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tion being exempt from Federal taxation) associated with, an obligation described in section 11(b). (k) DEFINITIONS.-For the purpose of this section

(1) the term “rehabilitation grant” means a grant to finance moderate rehabilitation;

(2) the term “development grant” means a grant to finance new construction or substantial rehabilitation;

(3) the Secretary shall use the same population data and rules for designating cities and urban counties as apply under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974;

(4) the term “real property to be used primarily for residential rental purposes" includes cooperative or mutual housing which has a resale structure which enables the cooperative to maintain affordability for lower income families; (5) the term "grantee” means

(A) any city or urban county receiving resources under subsection (b), and any unit of general local government receiving resources under subsection (d);

(B) any State administering a rental rehabilitation or development program as provided in subsection (e); and

(C) any unit of general local government which receives assistance from the Secretary as provided in subsection (e); (6) the term "State" means each of the several States and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and

(7) the term “unit of general local government” means (A) any city, county, town, township, parish, village, or other general purpose political subdivision of a State; (B) any Indian tribe (as defined in section 102(a)(17) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974); and (C) the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United

States. The Secretary shall encourage cooperation by units of general local government in the administration of grants under this section by permitting consortia of geographically proximate units of general local government to apply for assistance on behalf of their members, including establishment of eligibility under subsection (b) for consortia whose combined populations exceed fifty thousand and which can otherwise meet the requirements of such subsection. Any amounts made available to such a consortium shall be deducted from the allocation to the State in which the units of general local government are located.

(1) REVIEW AND AUDIT.-The Secretary shall, at least on an annual basis, make such reviews and audits as may be necessary or appropriate to determine

(1) where the grantee is a unit of general local government, or a State carrying out its own program as provided in subsection (e)(1), whether the grantee has carried out its activities in a timely manner and in accordance with the requirements of this section, and has a continuing capacity to carry out those activities in a timely manner; and

(2) where the grantee is a State distributing resources made available under this section to units of general local government as provided in subsection (eX1), whether the State (A) has distributed such resources in a timely manner and in accordance with the requirements of this section, and (B) has made such reviews and audits of the units of general local government as may be necessary or appropriate to determine whether they have satisfied the performance criteria described in

paragraph (1). In addition to the adjustments based on performance authorized by subsection (b)(2), the Secretary may adjust, reduce, or withdraw resources made available to States and units of general local government receiving assistance under this section, or take other action as appropriate in accordance with the findings of these reviews and audits, except that resources already expended on eligible activities shall not be recaptured or deducted from future resources made available to the grantee. Any amounts which become available as a result of actions under this paragraph shall be reallocated in the year in which they become available to such grantee or grantees as the Secretary may determine.

(m) PERFORMANCE REPORT.-Prior to the beginning of fiscal year 1985 and each fiscal year thereafter, each grantee shall submit to the Secretary a performance report concerning the activities carried out pursuant to this section, together with an assessment by the grantee of the relationship of these activities to the objectives of this section. Such report shall contain an analysis of the program's cost effectiveness, the type and income levels of tenants who benefit from the rehabilitation program, any tenant displacement resulting from the program, and any other information the Secretary may require. To facilitate this reporting requirement, each grantee shall require owners of property rehabilitated under this section to provide verified income data and other pertinent tenant demographic information as prescribed by the Secretary (to include household size and race) or to otherwise arrange for the collection of such information on an annual basis. The Secretary shall stipulate the format for such data collection to assure that such information can be aggregated at the national level to allow congressional oversight.

(n) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Prior to the beginning of fiscal year 1985 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall provide a report to the Congress as to the overall progress of grantees in meeting the objectives of this section. Such report shall include an analysis of program costs, services delivered, beneficiaries, and the extent to which lower income tenants have been displaced as a result of rehabilitation assisted under this section.

(0) INAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.—Unless otherwise specifically provided in this section, the following provisions of this Act shall not apply to grants provided under this section: section 3(a), section 3(b)(1), the third sentence of section 3(b)(3), section

3(bX7), the last sentence of section 6(a), and any other provision of this Act that is inconsistent with the provisions of this section.

