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tions were made during the evenings of June 5 and 6, 1920, from a house boat on the Tachin River, in the district of Sarm Prarm, Nakorn Chaisri, Siam. A distinct flashing of dark and light was observed. A whole tree of flies would flash all together at regular intervals of, by count with a watch, between 105 and 109 flashes a minute.
Frequently entire trees filled with fireflies are observed at the College of Agriculture, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippine Islands and it was at first thought by the writer that an extremely rapid flashing in unison took place. After, however, observing the distinct flashing in unison of the fireflies in Siam it can be stated with certainty that no such synchronal flashing took place at Los Baños.
Determinations made by H. E. Woodworth, of the College of Agriculture, Los Baños, on fireflies from Siam, showed these flies to be of the genus Calaphotia. Professor Woodworth states that the firefly at Los Baños is of the same genus, but of a different species. Neither species has been determined.
OTTO A. REINKING
! FRANZ STEINDACHNER TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: I read with much interest the article of Dr. Jordan on Franz Steindachner. I had the great pleasure of visiting Dr. Steindachner twice; once in 1878 and again twenty years later in 1898. He was living in the simple way described by Dr. Jordan on the occasion of both my visits. His maiden sister at that time, however, was living and was keeping house for him in a perfectly simple manner.
I do not wish to speak of Steindachner's great achievements in ichthyology. I want to add my little tribute to his value as a friend. The simplicity of his life, the wonderful clarity of his character and his devotion to his friends make him almost as rerenowned as his achievements in the investigation of fishes. At the time of my last visit he had achieved the full distinction of head superintendent of the Royal Imperial Mu
He enjoyed to a remarkable degree the confidence of the Emperor Franz Josef. Through a special permit from the imperial palace I was permitted under his guidance to visit the castle with all of its belongings in which the heir to the throne was murdered a few years before.
I was particularly struck with the amity and friendship shown him by the people with whom he worked. As a host he was the essence of geniality and at the same time of simplicity. I carried letters to him on my first visit from friends in Harvard who knew him when he was a resident of Cambridge. He had a great admiration for this country and he numbered many personal and professional friends on this side of the water. While war broke up all political and many social relations with Germany and Austria, I feel quite certain all the personal friends of Dr. Steindachner on this side remained loyal to him through his later years of sorrow and distress, due to the exigencies of the war. The grief for him as a friend is more poignant than the regret of his loss to science.
H. W. WILEY.
SCIENTIFIC BOOKS Chemische Krystallographie. By P. GROTH.
Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann. Vol. I., 1906; II., 1908; III., 1911; IV., 1917; V., 1919. 4,443 pages, with 3,342 figures; 8vo, cloth.
All persons interested in crystallized substances will be delighted to know that this monumental work, in the preparation of which Professor Groth spent several decades, has been finally completed. Notices of the publication of the first three volumes have already appeared in SCIENCE.1 Vol. IV. was issued in 1917 and Vol. V. late in 1919.
According to the original plan it was thought that all the available material could be conveniently published in four volumes; the first two to be devoted to inorganic, and the last two volumes to organic compounds. The aromatic organic compounds, however, proved to be much more numerous than had been
1 Vol. XXV., 143-144; Vol. XXVIII., 843; Vol. XXXIII., 253.
anticipated, so that two large volumes have been necessary to describe them. These two volumes contain 1,846 pages and 1,783 figures. In these volumes the treatment used in the others has been followed.
Chemists and crystallographers, the world over, are greatly indebted to Professor Groth for this most important reference work, which is a critical survey of all the crystallized material described thus far. As is generally known, Professor Groth has devoted his life to problems in chemical crystallography. He was the founder of and for many years the editor of the Zeitschrift fuer Krystallographie und Mineralogie. Hence, he was peculiarly fitted to undertake this very difficult and timeconsuming task.
EDWARD H. KRAUS MINERALOGICAL LABORATORY,
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
seventy days than it is to feed for forty or fifty days with peanuts alone, then to finish with other feeds.
To determine whether an animal in starving uses the liquid fat more rapidly than it does the solid fat, rabbits were fed on peanuts and alfalfa for six weeks. One of the rabbits was killed at the end of the feeding period and the others were killed after starving three, five and seven days. The iodine numbers of the kidney fat and the back fat were determined. Two series of rabbits treated in this way but the results of the last series only will be given.
