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spended (and the period of such suspension shall not have expired) or has been revoked; and

(3) to suspend or revoke the registration of any futures commission merchant who shall knowingly accept any order for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market from any person if such person has been denied trading privileges on any contract market by order of the Secretary of Agriculture under the provisions of section 9 of this title and the period of denial specified in such order shall not have expired; and

(4) to fix and establish from time to time fees and charges for registrations and renewals thereof and for copies of registration certificates, not to exceed $10 for each such registration, renewal, or copy; and

(5) to make and promulgate such rules and regulations as in, the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture, are reasonably necessary to effectuate any of the provisions or to accomplish any of the purposes of this chapter; and

(6) to communicate to the proper committee or officer of any contract market and to publish, notwithstanding the provisions of section 12 of this title, the full facts concerning any transaction or market operation, including the names of parties thereto, which in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture disrupts or tends to disrupt any market or is otherwise harmful or against the best interests of producers and consumers. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 8a, as added June 15, 1936, ch. 545, $ 10, 49 Stat. 1500.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 13. Violations generally; false reports; punishment.-Any person who shall violate the provisions of section 6, section 6a, section 6b, section 6c, section 6d, section 6e, section 6h, or section 6i of this title, or who shall manipulate or attempt to manipulate the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, or for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any board of trade, or who shall corner or attempt to corner any such commodity, or who shall fail to evidence any contract mentioned in section 6 of this title by a record in writing as therein required, or who shall knowingly or carelessly deliver or cause to be delivered for tranmission through the mails or in interstate commerce by telegraph, telephone, wireless, or other means of communication false or misleading or knowingly inaccurate reports concerning crop or market information or conditions that affect or tend to affect the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year; or both, together with the costs of prosecution. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 9, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, ch. 545, S$ 2, 11, 49 Stat. 1491, 1501.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 13a. Violations, orders to desist; penalty for refusal to obey order.-If any board of trade, or any director, officer, agent, or employee of any board of trade is violating or has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or any of the rules or regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture thereunder, or any order issued by the commission pursuant to any provision of this chapter, the commission, in lieu of revoking the designation of such board of trade as a "contract market” may, upon notice and hearing and subject to appeal as in other cases provided for in section 8 of this title, make and enter an order directing that such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall cease and desist from such violation or violations, and if such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee, thereafter and after the lapse of the period allowed for appeal of such order or after the affirmance of such order, shall fail or refuse to obey or comply with such order, such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not less than six months nor more than one year, or both. Each day during which such failure or refusal to obey such order continues shall be deemed a separate offense. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 6b, as added June 15, 1936, ch. 545, $ 9, 49 Stat. 1500.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

§ 15. Provisions of Interstate Commerce Act made applicable. -For the purpose of securing effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter, the provisions, including penalties, of sections 12, 46, 47, and 48 of Title 49, as amended and supplemented relating to the attendance and testimony of witnesses, the production of documentary evidence, and the immunity of witnesses, are made applicable to the power, jurisdiction, and authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, the said commission, and said referee in proceedings under this chapter, and to persons subject to its provisions. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 6 (b), 42 Stat. 1001 ; June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 8 (e)-(g), 49 Stat. 1499.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

8 16. Cooperation by Secretary with other agencies, Government, State, etc.; appointment, removal, and compensation of officers and agents; expenses; appropriation.—The Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or poltical subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the 'compensation of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this chapter in the District of Columbia and elsewhere; and there are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. such suins as may be necessary for such purposes. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 12, 42 Stat, 1003.)

f 17. Effect of partial invalidity of chapter. If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 369, § 10, 42 Stat. 1003.)

$ 17a. Effect of partial invalidity.-If any provision of the act of June 15, 1936, ch. 545, 49 Stat. 1491, which amends this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the provisions of the section of this chapter which is amended by such provision of said act shall apply to such person or circumstances. No proceeding shall be abated by reason of any amendment to this chapter made by said act but shall be disposed of pursuant to said act. (June 15, 1936, ch. 545, § 12, 49 Stat. 1501.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 1 of this title.

Chapter 2.-COTTON STANDARDS ACT $ 51. Short title of chapter. This chapter shall be known by the short title of "United States Cotton Standards Act." (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, § 1, 42 Stat. 1517.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 14 of act March 4, 1923, cited to text, provided that the act should become effective on or after August 1, 1923.

§ 51a. Extension of classification facilities to cotton growers.The Secretary of Agriculture is requested to extend to cotton growers facilities for the classification of cotton authorized in this chapter, with such supervision of licensed classifiers as he shall deem necessary under authority of chapter 14 of Title 26. (Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 284, § 1, 47 Stat. 1621.)

