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EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983

[Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1186)

EMERGENCY SHELTER PROGRAM

SEC. 216. There are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1984 for the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to States, units of general local government, and Indian tribes, and nonprofit organizations which will operate programs on behalf of such units of general local government and Indian tribes, for the provision of shelter and essential services for individuals who are subject to life-threatening situations because of their lack of housing. Such grants shall be awarded on the basis of the extent of the need for emergency housing in the area where the project is, or will be, located, taking into account regional variations in the cost of providing shelter. Such grants may be used to rehabilitate existing structures in order to provide basic shelter, to maintain structures providing such shelter, to pay for utilities and the furnishing of such shelters, to provide for any health and safety measures that are required to pro tect the individuals using such shelter, and for any activity de scribed in section 105(a) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 that is consistent with the purposes of this section. A structure which is rehabilitated with assistance under this section shall be used for emergency housing for a period of not less than 3 years after such rehabilitation. In providing grants under this section, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall take into consideration the special needs of families and single women.

Approved November 30, 1983.

EXCERPT FROM SECOND SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1984

[Public Law 98-396; 98 Stat. 1369, 1382]

FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER PROGRAM 1 There is hereby appropriated $70,000,000 to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to remain available until December 31, 1984, to carry out an emergency food and shelter program. Notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act, such amount shall be made available under the terms and conditions of the following paragraphs:

The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall, as soon as practicable after enactment of this Act, constitute a national board for the purpose of determining how the program funds are to be distributed to individual localities. The national board shall consist of seven members. The United Way of America, the Salvation Army, the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A., the National Conference of Catholic Charities, the Council of Jewish Federations, Inc., the American Red Cross, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall each designate a representative to sit on the national board. The representative of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall chair the national board.

* This is the most recent authorization and appropriation for the program. The program was first authorized by the Act of March 24, 1983 (Pub. L. 98-8). It was subsequently authorized by the Act of November 14, 1983 (Pub. L. 98-151) and the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1984 (Pub. L. 98-181).

Each locality designated by the national board to receive funds shall constitute a local board for the purpose of determining how its funds will be distributed. The local board shall consist, to the extent practicable, of representatives of the same organizations as the national board except that the mayor or appropriate head of government will replace the Federal Emergency Management Agency member.

The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall award a grant for $70,000,000 to the national board within thirty days after enactment of this Act for the purpose of providing emergency food and shelter to needy individuals through private voluntary organizations and through units of local government.

Eligible private voluntary organizations should be nonprofit, have a voluntary board, have an accounting system, and practice nondiscrimination.

Participation in the program should be based upon a private voluntary organization's or unit of local government's ability to deliver emergency food and shelter to needy individuals and such other factors as are determined by the local boards.

Total administrative costs shall not exceed 2 per centum of the total appropriation.

As authorized by the Charter of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Corporation shall process and distribute surplus food owned or to be purchased by the Corporation under the food distribution and emergency shelter program in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Approved August 22, 1984.

EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983

(Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1191; 12 U.S.C. 17012-6 note]

HOUSING DEMONSTRATION PROJECT

Sec. 225. (a) The Congress finds that

(1) the Department of Health and Human Services spends in excess of $5,000,000,000 annually for housing in the form of allowances for shelter for public assistance recipients;

(2) States administering the Department of Health and Human Services public assistance program often specify shelter allowances that have little relationship to the cost or the quality of the housing in which public assistance recipients live:

(3) at least 30 per centum of public assistance recipients live in substandard housing;

(4) the older rental buildings in which many public assistance recipients live are in those neighborhoods that need the assistance of the programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development for preservation and rehabilitation; and

(5) there is the potential for improving housing for many lower income families by coordinating State and local government efforts in order to assure that families receiving public assistance payments from the Department of Health and Human Services are able to live in decent, safe, and sanitary

housing. (b) The purpose of this section, therefore, is to provide assistance to units of general local government and their designated agencies in order to develop a program that will

(1) encourage the upgrading of housing occupied primarily by lower income families, including families receiving assistance under the aid for families with dependent children program established under title IV of the Social Security Act; and

(2) provide for better coordination at the local level of the efforts to assist families receiving public assistance from the Department of Health and Human Services so that these families will be able to occupy affordable housing that is decent, safe, and sanitary and that, if necessary, is rehabilitated with funds provided by the Department of Housing and Urban

Development. (c) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereafter referred to in this section as the “Secretary”) shall, to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, establish and maintain a demonstration project to carry out the purpose described in subsection (b).

