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MR. PHILIP AINSWORTH MEANS, appointed to Dr. T. C. LYSTER of the Rockefeller Founthe directorship of the Museo Nacional de dation has gone to Mexico to make some obArqueología in Lima, Peru, assumed office in servation on the present epidemic of yellow November.
fever and offer the asistance of the foundation DR. ROBERT CUSHMAN MURPHY, for ten years
in the campaign for the eradication of the disa member of the staff of The Brooklyn Mu- The president of Mexico has accepted seum, and curator of the department of nat
this offer and Dr. Lyster will return later in ural science since April, 1917, has resigned in January to begin the campaign, the plans for order to accept the position of associate cura
which were submitted by him and are now tor of ornithology in The American Museum being considered by the department of public of Natural History. In his new work the
health. greater part of his time will be devoted to a DR. MARTIN H. FISCHER, professor of physstudy of marine birds. The work will include iology at the University of Cincinnati, has both the preparation of reports upon the mu- been granted a three months leave of absence, seum's present collections and the carrying out in order that he may accept an invitation to of field investigations in the south Pacific. lecture on his researches in colloid chemistry DR. E. J. BUTLER, lately imperial mycologist
at the Universities of Amsterdam and Utrecht. of the Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa
He is now in Holland. (India), has been appointed director of the DR. L. EMMETT Holt, of Columbia UniverImperial Bureau of Mycology, and can be ad- sity, has been appointed Lane medical lecturer dressed at 17, Kew Green, Kew, Surrey, Eng- for the year 1921. The lectures will be deland.
livered at the medical school of Stanford UniMR. CHARLES A. FORT, research chemist of versity, San Francisco, during the week bethe General Electric Co., of Pittsfield, Mass., ginning November 28. on the general subject has become chief chemist for the Forest Prod
of growth and nutrition. ucts Chemical Co., of Memphis, Tenn.
DR. ROBERT B. SOSMAN, of the Bureau of DR. HENRY H. Rusby, dean of the school of
Standards, delivered on January 15 the adpharmacy of Columbia University, will lead
dress of the retiring president of the Philoan exploration party which will ledve in the sophical Society of Washington on
Distribution of Scientific Information." early spring for the unexplored upper basin of the Amazon River. Among those accompany
DR. VERNON KELLOGG, permanent secretary ing him will be Professor Edward Kremers, of
of the National Research Council, is giving the University of Wisconsin, and Professor A.
three lectures this month at Brown UniverH. Gill, of the Massachusetts Institute of sity on the Charles K. Colver Foundation. Technology, who will investigate seed and
The subject of the lectures is "Human Life volatile oils.
as the Biologist sees it.” The dates are JanDR. LOUISE PEARCE, of the scientific staff of
uary 10, 17, and 24. The lectures will be pub
lished in book form by Houghton, Mifflin Comthe Rockefeller Institute, has returned from several months' stay in the Belgian Congo,
pany. where she went in order to study the treatment
PROFESSOR HERMANN J. JORDAN, 19 Frans of African sleeping sickness with Tryparsa- Halsstraat, Utrecht, Holland. who is writing mide (sodium salt of N-Phenylglycinamide-p
a book on comparative physiology, desires esarsonic acid) prepared at the Rockefeller In- pecially the papers of American physiologists stitute. While returning through Brussels she
and experimental zoologists, and would be was decorated with the order of the Crown, grateful to authors who may favor him with and her companion, Miss Elizabeth D. Bowen,
their publications. with the order of Leopold II., by the king of THE Technical High School at Brünn, the Belgians.
