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tive members of the Association from 1875 ings of the committee and it recommends until death.)

fellowship elections to the council when a Dr. J. C. Fields, president of the Royal council session follows promptly upon the Canadian Institute, was elected chairman of committee meeting—as during the annual the local committee of the American Associa- meetings of the association. Only fellows may tion, for the forthcoming Toronto meeting. hold office in the association and fellows are

Dr. Sam F. Trelease (assistant secretary of designated by an asterisk in the list of memthe association) was elected secretary of the bers.) council for the Toronto meeting.

The American Society for Testing MaIt was voted that a special committee con- terials (C. L. Warwick, secretary, 1315 Spruce sisting of the president, the permanent secre- Street, Philadelphia, Pa.) was constituted an tary, and the general secretary should arrange, affiliated society. (The membership of the in cooperation with the local committee for society includes 62 fellows of the association the Toronto meeting, for the invitation of an and the society is therefore entitled to one eminent British man of science to attend the representative in the association council.) Toronto meeting, to give a general public lec- The American Society of Agronomy (P. E. ture on the evening of Friday, December 30, Brown, secretary, Iowa State College, Ames, and to present such scientific papers as he Iowa) was constituted an affiliated society. may be willing to give, before the section of (The membership of the society includes 93 the association or the affiliated societies to fellows of the association and the society is which his field of science may be related. therefore entitled to one representative in the

It was voted that the British Association for association council.) the Advancement of Science be invited to be The American Geographical Society of New officially represented at the Toronto meeting. York (Isaiah Bowman, director, Broadway at A committee consisting of the president and 156th Street, New York City) was constituted the two secretaries was authorized to invite an affiliated society. representation by other organizations at the The North Carolina Academy of Science Toronto meeting. Dr. J. McK. Cattell was (Z. P. Metcalf, president, North Carolina Exelected to be an official delegate of the Ameri- periment Station, West Raleigh, N. C.) was can Association to attend the forthcoming Ed- constituted an affiliated academy, according to inborough meeting of the British Association. the special arrangement for the affiliation of The committee mentioned was authorized to academies. (Affiliated academies collect the appoint other representatives.

association dues of those of their members It was voted that the permanent secretary who are also members of the association. and the general secretary be constituted a spe- They each have a representative in the associal committee to render a decision in the case ciation council and they are allowed to retain of any fellowship nomination for which the the entrance fees collected and one dollar of section secretary may fail to make definite each annual dues collected. When an acadrecommendation. (Nominations for fellow- emy is first affiliated it receives from the asship in the Association may be made by any sociation one dollar for each one of its memmember in good standing, including the nomi- bers that have already paid to the permanent nee himself, and they are immediately re

secretary association dues for the current ferred, by the permanent secretary, to the year.) proper section secretary, who investigates each The Maryland Academy of Sciences was nomination and transmits it, with his recom- constituted an affiliated academy, according to mendation to the permanent secretary for ref- the special arrangement just mentioned. erence to the executive committee. The ex- Professor T. W. Todd, professor of anatomy, ecutive committee acts for the council in elect- Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, ing fellows at the spring and autumn meet- was elected a member of the section committee

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of Section H (Anthropology), to take the At the suggestion of the American Society place of Dr. Berthold Laufer, resigned from of Zoologists, a resolution was adopted favorthe association. (The new committee mem- ing the duty-free importation of scientific maber's term of office expires at the end of the terials into the United States by educational 1924-25 annual meeting.)

and research institutions. A special committee, consisting of J. McK. The executive committee expressed its reCattell (chairman), L. O. Howard, D. T. Mac- gret that, owing to lack of funds, the associaDougal, and B. E. Livingston, was appointed tion found it impossible to comply with a to arrange for sections C, K, L, M, and N at suggestion recently received from the Hall the Toronto meeting, this committee to co- of Fame of New York University, that the operate with the corresponding section com- association provide a bust of an eminent scimittees in so far as their members have been entist for the Hall of Fame. Upon invitation elected. It was voted that this committee from the chancellor, the council and the comshould organize a committee of seven mem- mittee on the Hall of Fame of New York bers for each of the three fields, (a) Social and University, three delegates were appointed to Economic Sciences, (6) Engineering, and (c) represent the Association on the occasion Medical Sciences, each of these three com- of the unveiling of a tablet in honor of Louis mittees to survey the general relations be- Agassiz-a past president of the Associationtween the association and the committee's this ceremony to occur in the colonnade of province, with the aim of securing more satis- the Hall of Fame, at University Heights, New factory representation of that field of science York City, on May 21, 1921. Messrs. C. B. in the work of the association. It was recom- Davenport, H. F. Osborn, and E. B. Wilson mended that the membership of these three were appointed. committees include eminent scientists without A proposal to establish a section on the regard to their membership in the association, Evolution of Religion and Philosophy was the permanent secretary and at least one other given consideration and it was voted that, member of the association being on each.

since the subjects referred to are already The question regarding the organization of provided for by existing sections of the Assothe History of Science was again given care- ciation, it seems unnecessary to inaugurate a ful consideration by the executive committee. special section for them at this time." The special committee that arranged the ex- Four new items were approved for the percellent program on this subject for the Chi- manent secreary's budget for 1921, these havcago meeting has expressed itself as in favor ing been omitted from the budget as approved of the History of Science being made the field by the council at the Chicago meeting. A of a new section of the association, but the statement of the entire budget follows: consideration that this field overlaps the fields of the already existing sections has prevented

Permanent Secretary's Budget for 1921. the executive committee from concurring with Items approved by the Council at the Chicago the special committee on this point. The Meeting : council of the association (at its Chicago Journals

$36,000.00 meeting) favored the organization of the His- Salaries: tory of Science as a part of Section L (His

Permanent secretary

2,500.00

Executive assistant torical and Philological Sciences), not yet or

2,520.00 Usual clerical help

2,000.00 ganized, but the special committee does not

Special clerical help for new memfavor this arrangement. The executive com

bership list

800.00 mittee finally concluded to suggest that a spe

Travel expenses, section secretaries, cial society for the History of Science might etc.

1,500.00 be inaugurated and that this society might Office supplies

800.00 become an affiliated society of the association. Stationery and printing

2,400.00

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Additional items approved by Executive Commit

tee April 24, 1921:
Dollar payments to divisions and dol.

lar allowances to affiliated acad-
emies (according to rules of pro-
cedure)

$ 2,400.00 Printing and mailing (to all mem

bers) the Preliminary Announce-
ment of Chicago meeting

955.36 Grant for research (arranged for by

Committee on Grants but not cov.
ered by appropriable funds in the
treasurer's hands at end of 1920;
approved by Executive Committee,
March 7, 1921)

500.00 Salary, assistant secretary (author

ized by Council at Chicago meet-
ing)

1,000.00

ican scientific organization (see SCIENCE, N. S., 53: 4, 1921) is active and the work is in progress. (c) The general secretary is making a study of the problem of securing a fuller attendance of members of the council at council meetings.

A campaign for new members, especially among residents of Canada, was authorized, with special reference to preparations for the Toronto meeting. It was recommended that the medical men of the United States be specially invited to join the association.

It was voted that the edition of the new volume of the Summarized Proceedings of the association should include (a) the number of copies ordered and paid for in advance at the time of printing (over 1,600 copies were thus accounted for on April 23) and (6) an extra supply of 500 copies. The permanent secretary was authorized to distribute not over 50 copies gratis, to a selected list of libraries, etc., throughout the world. (The volume, including the Membership List, will appear about June 1. It may be purchased by members of the association for $1.50 if payment be made in advance of the final going to press; the price to non-members is $2.00.) It was voted that the price of the 1921 volume of Summarized Proceedings, including the Membership List, should be $2.00 to members and $2.50 to non-members, after the date of publication.

It was voted that the association would welcome an address, at the Toronto meeting, under the auspices of the Society of Sigma Xi, an affiliated society of the Association.

The committee adjourned at 10.05, to meet in New York City early in November.

BURTON E. LIVINGSTON,

Permanent Secretary.

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The executive committee expressed itself as interested in the work for the advancement of science accomplished through the grants thus far made for research and the permanent secretary was instructed to communicate with the committee on grants and to arrange with that committee for the preparation of a general report on grants for research made by the Association from year to year.

The permanent secretary presented a report on the affairs of the Association, a summary of which will appear in a later issue of SCIENCE. · The general secretary presented a report considering the following items: (a) The supplying of the past publications of the Association to scientific institutions outside of the United States. (b) The committee on Mex

MEDALS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY

OF SCIENCES At the annual dinner of the Academy held at the Hotel Powhatan on April 26, a surprise was sprung upon the president, Dr. Charles D. Walcott, when Dr. W. H. Welch took the chair and introduced Dr. J. M. Clarke of the State Museum, Albany, New York, who out

lined the scientific career of Dr. Walcott and Campbell, of the Lick Observatory, explaining announced that the committee had selected the importance of the work of Zeeman in him as the first recipient of the Mary Clark demonstrating the doubling and tripling of Thompson Gold Medal for “eminence in ge- the lines of the spectrum in a magnetic field ology and paleontology.” Dr. Walcott in re- twenty-five years ago.

Dr. Abbot pointed out sponding told how his attention had been at- that by the study of the Zeeman effect Dr. tracted as a boy to the trilobites in the rocks George E. Hale, of the Mount Wilson Observanear the old swimming hole and how he had tory, had been enabled to map the magnetic pursued the study of these fossils with pe- field of the sun spots and to show that the culiar interest to the present day, for his sun itself is a magnet. This led to the dispaper read before the academy in its session coveries in spectroscopy announced by Dr. that afternoon dealt with the structure of these Hale at the present session of the Academy. trilobites.

In the absence of Professor Zeeman the In awarding the Agassiz medal President medal was received in his behalf by the SecWalcott told of the desire expressed by Sir retary of the Legation of the Netherlands. John Murray, on his visit to this country, to Dr. Henry Fairfield Osborn of the American leave a fund to commemorate Alexander Museum of Natural History, New York, gave Agassiz, which took the form of the Agassiz a sketch of the life and work of Dr. Robert Gold Medal for “original contributions to Ridgway to whom was awarded the Daniel the science of oceanography.” The medal for Giraud Elliot Gold Medal for his studies in 1918 was awarded to His Serene Highness, American Ornithology. Dr. Ridgway was Albert I., Prince of Monaco, the guest of the born in Cromwell, Illinois, and at the age of evening.

fourteen discovered his first new bird. This Dr. W. H. Dall of the Smithsonian Institu- brought him to the attention of Professor tion, described the scientific researches of the Baird. At seventeen he became a member of Prince of Monaco in the investigation of the Clarence King Survey of the west. Ridgocean currents and ocean life, including voy- way's “Birds of Northern and Middle Amerages in his especially equipped yachts from ica” is the most exhaustive and complete the Azores to the Arctic. The Prince founded treatise on birds of any region in the world. at Monaco the Museum of Oceanography; A letter was read from Dr. Ridgway in which later at Paris the Institute of Oceanography, he paid high tribute to Daniel Giraud Elliot and last December opened at Paris the Insti- as his inspiration and example. tute for Human Paleontology.

The Alexander Agassiz gold medal for 1920 The Prince in reply said he had never ex- was awarded to Rear Admiral C. G. Sigsbee, pected that the work he had done with such U.S.N., retired, who was assigned to hydropleasure would lead to the great honor he had graphic work in 1874 and carried out on the now received. This honor, he said, should be Blake a remarkable series of explorations in shared with the companions who have worked the Gulf of Mexico on new methods of deep for thirty-five years with him on board ship sea sounding and temperature reading. Adand in the laboratories. The Prince expressed miral Sigsbee not being present, the medal the high regard which he has always held for was received in his behalf by Rear Admiral the American people and for the political con- Taylor, who read a letter from Admiral Sigsditions which gave an opportunity for the re- bee telling of the time when Professor Agassiz ward of honest labor not to be matched else- was on board the Blake. where in the world.