SPECIAL ARTICLES THE CHANGE IN THE FAT OF PEANUT-FED
RABBITS In the course of our investigation of the soft pork of peanut-fed hogs it occurred to me that if an animal in starving used its liquid fat first, this would make it sible to overcome the softness of the pork on peanut-fed hogs. If the animal used the liquid fat first in starving it would be reasonable to suppose that if both liquid and solid fat were fed at the same time he would use a greater proportion of the liquid fat to meet the energy requirements of his body. Then it would be possible to attack the soft pork problem in two ways. One would be to feed peanuts alone for forty or fifty days then starve the hog for some eight or ten days so as to remove the liquid fat as much as possible, and afterwards finish the feeding with other feeds. The other way would be to feed the peanuts not alone for forty or fifty days as is the custom but to feed them with some feed that would produce solid fat and in this way the animal would use a greater percentage of the soft fat that was fed than he would otherwise. We got some results this past spring which indicated that it is much better to feed the hogs peanuts with other feeds for
The per cent. of the livers extracted by ether, were rabbit 1, 8.15, rabbit 2, 17.04 rabbit 3, 19.18, rabbit 4, 20.09. It was expected that the ether extract of the livers would increase in starvation and it was thought that the iodine number of this extract would increase but in this last we were disappointed as the iodine number was practically constant, showing the values from 98 to 104.
Our results indicate that the liquid fat of an animal during starvation is used more rapidly than the solid fat, that the liquid fat of the back or subcutaneous fat is used more rapidly than that of the kidney. It is our intention to repeat this work, beginning in about a month, using pigs instead of rabbits.
S. T. DOWELL OKLAHOMA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION,
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MAM.
MALOGISTS The third annual meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists was held in the United States National Museum, Washington, D. C., May 2-4, 1921. Officers elected for the
year are Dr. E. W. Nelson, president; Dr. Nerve-endings of the maculoe and cristo Wilfred H. Osgood and Mr. Gerrit S. Miller, acustice: H. H. LANE. Jr., vice-presidents; Dr. H. H. Lane, recording secretary; Dr. Hartley H. T. Jackson,
Business Session, 10:45 A.M. corresponding secretary; Mr. Arthur J. Poole,
Afternoon Session, 2:00 P.M. treasurer. Mr. N. Hollister was reappointed editor, and director ex officio. The following
Life histories of African squirrels and related groups :
H. LANG. were elected directors of the 1921 class: Dr.
(a) Meaning of California records for the Glover M. Allen, Dr. J. Grinnell, Dr. Witmer
buffalo: (b) The range of mountain sheep Stone, Dr. J. C. Merriam, Mr. H. E. Anthony.
in northern California: C. HART MERRIAM. Upon recommendation by the directors,
Habits of the mammals of Celebes and Borninety-nine new members were elected. The
neo: H. C. RAVEN. Society voted to affiliate with the American Association for Advancement of Science. It
WEDNESDAY, MAY 4 also authorized the appointment of a Committee on Marine Mammals to cooperate with
Morning Session, 10:00 A.M. the National Research Council or other agen- Present status of some of the larger mamcies toward the international preservation of mals of Canada: R. M. ANDERSON. marine mammals.
Observations on certain specialized structures The following was the program:
of the integument of primates. (a) Carpal
sinus hairs. (6) A sternal gland in the MONDAY, MAY 2, 10:00 a.m.
orang-utan: ADOLPH H. SCHULTZ. Meeting of the Board of Directors Improved methods of trapping small mam
mals alive: VERNON BAILEY. (Presented Afternoon Session, 2:00 P.N.
by E. A. GOLDMAN.) Remarks on certain mammals of Panama: E.
Life-zones of southern Ecuador: H. E. ANA. GOLDMAN.
THONY A singing mouse: H. H. LANE.
Remarks on the distribution and relationships Disposition and intelligence of the orang
of the North American chipmunks: ARutan: W. H. SHEAK.
THUR H. HOWELL. The California elk-drive of 1904: C. HART
Some significant features of economic mamMERRIAM,
malogy: W. B. BELL. Some observations on beaver culture with reference to the national forests: SMITH RILEY.
