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flora, executing its trust in such a manner that pine (lycopodium) should never be torn out. the beauty of our native wild plants may con It is best to cut the flowering stems of arbutus tinue in perpetuity.
either with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors, The danger to our wild flora is so great allowing the long, leafy stem to continue its as to have already been recognized by legis- work of flower-production. The beauty of lators. A recent Maryland law forbids the shrubs should never be violated by tearing removal of plants unless either the written the branches and in so doing peeling the bark consent of the owner of the premises has been to the base, thereby not only disfiguring the obtained or else under the owner's personal plant but also creating ready access for the supervision. If such consent is not obtained, entrance of fungi and other enemies which the picking of wild flowers is a misdemeanor, cause death. In case it is felt necessary to punishable by a fine of from five to twenty remove some of the branches of flowering five dollars, by imprisonment from thirty to shrubs, it is best to select such members as ninety days or by the infliction of both of will mar the beauty least and cut them close these punishments. Of far greater importance to the base with a sharp knife in such a than the fear of punishment, however, is the manner that the bark will eventually callous creation of an appreciative sentiment in favor over the wound. Phlox, wintergreen and of the plants, because, after all, the ruthless other scarce wild plants should never be purdestroyers are really the friends of the flowers, chased either from florists or street vendors. considerate and kindly disposed, but thought because by so doing one merely encourages less in their acts. Usually a mere suggestion the commercial exploitation of the wild flora. is thrice more powerful than a threat. The Recently the speaker witnessed an exhibition speaker is reminded of an experience with a of goods placed upon a background of many college class in botany to whom he had talked square yards of moss torn from neighboring on this subject. Some time later while on an woods. Such a carpet of moss took nature excursion into the mountains, a single lady's scores of years to build up and it should not slipper was encountered as a relic of a be destroyed in a moment, to be replaced by a formerly abundant flora of this gorgeous wild huge bare spot where formerly all was green. orchid. Instead of the usual desire to pick The appreciation of the beauties of nature and wear, the flower was allowed to remain on should be taught in our schools and churches the stalk, perhaps to set seed and repopulate where a mere hint of the situation is all that the vicinity with this splendid plant. No is necessary to insure hearty cooperation. amount of legislation would have saved it; the Much can also be done by the establishment appreciation of the class was shown by allow- of private preserves for wild life, where the ing the flower to remain for others to enjoy flora and fauna may exist undisturbed in A thousand people can enjoy what a single primeval splendor. hand could destroy forever.
It is especially desirable that plants such as The remedy for the situation is to substitute the wintergreen be allowed to mature fruit the present wanton, promiscuous, unguided as food for birds during the harsh winter methods of gathering plants with regulated, months. Without this source of food, many sane and rational means. It is not at all nec- birds die of winter starvation. It is desirable essary to forbid the picking of flowers, but that the picking of such weedy but attractive sufficient should always be allowed to remain, plants as daisies, buttercups, golden rod and particularly in the case of annuals, to produce asters be encouraged, since by so doing no seed and so perpetuate the species. Plants harm results and the farmer is assisted with should never be gathered by the roots, as is so his weed problem. In addition, the cultivafrequently the case with hepatica, anemone tion of wild plants in our gardens may save and bird-foot violet. Plants growing from many species for the enjoyment of future long, creeping stems, as arbutus and ground generations.
We have sufficient precedence from other maps is so great that no private concern regions to guide us, as the total extinction of could make them for sale at a profit. Neverthe yellow moccasin flower in Center county, theless, after they have been published, no Pennsylvania, and the extirpation of the effort is made to let the people whose taxes pitcher plant, fringed gentian, azalea and wild paid for them learn of them and of their lilies from many localities. We should profit value. from the experience of others and treat our A few examples from the writer's experiwild flora as a natural resource which should ence—which can be duplicated by many perbe neither squandered nor destroyed, but sons—will illustrate the characteristic inshould rather be treated in a sane and thought- accessibility of our federal and state publicaful manner, so that it may be appreciated tions. Many times he has wanted the topoand enjoyed by those who follow us.
