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THE ESSAYS:

OR

COUNSELS, CIVIL AND MORAL:

AND

THE WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS.

BY FRANCIS BACON,

BARON OF VERULAM, VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN, AND LORD HIGH

CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND.

WITH A BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE BY A. SPIERS, PH. D.,

PREFACE BY B. MONTAGU, ESQ., AND

NOTES BY DIFFERENT WRITERS.

BOSTON:

LITTLE, BROWN AND COMPANY.

M.DCCC.LVI

HARAJ COLECE LD?AY

GHT OF
MISS SALLY TARCI:LD

12.0, 14045

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by LITTLE, BROWN AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's (trice of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

CAMBRIDGE:

ALLEN & FARNHAM. PRINTERS

STEREOTYPED BY STONE AND SMART

ADVERTISEMENT.

In preparing the present volume for the press, use has been freely made of several publications which have recently appeared in England. The Biographical Notice of the author is taken from an edition of the Essays, by A. Spiers, Ph. D. To this has been added the Preface to Pickering's edition of the Essays and Wisdom of the Ancients, by Basil Montagu, Esq. Parker's edition, by Thomas Markby, M. A., has furnished the arrangement of the Table prefixed to the Essays, and also “ the references to the most important quotations.” The Notes, including the translations of the Latin, are chiefly copied from Bohn's edition, prepared by Joseph Devey, M. A. We have given the modern translation of the Wisdom of the Ancients contained in Bohn's edition, in preference to that “ done by Sir Arthur Gorges," although the last mentioned has a claim upon regard, as having been made by a contemporary of Lord Bacon, and published in his lifetime. Its language is in the style of English current in the author's age, and for this reason may resemble more nearly what the philosopher himself would have used, had he composed the work in his own tongue instead of Latin.

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