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ENSURING CONTENT PROTECTION IN

THE DIGITAL AGE

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND

THE INTERNET

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND

COMMERCE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

APRIL 25, 2002

Serial No. 107-95

Printed for the use of the Committee on Energy and Commerce

Available via the World Wide Web: http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

79-464CC

WASHINGTON : 2002

For sale the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800

Fax: (202) 512-2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE

W.J. “BILLY" TAUZIN, Louisiana, Chairman MICHAEL BILIRAKIS, Florida

JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan JOE BARTON, Texas

HENRY A. WAXMAN, California FRED UPTON, Michigan

EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts CLIFF STEARNS, Florida

RALPH M. HALL, Texas PAUL E. GILLMOR, Ohio

RICK BOUCHER, Virginia JAMES C. GREENWOOD, Pennsylvania EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York CHRISTOPHER COX, California

FRANK PALLONE, Jr., New Jersey NATHAN DEAL, Georgia

SHERROD BROWN, Ohio RICHARD BURR, North Carolina

BART GORDON, Tennessee ED WHITFIELD, Kentucky

PETER DEUTSCH, Florida GREG GANSKE, Iowa

BOBBY L. RUSH, Illinois CHARLIE NORWOOD, Georgia

ANNA G. ESHOO, California BARBARA CUBIN, Wyoming

BART STUPAK, Michigan JOHN SHIMKUS, Illinois

ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York HEATHER WILSON, New Mexico

TOM SAWYER, Ohio
JOHN B. SHADEGG, Arizona

ALBERT R. WYNN, Maryland
CHARLES "CHIP PICKERING, Mississippi GENE GREEN, Texas
VITO FOSSELLA, New York

KAREN MCCARTHY, Missouri
ROY BLUNT, Missouri

TED STRICKLAND, Ohio TOM DAVIS, Virginia

DIANA DEGETTE, Colorado ED BRYANT, Tennessee

THOMAS M. BARRETT, Wisconsin ROBERT L. EHRLICH, Jr., Maryland

BILL LUTHER, Minnesota STEVE BUYER, Indiana

LOIS CAPPS, California GEORGE RADANOVICH, California

MICHAEL F. DOYLE, Pennsylvania CHARLES F. BASS, New Hampshire

CHRISTOPHER JOHN, Louisiana JOSEPH R. PITTS, Pennsylvania

JANE HARMAN, California
MARY BONO, California
GREG WALDEN, Oregon
LEE TERRY, Nebraska
ERNIE FLETCHER, Kentucky

DAVID V. MARVENTANO, Staff Director

JAMES D. BARNETTE, General Counsel
REID P.F. STUNTZ, Minority Staff Director and Chief Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND THE INTERNET

FRED UPTON, Michigan, Chairman MICHAEL BILIRAKIS, Florida

EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts JOE BARTON, Texas

BART GORDON, Tennessee CLIFF STEARNS, Florida

BOBBY L. RUSH, Illinois Vice Chairman

ANNA G. ESHOO, California PAUL E. GILLMOR, Ohio

ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York CHRISTOPHER COX, California

GENE GREEN, Texas NATHAN DEAL, Georgia

KAREN MCCARTHY, Missouri BARBARA CUBIN, Wyoming

BILL LUTHER, Minnesota JOHN SHIMKUS, Illinois

BART STUPAK, Michigan HEATHER WILSON, New Mexico

DIANA DEGETTE, Colorado CHARLES "CHIP PICKERING, Mississippi JANE HARMAN, California VITO FOSSELLA, New York

RICK BOUCHER, Virginia ROY BLUNT, Missouri

SHERROD BROWN, Ohio
TOM DAVIS, Virginia

TOM SAWYER, Ohio
ROBERT L. EHRLICH, Jr., Maryland JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan,
CHARLES F. BASS, New Hampshire

(Ex Officio)
LEE TERRY, Nebraska
W.J. "BILLY" TAUZIN, Louisiana
(Ex Officio)

LC Control Number

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ENSURING CONTENT PROTECTION IN THE

DIGITAL AGE

THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 2002

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS

AND THE INTERNET,

Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 12:30 p.m., in room 2123, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Fred Upton (chairman) presiding.

Members present: Representatives Upton, Barton, Stearns, Gillmor, Deal, Shimkus, Fossella, Davis, Bass, Terry, Tauzin (ex officio), Markey, Eshoo, Engel, Green, McCarthy, Luther, Harman, Boucher, and Sawyer.

Also present: Representative Walden.

Staff present: Jessica Wallace, majority counsel; Linda BlossBaum, majority counsel; Will Nordwind, majority counsel; Hollyn Kidd, legislative clerk; Andy Levin, minority counsel; and Brendan Kelsay, minority professional staff.

Mr. UPTON. Today's hearing is on ensuring content protection in the digital age, and while our inquiry starts with the important question of how this impacts the transition to digital television, our subcommittee's interest is, of course, much broader.

The DTV transition deadline of 2006 is fast approaching. So time is of the essence. This hearing follows on the heels of several lengthy DTV roundtables which Chairman Tauzin held with myself, Mr. Dingell, and Mr. Markey, at which representatives of the major, relevant industries discussed, sometimes fiercely debated, the obstacles which stand in the way of a successful and timely transition to digital television and how we can overcome those obstacles.

Many issues, such as cable compatibility and must carry, have been touched upon in our roundtables, but perhaps the one issue that has dominated the agenda has been content protection. Clearly, this issue needs to be addressed if we are to succeed with the transition.

I truly believe that the best solution is a private sector solution. Yet inter-industry agreements have been elusive to date. I know, through over 8 hours of roundtables, that these issues are complex both legally and technologically. But if we can put a man on the moon, then I am optimistic that, with the right amount of pressure from Congress, the industries, and consumers, which have the best

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