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of the Panama Canal on the Isthmus, and employees of the Interior Department in the field, whether on the hourly, per diem, per annum, piecework, or other basis: Provided, That in all cases where for special public reasons, to be determined by the head of the department or establishment having supervision or control of such employees, the services of such employees cannot be spared, such employees shall be entitled to an equal shortening of the workday on some other day: Provided further, That the provisions of this section shall not deprive employees of any leave or holidays with pay to which they may now be entitled under existing laws. (Mar. 3, 1931, ch. 396, 46 Stat. 1482.)

SUSPENSION DURING NATIONAL EMERGENCY Act May 7, 1943, ch. 93, § 6, 57 Stat. 77, set out as section 1405 of Appendix to Title 50, suspended the provisions of this section until June 30, 1945, or until such earlier time as Congress may prescribe.

Res. Dec. 22, 1942, ch. 798, § 3, 56 Stat. 1068, eff. Dec. 1, 1942, suspended the provisions of this section until April 30, 1943, inclusive, or such earlier date as Congress may prescribe.

CROSS REFERENCES

Determinations and directions by Director of Budget as confirmed, see section 1411 of Appendix to Title 50, War.

Forty-eight hour wartime workweek, see Ex. Ord. No. 9301, set out in note under section 207 of Title 29, Labor.

§ 27. Recording clocks.—No recording clocks for recording time of clerks or other employees in any of the executive departments at Washington, shall be used in any of such departments at Washington. (Feb. 24, 1899, ch. 187, § 1, 30 Stat. 864.)

§ 28. Closing department on decease of ex-official.-The executive departments of the Government shall not be closed as a mark to the memory of any deceased ex-official of the United States. (Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 211, $ 4, 27 Stat. 715.)

§ 29. Hours of labor in executive departments. It shall be the duty of the heads of the several executive departments, in the interest of the public service, to require of all clerks and other employees, of whatever grade or class, in their respective departments, not less than seven hours of labor each day, except Sundays and days declared public holidays by law or Executive order: Provided, That the heads of the departments may, by special order, stating the reason, further extend the hours of any clerk or employee in their departments, respectively; but in case of an extension it shall be without additional compensation. (Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 211, § 5, 27 Stat. 715; Mar. 15, 1898, ch. 68 § 7, Stat. 316.)

OVERTIME COMPENSATION FOR ALL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT Res. Dec. 22, 1942, ch. 798, 56 Stat. 1068, effective from Dec. 1, 1942 to April 30, 1943, established overtime rates of compensation for all civilian employees in or under the United States Government, including Governmentowned or controlled organizations (except employees in the legislative or judicial branches) and to those employees in the District of Columbia municipal government who occupy positions subject to chapter 13 of this VALIDATION OF PAYMENTS IN EXCESS OF MAXIMUM COMPENSATION Act Dec. 7, 1944, ch. 520, 58 Stat. 796, provided: “That employees or former employees of the United States who were in the purview of Public Law 821, Seventy-seventh Congress, approved December 22, 1942 [Res. Dec. 22, 1942, ch. 798, 56 Stat. 1068 (set out as a note under this section)], which law was in effect from December 1, 1942, to April 30, 1943, and which limited the overtime compensation of any employee to an amount which "will not cause his aggregate compensation to exceed a rate of $5,000 per annum," (1) are hereby relieved of liability to repay to the United States any amounts received by them for any pay period which were in excess of the maximum compensation to which they were entitled for such period under the provisions of said Public Law 821 and (2) shall be entitled to refunds of any such amounts that they have repaid to the United States: Provided, That in no case shall there be validated aggregate payment to an employee in excess of five-twelfths of $5,000.”

CROSS REFERENCES Basic note for overtime computation, see note under section 1402 of Appendix to Title 50, War.

Determinations and directions by Director of Budget as confirmed, see section 1411 of Appendix to Title 50, War.

Forty-eight hour wartime workweek, see Ex. Ord. No. 9301, set out in note under section 207 of Title 29, Labor.

§ 294. Hours of labor; regulations. Each head of a department or independent establishment shall issue general public regulations, not inconsistent with law, setting forth the hours of duty per day and per week for each group of employees. Before issuing such regulations, which shall be issued within three months from March 14, 1936, the heads of departments and independent establishments shall meet and consult among themselves and make such regulations as nearly uniform as possible so that all employees, temporary or permanent, in all departments and independent establishments shall receive like treatment as nearly as may be practicable: Provided, That heads of departments and independent establishments may appoint a subcommittee to draft such regulations. (March 14, 1936, ch. 140, $ 2, 49 Stat. 1161.)

