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tices shall be observed while in effect by the stockyard owners or market agencies parties to such proceeding affected thereby, the law of any State or the decision or order of any State authority to the contrary notwithstanding. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 311, 42 Stat. 167.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 213. Prevention of unfair, discriminatory, or deceptive practices.-(a) It shall be unlawful for any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer to engage in or use any unfair, unjustly discriminatory, or deceptive practice or device in connection with the receiving, marketing, buying, or selling on a commission basis or otherwise, feeding, watering, holding, delivery, shipment, weighing, or handling, in commerce at a stockyard, of livestock.

(b) Whenever complaint is made to the Secretary by any person, or whenever the Secretary has reason to believe, that any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer is violating the provisions of subdivision (a), the Secretary after notice and full hearing may make an order that he shall cease and desist from continuing such violation to the extent that the Secretary finds that it does or will exist. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 312, 42 Stat. 167.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 214. When orders effective generally.-Except as otherwise provided in this chapter all orders of the Secretary under sections 201-203, 205-217 of this title, other than orders for the payment of money, shall take effect within such reasonable time, not less than five days, as is prescribed in the order, and shall continue in force until his further order, or for a specified period of time, according as is prescribed in the order, unless such order is suspended or modified or set aside by the Secretary or is suspended or set aside by a court of competent jurisdiction. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 313, 42 Stat. 167.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 215. Failure to obey orders generally; punishment.-(a) Any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer who knowingly fails to obey any order made under the provisions of sections 211, 212, or 213 of this title shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $500 for each offense. Each distinct violation shall be a separate offense, and in case of a continuing violation each day shall be deemed a separate offense. Such forfeiture shall be recoverable in a civil suit in the name of the United States.

(b) It shall be the duty of the various district attorneys, under the direction of the Attorney General, to prosecute for the recovery of forfeitures. The costs and expenses of such prosecution shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the courts of the United States. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 314, 42 Stat. 167.)

650673°-46-16

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

8 216. Court proceedings to enforce orders; injunction.—If any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer fails to obey any order of the Secretary other than for the payment of money while the same is in effect, the Secretary, or any party injured thereby, or the United States by its Attorney General, may apply to the district court for the district in which such person has his principal place of business for the enforcement of such order. If after hearing the court determines that the order was lawfully made and duly served and that such person is in disobedience of the same, the court shall enforce obedience to such order by a writ of injunction or other proper process, mandatory or otherwise, to restrain such person, his officers, agents, or representatives from further disobedience of such order or to enjoin upon him or them obedience to the same. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 315, 42 Stat. 167.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

$ 217. Proceedings for suspension of orders.--For the purposes of sections 201-203, 205-217 of this title, the provisions of all laws relating to the suspending or restraining the enforcement, operation, or execution of, or the setting aside in whole or in part the orders of the Interstate Commerce Commission, are made applicable to the jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the Secretary in enforcing the provisions of sections 201-203, 205-217 of this title, and to any person subject to the provisions of sections 201203, 205-217 of this title. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 316, 42 Stat. 168.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

8 217a. Brand inspection fees by registered market agencies.(a) The Secretary may, upon written application made to him, and if he deems it necessary, authorize the charging and collection, at any stockyard subject to the provisions of this chapter, by any department or agency of any State in which branding or marking or both branding and marking livestock as a means of establishing ownership prevails by custom or statute, or by a duly organized livestock association of any such State, of a reasonable and nondiscriminatory fee for the inspection of brands, marks, and other identifying characteristics of livestock originating in or shipped from such State, for the purpose of determining the ownership of such livestock. No charge shall be made under any such authorization until the authorized department, agency, or association has registered as a market agency. No more than one such authorization shall be issued with respect to such inspection of livestock originating in or shipped from any one State,

If more than one such application is filed with respect to such inspection of livestock originating in or shipped from any one State, the Secretary shall issue such authorization to the applicant deemed by him best qualified to perform the proposed service, on the basis of (1) experience, (2) financial responsibility, (3) extent and efficiency of organization, (4) possession of necessary records, and (5) any other factor relating to the ability of the applicant to perform the proposed service. The Secretary may receive and consider the recommendations of the commissioner, secretary, or director of agriculture, or other appropriate officer or agency of a State as to the qualifications of any applicant in such State. The decision of the Secretary as to the applicant best qualified shall be final.

(b) The provisions of sections 201-203 and 205-217a of this title relating to the filing, publication, approval, modification, and suspension of any rate or charge for any stockyard service shall apply with respect to charges authorized to be made under this section.

(c) Charges authorized to be made under this section shall be collected by the market agency or other person receiving and disbursing the funds received from the sale of livestock with respect to the inspection of which such charge is made, and paid by it to the department, agency, or association performing such service.

(d) The Secretary may, if he deems it to be in the public interest, suspend, and after hearing, revoke any authorization and registration issued under any other provision of law. The order of the Secretary suspending or revoking any such authorization and registration shall not be subject to review. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, title III, § 317, as added June 19, 1942, ch. 421, 56 Stat. 372).

