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The question being thereupon put to the house, was decided in the negative, and the Convention adjourned accordingly to 2 o'clock.
The proceedings of the morning session having been read by one of the Secretaries, the following resolutions were presented by Mrs. Rose on behalf of the business committee :
1st. Resolved, That by Human Rights, we mean natural Rights, in contradistinction to conventional usages, and that because Woman is a Human being, she therefore has Human Rights.
2d. Resolved, That because woman is a human being, and man is no more, she has, by virtue of her constitutional nature, equal rights with man
; and that state of society must necessarily be wrong, which does not, in its usages and institutions, afford equal opportunities for the enjoyment and protection of these Rights.
4th. Resolved, That the common law, by giving the husband the custody of the wife's person, does virtually place her on a level with criminals, lunatics and fools; since these are the only classes of adult persons over which the law-makers have thought it necessary to place keepers.
5th. Resolved. That if it be true, in the language John C. Calhoun, that “he who digs the money out of the soil, has a right to it against the universe," then the law which gives to the husband the power to use and control the earnings of the wife, makes robbery legal, and is as mean as it is unjust.
6th. Resolved, That woman will soonest free herself from the legal disabilities she now suffers, by securing the right to the elective franchise—thus becoming herself a law-maker--and that to this end we will petition our respective State Legislatures to call conventions to amend their constitutions, so that the right to the elective franchise shall not be limited by the word “male."
7th. Resolved, That there is neither justice nor sound policy in the present arrangements of society, restricting women to so comparatively a narrow range of employments; excluding them from those which are most lucrative; and, even in those to which they are admitted, awarding them a compensation less-generally by one-half or two-thirds—than is paid to men for an equal amount of service rendered.
8th. Resolred, That, although the question of the intellectual strength and attainments of woman has nothing to do with the settlement of their rights, yet in reply to the oft repeated enquiry: “Have women, by nature, the same force of intellect with man?” we will reply—that this enquiry can never be answered till women shall have such training as shall give their physical and intellectual powers as full opportunities for development, by being as heavily taxed, and all their resources as fally called forth, as are now those of man.
Moved and seconded that these resolutions lie over for discussion.
Miss Lucy Stone.-I move that those who cannot subscribe to these resolutions come forward and oppose them.
Mr. Joseph BARKER.-I rise to bespeak a candid hearing, whether in favor or in opposition, to this movement. All great and important questions ought to be discussed with sobriety and gravity. No attempt ought to be made by any individual, to prevent the discussion. Every attempt to gag men, and to frown down any principle, as well as every attempt to shame the advocates of any principle from their propriety, by ridicule, ought to be met with prompt resistance, and stern indignation. It does not become man either to attempt to silence his brother man, or to prevent any sentiment of his brother man from receiving that consideration which is due to it. It is not only unjust but foolish to attempt to prevent it. It cannot be done. Those points which are not thoroughly investigated now, will be investigated sometime. A thorough winnowing will take place. The precious must ultimately be separated from the vile; and it is vain for any individual to attempt to prevent the separation. It is wise when questions come up, to consider them at once, to endeavor to dispose of them fairly, without any trick or attempt at postponement. It would have been well for the world, if some questions had been settled before they were; and perhaps it will be well for the world, if the questions that are now coming up, be discussed and honestly settled at once.
The question before us on the present occasion appears to be one
of the greatest importance. It affects one half of the human race directly, and the other half indirectly, and it bears upon the most important interest of the whole human race. The parties who are first and most directly interested in this important question, are the female portion of our race.
This fact ought of itself to secure especial respect to this question, and peculiar honesty and fidelity in endeavor. ing to bring the question to a happy issue. It is true that a considerable portion of those who are first and most directly interested in this question, are not themselves aware of its importance. They have not yet been brought to understand the question in which their interests are involved. There are others however who are awake to its importance, and who claim that it should have the attention of both the male and female portions of mankind, and that it should be honestly discussed.
However other men may feel, I do myself feel, that it would be most unmanly to refuse this claim, to take the question up in a fair and honest manner, and endeavor to bring it to a proper solution. This, I believe, is all that the women of this country and the women of the world ask-They ask no more in the first place, than that they may be heard; and that in turn, may be heard, what may be said, on the opposite side of the question. They have faith that if men discuss this matter, the establishment of the truth will be the result. If it should be found that they claim any thing which is unreasonable, they only wish to have it shown to be unreasonable, in order to give up their claim. They do trust on the other hand, that if what they claim is reasonable, those who have opposed them, will acknowledge their error, and do the "better half” of the world justice.
