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We learn from Nature that Dr. E. W. Scrip- de Janeiro to commemorate the work there of ture has lately returned from Germany, where Professor Diogenes Sampaio, who died in 1918. he has been lecturing on experimental phonet- He was influential in the organization of the ics applied to the study of English. Dr. Scrip- laboratory which is henceforth to bear his ture, who was formerly assistant professor of experimental psychology in Yale University,
Dr. Hugh A. McCallum, dean of the Westand associate in psychiatry in Columbia Uni
ern University Medical School of London, Canversity, is now resident in London, where he ada, died on January 25. has been for some years engaged on studying
SIR LAZARUS FLETCHER, keeper of minerals in records of speech in epilepsy, general paralysis
the British Natural History Museum from and other nervous diseases.
1880 to 1909 and then director of the museum At the annual general meeting and conver- until 1919, died on January 6, in the sixtysazione of the Harveian Society of London, seventh year of his age. held on January 13, Dr. Turtle was elected
DR. ODOARDO BECCARI, director of the Botanpresident for the ensuing year. The retiring
cal Garden at Florence, known for his explorapresident, Dr. Hill, delivered an address on the
tions in New Guinea from 1860 to 1870, and advances in the methods of treatment of disease of the esophagus during the present cen
as an authority on the classification of palms,
died at Florence on October 25. tury.
The death is announced of Dr. Wilhelm Six Hunterian lectures on the “Principles of human craniology," illustrated by specimens versity of Berlin, at one time director of the
Foerster, professor of astronomy at the Uniand preparations, were delivered by Professor Arthur Keith at the Royal College of Sur
Royal Observatory. Dr. Foerster was born at
Grunberg, Schleswig, December 16, 1832. geons, during January.
PROFESSOR C. GEORGE SCHILLINGS died in The Osler Society for the Study of Medical History has been organized by a group of
Berlin, on January 29, aged sixty-five years. twelve physicians of the Mayo Foundation.
He was known for his travels in East Equa
torial Africa and his studies of African zoolDr. William C. MacCarty, associate professor of pathology, has been elected president of the society.
The United States Civil Service ComA COMMITTEE has been appointed to under
mission announces an open competitive excake a campaign for the collection of a fund
amination for psychologist in the Public of $500,000 for the endowment of two memor
Health Service throughout the United States ials to the work of the late Dr. Henry Baird
at a salary of $2,200 a year, or with quarters Favill, of Chicago. It is proposed to create a
and subsistence $1,600. Applicants must have Henry Baird Favill Memorial Laboratory, graduated from a college or university of with fellowship endowments, in St. Luke's
recognized standing and have had at least Hospital, to the interests of which Dr. Favill
three months of experience in normal psydevoted many years of special effort. For this
chology. They should apply, before March 15, purpose a fund of $250,000 is solicited. A like
to the Civil Service Commission, Washingsum is desired for the establishment of the
ton, D. C. Henry Baird Favill Foundation, the income The annual meeting of the American Medof which shall be used for the promotion of ical Association is to be held in Boston, June public instruction in health and hygiene. Mr. 6–10, under the presidency of Dr. Hubert Edgar A. Bancroft is chairman, and Mr. N. D. Work, Pueblo, Colo. Sibley is secretary of the committee.
THE American Psychological Association A BRONZE tablet was recently unveiled in the will hold its thirtieth annual meeting at medical laboratory of the University of Rio Princeton on December 28, 29 and 30, 1921.
