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THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE The conference upon the History of Science, initiated by the American Historical Association at its annual meeting a year ago in Cleveland, proved such a success that the program committee devoted another session to the subject this December at Washington. Simultaneously the History of Science Section, which has recently been formed under the auspices of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, was meeting in Chicago, thus demonstrating the widespread interest in this promising field. This widespread interest was further evidenced at Washington by the variety of learned occupations represented by the speakers who included, in addition to professors of science and history, a librarian, a college president, and the head of an institution for research.

Robert S. Woodward, president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, presided as almost his last official act before retiring from his long tenure of that office. In his introductory remarks he welcomed the attitude of the American Historical Association towards the history of science, emphasized the need of breaking down the artificial barriers which divide learning into different departments, and recalled a scheme dating back to 1907 but never executed for a general history of the inductive sciences by a number of collaborators under the direction of the Carnegie Institution.

In a paper on Recent Realignments in the History of Medieval Medicine and Science," Dr. Fielding H Garrison, librarian, Surgeon General's Office, warned against past exaggeration of medieval ecclesiastical hostility towards science, and against deriding the science of that period. In British libraries alone Mrs. Singer has found 30,000 scientific manuscripts from the medieval period, of which some 15,000 are medical. Dr. Garrison went on to compare the general character of medieval science and medicine with that of other periods including our own, and to appraise its relations to them. The rapid progress of scientific dis

covery in more recent times was convincingly illustrated by a paper on “Developments in Electro-Magnetism during the Past Hundred Years," by Professor Arthur E. Kennelly, of Harvard University, who traced the achievements of Ampère, Farraday, and others, and showed the far-reaching influence and enormous importance of developments in electromagnetics in well-nigh every other field whether of scientific theory or of applied science and practical invention: as, for example, the effect of the theory of electrons upon chemistry and the earlier atomic theory.

Professor James Harvey Robinson, of the New School for Social Research, discussed with characteristic satirical wit and literary force to the delight of the large audience “Free Thought, Yesterday and To-day," from the standpoint of the student of intellectual history, comparing more especially the ways of thinking of the Deists and other eighteenth century philosophers with our own, and bringing out how the rules and methods of “the intellectual game” had profited by the scientific advance of the last century.

Because of the lateness of the hour Lyon G. Tyler, president emeritus of the College of William and Mary, did not read his paper upon“ Science in Virginia.” It is to be hoped that not only it but also the other papers which were read may be speedily published and rendered available for a larger audience.



A Weekly Journal devoted to the Advancement of Science, publishing the official notices and proceedings of the American Association for

the Advancement of Science

Published every Friday by THE SCIENCE PRESS LANCASTER, PA.


Entered in the post-office at Lancaster, Pa., as second class matter



Washington University

School of Medicine

First Avenue and Twenty-eighth Street


REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION Candidates for entrance are required to have completed at least two full years of college work which must include English French or German, and instruction with laboratory work lo Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

INSTRUCTION Instruction begins on the last Thursday in september ano ends on the second Thursday in June. Clinical instruction is given in the Barnes Hospital and the St. Louis Children's H09. pital, affiliated with the medical school, the St. Louis City Hos pital, and in the Washington University Dispensary, COURSES LEADING TO ACADEMIC

DEGREES Students who have taken their premedical work in Wash ington University, are eligible for the degree of B.S. upon the completion of the first two years of medical work,

Students in Washington University may pursue study in the fundamental medical sciences leading to the degree of å.M and Ph.D.

TUITION The tuition fee for undergraduate medical students is $200 per annum. Women are admitted.

The catalogue of the Medical School and other information may be obtained by application to the Dean.

For Information Address




Euclid Avenue and Kingshighway St. Louis

Johns Hopkins University Tulane University of


Medical School
The Medical School is an Integral Part of the University and
is in cloco Affiliation with the Johns Hopkins Hospital

Candidates for admission must be graduates of approved

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE colleges or scientific schools with at least two year's instruction, including laboratory work, in Chemistry, and one year each in

(Established in 1834) physics and biology, together with evidence of a reading knowledge of French and German.

ADMISSION: All students entering the Freshman Each class is limited to 90 students, men and women being Class will be required to present credits for two admitted on the same terms. Except in unusual circumstances, applications for admission will not be considered after July 18t.

years of college work, which must include If vacancies occur, students from other institutions desiring Chemistry General and Organic), Physics and advanced standing may be admitted to the second or third year Biology, with their laboratories, and at least provided they fulfill all of our requirements and present exceptional qualifications.

one year in English and one year in a modern

foreign language. INSTRUCTION The academic year begins the Tuesday nearest October 1 and

COMBINED COURSES: Premedical course of two closes the third Tuesday in June. The course of instructon,

years is offered in the College of Arts and occupies four years and especial emphaşis is laid upon prac. Sciences, which provides for systematic work tical work in the laboratories, in the wards of the Hospital and in the Dispensary.

leading to the B.S. degree at the end of the TUITION

second year in the medical course. The charge for tuition is $250 per annum, payable in threo instalments There are no extra fees except for rental of microscope, certain expensive supplies, and laboratory breakage. School of Pharmacy, School of Dentistry and

The annual announcement and application blanks may be Graduate School of Medicine also.
obtained by addressing the
Dean of the Johns Hopkins Medica School

Women admitted to all Schools of the Washington and Monument Sts. BALTIMORE, M.D

College of Medicine

For bulletins apd all other information, address Beginning Tuesday, June 6th, and ending Thursday, July 16th, a course in medical diagnosis, including laboratory exer Tulane College of Medicine cises in clinical pathology and demonstrations in pathological anatomy, will be offered. The course will be limited to twenty

P. O. Box 770 students, fee $100. Applications should be made to the Dean's Office.

New Orleans, L2


Syracuse University College of Medicine


Entrance Two yoart of a recognized couro in arts

or in scionoo in a registered collogo or Requirements School of Scenoo, which must include

Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and French or German. Six and novon years' combisation couraos an offorod.

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Burgory and Obstetrics are completod. The Fourth is clinical. Students spond tho entiro foreYear Course

Roon throughout the your as clinical clorks in hospitals under careful suporvision. The clinical clerk takes the history, makes the physical examination and the laboratory oxaminations, arrives at a diagnosis which be must defend, outlines the treatment under his instructor and observes and records the result. In case of operation or of autopay he follows the specimen and identifies its pathological nature. Two gen eral hospitals, one of which is owned and controlled by the University, one specia! hospital and the municipal hospitals and laboratories are open to our students. The aftornoons are spent in the College Dispensary and in clinical work in medical and

surgiosl specialties and in conferences. Summer School- summer course in pathology covering a period of six weeks during June and July will be given in case there is a sufficient number of applicants.

Address the Secretary of the College, 307 Orange Street

Syracuse, N. Y.

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for use with Siemens & Halske

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For use with potentiometers, electrometers, and ballistic galveno meters, or wherever else a precision standard of electromotive force in needed.

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Bureau of Standards certificate extra.

On November 13, 1916, three normal cadmium cells made by me were certified by the Bureau of Standards as differing from their group of reference cells by less than one part in one hundred thousand, all three having the same value.

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Marion Eppley,

(A.M., Ph.D.)
Physico-Chemical Apparatus.


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