graphic maps of a region but was unable to ALBERT A. HANSEN
obtain them because he could not wait until he received them from Washington. At Zion
National Park, Utah, this past summer not A SUGGESTION FOR MAKING OUR
only were no topographic maps for sale but SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS MORE
none could be consulted. At Uvalde, Texas, USEFUL AND OUR POST-OFFICES
some interesting volcanic necks A CENTER OF INFORMATION
which are mapped and described in a United It is evident to all persons who have States Geological Survey Folio but when the thought about the matter that our federal writer stopped off to study them he found and state scientific publications are not as that no folio was available and, as far as he widely used or as well known as their great could learn, no one in the region owned a value to the public warrants. There are two copy. At Ardmore, Okla., he wished to conprincipal reasons for this: first, because it is sult the geological literature of the region and difficult to promptly obtain them and, second, found that the Carnegie Library has neither because comparatively few people know of the publications of its own state nor the extheir existence as the government has found cellent United States Geological Survey Prono effective way of advertising them. fessional paper of the region. Many similar
Sportsmen and scientists, for example, instances could be cited. frequently find that the guides of a region of The biological and botanical publications which an excellent topographic map has been are equally inaccessible. The archeological made by the government are not aware of the publications dealing with the Cliff Dwellings, existence of the map although it would be of the prehistoric ruins of New Mexico and great value to them in their work. It is Arizona, the Mound Builders of Ohio, and perhaps conservative to say that most auto- elsewhere, might almost as well never have mobilists do not even know what topographic been published as far as their usefulness to maps are, and that, when they do know, they the visitor who has not had time to secure can not obtain them unless their tour is them from Washington is concerned. planned long in advance. The writer has The only justification for this state of never but once seen a topographic map in the affairs is that one can obtain the government home of a farmer, notwithstanding the fact publications in Washington and the state pubthat it would be a source of great pleasure lications at the state capitols by writing for and profit to him. If a publishing house had them; but it should always be added “if one issued maps of such excellence it would have has the time to wait for them.” expended thousands of dollars in advertising The writer proposes two remedies: them so that, if possible, every home might 1. That every first, second, and third class have a map of its own neighborhood. As a post-office shall be provided with a framed, matter of fact the expense of publishing these printed list of the federal and state publica
tions which deal with the region in which it chiefly from a historical point of view. Can be is situated as well as of historical and other consulted in the College Library. publications of local interest. It is, perhaps, evident that if it became generally known
Zoology that every first second, and third class post- “Birds of New York,” by E. H. Eaton. Now office contained such a list of publications York State Museum Memoir 12. Illustrates, with the traveler and resident in search of informa- 106 colored plates, the birds of New York and tion would immediately go to the post-office to
New England. Can be consulted in the College consult the list.
Library. 2. The second suggestion is that every post
“Useful Birds and their Protection,” Edward
H. Forbush. Massachusetts Bureau of Agriculmaster shall have on sale all of the federal
ture. An illustrated and interesting book on the and state publications on the exhibited list.
birds of the state. Contains brief descriptions of In order to put this suggestion in practical the more common birds and accounts of their food form the writer prepared the following list and habits. Can be consulted in the Village and for his home town:
Botany PUBLICATIONS ON WILLIAMSTOWN AND VICINITY
“Wild Flowers of New York,” by H. D. House. Maps
New York State Museum Memoir 15. Illustrated The Greylock, Bennington, Berlin, and Wilming
with many admirable colored plates. As the New ton topographic maps published by the United
York and New England species are for the most States Geological Survey. Show the location of
part identical this volume is as valuable for Wilroads, streams, houses, and elevations.
liamstown as for New York. Can be consulted in hibition and for sale here.
the College Library.
“Bog Trotting for Orchids," Grace Greylock Local History
Niles. A popular description of the kinds and “Origins in Williamstown,” by Professor A.
habits of orchids in this region. Can be consulted L. Perry. An account of the early history of the
in the Village and College Libraries. Northern Berkshires. Can be consulted in the Village and College Libraries.
Agriculture "A History of Williams College,” by Pro
Lists of publications of great practical use to fessor L. W. Spring. A history of the local college
the farmer, stockman, and poultryman are on an from its foundation to 1916. Can be consulted in
adjoining bulletin board. The bulletins on these the Village and College Libraries.
lists are published by the United States Depart“Boyhood Reminiscences,” by Keyes Danforth.
ment of Agriculture, the Massachusetts AgriculPublished in 1895. An interesting account of the
tural Experiment Station at Amherst; the New houses, people, and customs of the time. Can be
York State Agricultural Experiment Station at consulted in the Village and College Libraries.
Ithaca, and the Connecticut Agricultural Experi
ment Station at Storrs. Geology "Taconic Physiography,” by T. Nelson Dale, Collections and Objects of Local Interest U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 272. Contains
The sword and other personal property of excellent descriptions and explanations of the
Ephraim Williams, the founder of Williams Col. scenery of the Berkshires. Can be consulted in
lege. In the College Library. the Village and College Libraries.
Collections of local rocks and other exhibits. In “Geology of the Green Mountains,"
the Geological Museum, Clark Hall. Pumpelly, Wolfe, and Dale. United States Geo
Mission Monument, Mission Park, logical Survey Monograph XXIII. Contains a
Block House Marker, West Main Street, on tho technical discussion of the geology of the region.
property of the Kappa Alpha House. Can be consulted in the Village and College Libraries.
The desirability of such a list in every post“Final Report of the Geology of Massachu- office in the land becomes greater as automosetts, 1841," by Edward Hitchcock. Interesting bile travel becomes more general. (In one
state there is, on an average, one automobile clared open by Prince Albert of Monaco, its for every six persons.) Farmers, who, a few founder. The account in Nature states that years ago, seldom went further than their the institute is situated in the Boulevard nearest town now go many miles in their Saint Marcel. The building, which was nearautomobiles. When they reach a town new ing completion when war broke out, contains to them they want to see whatever is of a large amphitheater for lectures and meetinterest. If all automobilists and other ings, a spacious library, and a number of travelers knew a list such as the above could rooms fitted up as laboratories, for examining be found in the post-office they would first go and photographing the material furnished by there for information.
excavation. Collections of specimens from There is another important reason why such the sites which have already been explored, as lists should be on exhibition in post-offices. well as reproductions of the paintings and It is very desirable that some person or per
drawings found on the walls of the French sons in every community should know what and Spanish paleolithic caves, are exhibited has been written about their region. If those in the building. An endowment of two milgovernment and state publications pertaining lion francs is attached to the Prince of to a region were listed and on sale at the Monaco's foundation, and an additional sum post-offices, the postmasters and their assist- has been promised should it be rendered necants would know about them and through essary by any further increase in the cost of them this knowledge, which at present is con
living. The institute is under the direction fined to comparatively few, would be dissemi
of M. Marcelin Boule, assisted by a council nated.
consisting of MM. Salomon Reinach, Dislère, All this could be accomplished if congress
Verneau and Louis Mayer. should pass the following laws:
Among those who were present at the open1. A law ordering the exhibition of a list
ing ceremony were the President of the of the publications pertaining to the region in
French Republic, M.
Republic, M. Millerand, H.I.H. which the post-office is situated, of somewhat
Prince Roland Bonaparte, M. Honnorat, then the same character as that for Williamstown,
Minister of Public Instruction, the Belgian Massachusetts.
and Italian Ambassadors, the Argentine and 2. A law ordering the scientific bureaus to
Persian Ministers, M. Lacroix, secretary of send to each first, second, and third class post
the Academy of Sciences, the president of the office all of the government publications of Academy of Medicine, and representatives of local interest, and directing the postmasters
the College of Medicine, the Collège de to offer them for sale.