Czecko-Slovakia, desires to raise a fund in
" The honor of Ernest Mach, who was born in that for an expedition by Professor William H. neighborhood. Professor Mach's researches in Hobbs to study the evolution of mountains physics and psychology have given him world- and continents. Dr. Hobbs has been granted wide reputation. The purpose of the fund is leave of absence for the academic year 1921to award a prize for an essay, dealing with the 1922 and will sail from San Francisco in July subjects of his interest. Subscribers may send on a trip which will take him around the contributions directly to Dr. Emil Waelsch at world. Governor Osborn is cooperating to the address given.
raise an endowment fund which will provide
for future expeditions by the geological de| THE stated meeting of the New York Acad
partment. emy of Medicine, on January 6, was held in association with the Society for Experimental PROFESSOR OTTO A. REINKING, professor of Biology and Medicine and the Harvey So- plant pathology of the college of agriculture, ciety as a tribute of appreciation to the life University of the Philippines. Los Baños, and services of Dr. Samuel James Meltzer. Laguna. Philippine Islands, returned to the Memorial addresses were made by Drs. George Philippine Islands after an extended trip in B. Wallace, Phoebus A. Levene, William H.
Southern China, French Indo China, Siam, Howell, Graham Lusk, and William H. Welch.
and the Federated Malay States. The trip
was made possible through the cooperation of DR. EDWARD J. NOLAN, librarian of The
the division of crop physiology and breeding Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, investigations of the Bureau of Plant Indied on January 7, 1921. Dr. Nolan was con
dustry, Washington, D. C., with the Univernected with the academy from 1862 until the
sity of the Philippines. The primary object time of his death, having served during the
of the trip was the study of citrus diseases in greater part of that time as recording secre
the various countries and the collection and tary, librarian and editor of the publications study of the Siam seedless pummelo. Bud of the academy. At the meeting of November
wood and plants of the famous Siam seedless 16, 1920, the academy designated him as re- pummelo were successfully introduced into the cording secretary emeritus, in recognition of Philippines and also into the United States. his long and faithful service to the institution. Last year a similar trip was made by Proį Italo GIGLIOLI, professor of agriculture at
fessor Reinking for the United States and Portici and Pisa, known for his work in agri
the Philippine governments. On this trip a cultural chemistry, has died at the age of
study was made of the citrus diseases in sixty-eight years.
Southern China and Formosa. Extensive col
lections were made. We learn from Nature that Charles A. Sadler, who graduated from the University of
We learn from the British Medical Journal Liverpool in 1905 and was the author of con
that a complete scheme for the establishment tributions on X-ray and other radiations, died
of a school of tropical medicine and research on December 5.
in Parel, Bombay, has been submitted for the
sanction of the British Secretary of State. The annual general meeting of the Ameri
and it is hoped that it will be opened at an can Philosophical Society will be held on early date and afford opportunities for postApril 21, 22 and 23, 1921, beginning at 2
graduate instruction to students from all parts P.M., on Thursday, April 21.
of the world. A medical college will be estabTHE HONORABLE CHASE S. OSBORN, of Sault lished in association with King Edward's de Sainte Marie, Michigan, ex-governor of the
Memorial Hospital in Parel, the foundation state and former regent of the state univer
stone of which will be laid this month. sity, has made a gift of $5,000 to the depart- A PRIZE has been endowed in the name of ment of geology of the university, to provide Dr. Paul Legendre at the Société médicale des
hôpitaux de Paris to confer 3,000 francs every The resignation of Professor Russell H. third year on the best work on the ethical and Chittenden, of Yale University, from the social aspects of the medical profession, pub- chairmanship of the department of physiology, lished or presented during the preceding years, physiological chemistry and bacteriology has
, or for the best competing articles presented on been accepted, and Professor Lafayette B. a special topic. The first prize will be awarded Mendel has been appointed his successor. in December, 1923, and a topic has been se- Dr. H. B. LATIMER, who has been in charge lected for this competition, namely, “A sta- of the courses in anatomy in the department tistical and critical study of the French civil- of zoology of the University of Nebraska, ian and military medical and surgical rôle has been granted a leave of absence for the during the war, 1914-1918, and the resulting
current year to carry on research in anatomy consequences for physicians and conclusions at the University of Minnesota. His work is for the future."
