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Additional items approved by Executive Commit
tee April 24, 1921:
lar allowances to affiliated acad.
.$ 2,400.00 Printing and mailing (to all mem
bers) the Preliminary Announce-
955.36 Grant for research (arranged for by
Committee on Grants but not cov.
500.00 Salary, assistant secretary (author
ized by Council at Chicago meet-
ican scientific organization (see SCIENCE, N. S., 53: 4, 1921) is active and the work is in progress. (c) The general secretary is mak. ing a study of the problem of securing a fuller attendance of members of the council at council meetings.
A campaign for new members, especially among residents of Canada, was authorized, with special reference to preparations for the Toronto meeting. It was recommended that the medical men of the United States be specially invited to join the association.
It was voted that the edition of the new volume of the Summarized Proceedings of the association should include (a) the number of copies ordered and paid for in advance at the time of printing (over 1,600 copies were thus accounted for on April 23) and (b) an extra supply of 500 copies. The permanent secretary was authorized to distribute not over 50 copies gratis, to a selected list of libraries, etc., throughout the world. (The volume, including the Membership List, will appear about June 1. It may be purchased by members of the association for $1.50 if payment be made in advance of the final going to press; the price to non-members is $2.00.) It was voted that the price of the 1921 volume of Summarized Proceedings, including the Membership List, should be $2.00 to members and $2.50 to non-members, after the date of publication.
It was voted that the association would welcome an address, at the Toronto meeting, under the auspices of the Society of Sigma Xi, an affiliated society of the Association.
The committee adjourned at 10.05, to meet in New York City early in November.
BURTON E. LIVINGSTON,
The executive committee expressed itself as interested in the work for the advancement of science accomplished through the grants thus far made for research and the permanent secretary was instructed to communicate with the committee on grants and to arrange with that committee for the preparation of a general report on grants for research made by the Association from year to year.
The permanent secretary presented a report on the affairs of the Association, a summary of which will appear in a later issue of SCIENCE.
The general secretary presented a report considering the following items: (a) The supplying of the past publications of the Association to scientific institutions outside of the United States. (6) The committee on Mex
MEDALS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY
OF SCIENCES Ar the annual dinner of the Academy held at the Hotel Powhatan on April 26, a surprise was sprung upon the president, Dr. Charles D. Walcott, when Dr. W. H. Welch took the chair and introduced Dr. J. M. Clarke of the State Museum, Albany, New York, who outlined the scientific career of Dr. Walcott and announced that the committee had selected him as the first recipient of the Mary Clark Thompson Gold Medal for “eminence in geology and paleontology.” Dr. Walcott in responding told how his attention had been attracted as a boy to the trilobites in the rocks near the old swimming hole and how he had pursued the study of these fossils with peculiar interest to the present day, for his paper read before the academy in its session that afternoon dealt with the structure of these trilobites.
In awarding the Agassiz medal President Walcott told of the desire expressed by Sir John Murray, on his visit to this country, to leave a fund to commemorate Alexander Agassiz, which took the form of the Agassiz Gold Medal for "original contributions to the science of oceanography." The medal for 1918 was awarded to His Serene Highness, Albert I., Prince of Monaco, the guest of the evening.
Dr. W. H. Dall of the Smithsonian Institution, described the scientific researches of the Prince of Monaco in the investigation of ocean currents and ocean life, including voyages in his especially equipped yachts from the Azores to the Arctic. The Prince founded at Monaco the Museum of Oceanography; later at Paris the Institute of Oceanography, and last December opened at Paris the Institute for Human Paleontology.
The Prince in reply said he had never expected that the work he had done with such pleasure would lead to the great honor he had now received. This honor, he said, should be shared with the companions who have worked for thirty-five years with him on board ship and in the laboratories. The Prince expressed the high regard which he has always held for the American people and for the political conditions which gave an opportunity for the reward of honest labor not to be matched elsewhere in the world. i President Walcott next announced the award of the Henry Draper medal to Dr. P. Zeeman of Amsterdam, Holland. Dr. C. G. Abbot read a letter from Dr. William W.
