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Distribution by number of rooms of dwelling units in sec. 608, Veterans' Emergency Housing projects covered by commitments issued January to

June 1949, United States total and selected insuring offices

Number of rooms

FHA insuring office 1

Less than
3 rooms

342 rooms

3 rooms

4 rooms

412 rooms

5 rooms

More than 5 rooms

Total 2

10.0

15.1

United States total.

23.7

19.1

25.1

1 Insurance office jurisdiction covers more than just the city named. For example, the Washington office covers the Washington metropolitan area, New York and Houston about % of their respective States. Thc Philadelphia office covers eastern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The Chicago, Detroit, and San Francisco offices have jurisdiction over about half of their respective States while the Atlanta, Greensboro, Topeka, and Denver ofices embrace all of their respective States.

2 Totals do not always add to 100 percent because of rounding. Source: Federal Housing Administration.

[graphic]

Distribution of monthly rentals of dwelling units in seo. 608 Veterans' Emergency Housing projects covered by commitments issued January

to June 1949, United States total, and selected insuring offices

Washington, DC
New York, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Miami, Fla.
Atlanta, Ga
Greensboro, N. C
Memphis, Tenn.
Houston, Tex
Chicago, ni
Indianapolis, Ind.
Topeka, Kans.
Detroit, Mich
Los Angeles, Calif
San Francisco, Calif
Denver, Colo
Seattle, Wash
United States total

1 Insurance office jurisdiction covers more than just the city named. For example, the Washington office covers the Washington metropolitan area, New York and Houston
about Ys of their respective States. The Philadelphia office covers eastern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The Chicago, Detroit, and San Francisco offices have jurisdiction
over about half of their respective States while the Atlanta, Greensboro, Topeka, and Denver offices embrace all of their respective States.

In general monthly rentals cover shelter rent, cooking and refrigerator equipment, space heat, hot and cold water, janitor services, grounds maintenance, and in some cases gas
and electricity. In about 4 of the units, either heat or cooking or refrigerator equipment must be provided by the tenants and in 10 percent of the units, largely row-house or semi-
detached units, only minimum services are covered by rents.

3 Totals do not always add to 100 percent because of rounding.
* Less than 0.05 percent.
• 33.8 percent of monthly rentals are less than $45.
• 38.3 percent of monthly rentals are less than $45.
Source: Federal Housing Administration.

dwelling
me to no se convited States total

amor selected

insuring ofices
Distribution by number of rooms of dwelling units in sec. 608, Veterans' Emergency Housing projects covered by commitments issued January to

Percent

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

[graphic]

FHA insuring office 1

Less than
3 rooms

342 rooms

3 rooms

4 rooms

412 rooms

5 rooms

More than
5 rooms

Total 2

Percent

Washington, D. C.
New York, N. Y
Philadelphia, Pa.
Miami, Fla.
Atlanta, Ga.
Greensboro, N. C.
Memphis, Tenn
Houston, Tex.
Chicago, Ill.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Topeka, Kans
Detroit, Mich
Los Angeles, Calif.
San Francisco, Calif.
Denver, Colo.
Seattle, Wash...

Percent

19.3
4.9
2.8
6.4
17.5
0
5.5
11.3
26.1
2.7

.9
4.0

.9
3. 2
0
14.0

United States total

10.0

1 Insurance office jurisdiction covers more than just the city named. For example, the Washington office covers the Washington metropolitan area, New York and Houston
about % of their respective States. The Philadelphia office covers eastern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The Chicago, Detroit, and San Francisco offices have jurisdiction
over about half of their respective States while the Atlanta, Greensboro, Topeka, and Denver ofices embrace all of their respective States.

9 Totals do not always add to 100 percent because of rounding.
Source: Federal Housing Administration.

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to June 1949, United States total, and selected insuring offices

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1 Insurance office jurisdiction covers more than just the city named. For example, the Washington office covers the Washington metropolitan area, New York and Houston
about Ys of their respective States. The Philadelphia office covers eastern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The Chicago, Detroit, and San Francisco offices have jurisdiction
over about half of their respective States while the Atlanta, Greensboro, Topeka, and Denver offices embrace all of their respective States.

2 In general monthly rentals cover shelter rent, cooking and refrigerator equipment, space heat, hot and cold water, janitor services, grounds maintenance, and in some cases gas
and electricity. In about Y4 of the units, either heat or cooking or refrigerator equipment must be provided by the tenants and in 10 percent of the units, largely row-house or semi-
detached units, only minimum services are covered by rents.

3 Totals do not always add to 100 percent because of rounding.

Less than 0.05 percent.
• 33.8 percent of monthly rentals are less than $45.
638.3 percent of monthly rentals are less than $45.
Source: Federal Housing Administration.

Mr. FOLEY. I would be glad to have questions at this time, or if
the committee prefers to have Mr. Richards proceed with his state-
ment at this time, he is prepared to do so, I believe.
Mr. Patman. Mr. Foley, do you have any statistics on the number

PATMAN
of homes in the United States, single homes, and not apartments, just
the number of single homes ?

Mr. FOLEY. I am quite sure we do have, although I don't have the
figures in mind. I will ask my statistical people if we have the
material here. I will have them in a moment.

Mr. PATMAN. And also the number of residential units regardless
of size.

Mr. FOLEY. We have that.
Mr. PATMAN. Can you give that to me now?

Mr. Foley. That will be in the figures which will be submitted
for the record.

Mr. PATMAN. You mentioned in your statement, which is a very
fine statement, it is very comprehensive, in fact, it answered practically
every question I had in mind—I don't know any questions to ask about
the particular bills that you have not covered fully, but you men-
tioned in this statement that we have been on these programs now for
the past 15 years, and I would just like to know how we are getting
along. The Government has been furnishing many incentives to
guarantee home loans and to make home building attractive, and I
would just like to know what progress has been made by the people in
that direction, how the number of home owners now compare with
the number of home owners 15 years ago.

Mr. FOLEY. You mean the number of home owners in the country
as compared

Mr. PATMAN. Yes.

Mr. FOLEY. I don't have it in mind but my impression is that it
has increased.

Mr. PATMAN. It has increased ?

Mr. FOLEY. That is my impression, but I will be glad to furnish
the figures.

(The matter referred to above is as follows:)
As the accompanying table indicates, the 15-year period 1935–49 saw an in-
creasingly larger production of one-family structures, a type which, traditionally
is nearly all owner-occupied. While final data for 1949 are not yet available,
. preliminary data make it appear that approximately 780,000 of the nearly 984,000
nonfarm units started in 1949 will be one-family homes. These 15 years encom-
pass part of the depression years of the mid-thirties, the war years with their
restrictions on home building, and the postwar reconversion era in which, in
1949, a new all-time record production of homes was established.

As the table shows, in the relatively normal prewar years of 1938—41 approxi-
mately 31 percent of all privately financed units were started with Federal Hous-
ing Administration commitments to insure. This percentage has been running
slightly higher in the past 2 years, indicating that at a time when private home
building is at record peaks FHA aid for privately financed homes is playing an
even more important part than it did in the prewar years. In addition, in
the postwar years there has been an important volume of units started under
the Veterans Administration home-loan guaranty program. Taken together,
in the past 3 years, approximately 45 percent of all units started have been
either Veterans' Administration or Federal Housing Administration aided.

In April 1947, according to Bureau of the Census estimates, there were 41,625,-
000 dwelling places both farm and nonfarm in the United States ranging all the
way from one-room mansions to one-room shacks. Reflecting a continuation of
a trend away from the farms the 34,133,000 nonfarm dwellings in 1947 repre-
sented the highest proportion on nonfarm units in our history.

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