EFFECTIVE DATE This section is made effective January 1, 1936, by the last sentence of section 1 of act March 14, 1936, cited to text.

CROSS REFERENCES Annual leave to include only work days exclusive of Sundays and holidays, see section 31b of this title.

Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Administration, see section 6401 (c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Forty-eight hour wartime workweek, see Ex. Ord. No. 9301, set out in note under section 207 of Title 29, Labor.

§ 30. Leaves of absence; annual leave; sick leave.The head of any department may grant thirty days' annual leave with pay in any one year to each clerk of employee, such leave to be exclusive of Sundays and legal holidays. Where some member of the immediate family of a clerk or employee is afflicted with a contagious disease and requires the care and attendance of such employee, or where his or her presence in the department would jeopardize the health of his fellow clerks, and in exceptional and meritorious cases, where a clerk or employee is personally ill, and where to limit the annual leave to thirty days in any one calendar year would work peculiar hardship, it may be extended, in the discretion of the head of the department, with pay, not exceeding thirty days in any one case or in any one calendar year. This section shall not be construed to prevent the head of any executive department from granting thirty days' annual leave with pay in any one year to a clerk or employee, notwithstanding such clerk or employee. may have had during such year not exceeding thirty days' leave with pay on account of sickness. Nor shall it be construed to mean that so long as a clerk or employee is borne upon the rolls of the department in excess of the time herein provided for or granted that he or she shall be entitled to pay during the period of such excessive absence, but that the pay shall stop upon the expiration of the granted leave. (Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 211, § 5, 27 Stat. 715; Mar. 15, 1898, ch, 68, 87, 30 Stat. 316; July 7, 1898, ch. 571, § 1, 30 Stat. 653; Feb. 24, 1899, ch. 187, § 4, 30 Stat. 890.)

§ 30a. Same; reduction in time.--After June 30, 1932, no civilian officer or employee of the Government who receives annual leave with pay shall be granted annual leave of absence with pay in excess of fifteen days in any one year, excluding Sundays and legal holidays: Provided, That the part unused in any year may be cumulative for any succeeding year: Provided further, That nothing herein shall

apply to officers and employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Railroad Company on the Isthmus of Panama, or to officers and employees of the United States (including enlisted personnel) holding official station outside the continental United States or in Alaska: Provided further, That nothing herein shall be construed as affecting the period during which pay may be allowed under existing laws for so-called sick leave of absence: Provided further, That the so-called sick leave of absence, within the limits now authorized by law, shall be administered under such regulations as the President may prescribe so as to obtain, so far as practicable, uniformity in the various executive departments and independent establishments of the Government. (June 30, 1932, ch. 314, § 215, 47 Stat. 407; Mar. 20, 1933, ch. 3, title II, § 4 (c), 48 Stat. 14.)

8 30b. Same; annual leave; accumulation; temporary employees. With the exception of teachers and librarians of the public schools of the District of Columbia and officers and employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Railroad on the Isthmus of Panama, and except as provided in section 301 of this title, all civilian officers and employees of the United States wherever stationed and of the government of the District of Columbia, regardless of their tenure, in addition to any accrued leave, shall be entitled to twenty-six days' annual leave with pay each calendar year, exclusive of Sundays and holidays: Provided, That the part unused in any year shall be accumulated for succeding years until it totals not exceeding sixty days: Provided further, That during the national emergency declared by the President of the United States on September 8, 1939, the leave unused by the employees of the departments, independent establishments, and agencies, not in other form commuted or compensated, shall be accumulated for succeeding years until it totals not exceeding ninety days: And provided further, That when the unused leave accumulated equals

650673_4643

or exceeds sixty days in the aggregate, not more than fifteen days of unused leave may be further accumulated in any one calendar year. Sections 29a, 30b-30e, 301 and 31a of this title shall not affect any sick leave to which employees are now or may hereafter be entitled. Temporary employees, except temporary employees engaged on construction work at hourly rates, shall be entitled to two and one-half days leave for each month of service. The annual leave herein authorized shall be granted at such times as the heads of the various departments and independent establishments may prescribe. (As amended Dec. 17, 1942, ch. 737, 56 Stat. 1052.)