DEMOLITION AND DISPOSITION OF PUBLIC HOUSING Sec. 18. (a) The Secretary may not approve an application by a public housing agency for permission, with or without financial assistance under this Act, to demolish or dispose of a public housing project or a portion of a public housing project unless the Secretary has determined that

(1) in the case of an application proposing demolition of a public housing project or a portion of a public housing project, the project or portion of the project is obsolete as to physical condition, location, or other factors, making it unusable for housing purposes, or no reasonable program of modifications is feasible to return the project or portion of the project to useful life; or in the case of an application proposing the demolition of only a portion of a project, the demolition will help to assure the useful life of the remaining portion of the project; or

(2) in the case of an application proposing disposition of real property of a public housing agency by sale or other transfer

(XXi) the property's retention is not in the best interests of the tenants or the public housing agency because developmental changes in the area surrounding the project adversely affect the health or safety of the tenants or the feasible operation of the project by the public housing agency, because disposition allows the acquisition, development, or rehabilitation of other properties which will be more efficiently or effectively operated as lower income housing projects and which will preserve the total amount of lower income housing stock available in the community, or because of other factors which the Secretary determines are consistent with the best interests of the tenants and public housing agency and which are not inconsistent with other provisions of this Act; and

(ii) for property other than dwelling units, the property is excess to the needs of a project or the disposition is incidental to, or does not interfere with, continued operation of a project; and

(B) the net proceeds of the disposition will be used for (i) the payment of development cost for the project and for the retirement of outstanding obligations issued to finance original development or modernization of the project, and (ii) to the extent that any proceeds remain after the application of proceeds in accordance with clause (i), the provision of housing assistance for lower income families through such measures as modernization of lower income housing, or the acquisition, development, or rehabilitation

of other properties to operate as lower income housing. (b) The Secretary may not approve an application or furnish assistance under this section under this Act unless

(1) the application from the public housing agency has been developed in consultation with tenants and tenant councils, if any, who will be affected by the demolition or disposition and contains a certification by appropriate local government officials that the proposed activity is consistent with the applicable housing assistance plan; and

(2) all tenants to be displaced as a result of the demolition or disposition will be given assistance by the public housing agency and are relocated to other decent, safe, sanitary, and affordable housing, which is, to the maximum extent practicable, housing of their choice, including housing assisted under

section 8 of this Act. (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary is authorized to make available financial assistance for applications approved under this section using available annual contributions authorized under section 5(c).

(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the conveyance of units in a public housing project for the purpose of providing homeownership opportunities for lower income families capable of assuming the responsibilities of homeownership.

FINANCING LIMITATIONS

Sec. 19. On and after October 1, 1983, the Secretary

(1) may only enter into contracts for annual contributions regarding obligations financing public housing projects authorized by section 5(c) if such obligations are exempt from taxation under section 11(b), or if such obligations are issued under section 4 and such obligations are exempt from taxation; and

(2) may not enter into contracts for periodic payments to the Federal Financing Bank to offset the costs to the Bank of purchasing obligations (as described in the first sentence of section 16(b) of the Federal Financing Bank Act of 1973) issued by local public housing agencies for purposes of financing public housing projects authorized by section 5(c) of this Act.

Approved August 22, 1974.

EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983

(Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1183; 42 U.S.C. 1437f note)

REPEAL OF NEW CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY Sec. 209. (a) The United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended as follows:

(1) Section 8(a) is amended by striking out “, newly constructed, and substantially rehabilitated”.

(2) Section 8(b)(2) is repealed.

(3) Section 8(e) of such Act is amended by striking out paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) and by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.

(4) Section 8(i) of such Act is repealed.

(5) Section 8 of such Act is amended by striking out subsections (1) and (m).

(6) Section 8(n) of such Act is amended by striking out "eX5) and subsection (i)” and inserting in lieu thereof “(e)(2)”. (b) The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 1983, except that the provisions repealed shall remain in effect

(1) with respect to any funds obligated for a viable project under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 prior to January 1, 1984; and

(2) with respect to any project financed under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.

*

Approved November 30, 1983.

EXPERPTS FROM UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937-PRIOR TO

NOVEMBER 30, 1983

LOWER INCOME HOUSING ASSISTANCE

Sec. 8. (a) (bX1)

(2) To the extent of annual contributions authorizations under section 5(c) of this Act, the Secretary is authorized to make assistance payments pursuant to contracts with owners or prospective owners who agree to construct or substantially rehabilitate housing in which some or all of the units shall be available for occupancy by lower-income families in accordance with the provisions of this section. To increase housing opportunities for very low-income families, the Secretary shall assure that newly constructed housing to be assisted under this section is modest in design. The Secretary may also enter into annual contributions contracts with public housing agencies pursuant to which such agencies may enter into contracts to make assistance payments to such owners or prospective owners. Each contract to make assistance payments for newly constructed or substantially rehabilitated housing assisted under this section entered into after the date of enactment of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981 shall provide that during the term of the contract the owner shall make avail

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