Campbell, of the Lick Observatory, explaining the importance of the work of Zeeman in demonstrating the doubling and tripling of the lines of the spectrum in a magnetic field twenty-five years ago. Dr. Abbot pointed out that by the study of the Zeeman effect Dr. George E. Hale, of the Mount Wilson Observatory, had been enabled to map the magnetic field of the sun spots and to show that the sun itself is a magnet. This led to the discoveries in spectroscopy announced by Dr. Hale at the present session of the Academy,
In the absence of Professor Zeeman the medal was received in his behalf by the Secretary of the Legation of the Netherlands.
Dr. Henry Fairfield Osborn of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, gave a sketch of the life and work of Dr. Robert Ridgway to whom was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Gold Medal for his studies in American Ornithology. Dr. Ridgway was born in Cromwell, Illinois, and at the age of fourteen discovered his first new bird. This brought him to the attention of Professor Baird. At seventeen he became a member of the Clarence King Survey of the west. Ridgway's “ Birds of Northern and Middle America” is the most exhaustive and complete treatise on birds of any region in the world. A letter was read from Dr. Ridgway in which he paid high tribute to Daniel Giraud Elliot as his inspiration and example."
The Alexander Agassiz gold medal for 1920 was awarded to Rear Admiral C. G. Sigsbee, U.S.N., retired, who was assigned to hydrographic work in 1874 and carried out on the Blake a remarkable series of explorations in the Gulf of Mexico on new methods of deep sea sounding and temperature reading. Admiral Sigsbee not being present, the medal was received in his behalf by Rear Admiral Taylor, who read a letter from Admiral Sigsbee telling of the time when Professor Agassiz was on board the Blake.
The gold medal for eminence in the application of science to the public welfare was awarded to Dr. C. W. Stiles. Dr. Welch sketched the life of Dr. Stiles and described his achievements in the field of medical zool
ogy. His greatest achievement was in recog- Medal Committee Professor Osborn spoke as nizing the importance of the hookworm di- follows: sease and in carrying out with the aid of
In undertaking this great work Ridgway was the Rockefeller fund wholesale measures for not only placing the crown on his labors of a third its suppression. Dr. Stiles discovered the
of a century, but was giving expression to a plan American variety of hookworm and made a made iby Baird a half century before. Ridgway complete survey of the south. At a result of was therefore doubly inspired when, in 1901, he this work the most severe cases of the disease undertook the stupendous task of preparing a have been eliminated from this country.
ton-volume treatise on all the birds of the western Dr. Stiles in receiving the medal told of the hemisphere north of South America With unrecontempt that in his early days was cast upon
mitting zeal, and always maintaining the stan
dard of thoroughness and accuracy set by the first those who attempted to make utilitarian ap
volume of the series, he continued his labors until plications of a science like zoology. But in
eight volumes have appeared, the last in 1919. spite of this attitude of hostility toward ap- Each volume contains about 850 pages, or a total plied zoology he decided in 1891 to enter the
of 6,800 pages in all. Nearly 900 genera are defield. Since then zoology has been of service fined and over 3,000 species and subspecies de to public health in many ways and there are scribed. great opportunities for the future. For in- : While giving expression to his exceptional stance typhoid fever is now so well under- powers of analysis and description trained by stood that it could be completely eradicated by years of experience and observation, Ridgway has sufficient effort. Dr. Stiles stated he received produced a work which in method, comprehenthe medal not so much as an individual but
siveness, and accuracy, as well as in volume, has rather as a representative of the Public Health
never been surpassed in the annals of ornithology. Service.
It is interesting to add that, like the poet, the
ornithologist is born, not made. Remote from Dr. Albert Einstein of Berlin was called
museums, libraries, and naturalists, Robert Ridg. upon at the close of the session and replied
way was born at Mt. Carmel, Illinois, July 2, very briefly in German, saying that he would
1850. At the age of fourteen we find him trying not then speak, but would try to learn English
to identify local birds with the aid of Goldsmith's before his next visit to Washington.