France, the Pasteur Institute, and the various 3. A law ordering that state publications be
scientific societies. An inaugural address was offered for sale by the postmasters if the state
delivered by the Prince of Monaco, who delegislatures so direct.
fined the broad aims of human paleontology. It is hoped that all scientists and others
At the conclusion of the prince's address brief interested will write to their congressmen
speeches were made by M. Honnorat, minister urging the enactment of such a law as that
of public instruction, M. Perrier, and M. Le outlined above so that our excellent govern
Corbeiller, president of the Municipal Counment and state publications may become cil, the last named speaking on behalf of the better known and so that our post-offices may
city of Paris. Lastly, M. E. Cartailhac, the become centers of greater usefulness.
veteran archeologist, expressed his joy at the HERDMAN F. CLELAND
creation of the institute, which, he said, had
been his dearest wish throughout his career SCIENTIFIC EVENTS
as an archeologist. THE INSTITUTE OF HUMAN PALEONTOLOGY A NEW CANADIAN AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL
On December 23, 1920, the Institute of Hu- The problems of technical agriculture in man Paleontology in Paris was formally de- the adjoining provinces of Canada are essentially the same as those of the northern states can represent technical agriculture in this counof this country. Anyone who has taken the try and we feel certain that no existing publicatrouble to familiarize himself with the situa
tion will dispute that claim, or hesitate to welcome
this venture. tion can not fail to be impressed with the similarity of aims and ideals in agricultural
As the name of the publication suggests, investigation and education in Canada and the
articles will be printed both in English and United States. The workers in technical agri
WARNER J. MORSE culture are responsible for much of the recent
MAINE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, progress and prosperity of Canada. This is ORONO, MAINE perhaps most appreciated in this country by those of us who are engaged in similar lines
SCIENTIFIC LECTURES AT THE UNIVERSITY
OF MINNESOTA of work in the northern states and who, through correspondence and frequent confer
THE following program of Sunday lectures
is being given at the Zoological Museum of ences upon mutual problems with our colleagues in adjacent provinces, are best in
the University of Minnesota: formed as to the results they have accom- January 2. "The winter bird-life of Minneplished and the progress that they are making. sota." By D. Lange, principal of the St. Paul Therefore the writer feels that a new agricul
Mechanic Arts High School.
January 9. tural journal, the official organ of the Canad
“The geology of the Minnesota iron ian Society of Technical Agriculturists, will
ores.” By W. H. Emmons, professor of geol.
ogy, University of Minnesota. be welcomed and will find many readers on
January 16. "The work of the state game and this side of the international boundary.
fish commissioner.” By Carlos Avery, game The first issue of Scientific Agriculture and and fish commissioner of Minnesota. La Revue Agronomique Canadienne bears the
January 23. "The story of the wheat rust. By date of January 1, 1921. It is published E. C. Stakman, professor of plant pathology, monthly by the Industrial and Educational University of Minnesota. Publishing Company, Ltd., Gardenvale, P. Q. January 30. "Animal pets and their relation to The title page states that it is: “A magazine
health.' By W. A. Riley, professor of entodevoted to the general advancement of agricul- mology, University of Minnesota. ture in Canada. Published in the interests of
February 6. "Some Minnesota butterflies and
moths and the mystery of their double lives." agricultural science and research.” The aims
By Royal N. Chapman, assistant professor of of the journal are set forth in more detail in
animal biology, University of Minnesota. the following quotation from the inital edi
February 13. “The work of the chief state fortorial.
ester.” By Wm. T. Cox, chief forester of MinAs the official organ of the Canadian Society of nesota. Technical Agriculturists, our columns will naturally February 20. “The mysteries of pond life." By give publicity to the work which that organization C. P. Sigerfoos, professor of zoology, Univeris doing. The articles published will, as far as sity of Minnesota. possible, treat with the educational, scientific and February 27. “The Indians of Minnesota: past more progressive phases of agricultural effort. and present." By A. E. Jenks, professor of Certain pages will perhaps appear to be of pri- anthropology, University of Minnesota. mary interest to members of the C. 8. T. A.,
March 6. "Itasca state park and its wild life.” the general reader will find much information in By Thos. 8. Roberts, director of the zoological those pages that is of equal interest to him.
museum, University of Minnesota. We particularly desire to cooperate with the March 13. “Living lanterns of fireflies and other present existing agricultural press, and to assist animals.' By E. J. Lund, associate professor them in any way possible. We do not intend to of animal biology, University of Minnesota. be competitive, nor to trespass severely upon the March 20. “Our spring flowers." By N. L. ground which they are already covering. We feel, Huff, assistant professor of botany, University however, that there is a place for a magazine which of Minnesota.