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events greater and more heroical : because true history propoundeth the successes and issues of actions not so agreeable to the merits of virtue and vice, therefore poesy feigns them more just in retribution, and more according to revealed providence: because true history representeth actions and events more ordinary and less interchanged, therefore poesy endueth them with more rareness, and more unexpected variation, so as it appeareth, that poesy serveth and conferrethr to magnanimity, morality, and delectation a."
Having, then, in the preceding pages, hinted at a few omissions in our Alma Mater, let us acknowledge her superiorities. In what is greatest she is generally understood to be great. The Marquis de Condamini, treating of Academies, (A. 1755,) objects, “ that though there were several academies b at Rome for poetry, eloquence, sculpture, and painting, for designing and modelling, there was none, even there, for physic and mathematics, and that throughout all Italy, there was only one for antiquities; and one for the sciences.” The academy at Naples was not established till after 1755.
a The PROFICIENCE and Advancement of LEARNING.
b There are, however, besides, several universities in Italy. The author is speaking only of its academies.
PUBLIC WALKS, AND PUBLIC BUILD
INGS OF THE UNIVERSITY.
OUR public walks and public buildings are usually made the subject merely of description : it is intended with description to intermix, on the present occasion, a little of literary remark: true, indeed, it is, that the routine of our walks, and gardens, and public edifices, constitutes no part of our Cambridge literature; but what relates to them is concerned both with science and art: and a few literary remarks, in treating of them, may seem not out of order in a UNIVERSITY History.
On contemplating a spot of ground, before it is laid out, we should inquire what it can be made from its natural qualities and capabilities ; what it might be made under the direction of a man of genius and taste;
and what it ought to be made, in reference to its future designation and inhabitants. Who expects to find the bold
points, and striking contrasts, of mountain-scenery, the
But learn to rein
Mason's English Garden,
A D'Ermenonville', or our own Mason, had they been
* R. L. Gerardin, Viscounte D'Ermenonville, author of an admirable
Author of as admirable a poem, called the English Garden.
Lancelot Brown, Esq. died February 6, 1753, aged 67 years.
The simple charms that genuine art supplies,
And offer here your tributary sighs.
Virtues were his which Art's best powers transcend :
And weep the Christian, Husband, Father, Friend.
marshes, of artificial waters, and vallies, and by removing ground; by serpentine walks, and plantations of trees; he wished to display his taste on these grounds, and Mr. Ashby has hinted that the expense would have been scarce worth mentioning; a noble young Duke, then residing in one of the colleges, having proposed to set it on foot, by a subscription of 10001. This subject, at the time, engaged much attention, but the plan was never realized. Whether for pleasure, or for profit, the improvements would have been worth this moderate expense, whether the projector would have received the thanks of the town, or the gratitude of posterity, or to what extent Mr. Brown's specific plan was capable of being realized, are questions foreign to our narration.
To the public grounds of an university, what seems congenial, are walks agreeably, but not abruptly winding, lofty trees,
O’er arching groves,
seats, or alcoves, not rustic, nor yet fantastical; not placed at random, nor yet formally obtrusive; with edifices adapted to the scenery and place. But, who, in such places would look for tonsile trees, jets d'eaux, and zigzag walks ; Chinese temples, or Diogenes's tubs ? Not that Mr. Brown's improvements were in this little style: his plan shall presently speak for itself. The eye would certainly have been pleased with walks more winding, with a greater variety of trees, with something more of a winter garden of ever-greens, and of light underwood near the banks of the river, and that without affecting to bring the Wye, or Usk, to these baunts, or obstructing the naviga