“ Animated Nature ” and Goodrich's “ Natural
E. E. SLOSSON History." His first touch with Washington as the SCIENCE SERVICE
great center of ornithological research came
through a letter enclosing a colored drawing of THIRD AWARD OF THE DANIEL the Purple Finch, to which the young ornitholoGIRAUD ELLIOT MEDAL
gist gave the name “Roseate Grosbeak” (Loxia | The third award of the Daniel Giraud El
rosea). This letter found its way to the sympaliot gold medal, namely, for the year 1919,
thetic bands of Assistant Secretary Spencer F.
Baird of the Smithsonian Institution. In Baird together with the honorarium, was voted to
Ridgway found a preceptor and friend eminently Robert Ridgway in recognition of the eighth
qualified to guide his special talents. Baird found volume of “The Birds of Middle and North
in Ridgway a pupil who in due time became his America,” which appeared in the year 1919. worthy successor; and cordial relations then esThe two previous awards of this medal were tablished have continued to bear fruit during the to Frank M. Chapman for his "Distribution
succeeding fifty-seven years. of Bird-Life in Colombia," which appeared in
At the early age of seventeen, that is, in 1867, 1917, and to William Beebe for the first vol
Ridgway was appointed zoologist of the United ume of his “Monograph of the Pheasants,"
States Geological Survey of the 40th Parallel, un
der Clarence King. Remaining in the employ of which appeared in 1918. Thus for the third
the government, he became, in 1880, curator of the time an American ornithologist secures this
Division of Birds in the United States National medal, an award which is open to the zoolo
Museum, a position he still occupies. He was a gists and paleontologists of the world.
founder of the American Ornithologists' Union In his address as chairman of the Elliot and from 1898 served as its president. A retiring disposition and close application to his studies
SCIENTIFIC EVENTS have prevented him from taking a prominent part THE UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE in the activities of natural history organizations,
The United Engineering Societies have isand thereby he has gained time for research which has placed to his credit a greater number of
sued a statement in regard to the situation in works than has been produced by any other or
the United States Patent Office, calling attennithologist. With Baird and Brewer he collabo- tion to the fact that wholesale resignations are rated in the production of a five-volume quarto on crippling the service to the point of disorganithe “Birds of North America." This was fol
zation and are creating conditions that threaten lowed by his standard “Manual of North Ameri
American industrial enterprise and invention. can Birds," "Nomenclature of Colors for Natur
The council, through its Patents Committee, alists,” “Birds of Illinois,” and “Color Stan
of which Edwin J. Prindle, of New York City, dards and Color Nomenclature," a work generally accepted by naturalists throughout the world.
is chairman, reports that the situation has Meanwhile he had published also some five hun.
become almost intolerable and quotes the new dred papers of varying length, and it was not until commissioner of patents, Thomas E. Robert1901 that the way was prepared for his magnum son, as saying that remedial legislation at the opus, “The Birds of Middle and North America,” present session of Congress is necessary if no the eighth volume of which has won for him the sults approaching disruption are to be preaward of the Daniel Giraud Elliot Modal by the vented. National Academy of Sciences.
The council appeals for support of pending According to the deed of gift, the award of patent legislation, which provides sufficient inthe Elliot Medal is made “ to the author of creases in salaries to check the exodus of emsuch paper, essay or other work upon some ployees from the Patent Office to private embranch of zoology or paleontology published ployment. In a little over one year, 110 memduring the year as in the opinion of the per
bers of the force of examiners, numbering 437, sons, or a majority of the persons, hereinafter have resigned. During the first three weeks of appointed to be the judges in that regard, shall the Harding administration six highly trained be the most meritorious and worthy of honor. experts left the service to accept salaries two ... As science is not national the medal and or three times as great elsewhere. In the diploma and surplus income may be conferred past year 142 of the 560 clerical workers have upon naturalists of any country, and as men resigned. There are thirty clerks in the Pateminent in their respective lines of scientific ent office who receive only $60 a month who research will act as judges, ... no person
would get $1,100 a year under the new salary acting as such judge shall be deemed on that bill. account ineligible to receive this annual gift, Commissioner Robertson is quoted as statand the medal, diploma and surplus income ing that the Patent Office runs one of the largmay in any year be awarded to any one of est ten-cent stores in the world. The enterthe judges, if, in the opinion of his associates, prise has as its stock about 75,000,000 copies of he shall, by reason of the excellence of any about 1,500,000 patents, and new patents at the treatise published by him during the year, be rate of from 600 to 1,000 a week add 50,000 entitled to receive them.” Nominations on the more copies to be taken care of each week. Many work of the year 1920 in zoology and palæon- patent copies are sold for a dime apiece during tology should be addressed to the Home Sec- the year. There is a stenographic department retary of the National Academy of Sciences, handling legal work that turned out 13,000,000 Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.,
words in the past year and brought in $62,000 by whom they will be forwarded to the committee on award.