§ 51b. Licensing samplers; revocation and suspension of license. Further to carry out the purposes of this chapter the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue to any qualified person, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, a license to sample cotton. Any such license may be suspended or revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever he is satisfied that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly sampled cotton improperly, or has violated any provision of said chapter or the regulations thereunder so far as the same may relate to him, or has used his license, or allowed it to be used, for any improper purpose. The Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe by regulation the conditions under which licenses may be issued hereunder, and may require any licensed sampler to give bond for the faithful performance of his duties and for the protection of persons affected thereby and may prescribe the conditions under which cotton shall be sampled by licensed samplers for the purpose of classification by officers of the Department of Agriculture, or by licensed cotton classifiers. (Mar. 4, 1933, ch, 284, § 47 Stat. 1621.)

650673°-46—13

$ 52. Use of nonofficial standards prohibited; sales by sample excepted. It shall be unlawful (a) in or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce made after August 1, 1923, or (b) in any publication of a price or quotation determined in or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce after August 1, 1923, or (c) in any classification for the purposes of or in connection with a transaction or shipment in commerce after August 1, 1923, for any person to indicate for any cotton a grade or other class which is of or within the official cotton standards of the United States then in effect under this chapter by a name, description, or designation, or any system of names, description, or designation not used in said standards: Provided, That nothing herein shall prevent a transaction otherwise lawful by actual sample or on the basis of a private type which is used in good faith and not in evasion of or substitution for said standards. (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, 82, 42 Stat. 1517.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 51 of this title.

$ 53. Licensing classifiers; revocation and suspension of license.—The Secretary of Agriculture may, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, issue to any person a license to grade or otherwise classify cotton and to certificate the grade or other class thereof in accordance with the official cotton standards of the United States. Any such license may be suspended or revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever he is satisfied, after reasonable opportunity afforded to the licensee for a hearing, that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly classified cotton improperly, or has violated any provision of this chapter or the regulations thereunder so far as the same may relate to him, or has used his license or allowed it to be used for any improper purpose. Pending investigation the Secretary of Agriculture, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a licence temporary without a hearing. (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, § 3, 42 Stat, 1517.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 51 of this title.

8 54. Classification by Department of Agriculture; certification thereof; effect of certificate; regulations for classification.—Any person who has custody of or a financial interest in any cotton may submit the same or samples thereof, drawn in accordance with the regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, to such officer or officers of the Department of Agriculture as may be designated for the purpose pursuant to the regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture for a determination of the true classification of such cotton or samples, including the comparison thereof, if requested, with types or other samples submitted for the purpose. The final certificate of the Department of Agriculture showing such determination shall be binding on officers of the United States and shall be accepted in the courts of the United States as prima facie evidence of the true classification or comparison of such cotton or samples when involved in any transaction or shipment in commerce. The Secretary of Agriculture shall fix rules and regulations for submitting samples of cotton for classification providing that all samples shall be numbered so that no one interested in the transaction involved shall be known by any classifier engaged in the classification of such cotton samples. (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, § 4, 42 Stat. 1517.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 51 of this title.

$ 55. Charges for licenses and classications; disposition of moneys.—The Secretary of Agriculture may cause to be collected such charges as he may find to be reasonable for licenses issued to classifiers of cotton under section 53 of this title and for determinations made under section 54 of this title, and the amounts so collected shall be used by the Secretary of Agriculture in paying expenses of the Department of Agriculture connected therewith. (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 288, § 5, 42 Stat. 1518.)

EFFECTIVE DATE See note under section 51 of this title.

Effective July 1, 1935, the appropriation account for expenses provided for in this chapter was abolished by act June 26, 1934, ch. 756, § 5, 48 Stat. 1228. See section 725d (b) of Title 31, Money and Finance.

8 56. Establishment of cotton standards; furnishing copies of established standards sold.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to establish from time to time standards for the classification of cotton by which its quality or value may be judged or determined for commercial purposes, which shall be known as the official cotton standards of the United States. Any such standard or change or replacement thereof shall become effective only on and after a date specified in the order of the Secretary of Agriculture establishing the same, which date shall be not less than one year after the date of such order: Provided, That the official cotton standards established, effective August 1, 1923, under the United States Cotton Futures Act, constituting chapter 14 of Title 26, shall be at the same time the official cotton standards for the purpose of this chapter unless and until changed or replaced under this chapter. Whenever any standard or change or replacement thereof shall become effective under this chapter, it shall also, when so specified in the order of the Secretary of Agriculture, become effective for the purposes of the United States Cotton Futures Act, constituting chapter 14 of Title 26, and supersede any inconsistent standard established under said chapter. Whenever the official cotton standards of the United States established under this chapter shall be represented by practical forms, the Department of Agriculture shall furnish copies thereof, upon request, to any person, and the cost thereof, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture, shall be paid by the person making the request. The Secretary of Agriculture may cause such copies to be certified under the seal of the Department of Agriculture and may, attach such conditions to the purchase and use thereof, including provision for the inspection, condemnation, and exchange thereof by duly authorizing repre

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