1:00 P.M. Progress in mammalogy during 1920. General discussion for members, led by T. S. PAL
Administration Building, National Zoological
Luncheon for members and their wives, as
guests of the Administration of the National A motion picture record of the animal collec
Zoological Park and the Washington Memtions of the Washington and Philadelphia bers. Zoological Parks. (Made with the camera
Final Business Session
Tour of National Zoological Park under diGeography and evolution as pertaining to the
rection of N. Hollister, superintendent. kangaroo rats of California: JOSEPH GRIN
HARTLEY H. T. JACKSON, NELL,
Johns Hopkins University Tulane University of
SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Candidates for admission must be graduates of approved colleges or scientific schools with at least two year's instruction, including laboratory work, in Chemistry, and one year each in
(Establishod in 1834) physics and biology, together with evidence of a reading knowl- ADMISSION: All students entering the Freshman edge of French and German.
Each class is limited to 90 studente, men and women being Class will be required to present credits for two admitted on the same terms. Except in unusual circumstances,
years of college work, which must include applications for admission will not be considered after July 10 I vacancies occur, students from other institutions desiring
Chemistry (General and Organic), Physics and advanced standing may be admitted to the second or third year Biology, with their laboratories, and at least provided they falau all of our requirements and present el- one year in English and one year in a modern coptional qualifications.
foreign language. INSTRUCTION
COMBINED COURBES: Premedical course of two The academlo year begins the Tuesday nearest October 1 and alocon the third Tuesday in June. The course of instructon,
years is offered in the College of Arts and ocouples four year and especial emphasis is laid apon prao
Sciences, which provides for systematic work Moal work in the laboratories, in the wards of the Hospital and leading to the B.S. degree at the end of the la the Disponury. TUITION
second year in the medical course. Tho charge for taltion is $250 per annum, payable in three instalments. Tbere are no extra fees except for rental of mioroRoope, certain expensive supplies, and laboratory breakage.
School of Pharmacy, School of Dentistry and The annual announcement and application blanks may be Graduate School of Medicine also. obtained by addressing the Dean of the Johns Hopkins Medical School
Women admitted to all Schools of tho Washington and Monument Sts. BALTIMORE, MD.
College of Medicine
For bulletins and all other information, address Beginning Tuesday, June 6th, and ending Thursday, July 10th, a course in medical diagnosis, including laboratory exer
Tulane College of Medicine cises in clinical pathology and demonstrations in pathological anatomy, will be offered. The course will be limited to twenty
P. O. Box 770 students, fee $100. Applications should be made to the Dean's
New Orleans, La, Office.
Marine Biological Laboratory
Woods Hole, Mass.
SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Affiliated with the New Haven Hospital and New Haven Dispensary
109th Session Reorganized on a full-time basis Entrance Requirements: A minimum
of two years (or its equivalent) of college including general biology, physics, general and organic chemistry, physical chemistry or laboratory physics, and either French or German. ALL OF THE GENERAL FACILITIES OF THE UNIVERSITY ARE AVAIL.
ABLE TO MEDICAL STUDENTS As the number admitted to each class is limited, applications must be made before July 1. Dean, Yale University School
of Medicine NEW HAVEN, CONN.
INVESTIGATION Facilities for research in Zoology,
Embryology, Physiology, and BotEatire Year
any. Eighty-four private laboratories, $100 each for pot over three months. Thirty tables are available for beginners in research who desire to work under the direction of members of the staff. The fee
for such a table is $50.00. INSTRUCTION
Courses of laboratory instruction
with lectures are offered in Inverte June 29 to August 9
brate Zoology, Protozoology, Em
bryology, Physiology and Morph1921 ology and Taxonomy of the
Algae. Each course requires the full time of the student. Fee, $75. A lecture course on the Philosophical Aspects of Biology and Allied Sciences is
also offered. SUPPLY Animals and plants, preserved, liv
ing, and in embryonic stages. PreDEPARTMENT served material of all types of
animals and of Algae, Fungi, LiverOpen the Entire Year
worts and Mosses furnished for classwork, or for the museum. Liv. ing material furnished in season as ordered. Microscopic slides in Zoology, Botany, Histology, Bacteriology. Price lists of Zoological and Botanical material and Microscopic Slides sent on application. State which is desired. "For price lists and all information regarding
material, address GEO. M. GRAY, Curator, Woods Hole, Mass. The annual announcement will be sent on application to The Director, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass.
The Physics of the Air
By WILLIAM J. HUMPHREYS, Ph.D. Professor of Meteorological Physics, United States
Weather Bureau A rational and deductive treatise on the physics of the atmosphere. Of great value to meteorologists, physicists and the aviator. 678 Pages, Illustrated, Index, 8vo. Price, $5
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