I have spoken about meeting this question with ridicule. Attempts have been made to meet it, in different places, in this manner. When I have read the remarks which have been made in other parts of the country, my spirit has burned with indignation, at the manner in which this subject has been treated by large classes of people, and by persons too, who ought to have been examples of candor and of gravity. It is no reason for ridicule, that the demand put forth by woman, is somewhat new, nor because so small a portion of women have joined in the demand, much less because the world has for so long a period
acquiesced in the present state of things. Many other things have been acquiesced in by the whole human race for ages, which afterward were discovered to be unreasonable and injurious; and many things now are regarded as perfectly right and proper, which were once outrageous and intolerable. He is an exceedingly foolish man who imagines we have reached perfection, and that the reforms effected by our predecessors, have left no reforms to be effected by us. It is a fact, that not only in past ages have the most foolish and preposte rous notions and usages prevailed, but also at this very hour similar notions prevail, and effect most injuriously great masses of mankind It is worth while to refer to a few of them. It may assist us perhaps in enlightening the opposers of our movement, and induce them to suspect themselves, and to feel that in favoring the present state of things and resisting this woman's rights reform, they are assisting to continue the most egregious errors, and the most cruel wrongs. will refer to a few things that are now what they ought to be, or very nearly so, and yet which were once denounced and ridiculed.
From time immemorial it has been the custom for the dying father to leave to his eldest son the whole, or the greater part of the property, and to leave little, or very little, to the younger children. This right of primogeniture was established in the earliest times, and remains undisturbed in some countries to this day; and some people now wish it were recognised in this republican and democratic country. In Engand the estates pass without question, to the eldest son. Nothing is left to the younger sons and daughters; and the man who lifts up his voice against it, is persecuted. Indeed, there are those who have been imprisoned for no other reason than endeavoring to bring about a reform in this matter; yet what is more unreasonable, than that such an abuse should be continued? This law gives the most to the man who needs the least; and to those who need the most, not a farthing. The time will come, when this law will be regarded, as we regard ita most preposterous error and injustice; because, it puts first what ought to be last, and last, what ought to be first.
There is another thing, not exactly established by formal law in this country, but it is an undisturbed custom in other countries. What could be more reasonable, than that he who cultivates the farm, should
be the first to reap.
The ox which treadeth out the corn ought not to be muzzled; and those who make the clothes, should be first clothed. Those who cultivate the Earth, should be the first fed ; yet hitherto throughout the world, it so happens that the men who do nothing, get the largest incomes. The persons who produce, are the deepest sunk in poverty, and those who produce nothing, are the richest. This will be regarded as one of the most monstrous of all usages, and loud calls will yet be made for its reform; and when it shall be effected, mankind will look back with shame at having tolerated such an anamoly so long.
In England the heaviest taxes, have to be paid by the poorest people, and the lightest, by the wealthiest. Those who have all the lands, pay few taxes, and those who have no lands, pay the heaviest. Only about one tenth of all the taxes come from the aristocracy, who own all the land. The taxes are a portion of the wealth of the country, and the only persons who produce that wealth, are those who work with their heads, their hearts, or their hands.
You will see then, that the position of woman bears a great resemblance to the position of the workers and producers of the world. You will see too, that woman has as much right to complain of her position with regard to man, as the younger sons and daughters of England, have a right to complain of their position with regard to the eldest son. Does man need greater privileges, greater power for his protection than woman? Is he in greater danger of being robbed or injured by woman, than woman is by man? Is she secure, and he insecure; or rather would the interests of man be less secure, if woman had a share of power; or would the interest of woman herself, be less secure, if she shared the power with man? Men are constantly boasting that they are the stronger sex, and are accustomed to speak of woman as the weaker vessel; we grant it and because she is the weaker vessel she must be protected. Man is the stronger party, therefore must he have all the privileges in order to be secure in his strength? Woman has no privileges, and must she be left unprotected altogether? The demand she makes, that man should share his power with her, is as reasonable as the demand which is now made by the younger sons and daughters of England, that the law of primogeniture shall be abolish