Territory. (June 7, 1888, ch. 373, 25 Stat. 176.)

CROSS REFERENCE Assent by legislature when in session, see sections 368b, 371 of this title.

§ 373. Time and manner of payments; reports of expenditures to Secretary. The sums by sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title authorized to be appropriated to the States and Territories for the endowment and support of agricultural experiment stations shall be annually paid in equal quarterly payments on the 1st day of January, April, July, and October of each year by the Secretary of the Treasury upon a warrant of the Secretary of Agriculture out of the Treasury of the United States, to the treasurer or other officer duly appointed by the governing hoards of such agricultural experiment stations to receive the same and such officers shall be required to report to the Secretary of Agriculture on or before the 1st day of September of each year a detailed statement of the amount so received and of its disbursement on schedules prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 2, 34 Stat. 63; Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, $ 2, 43 Stat. 971.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see section 369a of this title.

§ 374. Replacement by State, etc., of moneys misapplied. If any portion of the moneys received by the designated officer of any. State or Territory for the endowment, support, and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations as provided in sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title shall by any action or contingency be diminished or lost or be misapplied, it shall be replaced by said State or Territory to which it belongs, and until so replaced no subsequent appropriation shall be apportioned or paid to such State or Territory. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 3, 34 Stat. 63; Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, § 3, 43 Stat. 971.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see section 369a of this title.

§ 375. Use of funds for purchase, repairs, etc., of buildings, or for purchase or rental of lands, restricted.—No portion of the appropriation authorized by section 369 of this title exceeding 5 per centum of each annual appropriation shall be applied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings, or to the purchase or rental of land. No portion of the appropriation authorized by section 370 of this title exceeding 10 per centum of each annual appropriation shall be applied directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings or to the purchase or rental of land. (Mar. 16, 1906, ch. 951, § 3, 34 Stat. 63; Feb. 24, 1925, ch. 308, § 3, 43 Stat. 971.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Alaska, extension of benefits to, see section 369a of this title.

$ 376. Certification of amounts due States, etc.; withholding certificate; appeal to Congress.—On or before the 1st day of July in each year the Secretary of Agriculture shall ascertain and certify to the Secretary of the Treasury as to each State and Territory whether it is complying with the provisions of sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373-376, 380, 382 of this title and is entitled to receive its share of the annual appropriations for agricultural experiment stations under sections 361, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373376, 380, 382 of this title and the amount which thereupon each is entitled, respectively, to receive. If the Secretary of Agriculture shall withhold from any State or Territory a certificate of its appropriations, the facts and reasons therefor shall be reportd to the President and the amount involved shall be kept separate

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