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IRON AND STEEL INVESTIGATION

AND SHOWING GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF COMMUNITIES

FROM WHICH DATA WERE COLLECTED

US. Immigration Commission. Compiled by LeR.H. May 1910.

ENGRAVED AND PRINTED BY THE U.S.OCOLOGICAL SURYLY

Senato Doc. No. 633 ; blst Cong., 2d Sess. THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

TABLE 5.— Number and capacity (gross tons) of blast furnaces, rolling mills, and steel

works, by State and geographical division, 1908.

(Directory to the iron and steel works of the United States, 1908, compiled and published by the American

Iron and Steel Association, pp. XIII and XV.)

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By referring to the above table it is at once seen that in the aggregate number and capacity of their blast furnaces and steel works the States of Pennsylvania and New York are far ahead of the other Middle Atlantic or New England States. West Virginia is third in point of annual capacity of steel plants and fourth as regards blast furnaces in the Eastern States, and has been included in this geographical division instead of the South for the reasons that the iron and steel producing areas of West Virginia are practically a part of the Pittsburg district and the living and working conditions are in reality the same as those prevailing in Pennsylvania. In the Middle West, although the Michigan blast furnaces are larger in number and annual capacity than those of Indiana and Wisconsin, the steel works of Michigan are of small consequence as compared with the other two States. In the South, Alabama and Maryland stand out prominently above the other States as iron and steel producing localities with the exception of Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky, which exhibit large numbers of blast furnaces with a large aggregate annual capacity. The furnaces in these States, however, being usually small, detached, and scattered and employing mostly negroes and only a very small

percentage of foreign-born persons, were not included in the scope of the investigation.

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The following table shows the number and per cent of households studied according to general nativity and race of head of household, the number of households of each race selected for study corresponding to the numerical importance of the members of the race employed in the industry:

TABLE 6.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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108
121

4.4
4.9

Native-born of native father:

White..

Foreign-born-Continued.

Italian, South.
Macedonian.
Magyar.
Polish.
Roumanian.
Ruthenian.
Scotch..
Servian.
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Welsh..

373

17 20 46

7 .8 1.9

Negro. Native-born of foreign father, by

race of father: English.. German

Irish..
Foreign-born:

Bohemian and Moravian..
Bulgarian.
Croatian..
English..
French.
German
Greek.
Hebrew.
Irish.
Italian, North.

12
260
360
56
44
41
69
186
35
12

15.2

.5 10.6 14.7 2.3 1.8 1.7 2.8 7.6 1.4 .5

20 139 189 25 44 107 32 10 73 57

Grand total...

2, 456

100.0

5.7
7.7
1.0
1.8
4.4
1.3

.4
3.0
2.3

Total native-born of foreign

father....
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born.

83
312
2, 144

3.4 12.7 87.3 20 139 189 25

MEMBERS

DETAILED

INFORMATION

OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM

WAS SECURED.

The following table shows the number and per cent of persons in the households studied and of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household: TABLE 7.-- Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was

secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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Native-born of native father:

White.

Nagro..
Native-born of foreign father, by race of father:

English...
German.

Irish..
Foreign-born:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Bulgarian.
Croatian..
English..
French
German.
Greek.
Hebrew.
Irish.
Italian, North
Italian, South.
Macedonian.
Magyar. .
Polish
Roumanian.
Ruthenian.
Scotch.
Servian.
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Welsh..

117

117 784 915 124 172 524 170

8 5.5 10.7

.8 1.1 4.9 1.2

32 10 73 57 373

12 260 360 56 44 41 69 186 35 12

861 1,672

125 172 761 189

59 437

392 1.961

85
1,759
2,080

831
365
273

664
1,086
252
70

2.8 2.5 12.6

.5 11.3 13. 4 5.3 2.3 1.8 4.3 7.0 1.6 .5

59 434

279 1,804

76 1, 157 1,712

201 223 268 335 974 192 70

1.0 6.6 7.7 1.0 1.4 4.4 1.4

.5 3.6 2.3 15.1

.6 9.7 14. 4 1.7 1.9 2.3 2.8 8. 2 1.6 .6

Grand total..

2, 456

15,555

100.0

11,908

100.0

Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born...
Total foreign-born.

83
312
2,144

401 1,344 14,211

2.6 8.6 91.4

389 1,318 10,590

3.3 11.1 88.9

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