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(B) provide that not more than one-half of any such amount may be used by any State for its administrative expenses, except that if any State is the sole administrative entity in such State with respect to financial assistance under this subtitle such State may use all of such amount for such expenses;
(5XA) establish explicit criteria, and their relative weights, for the allocation of financial assistance under this subtitle among eligible financial institutions; and
(B) provide that all amounts available for financial assistance under this subtitle as a result of any one appropriations law, or otherwise available for such assistance, shall be allocated at the same time; and 1
(6) provide that any amount of unexpended financial assistance under this subtitle that is recaptured by the Board shall be reallocated by the Board to eligible financial institutions under this subtitle.
Sec. 521. Any person who knowingly makes any false statement or misrepresents any material fact with respect to any financial assistance provided under this subtitle, or fails to make any disclosure or statement required by this subtitle, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both, for each offense.
Sec. 522. (a) There is authorized to be appropriated to provide financial assistance under this subtitle for the purchase and installation of residential and commercial energy conserving improvements and of solar energy systems such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985.2
(b) Any funds appropriated under the authorizations contained in this section shall remain available until expended.
Approved June 30, 1980.
1 Section 104dX2XA) of the Housing and Community Development Technical Amendments Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98-479, approved October 17, 1984, amended paragraph (5) to read as shown. Section 104(0X2XB) of such Act further provided as follows:
“The Secretary shall issue the regulations required as a result of the amendment made by this paragraph not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.”.
2 Sec. 1071 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 reads as follows:
"Sec. 1071. In lieu of the amounts authorized by subsection (a) of section 522 of the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Act of 1980 (12 U.S.C. 3620) to be appropriated for fiscal years 1982, 1983, and 1984, there is authorized to be appropriated for each such fiscal year not to exceed $50,000,000 to provide financial assistance under subtitle A of such Act for the purchase and installation of residential and commercial energy conserving improvements and of solar energy systems. Any funds appropriated pursuant to the preceding authorization may remain available without fiscal year limitation.”
EXCERPT FROM THE ENERGY SECURITY ACT
(Public Law 96-294; 94 Stat. 611; 762, 42 U.S.C. 8286)
SUBTITLE H-COORDINATION OF FEDERAL ENERGY CONSERVATION
FACTORS AND DATA
CONSENSUS ON FACTORS AND DATA FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION
Sec. 595. The Secretary of Energy shall assure that within 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Administrator of the General Services Administration, and the head of any other agency responsible for developing energy conservation standards for new or existng residential, commercial, or agricultural buildings shall reach a consensus regarding factors and data used to develop such standards. This consensus shall apply to, but not be limited to,
(1) fuel price projections;
(5) the cost and energy saving characteristics of construction materials.
USE OF FACTORS AND DATA
SEC. 596. Factors and data consented to pursuant to section 595 may be revised and agreed to by a consensus of the heads of the various Federal agencies involved. Such factors and data shall be used by all Federal agencies in establishing and revising various energy conservation standards used by such agencies, except that other factors and data may be used with respect to the standards applicable to any program if
(1) the other factors and data are approved by the Secretary of Energy solely on the basis that such other factors and data are critical to meet the unique needs of the program concerned;
(2) using the consented to factors and data would cause a violation of an express provision of law; or
(3) statutory requirements or responsibilities require a modification of the consented to factors and data.
Sec. 597. The President shall report to the Congress on January 1, 1981, and annually thereafter, with respect to
(1) the activities which have been carried out under this subtitle; and
(2) other efforts which are being carried out to coordinate the various Federal energy conservation programs.
Approved June 30, 1980.
SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION ACT OF 1974
(Public Law 93-409; 88 Stat. 1069; 42 U.S.C. 5501) That this Act may be cited as the "Solar Heating and Cooling Demonstration Act of 1974”.