being taken by Mr. Daniel S. Brazda. Dr. E. PROFESSOR AND MRS. JEREMIAH W. JENKS
B. Powers has also been added to the staff have deeded property on the east shore of
of the department taking the field of animal Cayuga Lake to Cornell University for the use
ecology. of the department of biology. Boats, kept in DR. C. B. CLEVENGER has resigned an inthe boathouse which comes with the property, structorship in the department of chemistry, will be available for collecting the specimens University of Wisconsin, to accept a professor
, in which the end of the lake and the marshes ship of agricultural chemistry and head of near it abound.
the department of chemistry of the Manitoba
Agricultural College. The zoology department of the University
DR. HENRY S. HOUGHTON, a graduate of of Texas is the recipient of a gift of $500 from Mr. H. A. Wroe, member of the board of re
Ohio State University and the Johns Hopking gents for the study of the physiology of re
Medical School, who has passed the last fifteen production in the opossum under Professor
years in China, has been appointed director Carl Hartman.
of the Peking Union Medical College.
UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL
NEWS A COLLEGE of engineering has been established at Cornell University to consist of the Sibley School of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Civil Engineering, and the School of Electrical Engineering. Professor Dexter S. Kimball has been appointed dean of the newly created engineering college and as directors of the work in the three schools, Herman Diederichs, mechanical engineering; Fred Asa Barnes, civil engineering, and Alexander M. Gray, electrical engineering have been appointed. Dean A. W. Smith, who has for many years had charge of Sibley College, and who is now acting president of the university, and Dean E. E. Haskell of the present college of civil engineering, have sabbatical leave next term, and retire from active service in June
DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE
With the increasing activities in biological science there has been a correspondingly increased demand for the preservation of areas on which the fauna and flora may be found undisturbed by outside agencies. Workers in the various lines of ecology and genetics are particularly interested in these natural areas; the Ecological Society, several State Academies of Science, and other scientific organizations, are urging the reservation of areas suitable for study. Laboratory experiments under controlled conditions, however essential, can not replace field observation. In fact, the greater the amount of laboratory experimentation, the greater the need of natural areasfor laboratory work and field studies must go hand in hand and supplement each other; neither is sufficient unto itself.
of this year.
The largest of our natural areas are in the Speaking of the various scientists with whom National Parks and National Monuments. he conferred, Wells says: Efforts to secure the reservation of additional
Our blockade has cut them (the scientists) from lands would fail of their purpose if, at the
all literature outside of Russia. They are without same time, the National Parks were not kept
instruments. They are short of paper. The work intact.
they do has to go on in unheated laboratories. It With the growing development of the is amazing that they do any work at all, yet they country, the pressure upon the National Parks are getting work done. is constantly increasing. There have been a Of Pavlov in particular he says: number of attempts recently to open these
Pavlov is carrying on research of astonishing parks to some form or other of commercial
scope and ingenuity on the mentality of animals. The latest dangers are: First, the in
. . Pavlov continues his marvelous researches in
an old coat and with his study piled up with the clusion of the parks in the Water Power
potatoes and carrots he grows in his spare time. Bill, thus permitting the commission to grant permits for constructing in the National
It is gratifying to be assured that Professor Parks and National Monuments, reservoirs,
Pavlov is raising potatoes only as a pastime irrigation ditches, power plants and power
and still gives the best of his genius to scienlines; Second, the Smith bill, H.R. 12, 460,
S. MORGULIS turning over 8,000 acres in one of the most
A QUESTION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY beautiful parts of the Yellowstone Park to Idaho irrigation interests; and third, an at
TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: Regarding the tempt by the city of Los Angeles to dam cer
inquiry of Dr. Willey, Coues says on page tain of the waters in the Yosemite. Any of
50, in "Fur-bearing Animals": these proposed uses would not only destroy From this country [Mackenzie River region], specific areas of much beauty and scientific many accounts have reached me, from various offiinterest, but would serve as an entering wedge
cers of the Hudson's Bay Company, through the in opening the parks to all kinds of commer
liberality of the Smithsonian Institution, which cial uses which would eventually undermine
placed in my hands all the matter represented in
its archives upon the mammals of the far north. the entire National Park system. It is im
Messrs. Kennicott, Macfarlane, Ross and Lockportant that scientists make their wishes in
hart have each recorded their experiences. this matter known in no uncertain way. BARRINGTON MOORE
Therefore the following quotation from New York, N. Y.