AMENDMENTS 1942—Act. Dec. 17, 1942, cited to text, added second and third provisos to first sentence.

CROSS REFERENCES Annual leave to include only work days exclusive of Sundays and holidays, see section 31b of this title.

Department of Agriculture outside Washington, leave of absence of employees of, see section 534 of this title.

Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Administration, see section 6401 (c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

§ 30c. Same; employees outside continental United States; leave differential.—Nothing in sections 29a, 30b-30e, 301 and 3la of this title shall be construed to prevent the continuance of any existing leave differential now obtaining for the benefit of employees of the Federal Government stationed outside the continental limits of the United States. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 140, § 5, 49 Stat. 1161.)

EFFECTIVE DATE This section is made effective January 1, 1936, by the last sentence of section 1 of act March 14, 1936, cited to text.

§ 30d. Same; employees of corporations controlled by Government. The employees of any corporation created under authority of an Act of Congress which is either wholly controlled or wholly owned by the United States Government, whether or not the employees thereof are paid from funds appropriated by Congress, shall be included within the provisions of sections 29a, 305-30e, 301, and 31a of this title. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 140, § 6, 49 Stat. 1161.)

EFFECTIVE DATE This section is made effective January 1, 1936, by the last sentence of section 1 of act March 14, 1936, cited to text.

CROSS REFERENCE Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Administration, see section 601 (c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

8 30e. Same; regulations by President.-The leave of absence provided for in sections 29a, 30b-30e, 301 and 31a of this title shall be administered under such regulations as the President may prescribe, so as to obtain, so far as practicable, uniformity in the application of said sections. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 140, $ 7, 49 Stat. 1162.)

EFFECTIVE DATE This section is made effective January 1, 1936, by the last sentence of section 1 of act March 14, 1936, cited to text.

EXECUTIVE ORDERS Regulations of the President relating to the granting of annual leaves of absence to government employees, issued pursuant to this section are contained in Ex. Ord. No. 8384, Mar. 29, 1940, 5_F. R. 1253, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 9307, Mar. 3, 1943, 8 F. R. 2697; Ex. Ord. No. 9371, Aug. 24, 1943, 8 F. R. 11887.

8 30f. Same; sick leave.--After January 1, 1936, except as provided in section 30m of this title, all civilian officers and employees of the United States wherever stationed and of the government of the District of Columbia, other than teachers and librarians of the public schools of the District of Columbia and officers and members but not the civilian personnel of the police and fire departments of the District of Columbia and other than officers and employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Railroad on the Isthmus of Panama, shall be entitled to sick leave with pay regardless of their tenure, as described in sections 30f-30k and 30m of this title. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 141, § 1, 49 Stat. 1162.)

CROSS REFERENCES Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Administration, see section 6401(c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Sick leave as including only work days exclusive of Sundays and holidays, see section 31b of this title.

$ 30g. Same; cumulation of sick leave. On and after January 1, 1936, cumulative sick leave with pay, at the rate of one and one-quarter days per month, shall be granted to all civilian officers and employees, the total accumulation not to exceed ninety days. Temporary employees, except temporary employees engaged on construction work at hourly rates, shall be entitled to one and one-quarter days sick leave for each month of service: Provided, That all such employees shall furnish certificates satisfactory to the head of the appropriate department or independent establishment. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 141, § 2, 49 Stat. 1162.)

CROSS REFERENCES Department of Agriculture outside Washington, leave of absence of employees of, see section 534 of this title.

Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Adminstration, see section 6401 (c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Sick leave as including only work days exclusive of Sundays and holidays, see section 31b of this title.

§ 30h. Same; advancement of sick leave.--Administrative officers may advance thirty days sick leave with pay beyond accrued sick leave in cases of serious disability or ailments and when required by the exigencies of the situation. (Mar. 14, 1936, ch. 141, 83, 49 Stat. 1162.)

CROSS REFERENCES Department of Agriculture outside Washington, leave of absence of employees of, see section 534 of this title.

Exemption of certain corporations under supervision of Farm Credit Administration, see section 6401(c) of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Sick leave as including only work days exclusive of Sundays and holidays, see section 31b of this title.

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