(d) In carrying out such project, the Secretary shall make grants to units of general local government, or designated agencies there of, to carry out administrative plans approved by the Secretary in accordance with subsection (e), and the Secretary may make grants to States to provide technical assistance for the purpose of assisting such units of general local government to develop and carry out such plans.

(e)(1) Grants may be made to States and units of general local government and agencies thereof that apply for them in a manner and at a time determined by the Secretary and that, in the case of units of general local government and their agencies, are selected on the basis of an administrative plan described in such application.

(2) No such administrative plan shall be selected by the Secretary unless it sets forth a plan for local government activities that are designed to

(A) require or encourage owners of rental housing occupied by lower income families to bring such housing into compliance with local housing codes;

(B) provide technical assistance, loans, or grants to assist owners described in subparagraph (A) to undertake cost-effective improvements of such housing;

(C) work with the State to establish and implement a schedule of local shelter allowances for recipients of assistance under title IV of the Social Security Act based on building quality that will be applicable to buildings involved in this pro

gram; and

(D) coordinate local housing inspection, housing rehabilitation loan or grant assistance, rental assistance, and social service programs for the purpose of improving the quality and af

fordability of housing for lower income families. (3) Funds received from any grant made by the Secretary to a unit of general local government shall be made available for use according to the administrative plans and may be used for

(A) technical assistance or financial assistance to property owners to upgrade housing projects described in paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection;

(B) temporary rental assistance to families who live in buildings assisted under this program and who are eligible for, but are not receiving, assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, except that such families shall not include families receiving assistance under title IV of the Social Security Act, and the amount of such rental assistance may not exceed 20 per centum of each grant received under this section;

(C) housing counseling and referral and other housing related services;

(D) expenses incurred in administering the program carried out with funds received under this section, except that such expenses may not exceed 10 per centum of the grant received under this section; and

(E) other appropriate activities that are consistent with the purposes of this section and that are approved by the Secre

tary. (f) Any recipient of a grant from the Secretary under this section shall agree to

(1) contribute to the program an amount equal to 15 per centum of the funds received from the Secretary under this section, and the Secretary shall permit the recipient to meet this requirement by the contribution of the value of services carried out specifically in connection with the program assisted under this section;

(2) permit the Secretary and the General Accounting Office to audit its books in order to assure that the funds received under this section are used in accordance with the section; and

(3) other terms and conditions prescribed by the Secretary for the purpose of carrying out this section in an effective and

efficient manner. (g) In making grants available under this section, the Secretary shall select as recipients at least 20 units of general local government (or their designated agencies). The selection of proposals for funding shall be based on criteria that result in a selection of projects that will enable the Secretary to carry out the purpose of this section in an effective and efficient manner and provide a sufficient amount of data necessary to make an evaluation of the demonstration project carried out under this section.

(h)(1) Not later than June 1, 1984, the Secretary shall transmit to the Congress an interim report on the implementation of the demonstration under this section.

(2) The Secretary shall transmit, not later than October 1, 1985, to both Houses of the Congress a detailed report concerning the findings and conclusions that have been reached by the Secretary as a result of carrying out this section, along with any legislative recommendations that the Secretary determines are necessary.

(i) To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $10,000,000 during fiscal year 1984, and not to exceed $15,000,000 during fiscal year 1985, to remain available until expended.

Approved November 30, 1983.

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