It is the opinion of the engineering, research HENRY FAIRFIELD OSBORN and manufacturing associations of the United AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY,
States that the scientific and industrial interNow YORK CITY, May 4, 1921
ests of the country are being jeopardized by
Patent Office conditions. The National Re- ther the canyon agriculturists had an irrigasearch Council, the American Chemical So- tion system for their crops of beans, corn and ciety and the National Association of Manu- squash. facturers are among the organizations advo
EXCHANGE OF PROFESSORS OF ENGINEERING cating Patent Office relief.
BETWEEN AMERICAN AND FRENCH
UNIVERSITIES THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
THERE has been for some time a regular anBECAUSE of their important service “ for the
nual exchange of professors between indiincrease and diffusion of geographic knowl
vidual universities in France and America in edge” the following members of the National Geographic Society have been awarded life
regular academic fields, such as literature, hismemberships, under the provisions of the Jane
tory, law, fine arts, economics, etc., but no M. Smith Fund:
such exchange in engineering or applied sci
These subjects are taught in France R. G. McConnell, of Ottawa, Canada, for his under special faculties, not included in existdistinguished service to geography in Canadian
ing exchanges with America. Furthermore, exploration.
the French methods of teaching these subjects Frank M. Chapman, of New York City, for his
are unlike our American methods, for various researches in ornithology with special reference to the geographic distribution of animal life.
reasons, based on the history, traditions and Herbert E. Gregory, of New Haven, Connecti
sociology of the two countries.
The war cut, for his important original contributions to
showed the importance of engineering in geographic science.
production and distribution, and the many ties Donald B. MacMillan, of Freeport, Maine, for of friendship which bind us to France depend his additions to geographic knowledge through in various ways, upon applied science. It Arctic exploration,
should therefore, be to the mutual advantage J. B. Tyrrell, of Toronto, Canada, for his of France and America to become better acjourneys and reports of exploration and discovery
quainted with each other's ideals and viewin the wilderness of northwestern Canada.
points, in the study and in the teaching of The National Geographic Society will be- these subjects. gin explorations and studies this summer of With these purposes in mind, the late Dr. the Pueblo Bonito and Pueblo del Arroyo ruins R. C. Maclaurin, in 1919, as president of the in the Chaco Canyon of Northwestern New Massachusetts Institute of Technology, conMexico. It was decided to study these ruins sulted the presidents of six universities on or following a report to Dr. Gilbert Grosvenor, near the Atlantic seaboard, as to whether they president of the society, and its research com- deemed it desirable to cooperate in a joint exmittee, headed by Frederick V. Coville, by a change of professors with France, on a plan reconoissance party which visited the Canyon definitely outlined. Their replies being favorlast summer (1920). The expedition will be able to the project, a committee was appointed, led by Neil M. Judd, who has been a member with one member from each of the seven inof many expeditions to the American South- stitutions, to report on the plan, and on methwest. The populous habitation of the Canyon ods of carrying it into effect. The committee in pre-Columbian times presents numerous met in December, 1919, and ratified the cogeographical problems involving the relation operative plan with some few modifications. of a specialized environment to a people whose The present president of the committee is traces indicate numerous special characteris- Director Russell H. Chittenden, of Yale Unitics. Not only will the architecture and versity, and its secretary Dean J. B. Whitehead ceramic remains be studied, but experts in of the Johns Hopkins University. desert flora and geology will accompany the Since the Institute of International Educaexpedition. It is yet to be determined whether tion, in New York, concerns itself with the the climate conditions have changed or whe- interchange of college students and teachers