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starlings, magpies,' parrots and jack-daws, those things he would have taught the Belly. Beware of dealing with the Belly, the Belly will not be talk'd to, especially when he is full; then there is no venturing upon Venter, he will blow you all up, he will thunder indeed la! Some in derision call him the father of farts; but I say he was the first inventor of great ordnance, and taught us to discharge them on festival days, would we had a fit feast for him, i faith, to shew his activity; I would have something now fetched in to please his five senses, the throat; or the two senses, the eyes : pardon me for my two senses; for I that carry Hercules's bowl in the service, may see double by my place; for I have drunk like a frog to-day: I would have a tun now brought in to dance, and so many bottles about him. Ha! you look as if you would make a problem of this ; do you see, do you see? a problem : Why bottles, and why a tun? and why a tụn, and why bottles, to dance ? I say,
that men that drink hard, and serve the Belly in any place of quality, (as the jovial tinkers, or the lusty kindred,) are living measures of drink, and can transform themselves, and do every day, to bottles or tuns, when they please : and when they have done all they can, they are as I say again (for I think I said somewhat like it afore) but moving measures of drink, and there is a piece in the cellar can hold more than all they. This will I make good, if it please our new god but to give a nod, for the Belly does all by signs; and I am all for the belly, the truest clock in the world to go by.
1 And now is he fain to get his living with teaching of starlings, mag pies, &c.] An allusion to Persius, in the prologue to his satires:
Quis expedivit psittaco suum xaipe?
Here the first Antimasque, danced by men in the shape
of bottles, tuns, &c.
Her. What rites are these ? breeds earth more
monsters yet ? Antæus scarce is cold : what can beget This store ? and, stay!—such contraries upon her! Is earth so fruitful of her own dishonour ? Or 'cause his vice was inhumanity, Hopes she by vicious hospitality To work an expiation first ? and, then, (Help virtue,) these are sponges and not men; Bottles; mere vessels; half a ton of paunch ! How ? and the other half thrust forth in haunch! Whose feast ? the Belly's ? Comus! and my cup Brought in to fill the drunken orgies up, And here abus'd; that was the crown'd reward Of thirsty heroes, after labour hard !?
That was the crown'd reward Of thirsty heroes, after labour hard.] We have had an allusion to this bowl of Hercules, the scyphus Herculeus of the ancients, in the account of the scenery. Hercules is said to have sailed over the sea in a large cup or goblet, and thence a bowl of a particular make and fashion became appropriated to him. Let us hear what
. Macrobius offers on this subject: Herculem vero fictores veteres non sine causâ cum poculo fecerunt, et nonnunquam casabundum et ebrium: non solum quod is heros bibax fuisse perhibetur, sed etiam quod antiqua historia est Herculem poculo tanquam navigio ventis immensa maria transisse. He adds, afterwards, it was much more probable that he passed the ocean, not in a bowl, or scyphus, but in a vessel which bore that name. Ego tamen arbitror non poculo Herculem maria transvectum, sed navigio cui Scypho nomen fuit. Saturnal. lib. v. cap. 21.
It became the custom for succeeding heroes to drink in honour of Hercules out of a cup of the same form which he himself was supposed to have used. Thus Curtius, relating the manner in
Burdens and shames of nature, perish, die!
take. Can this be pleasure, to extinguish man, Or so quite change him in his figure ? can The Belly love his pain, and be content With no delight but what's a punishment? These monsters plague themselves, and fitly too, For they do suffer what, and all they do. But here must be no shelter, nor no shrowd For such : Sink, grove, or vanish into cloud !
At this the Grove and Antimasque vanished, and the
whole Music was discovered, sitting at the foot of the mountain, with PLEASURE and VIRTUE seated above them.
Cho. Great friend and servant of the good,
Lie down, lie down,
A crown, a crown
which Alexander was seized at his physician's banquet, represents him with this bowl of Hercules in his hand : Ibi, nondum Herculis scypho epoto, repente velut telo confixus ingemuit. Q. Curt. lib. x. cap. 4.
Here HERCULES lay down at their feet, and the second
Antimasque, which was of Pigmies, appeared.
2 Pig. He's yonder.
At the end of their DANCE they thought to surprise
him, when suddenly, being awaked by the music, he roused himself, and they all ran into holes.
Nay, with as many As the name yields.] There were several heroes who had the name of Hercules; and the Pigmy here means, he would encounter all who bore that name. WHAL.
Philostratus tells us (Icon. ii. cap. 22,) that Hercules, after his victory over Antæus, fell asleep in the deserts of Africa, and was attacked by the pigmies, who discharged their arrows at him. This is Jonson's authority. It is not likely that Swift had much acquaintance with Philostratus; and it is therefore highly probable that he derived the hint of the first assault of the Lilliputians on the slumbering Gulliver, from the passage before us.
Or fly :
SONG. Wake, Hercules, awake; but heave up thy black eye, 'Tis only ask'd from thee to look, and these will die,
Already they are fled,
Whom scorn had else left dead.
garland of poplar, to crown him.
Mer. Rest still, thou active friend of Virtue; these
union of Pleasure &