Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub
[blocks in formation]

FMFIA

FRF

FRA

FTA

FTE

FTS

FY

Fiscal Year

GAO

GDP

GGD

GPO

GPRA

Federal Managers' Financial Integrity Act

Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation Resolution Fund

Federal Railroad Administration

Federal Transit Administration

Full-time equivalent position

Federal Telecommunications System

General Accounting Office

gross domestic product

General Government Division

Government Printing Office

Government Performance and Results Act

HACCP

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point

HANO

Housing Authority of New Orleans

Abbreviations

HEHS

HHS

HMO

HRM

HUD

HVAC

INS

IRS

IRT

ISSS

IT

JFMIP

JPR JPRT

JPTA

MOC

MTS

NAFTA

NASA
NHTSA

NLRB

NPR

NRC

NSA

NSIAD

O&M

OCE

OCSE

OIAOL

OIMC

OMB

Health Education and Human Services

Health and Human Services

Health Maintenance Organization

Human Resource Management

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

Immigration and Naturalization Service

Internal Revenue Service

International Relations and Trade Issue Area

Initial Sector Suite System

Information Technology

Joint Financial Management Improvement Program
Job Process Reengineering

Job Process Reengineering Team

Job Training Partnership Act

Military Operations and Capabilities Issue Area
Medicare Transaction System

North American Free Trade Agreement

National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
National Labor Relations Board

National Performance Review

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

National Security Analysis Issue Area

National Security and International Affairs Division
operations and maintenance

Office of the Chief Economist

Office of Child Support Enforcement

Office of International Audit Organization Liaison

Office of Information Management and Communications
Office of Management and Budget

[blocks in formation]

Program Evaluation of Methodology Division

power marketing administrations

Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division

Resolution Trust Corporation

Savings Association Insurance Fund

Small Business Administration

Securities and Exchange Commission

[blocks in formation]

USDA USTF's VA VBA

Abbreviations

United States Department of Agriculture
Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities
Veterans' Affairs

Veteran Benefits Administration

[graphic]

Organization of the U.S. General Accounting Office

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Overview

GAO's principal mission is to support Congress' legislative decision-making and oversight of the agencies and activities of the federal government. GAO's wide-ranging reports and testimonies lie on the cutting edge of research, analysis, and investigation. In recent years, for example, GAO has produced a major study of the complex financial instruments known as derivatives; conducted precedent-setting financial audits that exposed major weaknesses at the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the military services, and other agencies; done highly acclaimed work on the failure of federal efforts to modernize the government's computer systems; monitored U.S. involvement in war-torn Bosnia; and documented billions of dollars in fraud, waste and mismanagement in government programs.

-

In fiscal year 1996, GAO's work contributed to legislative and executive actions that resulted in over $17.2 billion in measurable financial benefits a return of more that $46 for every dollar appropriated to GAO. For example, GAO's work at IRS helped strengthen controls against fraudulent tax returns by improving procedures for verifying the social security numbers of claimed dependents; more than $2 billion in additional tax collections from 1994-96 is expected to result. GAO reviews of the government's disability insurance programs led to an increase in the number of reviews to determine whether individuals are still eligible for benefits; the savings to SSA disability insurance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and Medicare will total about $1.4 billion over two years.

Many other GAO recommendations and audit findings resulted in or contributed to improvements in the effectiveness and efficiency of government operations and services. GAO documented nearly 200 such accomplishments in each of the past several years, and more than 265 in fiscal year 1996. These contributions cannot be measured in dollars, but have the important potential to increase the taxpayers' trust in their government by improving practices or operations. For example, GAO's review of outmoded statutory mandates contributed to legislation that eliminated burdensome government paperwork and reporting requirements. GAO's efforts led the Customs Service to improve its controls over seized cash and drugs to reduce the risk of theft or misuse. Many GAO recommendations on "best practices" in information technology management were incorporated into law, helping to avoid future horror stories about the procurement and use of federal computer systems.

The new welfare legislation reflected other GAO contributions as well. For several years, GAO reports had pointed out that job training programs for welfare recipients were not sufficiently targeted toward actually getting recipients off welfare and into jobs. The new welfare law tightened allowable training activities significantly and put the focus on employment. GAO had also called attention to abuses in means-tested programs, and had identified opportunities to recover more welfare overpayments and recommended ways to keep ineligible applicants, such as prison inmates, from receiving Supplemental Security Income. The new law included steps to correct the abuses GAO had identified. Finally, in its work on disability programs, GAO had demonstrated the need to tighten eligibility criteria for children on SSI.

Responding to congressional requests for testimony is one of GAO's most important services, and the Congress continues to turn to GAO on significant issues facing the nation. During fiscal year 1996, although Congress was in session fewer days that usual, 67 GAO officials were called upon to testify 181 times before 84 congressional committees or subcommittees. Additionally, GAO was requested to provide 29 additional statements for the record. As a point of reference, 57 GAO witnesses testified 198 times in 1986. Overall, in fiscal year 1996, GAO produced 1,306 audit and evaluation products.

GAO has been able to make these contributions despite the fact that the resources available to GAO have declined. A GAO workforce that numbered 5,325 in 1992 now stands at about 3,500 -- the lowest level since the years immediately preceding World War II. Therefore, GAO has taken steps to maintain the highest calibre staff and to train and equip its employees to work more productively. This year, GAO's professional staff began using a reengineered job process designed to streamline the way work is done and to ensure consistent, high quality products. The new process has already improved productivity and timeliness and lowered the cost of jobs. In addition, a communications network now links all GAO employees, whether at headquarters or in the

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »