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FORM OF THE PATENT. WHEREAS L.

has alleged that he has invented a new and useful improvement for machine, composition of matter &c.] which he states has not been known or used before bis application ; has made oath that he is a citizen of the United States, (or subject of some foreign government,] that he verily believes that he is the original and first inventor or discoverer of the said improvement, and that the same hath not, to the best of his knowledge and belief, been previously known or used; has paid into the treasury of the United States the sum of dollars, and presented a petition to the commissioner of patents, signifying a desire of obtaining an exclusive property in the said improvement and praying that a patent may be granted for that purpose.

These are therefore to .grant, according to law, to the said L. his heirs, administrators, or assigns, for the term of fourteen years from the

day of

one thousand eight hundred and

the full and exclusive right and liberty of making, constructing, using, and vending to others to be used, the said improvement, a description whereof is given in the words of the said L. in the schedule hereunto annexed, and is made a part of these presents.

In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to

be made Patent, and the seal of the Patent

Office has been hereunto affixed. Given under my hand at the city of Washington, this

in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and

and of the Independence of the United States of America the

J. F. Secretary of State.
Countersigned and Sealed with the ?
Seal of the Patent Office. S

Commissioner of Patents.
H. L. E.

day of

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INDEX OF SUBJECTS.

ABANDONMENT, 181, 422, 423,- 427 ; evidence of, 407.
ACTION for infringement, 382; form of, 382; parties to, 383; dec-

laration, 385; plea, 392; defence, 392.
ACTS, of congress abstract of that of 1836, 38; obsolete, 471; in

force, 486; of parliament, 501.
ADMINISTRATORS, may take out patent, 63.
AFFIDAVIT, 303; form of, 518; to petition, 405, 418; for an injunc-

tion, 354.
AGREEMENT to assign, 344.
ALIENS, 69, 408.
APPEAL, to examiners, 317.
APPLICATION, of a principle, 101 ; for patent, 207.
APPLICATIONS, interfering, 207, 419.
ASSIGNEES, by assignment before patent taken out, 67 ; may apply

for a prolongation of the term of the patent, 332.
ASSIGNMENT before taking out patent, 67.

of patent, 342.
AWARD, of examiners, 424.
AXIOM, or abstract proposition not patentable, 109.

BOUNTIES, 19.

CAVEAT, 207.
CENSORS, 20.
CHANGE of form, 125.
CITIZENSHIP, of inventor, 69, 408.
COMBINATION, a subject of a patent, 115; infringement of, 420.
COMMISSIONER of PATENTS, his authority, 313.
COMPOSITIONS of matter, 113.
CONFLICTING applications, 320.
CONSTRUCTION, of patents, 224, 225, 226.
CORPORATION may infringe, 452; injunction against, 452.
COSTS, 301.

COURTS, competence of, 57; jurisdiction of, 378.
. DAMAGES, for infringement, 435.

DECLARATION for infringement, 385; form of, 520.
DEDICATION, to public, 181, 422, 423, 427; evidence of, 407.

DEFENCE in an action for infringement, 392.
DEFINITION, of letters patent, 1.
DELAY, to take patent, 181, 422, 423, 427.
DISABILITIES, to take a patent, 70.
DRAWINGS, 307; are evidence, 402; reference to, 293; form of

signing, 513.

EFFECT, as a subject of a patent, 108.
ENCOURAGEMENT, different kinds, 18.
EQUITY, remedy in, 451.
EVIDENCE, in an action for infringement, 401; by plaintiff, 401;

drawings, 402; of novelty, 406, 415; of abandonment,
407; that invention has been reduced to practice, 409 ;
of infringement, 410; of identity of machines, 411; of
experts, 412; on the part of the defendant, 414; award

of examiners, 424.
EXAMINERS, 317; their award, 424.
EXECUTORS may take out patent, 68.
EXPERIMENTS, delay for, 181; to test the invention, 366.
EXPERTS as witnesses, 412.

FEE, 309.
FOREIGN PATENT, taken by patentee, 208.
FORM, change of, 125.

HEIRS, may take out patent, 68.

IDENTITY of machines and processes, 372; evidence of, 411.
IMPORTED INVENTIONS, 59.
IMPROVEMENT, patentable, 116.
INFRINGEMENT, 359; by making, 361; by using, 361 ; in case of

renewal of patent, 369; by selling, 391 ; of a combina-

tion, 395; evidence of, 410.
INJUNCTION, 451 ; parties, 452; affidavit for, 454.
INTERFERING APPLICATIONS, 207.
INVENTION, difficulties of, 9; imported, 59, 176; sufficiency of,

125, 127, 421 ; legality of, 105, 421; usefulness of, 136;

original, 150; suggestion of, 419.
INVENTIONS simultaneous, 166.
INVENTORS joint 62; sole, 62; original, 65.

JOINING inventions in a patent, 210, 421.
JOINT invention, 62.
JUDGMENT, in an action for infringement, effect of, 424, 448.

JURISDICTION, 378, 429.
JURISPRUDENCE, its spirit and character, 53.
JURY, province of, 429.

LAW AND FACT, 429.
LEGALITY of invention, 135.
LEGISLATION, on patents, its motives and principles, 3; British, 23,

501; French, 27; American, 37, 471; by States, 44 ; of

the Netherlands, 529; of Austria, 513.
LETTERS PATENT, defined, 1. See Patents.
LITHOGRAPHY, invented, 16.

MAKING is an infringement, 361.
MANUFACTURE, a subject of a patent, 77.
MATERIALS, as subjects of a patent, 113.
MATTER, compositions of, 113.
METHOD, patentable, 82.
MINORS, 72.
MODELS, 307.
MONOPOLY, the best encouragement, 22.
MONOPOLIES, statute of, 23, 501.

NETHERLANDS, patent laws of, 509.
NEW and old must be distinguished, 268.
NOTICE of defence, 393; in England, 417.
NOVELTY, 150; evidence of, 406, 415.

OATH, 302; form of, 518.
ORNAMENTS, 135.

PARTIES, to action, 383; to injunction, 452.
PATENTEES, joint, 62; sole, 62.
PATENTS, defined, 1; not mere matter of favor, 6; divers, for the

same invention, 210, 403, 420; for a combination, 213;
an exchange with the community, 17; joining in, 214; for
part of a machine, 219; title 224; difference of English
and American, 221; construction of, 228; number in
United States, 311, n.; proceedings in issuing, 313; in

evidence, 404; repeal of, 469; form of, 523.
PETITION, 308; form of, 519.
PLEA, in an action for infringement, 392;
POSSESSION, important as to injunction, 465.
PREMIUMS, as a species of encouragement to inventions, 19.
PRINCIPLE, whether patentable, 95.
PRIORITY, 150.

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