The gold medal for eminence in the applicaPresident Walcott next announced the tion of science to the public welfare was award of the Henry Draper medal to Dr. P. awarded to Dr. C. W. Stiles. Dr. Welch Zeeman of Amsterdam, Holland. Dr. C. G. sketched the life of Dr. Stiles and described Abbot read a letter from Dr. William W. his achievements in the field of medical zool

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ogy. His greatest achievement was in recog- Medal Committee Professor Osborn spoke as nizing the importance of the hookworm di- follows: sease and in carrying out with the aid of

In undertaking this great work Ridgway was the Rockefeller fund wholesale measures for

not only placing the crown on his labors of a third its suppression. Dr. Stiles discovered the

of a century, but was giving expression to a plan American variety of hookworm and made a made by Baird a half century before. Ridgway complete survey of the south. At a result of was therefore doubly inspired when, in 1901, he this work the most severe cases of the disease undertook the stupendous task of preparing a have been eliminated from this country.

ton-volume treatise on all the birds of the western Dr. Stiles in receiving the medal told of the

hemisphere north of South America. With unre

mitting zeal, and always maintaining the stan. contempt that in his early days was cast upon

dard of thoroughness and accuracy set by the first those who attempted to make utilitarian ap

volume of the series, he continued his labors until plications of a science like zoology. But in

eight volumes have appeared, the last in 1919. spite of this attitude of hostility toward ap- Each volume contains about 850 pages, or a total plied zoology he decided in 1891 to enter the

of 6,800 pages in all. Nearly 900 genera are defield. Since then zoology has been of service fined and over 3,000 species and subspecies deto public health in many ways and there are scribed. great opportunities for the future. For in- While giving expression to his exceptional stance typhoid fever is now so well under- powers of analysis and description trained by stood that it could be completely eradicated by years of experience and observation, Ridgway has sufficient effort. Dr. Stiles stated he received produced a work which in method, comprehenthe medal not so much as an individual but

siveness, and accuracy, as well as in volume, bas rather as a representative of the Public Health

never been surpassed in the annals of ornithology.

It is interesting to add that, like the poet, the Service.

ornithologist is born, not made. Remote from : Dr. Albert Einstein of Berlin was called

museums, libraries, and naturalists, Robert Ridg. upon at the close of the session and replied

way was born at Mt. Carmel, Illinois, July 2, very briefly in German, saying that he would

1850. At the age of fourteen we find him trying not then speak, but would try to learn English

to identify local birds with the aid of Goldsmith's before his next visit to Washington.

“ Animated Nature") and Goodrich's “Natural E. E. SLOSSON

History."

His first touch with Washington as the SCIENCE SERVICE

great center of ornithological research

through a letter enclosing a colored drawing of THIRD AWARD OF THE DANIEL the Purple Finch, to which the young ornitholoGIRAUD ELLIOT MEDAL

gist gave the name Roseate Grosbeak(Lozia The third award of the Daniel Giraud El

rosea). This letter found its way to the sympa

thetic hands of Assistant Secretary Spencer F. liot gold medal, namely, for the year 1919,

Baird of the Smithsonian Institution. In Baird together with the honorarium, was voted to

Ridgway found a preceptor and friend eminently Robert Ridgway in recognition of the eighth qualified to guide his special talents. Baird found volume of “The Birds of Middle and North

in Ridgway a pupil who in due time became his America," which appeared in the year 1919. worthy successor; and cordial relations then esThe two previous awards of this medal were tablished have continued to bear fruit during the to Frank M. Chapman for his “Distribution succeeding fifty-seven years. of Bird-Life in Colombia,” which appeared in

At the early age of seventeen, that is, in 1867, 1917, and to William Beebe for the first vol

Ridgway was appointed zoologist of the United ume of his “Monograph of the Pheasants,"

States Geological Survey of the 40th Parallel, un. which appeared in 1918. Thus for the third

der Clarence King. Remaining in the employ of

the government, he became, in 1880, curator of the time an American ornithologist secures this

Division of Birds in the United States National medal, an award which is open to the zoolo

Museum, a position he still occupies. He was a gists and paleontologists of the world.

founder of the American Ornithologists' Union In his address as chairman of the Elliot and from 1898 served as its president. A retiring

came

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