Dall's “Alaska and its Resources," p. 349,
may be of interest. PROFESSOR PAVLOV
Woiwodsky was succeeded by Füruhelm as Chief To the Editor OF SCIENCE: Within the past Director of the colonies. The Kadiak was wrecked few months Professor Pavlov came in for near Spruce Island. Robert Konnicott passed the much comment on the pages of SCIENCE.
winter at Fort Yukon, where Mr. Lockhart was in Since most of the things that were brought to
command. the attention of our scientific men were either In the annual report of the Smithsonian based on more henrany or on second-hand in- Institution for 1861, p. 60, it is stated that formation of the flimsiest sort, will you allow “Mr. Ross, chief factor of the Mackenzie River me the space to quote some direct news about district, has had the cooperation of the gentlo Professor Pavlov.
men resident at the different posts in his H. G. Wells returned recently from a trip district,” among those mentioned is Mr. James of inspection in Russia where he particularly Lockhart. He is mentioned in subsequent reinvestigated the condition of literary and sci- ports of the Smithsonian Institution, but alentifio men. His extensive report has been ways as James; never as J. G. just published by the New York Times. In the “Biography of Baird,” on p. 378,
RESEARCHES IN HELMINTHOLOGY AND
PARASITOLOGY TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: The Smithsonian Institution published in 1904, the collected “Researches in Helminthology and Parasitology” (1844–1891) by Joseph Leidy, M.D., LL.D. The issue was gratis, and is now out of print.
The writer has been applied to by a number of research laboratories in comparative pathology for reprints-he would be glad to know of any one to whom complimentary copies were presented, who would be disposed to donate any such, for use among those engaged in similar lines of investigation.
JOSEPH LEIDY, JR. 1319 LOCUST ST., PHILADELPHIA
SPECIAL ARTICLES A SIMPLE DEVICE FOR GIVING ANESTHETICS
FIG. 1. A, anesthetic cone; B, circular base; C, cannula; D and E, intake and outlet tubes; G, gauze; H, hole into intake tube; I, end for attachment to artificial respiration apparatus; 0, opening; S, wire screen; sm, small tube; T, trachea end of cannula.
So often in giving anesthetics to an animal through the trachea cannula the student either covers the intake opening with several layers of gauze, or plugs the opening with absorbent cotton. To these he applies the anesthetic. When these substances are moistened, the air passages which exist between the fibers in the dry condition are almost wholly obliterated, and the animal is more likely to become asphyxiated than anesthetized. To prevent this almost universal failing I have devised a simple trachea cannula, adapted to both normal and artificial respiration and an appliance for anesthetization, which slips over the intake opening of the cannula.
The cannula consists of a metal T-tube, Fig. 1, C. In the long part a small tube extending the full length is soldered. At one end, I, all of the opening into the larger portion of this double-barreled tube is closed with solder. thus leaving only the smaller tube open, sm. This end is attached to the arti
The device for the administration of the nesthetic is made from a small hemispherical tea strainer (Fig. 1, A). The opening of the strainer is soldered to a circular metal plate (B) with a hole (H) in the center, and a metal tube (E) soldered on the lower surface. This tube is large enough to easily slip over the side tube (D) of the cannula. One or two layers of gauze (G) are spread over the wire screens (8) of the strainer and fastened by passing a string or rubber band around the lower margin. The gauze, which can be readily replaced, is thus held away from the intake opening and permits of free passage of air and the thorough vaporization and mixing of the anesthetic with good air. In this manner a few drops of the anesthetic at a time are sufficient to keep the animal in complete anesthesia.