The spring meeting of The American for the conduct of research work and with salSociety of Mechanical Engineers will be held aries approximately twice those given by the in Chicago at the Congress Hotel, from May university. They have, however, decided to 23 to 26. Sessions are planned by the pro- remain at Harvard. fessional sections on aeronautics, fuels, man
| PROFESSOR F. C. NEWCOMBE, of the departagement, material handling, machine shop,
ment of botany of Michigan University, has power, forest products and railroads.
been granted leave for the second semester of The Journal of the American Medical Asso
the current year. His mail address will be ciation states that investigations made by the
Palo Alto, Calif. During Professor NewRockefeller Foundation indicate that the
combe's absence Professor H. H. Bartlett will countries of central Europe, with the possible
be administrative head of the department. exception of Austria, suffer from a shortage of physicians. Thus, in Poland less than DR. EARNEST ALBERT HOOTON has been ap2,000 physicians are said to be available to pointed assistant professor of anthropology at care for the 25,000,000 inhabitants, and in
the Harvard Medical School, and Dr. William Serbia it is stated there are less than 300
Lorenzo Moss, assistant professor of pre physicians outside of the army medical ventive medicine and hygiene. officers. In its efforts to rehabilitate the med
Dr. G. W. A. LUCKEY, formerly dean of the ical schools of central Europe, the Rockefeller
school of education of the University of NeFoundation has decided to aid in the establish
braska, has been appointed specialist in foreign ment of a high grade medical school at
education in the U. S. Bureau of Education, Belgrade.
DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE the scientific men of Russia and Western
THRICE TOLD TALES Europe may be forwarded.
TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: Referring to the On December 31 the Zoological Society at
letter of Professor Wood, I, also, have a story Hamburg decided to close the Zoological
about the Lick Observatory and to enable ProGardens because the city can not afford to aid
fessor Wood to have a whack at it I hasten to in maintenance.
offer it to the public. In the summer of 1891
I was the guest of the then director of the obMRS. EUGENE SILLIMAN BRISTOL has given
servatory, Professor E. S. Holden, for a week $1,000 to the proposed Silliman fund, the
or ten days while making a series of gravity income of which will be applied to the mainte
measurements and I was greatly interested in nance of the American Journal of Science.
the "public nights,” in the establishment and
maintenance of which the institution has done UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL a most admirable piece of work. NEWS
On one of these occasions I was watching DR. WALLACE W. ATWOOD, lately professor
the long line of visitors formed near the big of physiography at Harvard University, was
refractor, each awaiting his turn for a look inaugurated as president of Clark University, , through that wonderful instrument. The obon February 1.
ject to which it was directed at that time was DR. W. B. CANNON, professor of physiology,
a star cluster and, as every one knows, when a and Dr. Otto Folin, professor of biological
cluster is viewed through a telescope the numchemistry, at Harvard University, were last
ber of stars seen is increased enormously and autumn, offered research positions in the Mayo
those visible to the naked eye are greatly enClinic at Rochester, with all possible facilities 1 SCIENCE, January 14, 1921.
hanced in brightness and although a glorious (though Professor Cajori has him at the top sight there is no showing of round disks like I insist that he must have been at the bottom the sun, moon or the near planets when ex- in order to witness the effect of his experiamined in the same way.
ment upon his opponents) calmly and confiIn some way my attention was drawn to a dently awaiting the arrival of the two balls man somewhat back from the head of the line simultaneously released at the top. who seemed to be in a condition of tense ex- Have we not believed that imagination was citement over the experience in store for him. a sine qua non in the equipment of a man of He may have traveled hundreds of miles (as science ? Even the swinging lamp in the they do in California) for the opportunity of Duomo has been robbed of its romance by the viewing the heavenly bodies with the aid of discovery that it was not in existence in Galithe enormous glass and, impatient with those leo's day. We may cling to the rope by which ahead of him who lingered somewhat at the it is suspended, however, for, as far as I know, eye-end of the telescope, he seemed to fear lest no one has yet proved that it is not the actual the world should come to an end before his thing whose vibrations the young philosopher turn came. Having observed (I have no doubt found to be isochronous. a very common experience) that the first look And before it is too late I hope some enterthrough a large telescope or a microscope of prising company will “ film Archimedes springvery high power is generally a disappointment, ing from his bath and running into the street, I quietly “ attached myself” to this man and naked as a pair of his own compasses.” was at his side when at last his chance came.