PRIOR LAW Former provisions relating to fees for inspection of brands appearing upon livestock were contained in section 231 of this title.

LIVE POULTRY DEALERS AND HANDLERS

8 218. Unfair, deceptive, and fraudulent practices; necessity to curb.—The handling of the great volume of live poultry required as an article of food for the inhabitants of large centers of population is attendant with various unfair, deceptive, and fraudulent practices and devices, resulting in the producers sustaining sundry losses and receiving prices far below the reasonable value of their live poultry in comparison with prices of other commodities and in unduly and arbitrarily enhancing the cost to the consumers. Such practices and devices are an undue restraint and unjust burden upon interstate commerce and are a matter of such grave concern to the industry and to the public as to make it imperative that steps be taken to free such commerce from such burden and restraint and to protect producers and consumers against such practices and devices. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 501, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 648.)

§ 218a. Designation of cities and markets where unfair practices exist; licenses required; application for and issuance by Secretary of Agriculture; penalty for dealing without license. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to ascertain from time to time and to designate the cities where such practices and devices exist to the extent stated in section 218 of this title and the markets and places in or near such cities where live poultry is received, sold, and handled in sufficient quantity to constitute an important influence on the supply and price of live poultry and poultry products. On and after the effective date of such designation, which shall be publicly announced by the Secretary by publication in one or more trade journals or in the daily press or in such other manner as he may determine to be adequate for the purpose approximately thirty days prior to such date, no person other than packers as defined in section 191 of this title and railroads shall engage in, furnish, or conduct any service or facility in any such designated city, place, or market in connection with the receiving, buying, or selling, on a commission basis or otherwise, marketing, feeding, watering, holding, delivering, shipping, weighing, unloading, loading on trucks, trucking, or handling in commerce of live poultry without a license from the Secretary of Agriculture as herein authorized valid and effective at such time. Any person who violates any provision of this subsection shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment of not more than six months, or both.

(b) Any person desiring a license shall make application to the Secretary, who may by regulation prescribe the information to be contained in such application. The Secretary shall issue a license to any applicant furnishing the required information unless he finds after opportunity for a hearing that such applicant is unfit to engage in the activity for which he has made application by reason of his having at any time within two years prior to his application engaged in any practice of the character prohibited by this chapter or because he is financially unable to fulfill the obligations that he would incur as a licensee. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 502, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 648.)

$ 218b. "Live poultry dealer" defined.—The term "live poultry dealer" means any person engaged in the business of buying or selling live poultry in commerce for purposes of slaughter either on his own account or as the employee or agent of the vendor or purchaser. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, $ 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

§ 218c. Application of other provisions of chapter to this subchapter.—The provisions of sections 206-217, 221, 222, 223, and 224 of this title shall be applicable to licensees with respect to services and facilities covered by this subchapter and the rates, charges, and rentals therefor except that the schedules of rates, charges, and rentals shall be posted in the place of business of the licensee as prescribed in regulations made by the Secretary. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 504, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

§ 218d. Suspension and revocation of licenses.—Whenever the Secretary determines, after opportunity for a hearing, that any licensee has violated or is violating any of the provisions of sections 218-218d of this title, he may publish the facts and circumstances of such violation and by order suspend the license of such offender for a period not to exceed ninety days and if the violation is flagrant or repeated he may by order revoke the license of the offender. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, 505, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

COMMON PROVISIONS

8 221. Accounts and records of business; punishment for failure to keep. Every packer or any live poultry dealer or handler, stockyard owner, market agency, and dealer shall keep such accounts, records, and memoranda as fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in his business, including the true ownership of such business by stockholding or otherwise. Whenever the Secretary finds that the accounts, records, and memoranda of any such person do not fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in his business, the Secretary may prescribe the manner and form in which such accounts, records, and memoranda shall be kept, and thereafter any such person who fails to keep such accounts, records, and memoranda in the manner and form prescribed or approved by the Secretary shall upon conviction be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than three years, or both. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 401, 42 Stat. 168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

$ 222. Federal Trade Commission powers adopted for enforcement of chapter. For the efficient execution of the provisions of this chapter, and in order to provide information for the use of Congress, the provisions (including penalties) of sections 46, 48, 49, and 50 of Title 15, are made applicable to the jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the Secretary in enforcing the provisions of this chapter and to any person subject to the provisions of this chapter, whether or not a corporation. The Secretary, in person or by such agents as he may designate, may prosecute any inquiry necessary to his duties under this chapter in any part of the United States. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 402, 42 Stat. 168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

1935 AMENDMENT Act August 14, 1935, cited to text, purported to amend this section by inserting a phrase after word "packer" but word “packer” does not occur in this section.

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 223. Responsibility of principal for act or omission of agent. -When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any packer or any live poultry dealer or handler, stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer, within the scope of his employment or office, shall in every case also be deemed the act, omission, or failure of such packer, stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer, as well as that of such agent, officer, or other person. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, 403, 42 Stat.

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