FINDINGS AND POLICY
SEC. 2. (a) The Congress hereby finds that
(1) the current imbalance between supply and demand for fuels and energy is likely to persist for some time;
(2) the early demonstration of the feasibility of using solar energy for the heating and cooling of buildings could help to relieve the demand upon present fuel and energy supplies;
(3) the technologies for solar heating are close to the point of commercial application in the United States;
(4) the technologies for combined solar heating and cooling still require research, development, testing and demonstration, but no insoluble technical problem is now foreseen in achieving commercial use of such technologies;
(5) the early development and export of viable solar heating equipment and combined solar heating and cooling equipment, consistent with the established preeminence of the United States in the field of high technology products, can make a valuable contribution to our balance of trade;
(6) the widespread use of solar energy in place of conventional methods for the heating and cooling of buildings would have a significantly beneficial effect upon the environment;
(7) the mass production and use of solar heating and cooling equipment will help to eliminate the dependence of the United States upon foreign energy sources and promote the national defense;
(8) the widespread introduction of low-cost solar energy will be beneficial to consumers in a period of rapidly rising fuel cost;
(9) innovation and creativity in the development of solar heating and combined solar heating and cooling components and systems can be fostered through encouraging direct contact between the manufacturers of such systems and the architects, engineers, developers, contractors, and other persons interested in installing such systems in buildings;
(10) evaluation of the performance and reliability of solar heating and combined solar heating and cooling technologies can be expedited by testing under carefully controlled conditions; and
(11) commercial application of solar heating and combined solar heating and cooling technologies can be expedited by
early commercial demonstration under practical conditions. (b) It is therefore declared to be the policy of the United States and the purpose of this Act to provide for the demonstration within a three-year period of the practical use of solar heating technology, and to provide for the development and demonstration within a five-year period of the practical use of combined heating and cooling technology.
DEFINITIONS SEC. 3. For purposes of this Act
(1) the term “solar heating”, with respect to any building, means the use of solar energy to meet such portion of the total heating needs of such building including hot water), or such portion of the needs of such building for hot water (where its remaining heating needs are met by other methods), as may be required under performance criteria prescribed by the Secre tary of Housing and Urban Development utilizing the services of the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, and in consultation with the Director of the National Science Foundation, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
(2) the terms "solar heating and cooling" and "combined solar heating and cooling”, with respect to any building, means the use of solar energy to provide both such portion of the total heating needs of such building (including hot water) and such portion of the total cooling needs of such
building, or such portion of the needs of such building for hot water (where its remaining heating needs are met by other methods) and such portion of the total cooling needs of a building, as may be required under performance criteria prescribed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development utilizing the services of the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, and in consultation with the Director of the National Science Foundation, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and such term includes cooling by means of nocturnal heat radiation, by evaporation, or by other methods of meeting peakload energy requirements at nonpeakload times;
(3) the term "residential dwelling" includes previously occupied and new single family and multifamily dwellings, mobile homes, and publicly assisted housing owned by a private sponsor or a State or local housing authority not covered by section 17;
(4) the term “Administrator” means the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
(5) the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; and
(6) the term "Director" means the Director of the National Science Foundation.
CONDUCT OF ACTIVITIES IN SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING TECHNOL
OGIES BY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SEC. 4. Section 203 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2473) is amended by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c), and by inserting immediately after subsection (a) the following new subsection:
"(b) The Administration shall initiate, support, and carry out such research, development, demonstrations, and other related ac
tivities in solar heating and cooling technologies (to the extent that funds are appropriated therefor) as are provided for in sections 5, 6, and 9 of the Solar Heating and Cooling Demonstration Act of 1974."
DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS TO BE
USED IN RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS SEC. 5. (a) The Administrator and the Secretary shall promptly initiate and carry out a program, as provided in this section, for the development and demonstration of solar heating systems (including collectors, controls, and thermal storage) for use in residential dwellings.
(bX1) Within 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, utilizing the services of the Director of the National Bureau of Standards and in consultation with the Administrator and the Director, shall determine, prescribe, and publish
(A) interim, performance criteria for solar heating components and systems to be used in residential dwellings, and
(B) interim performance criteria (relating to suitability for
solar heating) for such dwellings themselves, taking into account in each instance climatic variations existing between different geographic areas.
(2) As soon as possible after the publication of the performance criteria prescribed under paragraph (1), the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the National Bureau of Standards and the Administrator, will select on the basis of open competition a number of designs for various types of residental dwellings suitable for and adapted to the installation of solar heating of solar heating systems meeting the performance criteria prescribed under paragraph (1)(A).
(c) The Administrator, in accordance with the applicable provisions of title II of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 and under program guidelines established jointly by the Administrator and the Secretary, shall, after consultation with the Secretary
(1) enter into such contracts and grants as may be necessary or appropriate for the development (for commercial production and residential use) of solar systems meeting the performance criteria prescribed under subsection (b)(1)(A) (including any further planning and design which may be required to conform with the specifications set forth in such criteria); and
(2) enter into contracts with a number of persons or firms for the procurement of solar heating components and systems meeting such performance criteria (including adequate num
bers of spare and replacement parts for such systems). (d) The Secretary shall (1) arrange for the installation of solar heating systems procured by the Administrator under subsection (cX2) in a substantial number of residential dwellings and (2) provide for the satisfactory operation of such installations during the demonstration period. Title to and ownership of any dwellings constructed hereunder and of solar heating systems installed hereunder may be conveyed to purchasers or owners of such dwellings under terms and conditions prescribed by the Secretary, including