T C. M He had been told the nature of the object and eagerly putting his eye to the eye piece he stood To THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: Apropos of perfectly motionless for one long minute. thrice told tales, as illustrated by the comThen, after glancing around to see if any
munication of Mr. Wood in SCIENCE January of the members of the “ staff were near by, 14, 1921, I may point out that the familiar and assuming, doubtless, that I belonged to the story of Lincoln, in his young days, nailing a “ line," he held his open hand by his mouth to lie in court by showing the witness lied when prevent the spread of his voice and hissed into he said he saw the deed done in the moonmy ear the words“ damned fraud.”
light, because the moon was not at that date I have told this story several times in the in the sky at night, is found practically the last quarter of a century, having thought it a same, when ascribed to different occasions by rather good one and before Professor Wood (1) Plutarch in the life of Alcibiades as to despoils me of it by “running across it" in the the desecration of the statues of Hermes. Novum Organum, the Principia, the Dowager (2) Chambers' “Book of Days," Lippincott Duchess Cristina's account of her visit to Gali- ed., Vol. I., p. 14, in another court scene. leo's Observatory or some other old place, I (3) “Lincoln, the Lawyer," by Frederick hope he will remember that constructive criti- Trevor Hill, p. 230 seq. cism is the only thing that goes these days and The human mind runs easily and copiously that a good story should never be "scrapped” in well-worn channels and one may easily conexcept for the purpose of making a better one. struct plausible hypotheses, without introT. C. MENDENHALL ducing that of plagaiarism. I have recently
seen the story of the lesson taught by the stars P. S. This letter might be indorsed, “ At- ascribed, I think, to still a fourth source, tention Mr. David Wilbur Horn," another icon- which I now forget. There are so few really oclast who on the same page shows a disposi- good stories we might well allow them to tion to rob us of the charming picture of the travel as far and as long as they continue to young Galileo standing amidst his Aristotelian instruct and amuse, without going too deeply enemies at the foot of the tower of Pisa into the question of the absolute varacity of
those who pass them along. A good story implying that Galileo made only one experishould never be spoiled by that.
ment, and without sufficient reason called in JONATHAN WRIGHT question the accuracy of Viviani's “Life of PLEASANTVILLE, NEW YORK,
Galileo”—a life which Favaro, after very January 18, 1921
many years devoted to the study of Galileo,
has found to be remarkably reliable. Of REPLY TO PROFESSOR HORN
course, part of the discussion hinges on the MANY times has the undersigned been word “exactly." No description of an experifound to be in error on historical questions. ment can be exact in every detail. However, It is not easy to write during a period of if essentials suffice, then our knowledge of over thirty years without occasionally com- Galileo's experiments on falling bodies is mitting mistakes. Even Newton once said, exact, for we know exactly the purpose of the “It's impossible to print the book without experiments, as well as the mode of experifaults.” However, it is due to myself to state mentation, namely, the dropping of different that not all the errors attributed to me are weights of a variety of materials
mention errors in reality. In not a few cases the being made of some of the materials dropped. critics themselves are in error.
Professor Horn quotes: Fortis imaginatio before the appearance of Professor D. W. generat causum. I agree, but whose casus is Horn's letter (SCIENCE, January 14, 1921), it really?
FLORIAN CAJORI have I been accused of “Romancing in Sci- UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA ence.” Had Professor Horn been less excited
A CORRECTION and more contemplative, he would have written differently. My account of Galileo was pre- TO THE EDITOR OF SCIENCE: The times are pared a quarter of a century ago. Were I to actually worse than I realized when writing re-write it, I would make some slight changes. recently about “Romancing in Science.” The “Prior to Galileo it did not occur to any opening quotation should have read “O temone actually to try the experiment” relating to pora," instead of “O tempus." The peculiar acceleration. More recent research reveals appropriateness of this quotation is apparent, that Galileo, like most great scientific men, for the correction came to me (from New had his forerunners. I say that Galileo pub- York) as part of an anonymous letter! licly experimented “one morning." This may
DAVID WILBUR HORN have been the correct time of day, but I am BRYN MAWR, PENNSYLVANIA not now able to verify the statement. Galileo
MEMOIR OF G. K. GILBERT " allowed a one pound shot and a one hundred pound shot to fall together.” From Galileo's The undersigned is engaged in the prepara“ Dialogues Concerning two New Sciences” ration of a memoir of the late G. K. Gilbert, it appears that he did perform this experi- to be published by the National Academy of ment, but I am not sure that these were the Sciences, and would be obliged if geologists particular weights used when experimenting and others who possess letters from him or before the university assembly. I have gone who recall incidents that throw light upon over sentence by sentence the passage quoted his character would submit them for incorby Professor Horn and the above are the only poration in the story of his life. His great changes which seem to me perhaps necessary.
contributions to geological science are pubI repel as unjust the charge that I am lished and fully accessible; but the smaller "romancing in science."
non-scientific matters which give the life of Dr. Partridge rendered a service in calling a man its finer savor can be learned only by attention to Galileo's experiments at the personal communication from his friends. A Tower of Pisa. However, I still think that good number of such communications have the Doctor overstated his case, was wrong in been already received; they are of so great
interest that many more are desired. As an be better to store two copies, one of which example the following may be instanced: A might be freely lent on demand, but not the well-known scientist in whose home Gilbert other. There is, moreover, this to be said in was a frequent guest, warmly welcomed by favor of this more economical policy-it is father, mother, and children, writes that one not always the case that these original obeerof his boys, when a little fellow, became so vations improve in value with time. No doubt fond of the visitor that he for a year or so they improve just at first, but something may wound up his evening prayer with an added happen which compensates the advantage of petition of his own invention—“ O Lord! bless lapse of time; even Bradley's observations are father, and mother, and Mr. Gilbert, and some to-day of historical rather than scientific ladies." It is often written of an eminent man interest, in comparison with modern observathat he was fond of children, but it is rare to tions, as Boss maintained stoutly years ago find testimony as spontaneous and convincing and others reluctantly admitted later. Microas this to show that children were fond of meter measures of clusters by such careful obhim.
servers as Pogson and Baxendell are to-day
W. M. DAVIS really not worth discussing; a couple of photoCAMBRIDGE, Mass.,
graphs at a few years' interval give better January 27, 1921
proper-motions-far better-than could be de
duced by the use of these early micrometer QUOTATIONS
Hence the policy of holding up the THE PRINTING OF ASTRONOMICAL
printing of observations may in some cases OBSERVATIONS
obviate the need for printing at all; but if it PRINTING has become so expensive that it is adopted, I would strongly urge the alterwill be necessary to revise some of our exist- native of depositing a fair copy in some welling practises, and especially that with regard known library. And I may, perhaps, quote a to original observations. There is an particular instance to point the moral: redoubted convenience in printing original ob- cently I was interested in a particular variservations just as they are made, for, however able of which maxima had been recorded by a carefully they are discussed at the time, the particular observer nearly half a century ago; general advance of astronomy may later pro- I got into communication with him, and found vide an improved basis for discussion. Thus, that he had given up observing and so far old observations of position, such as those of forgotten his own devoted work as to deny at Bradley or Groombridge, gained much from the first that he had ever made such observations! growth in knowledge of instrumental errors, But he was good enough to ransack his papers, and old observations of variable stars have found the observations, and very kindly sent been rediscussed with advantage now that me a copy of them. They were of great value, better magnitudes of comparison stars are and though perhaps it is going too far to say available.
that they might have been lost, still it must There is no reason to anticipate finality in be admitted that there was some risk of this improvement, and it is therefore a conveni- disaster. Hence I should repeat the maxim ence to have the original material widely ac- deduced from my own experience and precessible; but one may have to pay too dearly viously given in the form “when you have for this convenience, and it looks as though made five years' observations publish them" the recent advance in prices had brought this in a new dress :-"Either publish them, or contingency about. We have have to be satis- deposit a fair copy in some well-known fied to store a fair copy of the original obser- library, publishing an intimation to that vations in some accessible place, such as the effect." library of the Royal Astronomical Society or As I have made reference to this increased of a well-known observatory. Perhaps it would cost of printing, may I call the attention of